July 18

<<July>>
SuMoTuWeThFrSa
0102
03040506070809
10111213141516
17181920212223
24252627282930
31 
2022
July 18 in recent years
  2021 (Sunday)
  2020 (Saturday)
  2019 (Thursday)
  2018 (Wednesday)
  2017 (Tuesday)
  2016 (Monday)
  2015 (Saturday)
  2014 (Friday)
  2013 (Thursday)
  2012 (Wednesday)

July 18 is the 199th day of the year (200th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar; 166 days remain until the end of the year.

Events

Pre-1600

1601–1900

  • 1806 – A gunpowder magazine explosion in Birgu, Malta, kills around 200 people.[8]
  • 1812 – The Treaties of Orebro end both the Anglo-Russian and Anglo-Swedish Wars.[9]
  • 1841 – Coronation of Emperor Pedro II of Brazil.[10]
  • 1857Louis Faidherbe, French governor of Senegal, arrives to relieve French forces at Kayes, effectively ending El Hajj Umar Tall's war against the French.
  • 1862 – First ascent of Dent Blanche, one of the highest summits in the Alps.
  • 1863American Civil War: Second Battle of Fort Wagner: One of the first formal African American military units, the 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, supported by several white regiments, attempts an unsuccessful assault on Confederate-held Battery Wagner.
  • 1870 – The First Vatican Council decrees the dogma of papal infallibility.
  • 1872 – The Ballot Act 1872 in the United Kingdom introduced the requirement that parliamentary and local government elections be held by secret ballot.[11]

1901–present

Births

Pre-1600

1601–1900

1901–present

  • 1902Jessamyn West, American author (d. 1984)[24]
  • 1902 – Chill Wills, American actor (d. 1978)
  • 1906S. I. Hayakawa, Canadian-American academic and politician (d. 1992)
  • 1906 – Clifford Odets, American director, playwright, and screenwriter (d. 1963)
  • 1908Peace Pilgrim, American mystic and activist (d. 1981)
  • 1908 – Lupe Vélez, Mexican-American actress and dancer (d. 1944)
  • 1908 – Beatrice Aitchison, American mathematician, statistician, and transportation economist (d. 1997)
  • 1909Bishnu Dey, Indian poet, critic, and academic (d. 1982)
  • 1909 – Andrei Gromyko, Belarusian-Russian economist and politician, Soviet Minister of Foreign Affairs (d. 1989)
  • 1909 – Mohammed Daoud Khan, Afghan commander and politician, 1st President of Afghanistan (d. 1978)
  • 1909 – Harriet Nelson, American singer and actress (d. 1994)
  • 1910Diptendu Pramanick, Indian businessman (d. 1989)
  • 1910 – Mamadou Dia, Senegalese politician; 1st Prime Minister of Senegal (d. 2009)[25]
  • 1911Hume Cronyn, Canadian-American actor, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2003)
  • 1913Red Skelton, American actor and comedian (d. 1997)
  • 1914Gino Bartali, Italian cyclist (d. 2000)
  • 1914 – Oscar Heisserer, French footballer (d. 2004)
  • 1915Carequinha, Brazilian clown and actor (d. 2006)
  • 1915 – Louis Le Bailly, British Royal Navy officer (d. 2010)[26]
  • 1916Charles Kittel, American physicist (d. 2019)
  • 1917Henri Salvador, French singer and guitarist (d. 2008)
  • 1917 – Paul Streeten, Austrian-born British economics professor (d. 2019)
  • 1918Nelson Mandela, South African lawyer and politician, 1st President of South Africa, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2013)
  • 1919Lilia Dale, Italian actress
  • 1920Eric Brandon, English race car driver and businessman (d. 1982)
  • 1921Peter Austin, English brewer, founded Ringwood Brewery (d. 2014)[27]
  • 1921 – Aaron Beck, American psychiatrist and academic (d. 2021)[28]
  • 1921 – John Glenn, American colonel, astronaut, and politician (d. 2016)[29]
  • 1921 – Richard Leacock, English-French director and producer (d. 2011)
  • 1921 – Heinz Bennent, German actor (d. 2011)
  • 1922Thomas Kuhn, American physicist, historian, and philosopher (d. 1996)
  • 1923Jerome H. Lemelson, American engineer and businessman (d. 1997)
  • 1923 – Michael Medwin, English actor (d. 2020)
  • 1924Inge Sørensen, Danish swimmer (d. 2011)
  • 1924 – Tullio Altamura, Italian actor
  • 1925Shirley Strickland, Australian runner and hurdler (d. 2004)
  • 1925 – Friedrich Zimmermann, German lawyer and politician, German Federal Minister of the Interior (d. 2012)
  • 1925 – Raymond Jones, Australian Modernist architect
  • 1925 – Windy McCall, American baseball relief pitcher (d. 2015)
  • 1926Margaret Laurence, Canadian author and academic (d. 1987)
  • 1926 – Nita Bieber, American actress (d. 2019)
  • 1926 – Bernard Pons, French politician and medical doctor
  • 1926 – Maunu Kurkvaara, Finnish film director and screenwriter
  • 1927Mehdi Hassan, Pakistani ghazal singer and playback singer (d. 2012)
  • 1927 – Kurt Masur, German conductor and educator (d. 2015)
  • 1927 – Antonio García-Trevijano, Spanish republican, political activist, and author (d. 2018)
  • 1927 – Keith MacDonald, Canadian politician (d. 2021)
  • 1927 – Anthony Mirra, American gangster, member of the Bonanno Crime Family (d. 1982)
  • 1928Andrea Gallo, Italian priest and author (d. 2013)
  • 1928 – Baddiewinkle, American internet personality
  • 1929Dick Button, American former figure skater and actor
  • 1929 – Screamin' Jay Hawkins, American R&B singer-songwriter, musician, and actor (d. 2000)
  • 1932Robert Ellis Miller, American director and screenwriter (d. 2017)
  • 1933Jean Yanne, French actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2003)
  • 1933 – Yevgeny Yevtushenko, Russian poet and playwright (d. 2017)
  • 1934Edward Bond, English director, playwright, and screenwriter
  • 1934 – Darlene Conley, American actress (d. 2007)
  • 1935Tenley Albright, American former figure skater and physician
  • 1935 – Jayendra Saraswathi, Indian guru, 69th Shankaracharya (d. 2018)
  • 1937Roald Hoffmann, Polish chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1937 – Hunter S. Thompson, American journalist and author (d. 2005)
  • 1938John Connelly, English footballer (d. 2012)
  • 1938 – Ian Stewart, Scottish keyboard player and manager (d. 1985)
  • 1938 – Paul Verhoeven, Dutch director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1939Brian Auger, English rock and jazz keyboard player
  • 1939 – Dion DiMucci, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1939 – Jerry Moore, American football player and coach
  • 1940James Brolin, American actor
  • 1941Frank Farian, German songwriter and producer
  • 1941 – Lonnie Mack, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2016)
  • 1941 – Martha Reeves, American singer and politician
  • 1942Giacinto Facchetti, Italian footballer (d. 2006)
  • 1942 – Adolf Ogi, Swiss politician, 84th President of the Swiss Confederation
  • 1943Joseph J. Ellis, American historian and author
  • 1944David Hemery, English hurdler and author[30]
  • 1945Pat Doherty, Irish Republican politician
  • 1946Kalpana Mohan, Indian actress (d. 2012)
  • 1947Steve Forbes, American publisher and politician
  • 1948Carlos Colón Sr., Puerto Rican-American wrestler and promoter
  • 1948 – Jeanne Córdova, American journalist and activist (d. 2016)
  • 1948 – Hartmut Michel, German biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1949Dennis Lillee, Australian cricketer and coach
  • 1950Richard Branson, English businessman, founded Virgin Group
  • 1950 – Jack Dongarra, American computer scientist and academic
  • 1950 – Kostas Eleftherakis, Greek footballer
  • 1950 – Glenn Hughes, American disco singer and actor (d. 2001)
  • 1950 – Jack Layton, Canadian political scientist, academic, and politician (d. 2011)
  • 1950 – Mark Udall, American educator and politician[31]
  • 1951Elio Di Rupo, Belgian chemist, academic, and politician, 68th Prime Minister of Belgium
  • 1951 – Margo Martindale, American actress
  • 1954Ricky Skaggs, American singer-songwriter, mandolin player, and producer[32]
  • 1955Bernd Fasching, Austrian painter and sculptor
  • 1957Nick Faldo, English golfer and sportscaster
  • 1957 – Keith Levene, English guitarist, songwriter, and producer
  • 1960Simon Heffer, English journalist and author
  • 1961Elizabeth McGovern, American actress
  • 1961 – Alan Pardew, English footballer and manager
  • 1961 – Pasi Rautiainen, Finnish footballer, coach, and manager
  • 1962Shaun Micallef, Australian comedian, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1963Marc Girardelli, Austrian-Luxembourgian skier
  • 1963 – Martín Torrijos, Panamanian economist and politician, 35th President of Panama
  • 1964Wendy Williams, American talk show host
  • 1965Vesselina Kasarova, Bulgarian soprano
  • 1966Dan O'Brien, American decathlete and coach
  • 1967Vin Diesel, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter[33]
  • 1968Grant Bowler, New Zealand-Australian actor
  • 1968 – Scott Gourley, Australian rugby player
  • 1969Elizabeth Gilbert, American author
  • 1969 – The Great Sasuke, Japanese wrestler and politician
  • 1971Penny Hardaway, American basketball player and coach
  • 1971 – Sukhwinder Singh, Indian singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1974Alan Morrison, British poet
  • 1975Torii Hunter, American baseball player
  • 1975 – Daron Malakian, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1975 – M.I.A., English rapper and producer[34]
  • 1976Elsa Pataky, Spanish actress
  • 1976 – Go Soo-hee, South Korean actress
  • 1977Alexander Morozevich, Russian chess player and author
  • 1978Adabel Guerrero, Argentinian actress, singer, and dancer
  • 1978 – Shane Horgan, Irish rugby player and sportscaster
  • 1978 – Crystal Mangum, American murderer responsible for making false rape allegations in the Duke lacrosse case[35][36]
  • 1978 – Joo Sang-wook, South Korean actor
  • 1978 – Ben Sheets, American baseball player and coach
  • 1978 – Mélissa Theuriau, French journalist
  • 1979Deion Branch, American football player
  • 1979 – Joey Mercury, American wrestler and producer
  • 1980Kristen Bell, American actress[37]
  • 1980 – David Blu (born David Bluthenthal), American–Israeli basketball player[38]
  • 1981Dennis Seidenberg, German ice hockey player
  • 1982Ryan Cabrera, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1982 – Priyanka Chopra, Indian actress, singer, and film producer
  • 1982 – Carlo Costly, Honduran footballer
  • 1983Carlos Diogo, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1983 – Aaron Gillespie, American singer-songwriter and drummer
  • 1983 – Mikk Pahapill, Estonian decathlete
  • 1983 – Jan Schlaudraff, German footballer
  • 1985Chace Crawford, American actor
  • 1985 – Panagiotis Lagos, Greek footballer
  • 1985 – James Norton, English actor
  • 1986Natalia Mikhailova, Russian ice dancer
  • 1987Tontowi Ahmad, Indonesian badminton player[39]
  • 1988Änis Ben-Hatira, German-Tunisian footballer
  • 1988 – César Villaluz, Mexican footballer
  • 1989Jamie Benn, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1989 – Sebastian Mielitz, German footballer
  • 1989 – Yohan Mollo, French footballer
  • 1993Lee Tae-min, South Korean singer and actor[40]
  • 1993 – Michael Lichaa, Australian rugby league player[41]
  • 1994Nilo Soares, East Timorese footballer[42]
  • 1996Smriti Mandhana, Indian cricketer[43]
  • 1996Shudufhadzo Musida, Miss South Africa 2020[44]
  • 1997Noah Lyles, American sprinter[45]
  • 2001Agustina Roth, Argentine BMX rider[46]

Deaths

Pre-1600

1601–1900

1901–present

Holidays and observances

References

  1. ^ Livy, VI.1; Plutarch, Camillus IX; Tacitus, Histories II.91; Ovid gives a different date of 13 February in the Fasti, II.195-6
  2. ^ An alternative year of 390 BC was traditionally favoured
  3. ^ Andres Furger; Andres Furger-Gunti; Maria Angelica Borrello; Felix Müller (1991). Helvetian gold: Celtic treasures from Switzerland : exhibition catalogue. Swiss National Museum.
  4. ^ Byzantinoslavica. Academia. 2006. p. 66.
  5. ^ Robert Chazan (23 November 2006). The Jews of Medieval Western Christendom: 1000–1500. Cambridge University Press. p. 166. ISBN 978-1-139-45987-7.
  6. ^ G. Fattorusso (1930). Wonders of Italy: the monuments of antiquity, the churches, the palaces, the treasures of art, a handbook for students and travellers. G. Fattorusso. p. 215.
  7. ^ Paul F. State (16 April 2015). Historical Dictionary of Brussels. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. p. 100. ISBN 978-0-8108-7921-8.
  8. ^ The Bulletin, Volume 57, Issue 225 – Volume 58, Issue 232. Military Historical Society (Great Britain). 2006. p. 147.
  9. ^ United States. Dept. of State (1919). Catalogue of Treaties, 1814-1918. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 456.
  10. ^ D. P. KIDDER, J. C. FLETCHER (1857). Brazil and the Brazilians. Childs & Peterson. pp. 592.
  11. ^ Hanham, H. J. (1969). The Nineteenth-Century Constitution 1815-1914: Documents and Commentary. Cambridge University Press. p. 277. ISBN 978-0-521-09560-0.
  12. ^ Thomas, Hugh (2001). The Spanish Civil War (1st ed.). London: Eyre and Spottiswoode. OCLC 395987.
  13. ^ "Iraqi Christians flee after Isis issue Mosul ultimatum". BBC. 18 July 2014. Archived from the original on 24 July 2014. Retrieved 30 December 2014.
  14. ^ "Kyoto Animation studio fire: at least 33 dead after arson attack in Japan". The Guardian. 2019-07-18.
  15. ^ 京アニ放火殺人、死者35人に. Kyodo News (in Japanese). 2019-07-27. Archived from the original on 10 September 2019. Retrieved 10 September 2019.
  16. ^ "Hermann Von Reichenau | German scholar". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  17. ^ Terjanian, Pierre (2019). The Last Knight: The Art, Armor, and Ambition of Maximilian I. Metropolitan Museum of Art. p. 302. ISBN 978-1-58839-674-7.
  18. ^ "Heinrich Bullinger (1504-1575)". data.bnf.fr.
  19. ^ "Zacharias Ursinus (1534-1583)". data.bnf.fr.
  20. ^ "Rudolf II | Holy Roman emperor". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 13 April 2020.
  21. ^ "Hyacinthe Rigaud". Oxford Reference. Retrieved 26 December 2021.
  22. ^ Newton, Alfred (1900). "White, Gilbert" . In Lee, Sidney (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography. Vol. 61. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
  23. ^ SEN, B.K. "KADAMBINI GANGULY – AN ILLUSTRIOUS LADY" (PDF). Science and Culture - Indian Science News Organization.
  24. ^ "West, Jessamyn". sf-encyclopedia.com. Retrieved 26 December 2021.
  25. ^ Africa Year Book and Who's who. Africa Journal Limited. 1976. p. 1126.
  26. ^ "Vice-Admiral Sir Louis Le Bailly – Telegraph". The Daily Telegraph. London: TMG. ISSN 0307-1235. OCLC 49632006. Retrieved 4 December 2014.
  27. ^ Protz, Roger. "Peter Austin obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved 1 February 2014.
  28. ^ Obituaries, Telegraph (November 1, 2021). "Aaron Beck, psychiatrist whose development of cognitive behavioural therapy transformed millions of lives around the world – obituary". The Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved November 1, 2021.
  29. ^ "Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress - Retro Member details: GLENN, John Herschel, Jr. (1921-2016)". bioguideretro.congress.gov. Retrieved 19 July 2020.
  30. ^ Amateur Athletic Union of the United States (1967). Amateur Athlete. Amateur Athletic Union of the United States. p. 13.
  31. ^
  32. ^ "Famous birthdays for July 18: Vin Diesel, Kristen Bell". United Press International. July 18, 2019. Archived from the original on July 19, 2019. Retrieved August 7, 2019. Country singer Ricky Skaggs in 1954 (age 65)
  33. ^ Jacquetta Elizabeth Amdahl (2004). 'Perpetual Others': The Role of Culture, Race and Nation in the Formation of a Mixed Race Identity. University of Minnesota. p. 60.
  34. ^ "MIA's baby's name revealed". NME. UK. 23 March 2009. Archived from the original on 17 April 2019. Retrieved 2 April 2012.
  35. ^ "Crystal Gail Mangum: Profile of the Duke Rape Accuser". Fox News. 11 April 2007.
  36. ^ "Duke rape accuser guilty of murder". BBC News. 22 November 2013.
  37. ^ "Kristen Bell Facts". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 28 June 2020.
  38. ^ "David Blu Player Profile, USC, NCAA Stats, International Stats, Events Stats, Game Logs, Awards - RealGM". basketball.realgm.com.
  39. ^ "Tontowi Ahmad". Olympics. Retrieved 5 December 2019.
  40. ^ "K-pop's dance king Taemin's best moves". South China Morning Post. 18 July 2019. Retrieved 28 June 2020.
  41. ^ "Michael Lichaa". National Rugby League. Retrieved 28 June 2020.
  42. ^ "Nilo Soares - Player Profile - Football". Eurosport. Retrieved 28 June 2020.
  43. ^ "Smriti Mandhana". Cricinfo. Retrieved 2020-07-18.
  44. ^ Mueni, Priscillah (2020-10-25). "Meet Shudufhadzo Musida, the newly crowned Miss SA". Briefly. Retrieved 2020-10-25.
  45. ^ "Noah Lyles". World Athletics. Retrieved 7 February 2020.
  46. ^ "Cycling BMX | Athlete Profile: ROTH Agustina - Pan American Games Lima 2019". wrsd.lima2019.pe. Retrieved 31 May 2020.
  47. ^ "Theoderich I. von Metz". heiligenlexikon.de. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
  48. ^ Parish, Helen Rand; Weidman, Harold E. (1976). "The Correct Birthdate of Bartolomé de las Casas". The Hispanic American Historical Review. 56 (3): 385–403. doi:10.2307/2514372. JSTOR 2514372. Retrieved 12 July 2021.
  49. ^ Clayton, Lawrence A. (23 November 2010). Bartolomé de las Casas and the Conquest of the Americas. John Wiley & Sons. p. 150. ISBN 978-1-4443-9273-9.
  50. ^  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainBradley, Emily Tennyson (1893). "Levinz, Robert". In Lee, Sidney (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography. Vol. 33. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 161.
  51. ^ "Jane Austen | Biography & Novels". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
  52. ^ Tusan, Michelle Elizabeth (2005). Women Making News: Gender and Journalism in Modern Britain. Urbana: University of Illinois Press. p. 263. ISBN 978-0-2520-3015-4.
  53. ^ Harnesk, Paul (1945). Vem är Vem?. Stockholm: Vem är Vem Bokförlag. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
  54. ^ Williams, Frank. "The Stalking Death that Changed the Law: Rebecca Schaeffer Never Lived to Realize Her Success". frankseelreviews.com. Retrieved 20 July 2019.
  55. ^ Isherwood, Charles (July 20, 2006). "Henry Hewes, Theater Critic, 89, Is Dead". The New York Times. Retrieved March 11, 2020.
  56. ^ "Henry William Allingham, 6 June 1896 - 18 July 2009". BBC. 19 July 2009. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
  57. ^ "Notable deaths in 2018 : Jonathan Gold". CBS News. Retrieved August 11, 2018.
  58. ^ "Notable deaths in 2018 : Adrian Cronauer". CBS News. Retrieved August 13, 2018.
  59. ^ Shafer, Ellise (2021-07-18). "Tom O'Connor, Comedian and Veteran Game Show Host, Dies at 81". Variety. Retrieved 2021-07-19.
  60. ^ "Collections Online | British Museum". www.britishmuseum.org. Retrieved 12 July 2021.
  61. ^ a b c Beutner, Dawn Marie (2020). Saints: Becoming an Image of Christ Every Day of the Year. Ignatius Press. pp. 269–270. ISBN 978-1-62164-341-8.
  62. ^ "Edburga of Bicester". Oxford Reference. Retrieved 12 July 2021.
  63. ^ Tristram, Brother (3 January 2013). Exciting Holiness: Collects and Readings for the Festivals and Lesser Festivals of the Calendars of the Church of England, the Church of Ireland, the Scottish Episcopal Church and the Church in Wales. Canterbury Press. p. 585. ISBN 978-1-84825-365-0.
  64. ^ "Collections Online | British Museum". www.britishmuseum.org. Retrieved 12 July 2021.
  65. ^ Watkins, Basil (19 November 2015). The Book of Saints: A Comprehensive Biographical Dictionary. Bloomsbury Academic. p. 507. ISBN 978-0-567-66414-3.
  66. ^ "Venerable Pambo the Hermit of Egypt". www.oca.org. Retrieved 12 July 2021.
  67. ^ FORSTER (F.L.S.), Thomas (1824). The Perennial Calendar, and Companion to the Almanack; Illustrating the Events of Every Day in the Year, as Connected with History, Chronology, Botany, Etc. With Useful Rules of Health, Observations on the Weather, Etc. Compiled from Scientific Authorities as Well as from the Manuscripts of Several Distinguished Persons, and Revised and Edited by T. F. p. 777.
  68. ^ Philippides, Marios; Hanak, Walter K. (2 May 2017). The Siege and the Fall of Constantinople in 1453: Historiography, Topography, and Military Studies. Routledge. p. 342. ISBN 978-1-317-01608-3.
  69. ^ Burford, Tim; Connolly, Sean (16 September 2017). Uruguay. Bradt Travel Guides. p. 72. ISBN 978-1-78477-059-4.
  70. ^ "International Days". www.un.org. 6 January 2015. Retrieved 2 January 2021.

External links