June 18

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June 18 in recent years
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  2014 (Wednesday)
  2013 (Tuesday)
  2012 (Monday)

June 18 is the 169th day of the year (170th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar; 196 days remain until the end of the year.

Events

Pre-1600

1601–1900

1901–present

Births

Pre-1600

1601–1900

1901–present

  • 1901Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna of Russia (d. 1918)[10]
  • 1901 – Llewellyn Rees, English actor (d. 1994)
  • 1902Louis Alter, American musician (d. 1980)
  • 1902 – Paavo Yrjölä, Finnish decathlete (d. 1980)
  • 1903Jeanette MacDonald, American actress and singer (d. 1965)
  • 1903 – Raymond Radiguet, French author and poet (d. 1923)
  • 1904Keye Luke, Chinese-American actor (d. 1991)
  • 1904 – Manuel Rosenthal, French conductor and composer (d. 2003)
  • 1905Eduard Tubin, Estonian composer and conductor (d. 1982)
  • 1907Frithjof Schuon, Swiss-American metaphysicist, philosopher, and author (d. 1998)
  • 1908Bud Collyer, American actor and game show host (d. 1969)
  • 1908 – Stanley Knowles, American-Canadian academic and politician (d. 1997)
  • 1908 – Nedra Volz, American actress (d. 2003)
  • 1910Dick Foran, American actor and singer (d. 1979)
  • 1910 – Avon Long, American actor and singer (d. 1984)
  • 1910 – Ray McKinley, American singer, drummer, and bandleader (d. 1995)
  • 1912Glenn Morris, American decathlete (d. 1974)
  • 1913Wilfred Gordon Bigelow, Canadian soldier and surgeon (d. 2005)
  • 1913 – Sammy Cahn, American pianist and composer (d. 1993)
  • 1913 – Sylvia Porter, American economist and journalist (d. 1991)
  • 1913 – Françoise Loranger, Canadian playwright and producer (d. 1995)
  • 1913 – Robert Mondavi, American winemaker and philanthropist (d. 2008)
  • 1913 – Oswald Teichmüller, German mathematician (d. 1943)
  • 1914E. G. Marshall, American actor (d. 1998)
  • 1914 – Efraín Huerta, Mexican poet (d.1982)
  • 1915Red Adair, American firefighter (d. 2004)
  • 1915 – Robert Kanigher, American author (d. 2002)
  • 1915 – Alice T. Schafer, American mathematician (d. 2009)
  • 1916Julio César Turbay Ayala, Colombian lawyer and politician, 25th President of Colombia (d. 2005)
  • 1917Richard Boone, American actor, singer, and director (d. 1981)
  • 1917 – Jack Karnehm, English snooker player and sportscaster (d. 2002)
  • 1917 – Erik Ortvad, Danish painter and illustrator (d. 2008)
  • 1918Alf Francis, West Prussia-born, English motor racing mechanic and race car constructor (d. 1983)
  • 1918 – Jerome Karle, American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2013)
  • 1918 – Franco Modigliani, Italian-American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2003)
  • 1919Jüri Järvet, Estonian actor and screenwriter (d. 1995)
  • 1920Ian Carmichael, English actor and singer (d. 2010)
  • 1920 – Aster Berkhof, Belgian author and academic (d. 2020)
  • 1922Claude Helffer, French pianist and educator (d. 2004)
  • 1924George Mikan, American basketball player and coach (d. 2005)
  • 1925Robert Beadell, American composer and educator (d. 1994)
  • 1926Philip B. Crosby, American businessman and author (d. 2001)
  • 1926 – Allan Sandage, American astronomer and cosmologist (d. 2010)
  • 1926 – Tom Wicker, American journalist and author (d. 2011)
  • 1927Eva Bartok, Hungarian-English actress (d. 1998)
  • 1927 – Paul Eddington, English actor (d. 1995)
  • 1928Michael Blakemore, Australian actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1928 – David T. Lykken, American geneticist and academic (d. 2006)
  • 1929Jürgen Habermas, German sociologist and philosopher
  • 1929 – Tibor Rubin, Hungarian-American soldier, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 2015)
  • 1931Fernando Henrique Cardoso, Brazilian sociologist, academic, and politician, 34th President of Brazil
  • 1932Dudley R. Herschbach, American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1932 – Geoffrey Hill, English poet and academic (d. 2016)
  • 1933Colin Brumby, Australian composer and conductor (d. 2018)[11]
  • 1933 – Tommy Hunt, American singer
  • 1934Brian Kenny, English general (d. 2017)
  • 1934 – Mitsuteru Yokoyama, Japanese author and illustrator (d. 2004)
  • 1934 – Barack Obama Sr., Kenyan economist (d. 1982)[12]
  • 1936Denny Hulme, New Zealand race car driver (d. 1992)
  • 1936 – Ronald Venetiaan, Surinamese politician, 6th President of Suriname
  • 1937Del Harris, American basketball player and coach
  • 1937 – Jay Rockefeller, American lawyer and politician, 29th Governor of West Virginia
  • 1937 – Bruce Trigger, Canadian archaeologist, anthropologist and historian (d. 2006)
  • 1937 – Vitaly Zholobov, Ukrainian colonel, engineer, and astronaut
  • 1938Kevin Murray, Australian footballer and coach
  • 1939Lou Brock, American baseball player and sportscaster (d. 2020)
  • 1939 – Jean-Claude Germain, Canadian historian, author, and journalist
  • 1939 – Brooks Firestone, American businessman and politician
  • 1941Roger Lemerre, French footballer and manager
  • 1941 – Paul Mayersberg, English director and screenwriter
  • 1941 – Delia Smith, English chef and author
  • 1942John Bellany, Scottish painter and academic (d. 2013)
  • 1942 – Roger Ebert, American journalist, critic, and screenwriter (d. 2013)
  • 1942 – Pat Hutchins, English author and illustrator (d. 2017)
  • 1942 – Thabo Mbeki, South African politician, 23rd President of South Africa
  • 1942 – Paul McCartney, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1942 – Richard Perry, American record producer
  • 1942 – Carl Radle, American bass player and producer (d. 1980)
  • 1942 – Nick Tate, Australian actor and director
  • 1942 – Hans Vonk, Dutch conductor (d. 2004)
  • 1943Barry Evans, English actor (d. 1997)
  • 1943 – Raffaella Carrà, Italian singer, dancer, and actress (d. 2021)
  • 1943 – Éva Marton, Hungarian soprano and actress
  • 1944Bruce DuMont, American broadcaster and political analyst
  • 1944 – Sandy Posey, American pop/country singer
  • 1946Russell Ash, English journalist and author (d. 2010)[13]
  • 1946 – Bruiser Brody, American wrestler (d. 1988)
  • 1946 – Fabio Capello, Italian footballer and manager
  • 1946 – Maria Bethânia, Brazilian singer
  • 1946 – Gordon Murray, British automobile designer[14]
  • 1947Ivonne Coll, Puerto Rican-American model and actress, Miss Puerto Rico 1967
  • 1947 – Bernard Giraudeau, French actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2010)
  • 1947 – Linda Thorson, Canadian actress
  • 1948Philip Jackson, English actor
  • 1948 – Sherry Turkle, American academic, psychologist, and sociologist
  • 1949Chris Van Allsburg, American author and illustrator
  • 1949 – Jarosław Kaczyński, Polish lawyer and politician, 13th Prime Minister of Poland
  • 1949 – Lech Kaczyński, Polish lawyer and politician, 4th President of Poland (d. 2010)
  • 1950Rod de'Ath, Welsh drummer and producer (d. 2014)
  • 1950 – Annelie Ehrhardt, German hurdler
  • 1950 – Mike Johanns, American lawyer and politician, 28th United States Secretary of Agriculture
  • 1950 – Jackie Leven, Scottish singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2011)
  • 1951Mohammed Al-Sager, Kuwaiti journalist and politician
  • 1951 – Miriam Flynn, American actress and comedian
  • 1951 – Ian Hargreaves, English-Welsh journalist and academic
  • 1951 – Stephen Hopper, Australian botanist and academic
  • 1951 – Gyula Sax, Hungarian chess player (d. 2014)
  • 1952Tiiu Aro, Estonian physician and politician, Estonian Minister of Social Affairs
  • 1952 – Denis Herron, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1952 – Carol Kane, American actress
  • 1952 – Isabella Rossellini, Italian actress, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1952 – Lee Soo-man, South Korean singer and businessman, founded S.M. Entertainment
  • 1953Peter Donohoe, English pianist and educator
  • 1955Ed Fast, Canadian lawyer and politician
  • 1956Brian Benben, American actor and producer
  • 1956 – John Scott, English organist and conductor (d. 2015)
  • 1957Miguel Ángel Lotina, Spanish footballer and manager
  • 1957 – Richard Powers, American novelist
  • 1958Peter Altmaier, German jurist and politician, Federal Minister for Special Affairs of Germany
  • 1958 – Gary Martin, British voice actor and actor
  • 1959Joe Ansolabehere, American animation screenwriter and producer
  • 1960Barbara Broccoli, American director and producer
  • 1960 – Steve Murphy, Canadian journalist
  • 1961Oz Fox, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1961 – Andrés Galarraga, Venezuelan-American baseball player
  • 1961 – Angela Johnson, American novelist and poet
  • 1961 – Alison Moyet, English singer-songwriter
  • 1962Lisa Randall, American physicist and academic
  • 1963Dizzy Reed, American keyboard player and songwriter
  • 1963 – Bruce Smith, American football player
  • 1964Uday Hussein, Iraqi commander (d. 2003)
  • 1964 – Patti Webster, American publicist and author (d. 2013)
  • 1966Kurt Browning, Canadian figure skater, choreographer, and sportscaster
  • 1966 – Troy Kemp, Bahamian high jumper
  • 1968Frank Müller, German decathlete
  • 1969Haki Doku, Albanian cyclist
  • 1969 – Christopher Largen, American journalist and author (d. 2012)
  • 1970Katie Derham, English journalist
  • 1970 – Ivan Kozák, Slovak footballer
  • 1970 – Greg Yaitanes, American director and producer
  • 1971Kerry Butler, American actress and singer
  • 1971 – Jason McAteer, English-Irish footballer and manager
  • 1971 – Nathan Morris, American soul singer
  • 1971 – Nigel Owens, Welsh rugby referee and TV presenter[15][16]
  • 1972Anu Tali, Estonian pianist and conductor
  • 1972 – Wikus du Toit, South African actor, director, and composer
  • 1973Julie Depardieu, French actress
  • 1973 – Stephen Thomas Erlewine, American author and music critic
  • 1973 – Ray LaMontagne, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1973 – Alexandra Meissnitzer, Austrian skier
  • 1973 – Matt Parsons, Australian rugby league player
  • 1973 – Gavin Wanganeen Australian footballer and coach
  • 1974Vincenzo Montella, Italian footballer and manager
  • 1974 – Sergey Sharikov, Russian fencer and coach (d. 2015)
  • 1975Marie Gillain, Belgian actress
  • 1975 – Aleksandrs Koļinko, Latvian footballer
  • 1975 – Martin St. Louis, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1976Blake Shelton, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1978Wang Liqin, Chinese table tennis player
  • 1979Yumiko Kobayashi, Japanese voice actress and singer
  • 1979 – Ivana Wong, Hong Kong singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1980Antonio Gates, American football player
  • 1980 – Sergey Kirdyapkin, Russian race walker
  • 1980 – Craig Mottram, Australian runner
  • 1980 – Antero Niittymäki, Finnish ice hockey player
  • 1980 – Tara Platt, American actress, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1981Clint Newton, American-Australian rugby league player
  • 1981 – Marco Streller, Swiss footballer
  • 1982Nadir Belhadj, French-Algerian footballer
  • 1982 – Marco Borriello, Italian footballer
  • 1982 – Nathan Cavaleri, Australian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor
  • 1983Billy Slater, Australian rugby league player
  • 1983 – Cameron Smith, Australian rugby league player
  • 1984Nanyak Dala, Canadian rugby player
  • 1985Chris Coghlan, American baseball player
  • 1985 – Alex Hirsch, American animator and television producer
  • 1986Edgars Eriņš, Latvian decathlete
  • 1986 – Richard Gasquet, French tennis player
  • 1987Omar Arellano, Mexican footballer
  • 1987 – Moeen Ali, English cricketer
  • 1988Elini Dimoutsos, Greek footballer
  • 1988 – Josh Dun, American musician
  • 1989Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang, French-born Gabonese footballer
  • 1989 – Chris Harris Jr., American football player
  • 1990Luke Adam, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1990 – Sandra Izbașa, Romanian gymnast
  • 1990 – Derek Stepan, American ice hockey player
  • 1990 – Christian Taylor, American triple jumper
  • 1993Dennis Lloyd, Israeli musician, producer, singer, songwriter, and multi-instrumentalist [17]
  • 1994Sean McMahon, Australian rugby player
  • 1994 – Takeoff, American rapper
  • 1995Maxim Kovtun, Russian figure skater
  • 1996Alen Halilović, Croatian footballer
  • 1996 – Niki Wories, Dutch figure skater
  • 1997Katharina Hobgarski, German tennis player
  • 1997 – Latrell Mitchell, Australian rugby league player
  • 1999Trippie Redd, American rapper

Deaths

Pre-1600

1601–1900

1901–present

  • 1902Samuel Butler, English novelist, satirist, and critic (b. 1835)
  • 1905Carmine Crocco, Italian soldier (b. 1830)
  • 1916Max Immelmann, German lieutenant and pilot (b. 1890)
  • 1917Titu Maiorescu, Romanian critic and politician, 23rd Prime Minister of Romania (b. 1840)
  • 1922Jacobus Kapteyn, Dutch astronomer and academic (b. 1851)
  • 1926Olga Constantinovna of Russia, Queen consort of the Hellenes (b. 1851)[23]
  • 1928Roald Amundsen, Norwegian pilot and explorer (b. 1872)
  • 1936Maxim Gorky, Russian novelist, short story writer, and playwright (b. 1868)
  • 1937Gaston Doumergue, French politician, 13th President of France (b. 1863)
  • 1942Arthur Pryor, American trombonist, bandleader, and politician (b. 1870)
  • 1943Elias Degiannis, Greek commander (b. 1912)
  • 1945Florence Bascom, American geologist and educator (b. 1862)[24]
  • 1945 – Simon Bolivar Buckner Jr., American general (b. 1886)
  • 1947Shigematsu Sakaibara, Japanese admiral (b. 1898)
  • 1948Edward Brooker, English-Australian politician, 31st Premier of Tasmania (b. 1891)
  • 1959Ethel Barrymore, American actress (b. 1879)
  • 1963Pedro Armendáriz, Mexican-American actor (b. 1912)
  • 1964Giorgio Morandi, Italian painter (b. 1890)
  • 1967Geki, Italian race car driver (b. 1937)
  • 1967 – Beat Fehr, Swiss race car driver (b. 1942)
  • 1971Thomas Gomez, American actor (b. 1905)
  • 1971 – Paul Karrer, Russian-Swiss chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1889)
  • 1974Júlio César de Mello e Souza, Brazilian mathematician and academic (b. 1896)
  • 1974 – Georgy Zhukov, Russian marshal and politician, Minister of Defence for the Soviet Union (b. 1896)
  • 1975Hugo Bergmann, German-Israeli philosopher and author (b. 1883)
  • 1978Walter C. Alvarez, American physician and author (b. 1884)
  • 1980Terence Fisher, English director and screenwriter (b. 1904)
  • 1980 – André Leducq, French cyclist (b. 1904)
  • 1982Djuna Barnes, American novelist, journalist, and playwright (b. 1892)
  • 1982 – John Cheever, American novelist and short story writer (b. 1912)
  • 1982 – Curd Jürgens, German-Austrian actor and director (b. 1915)
  • 1984Alan Berg, American lawyer and radio host (b. 1934)
  • 1985Paul Colin, French illustrator (b. 1892)
  • 1986Frances Scott Fitzgerald, American journalist (b. 1921)
  • 1989I. F. Stone, American journalist and author (b. 1907)
  • 1992Kofoworola Abeni Pratt, the first black Chief Nursing Officer of Nigeria (b. 1910)[25]
  • 1992 – Peter Allen, Australian singer-songwriter and pianist (b. 1944)
  • 1992 – Mordecai Ardon, Polish-Israeli painter and educator (b. 1896)
  • 1993Craig Rodwell, American activist, founded the Oscar Wilde Bookshop (b. 1940)
  • 1996Endel Puusepp, Estonian-Soviet military pilot and politician (b. 1909)
  • 1997Lev Kopelev, Ukrainian-German author and academic (b. 1912)
  • 1998Felix Knight, American actor and tenor (b. 1908)
  • 2000Nancy Marchand, American actress (b. 1928)
  • 2003Larry Doby, American baseball player and manager (b. 1923)
  • 2005Mushtaq Ali, Indian cricketer (b. 1914)
  • 2005 – Manuel Sadosky, Argentinian mathematician and academic (b. 1914)
  • 2006Vincent Sherman, American actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1906)
  • 2006 – Joseph Zobel, Martinique-French author (b. 1915)
  • 2007Bernard Manning, English comedian and actor (b. 1930)
  • 2007 – Hank Medress, American singer and producer (b. 1938)
  • 2007 – Georges Thurston, Canadian singer-songwriter (b. 1951)
  • 2008Jean Delannoy, French actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1908)
  • 2008 – Tasha Tudor, American author and illustrator (b. 1915)
  • 2008 – Hans Steinbrenner, German sculptor (b. 1928)
  • 2010Trent Acid, American wrestler (b. 1980)
  • 2010 – José Saramago, Portuguese novelist Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1922)
  • 2010 – Okan Demiriş, Turkish composer (b. 1942)
  • 2011Yelena Bonner, Russian activist (b. 1923)[26]
  • 2011 – Frederick Chiluba, Zambian politician, 2nd President of Zambia (b. 1943)
  • 2011 – Clarence Clemons, American saxophonist (b. 1942)
  • 2012Horacio Coppola, Argentinian photographer and director (b. 1906)
  • 2012 – Lina Haag, German author and activist (b. 1907)
  • 2012 – Tom Maynard, Welsh cricketer (b. 1989)
  • 2012 – Luis Edgardo Mercado Jarrín, Peruvian general and politician, 109th Prime Minister of Peru (b. 1919)
  • 2012 – Alketas Panagoulias, Greek footballer and manager (b. 1934)
  • 2012 – William Van Regenmorter, American businessman and politician (b. 1939)
  • 2013Brent F. Anderson, American engineer and politician (b. 1932)
  • 2013 – Alastair Donaldson, Scottish bass player (b. 1955)
  • 2013 – Garde Gardom, Canadian lawyer and politician, 26th Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia (b. 1924)
  • 2013 – Michael Hastings, American journalist and author (b. 1980)
  • 2013 – David Wall, English ballet dancer (b. 1946)
  • 2014Stephanie Kwolek, American chemist and engineer (b. 1923)[27]
  • 2014 – Johnny Mann, American singer-songwriter and conductor (b. 1928)
  • 2014 – Claire Martin, Canadian author (b. 1914)
  • 2014 – Vladimir Popovkin, Russian general (b. 1957)
  • 2014 – Horace Silver, American pianist and composer (b. 1928)[28]
  • 2015Phil Austin, American comedian, actor, and screenwriter (b. 1941)
  • 2015 – Ralph J. Roberts, American businessman, co-founded Comcast (b. 1920)
  • 2015 – Danny Villanueva, American football player and broadcaster, co-founded Univision (b. 1937)
  • 2015 – Allen Weinstein, American historian and academic (b. 1937)
  • 2016Jeppiaar, Indian educationist, founder and chancellor of Sathyabama University (b. 1931)
  • 2018XXXTentacion, American rapper (b. 1998)[29][30]
  • 2018 – Big Van Vader (also known as Vader) American professional wrestler (b. 1955)
  • 2018 – Jimmy Wopo, American rapper (b. 1997)[30]
  • 2020Vera Lynn, English singer who was the "Forces' Sweetheart" in World War II (b. 1917)[31]

Holidays and observances

  • Autistic Pride Day (International)
  • Christian feast day:
  • Foundation Day (Benguet)
  • Human Rights Day (Azerbaijan)
  • National Day (Seychelles)[32]
  • Queen Mother's Birthday (Cambodia)
  • Waterloo Day (United Kingdom)

References

  1. ^ DeVries, Kelly (2011). Joan of Arc: A Military Leader. Stroud: History Press. p. 96. ISBN 978-0-752-46061-1.
  2. ^ James, William (2002) [1827]. The Naval History of Great Britain, Volume 3, 1800–1805. London: Conway Maritime Press. p. 207. ISBN 0-85177-907-7.
  3. ^ Finlay, George (1861). History of the Greek Revolution, Vol. I. Edinburgh and London: William Blackwood and Sons. pp. 316–318.
  4. ^ "The Berlin Blockade". Lumen Learning.
  5. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Swearingen SA226-TC Metro II C-GQAL Montreal-Mirabel International Airport, QC (YMX)". aviation-safety.net. Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 2021-05-04.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  6. ^ Ives, Mike (18 June 2018). "Japan Earthquake Kills at Least 3 Near Osaka, Injuring Hundreds More". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 2022-01-03. Retrieved 18 June 2018.
  7. ^ Panton, James (2011). Historical Dictionary of the British Monarchy. Scarecrow Press. p. 173. ISBN 978-0-8108-7497-8.
  8. ^ Montoya, Leydy (27 October 2018). "Manuel González" (in Spanish). Historia-Biografia.com. Retrieved May 29, 2019.
  9. ^ "Carolyn Wells | American writer". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 22 January 2020.
  10. ^ "BBC Two - Russia's Lost Princesses - Beyond the portraits". BBC. Retrieved 14 January 2022.
  11. ^ "Vale Colin Brumby (18/06/1933 - 3/01/2018)". abc.net.au/classic/features/vale-colin-brumby/9301580. 3 January 2018. Retrieved 6 January 2018.
  12. ^ Maraniss, David (2012-06-19). Barack Obama: The Story. Simon and Schuster. p. 65. ISBN 978-1-4391-6753-3.
  13. ^ "Obituary: Russell Ash". www.scotsman.com. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
  14. ^ Brown, Allen. "Gordon Murray". OldRacingCars.com. Retrieved 2021-06-17.
  15. ^ "Y Wasg | S4C". www.s4c.cymru. Retrieved 2021-06-18.
  16. ^ "https://twitter.com/sixnationsrugby/status/1008648062359785472". Twitter. Retrieved 2021-06-18. {{cite web}}: External link in |title= (help)
  17. ^ "Dennis Lloyd - Biography, Albums, Streaming Links". AllMusic.
  18. ^ Nuth, Joan M. (2000). "Elisabeth of Schönau". In Johnson, William M. (ed.). Encyclopedia of Monasticism. London: Fitzroy Dearborn. pp. 442–443.
  19. ^ "Alfonso III | king of Aragon". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 17 November 2020.
  20. ^ Commire, Anne (2000). Women in World History : A Biographical Encyclopedia Volume 10. Waterford: Yorkin Publications. p. 140. ISBN 978-0-78763-736-1.
  21. ^ Montgomery-Massingberd, Hugh (1977). Burke's Royal Families of the World Volume I: Europe & Latin America. London: Burke's Peerage Ltd. p. 19. ISBN 978-0-85011-023-4.
  22. ^ "William Cobbett | British journalist". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 23 January 2020.
  23. ^ Montgomery-Massingberd, Hugh (1977). Burke's Royal Families of the World Volume I: Europe & Latin America. London: Burke's Peerage. p. 471. ISBN 978-0-85011-023-4.
  24. ^ "Florence Bascom | American educator and scientist". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2019-08-11.
  25. ^ "In the estate of Kofoworola Abeni Pratt deceased". The Times. 24 April 1993. p. 16. Retrieved 11 July 2016.
  26. ^ Stanley, Alessandra; Schwirtz, Michael (19 June 2011). "Yelena Bonner, Russian Rights Activist, Dies at 88". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 25 June 2011. Retrieved 2 February 2012.
  27. ^ Labrecque, Ellen (2017). Stephanie Kwolek and Bulletproof Material. Ann Arbor: Cherry Lake Publishing. p. 21. ISBN 978-1-63472-183-7.
  28. ^ "Horace Silver obituary". The Guardian. 19 June 2014. Retrieved 14 January 2022.
  29. ^ Caramanica, Jon; Coscarelli, Joe (18 June 2018). "XXXTentacion, Rapper Accused of Violent Crimes, Shot Dead at 20 (Published 2018)". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 2022-01-03. Retrieved 17 November 2020.
  30. ^ a b "Rapper Jimmy Wopo shot dead within hours of XXXTentacion killing". The Independent. 2018-06-19. Archived from the original on 2020-11-09. Retrieved 2021-06-18.
  31. ^ "Dame Vera Lynn: Forces' Sweetheart dies aged 103". BBC News. London: BBC. 18 June 2020. Retrieved 18 June 2020.
  32. ^ "National days". New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade. Retrieved 17 November 2020.

External links