Jean Guiton

Jean Guiton (1585-1654).

Jean Guiton (2 July 1585 – 15 March 1654) was born in La Rochelle, where he followed the occupation of ship-owner. He became a notable Huguenot leader during the Naval battle of Saint-Martin-de-Ré and siege of La Rochelle.

Having been nominated Admiral of the fleet of La Rochelle, Jean Guiton fought the Naval battle of Saint-Martin-de-Ré against Royal forces on 27 October 1622.[1]

He later participated to the uprising of Soubise in 1625, leading to the Capture of Ré island by Royal forces that same year.

He became mayor of La Rochelle and, during the 1627-1628 Siege of La Rochelle, he organized an energetic resistance to the troops of king Louis XIII. The scene is still visible today in the City Hall (Hotel de Ville) of La Rochelle, where a marble table with a chip made by his dagger is on display.

Then, Richelieu offered him leadership in the royal fleet and he fought Spain. One of his daughters married the son of the famous Protestant admiral Abraham Duquesne, Abraham Duquesne-Guiton.

Like many other Rochelais (people from La Rochelle), Jean Guiton was a Huguenot.

Jean Guitton at the La Rochelle City Hall, vowing to defend the city to the death

Notes

Media files used on this page

Statue Jean Guiton maire La Rochelle.jpg
Author/Creator: Jebulon, Licence: CC0
Statue to Jean Guiton (2 July 1585 – 15 March 1654), Mayor of La Rochelle during the "Great Siege" in 1627-1628, by Ernest Henri Dubois (1909, signed in 1911)