June

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June is the sixth month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars, the second of four months to have a length of 30 days, and the third of five months to have a length of less than 31 days. June contains the summer solstice in the Northern Hemisphere, the day with the most daylight hours, and the winter solstice in the Southern Hemisphere, the day with the fewest daylight hours (excluding polar regions in both cases). June in the Northern Hemisphere is the seasonal equivalent to December in the Southern Hemisphere and vice versa. In the Northern Hemisphere, the beginning of the traditional astronomical summer is 21 June (meteorological summer begins on 1 June). In the Southern Hemisphere, meteorological winter begins on 1 June.[1]

At the start of June, the sun rises in the constellation of Taurus; at the end of June, the sun rises in the constellation of Gemini. However, due to the precession of the equinoxes, June begins with the sun in the astrological sign of Gemini, and ends with the sun in the astrological sign of Cancer.[2][3]

Etymology and history

Flaming June (1895) by Lord Leighton

The Latin name for June is Junius. Ovid offers multiple etymologies for the name in the Fasti, a poem about the Roman calendar. The first is that the month is named after the Roman goddess Juno, the goddess of marriage and the wife of the supreme deity Jupiter; the second is that the name comes from the Latin word iuniores, meaning "younger ones", as opposed to maiores ("elders") for which the preceding month May (Maius) may be named.[4] Another source claims June is named after Lucius Junius Brutus, founder of the Roman Republic and ancestor of the Roman gens Junia.[5]

In ancient Rome, the period from mid-May through mid-June was considered inauspicious for marriage. Ovid says that he consulted the Flaminica Dialis, the high priestess of Jupiter, about setting a date for his daughter's wedding, and was advised to wait till after June 15.[6] Plutarch, however, implies that the entire month of June was more favorable for weddings than May.[7]

Certain meteor showers take place in June. The Arietids takes place May 22 to July 2 each year, and peaks on June 7. The Beta Taurids June 5 to July 18. The June Bootids take place roughly between 26 June and 2 July each year.

Ancient Roman observances

Under the calendar of ancient Rome, the festival of Ludi Fabarici took place on May 29 – June 1, Kalendae Fabariae took place on June 1, the Festival to Bellona took place on June 3, Ludi Piscatorii took place on June 7, and Vestalia took place from June 7 – June 15. A Rosalia was held on June 20. The Secular Games were held roughly every 100 years in either May or June. These dates do not correspond to the modern Gregorian calendar.

Events in June

June, from the Très riches heures du duc de Berry
June, Leandro Bassano
Trooping the Colour is celebrated in June in London

Month-long observances

Non-Gregorian observances, 2019

(All Baha'i, Islamic, and Jewish observances begin at the sundown prior to the date listed, and end at sundown of the date in question unless otherwise noted.)

  • List of observances set by the Bahá'í calendar
  • List of observances set by the Chinese calendar
  • List of observances set by the Hebrew calendar
  • List of observances set by the Islamic calendar
  • List of observances set by the Solar Hijri calendar

Moveable observances

  • Phi Ta Khon (Dan Sai, Loei province, Isan, Thailand) Dates are selected by village mediums and can take place anywhere between March and July.
  • See also Movable Western Christian observances
  • See also Movable Eastern Christian observances

By other date

First Tuesday
  • International Children's Day
First Wednesday
  • Global Running Day
  • World Bicycle Day
First Friday
First Saturday
First Sunday
First Monday
Second Thursday
Second Saturday
Second Sunday
Third Week
  • Bike Week (Bicycle Week) (United Kingdom, Ireland)
Second Monday
Monday after the second Saturday
Third Friday
Third Saturday
Summer Solstice in the Northern Hemisphere
Winter Solstice in the Southern Hemisphere
Saturday between June 20–25
Saturday nearest Summer Solstice
  • Pixie Day (Ottery St. Mary, England)
Third Sunday
  • Father's Day (Afghanistan, Albania, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Aruba, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, Brunei, Cambodia, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Curaçao, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Dominica, Ecuador, Ethiopia, France, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guyana, Hong Kong, Hungary, India, Ireland, Jamaica, Japan, Kenya, Kosovo, Kuwait, Laos, Macau, Madagascar, Malaysia, Maldives, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Mozambique, Namibia, Netherlands, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, People's Republic of China, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Slovakia, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States, Venezuela, Vietnam, Zambia, and Zimbabwe)
Monday Nearest to June 24
Last Thursday
Friday following Third Sunday
Last Saturday
Last Sunday

Fixed Gregorian observances

June symbols

  • Strands of pearls
    Strands of pearls
    Partially faceted alexandrite
    Partially faceted alexandrite
    Tumbled moonstones
    Tumbled moonstones
    June's birthstones are pearl, alexandrite and moonstone.
  • Rose Gaujard
    Rose Gaujard
    The birth flowers are rose and honeysuckle.
  • The zodiac signs for the month of June are Gemini (until June 20) and Cancer (from June 21 onwards). Both of these dates are for United States Eastern Daylight Time. For the world UT/GMT the dates are 19–20.[10][11]

References

  1. ^ Holidays and Lore, Spells, Rituals and MeditationsISBN 978-0-738-72159-0 p. 111
  2. ^ "Article by Lee Shapiro – 1977 – International Planetarium Society, Inc". www.ips-planetarium.org. Retrieved 2019-02-23.
  3. ^ Marango, Stephanie P. Your body and the stars : the zodiac as your wellness guide. ISBN 9781582704906. OCLC 913337625.
  4. ^ Ovid, Fasti VI.1–88; H.H. Scullard, Festivals and Ceremonies of the Roman Republic (Cornell University Press, 1981), p. 126.
  5. ^ Almanach général de Saint-Domingue, pour l'année 1790, http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k1203334d/f27, Mozard, p. 13, 1791
  6. ^ Scullard, Festivals and Ceremonies, p. 126.
  7. ^ Karen K. Hersch, The Roman Wedding: Ritual and Meaning in Antiquity (Cambridge University Press, 2010), p. 47.
  8. ^ Leepson, Marc (2005). Flag: an American Biography. New York: St. Martin's Press. p. 33.
  9. ^ "About: Flag Day". BPO Elks of the USA. August 26, 1997. Archived from the original on February 20, 2008.
  10. ^ The Earth passed the junction of the signs at 21:43 UT/GMT June 20, 2020, and will pass it again at 03:32 UT/GMT June 21, 2021.
  11. ^ "Astrology Calendar", yourzodiacsign. Signs in UT/GMT for 1950–2030.

Media files used on this page

Wiktionary-logo-en-v2.svg
Author/Creator: Dan Polansky based on work currently attributed to Wikimedia Foundation but originally created by Smurrayinchester, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
A logo derived from File:WiktionaryEn.svg, a logo showing a 3 x 3 matrix of variously rotated tiles with a letter or character on each tile. The derivation consisted in removing the tiles that form the background of each of the shown characters. File:WiktionaryEn.svg is under Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike, created by Smurrayinchester, and attributed to Wikimedia Foundation. This is the version without the wordmark.
Honeysuckle w y.jpg
honeysuckle pic I took a few months back, released into the en:public domain. You may reprint this image at will for any purpose (including commercial), including without credit, but please don't claim you took the picture yourself; that would be dishonest.  :-) Koyaanis Qatsi 04:53 Feb 20, 2003 (UTCa)
Alexandrite 26.75ctsCropped.jpg
Author/Creator: unknown, Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0
Band Trooping the Colour, 16th June 2007.jpg
Author/Creator: Jon, Licence: CC BY 2.0
Military band, Queen's Official Birthday parade,Horse Guards parade, London, 2007
Trooping the Colour, 16th June 2007
Moonstone-sample2.jpg
Author/Creator: Jarno from Rotterdam, Netherlands, Licence: CC BY 2.0
Tumbled moonstone, India
Les Très Riches Heures du duc de Berry juin.jpg
C'est une illustration des travaux paysans avec une scène de fenaison. Tandis qu'au premier plan une femme râtelle du foin et qu'une autre le met en meule à l'aide d'une fourche, trois faucheurs forment des andains au second plan à droite. D'autres personnages minuscules sont représentés dans une barque sur le fleuve, dans l'escalier menant à la poterne et dans l'escalier couvert à l'intérieur du palais. La scène se déroule en bordure de Seine, dans un champ situé à l'emplacement de l'hôtel de Nesle, résidence parisienne du duc de Berry. De l'autre côté du fleuve s'étend dans toute sa longueur le palais de la Cité, avec successivement les jardins du roi, la Salle sur l'eau, les trois tours Bonbec, d'Argent et César, puis la tour de l'Horloge. Derrière la galerie Saint-Louis au centre, les deux pignons de la Grande Salle, le Logis du roi et la tour Montgomery. À droite, la Sainte-Chapelle.
Strand-of-akoya-pearls.jpg
Strands of akoya cultured pearls from China. These pearls are 6.5 to 7mm in diameter. Their luster is average. Shot by Effisk
Rose Gaujard in NHRG.jpg
Author/Creator: Donald Journet, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Rose 'Rose Gaujard', Hybrid Tea bred by Gaujard 1958