Jean-Baptiste Charcot

Jean-Baptiste Auguste Étienne Charcot
Jean-Baptiste Charcot.jpg
Born15 July 1867 (1867-07-15)
Died16 September 1936 (1936-09-17) (aged 69)
at sea, off Iceland
OccupationPolar explorer, doctor
SpouseJeanne Hugo (1896–1905; div.)
Sports career
Sailing career
Class(es)0 to 0.5 ton
Open class
Medal record
Representing  France
Olympic Games
Silver medal – second place 1900 Paris Ton class 1st race
Silver medal – second place 1900 Paris Ton class 2nd race
Updated on 2014-02-08.

Jean-Baptiste-Étienne-Auguste Charcot[1][2] (15 July 1867 – 16 September 1936), born in Neuilly-sur-Seine, was a French scientist, medical doctor and polar scientist. His father was the neurologist Jean-Martin Charcot (1825–1893).


Jean-Baptiste Charcot was appointed leader of the French Antarctic Expedition with the ship Français exploring the west coast of Graham Land from 1904 until 1907. The expedition reached Adelaide Island in 1905 and took pictures of the Palmer Archipelago and Loubet Coast. From 1908 until 1910, another expedition followed with the ship Pourquoi Pas ?, exploring the Bellingshausen Sea and the Amundsen Sea and discovering Loubet Land, Marguerite Bay, Mount Boland and Charcot Island, which was named after his father, Jean-Martin Charcot.[3] He named Hugo Island after Victor Hugo, the grandfather of his wife, Jeanne Hugo.

Later on, Jean-Baptiste Charcot explored Rockall in 1921 and Eastern Greenland and Svalbard from 1925 until 1936. He died when Pourquoi-Pas ? was wrecked in a storm off the coast of Iceland in 1936. A monument to Charcot was created in Reykjavík, Iceland by sculptor Einar Jónsson in 1936 and another by Ríkarður Jónsson in 1952.

Charcot participated in many sports. He won two silver medals in sailing at the Summer Olympics of 1900.[4][5]

See also

  • Charcot Fan
  • Charcot Land


  1. ^ "Jean-Baptiste-Étienne-Auguste Charcot | French explorer and oceanographer". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 12 June 2018.
  2. ^ "Jean-Baptiste Charcot". The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition. 1970–1979. Retrieved 12 June 2018.
  3. ^ Haas LF (October 2001). "Jean Martin Charcot (1825–93) and Jean Baptiste Charcot (1867–1936)". J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatry. 71 (4): 524. doi:10.1136/jnnp.71.4.524. PMC 1763526. PMID 11561039. and here.
  4. ^ Bill Mallon (2009) [1997]. The 1900 Olympic Games: Results for All Competitors in All Events, with Commentary. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland. p. 19. ISBN 9780786440641.
  5. ^ "Jean-Baptiste Charcot". Olympedia. Retrieved 29 December 2020.
  • Le "Pourquoi pas?" dans l'Antarctique 1908–1910, Arthaud, Paris, 1996,ISBN 2-7003-1088-8

External links

Media files used on this page

Translation to english arrow.svg
(c) Tkgd2007 at en.wikipedia, CC-BY-SA-3.0
This is a one-way "translation arrow" icon, drawn by myself in the style of, and modeled after :Image:Translation_arrow.svg. It is meant to more accurately illustrate the process of translating from one regional written language into english
Silver medal icon (S initial).svg
A silver medal icon with an "S" inscribed on it.
Blue pencil.svg
Icon of simple blue pencil
Board in memory C B Charcot(js).jpg
Author/Creator: Jerzy Strzelecki, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Board in memory the french explorer Jean-Baptiste Charcot and his companions. Ittoqqortoormiit, Greenland
Charcot dibujo105.jpg
Adelaide Island viewed from the west. Jean Charcot. "El "Pourquoi-Pas?" en el Antártico". Madrid 1921.
Pourquoi-Pas (1908).jpg
French ship Pourquoi Pas ?.
Original caption: Pourquoi-Pas, Navire qui servit au dr Charcot pour sa derniere expedition dans l'Antarctique; appartient maintenant au Museum d'Histoire Naturelle
Myrar hnokki.svg
Map of the region Myrar in western Iceland with several toponyms showing the location of the reef Hnokki, south of Álftanes, where the research ship Pourquoi Pas ? of Jean-Baptiste Charcot, stranded on September 16, 1936.
France, Jean-Baptiste Charcot, funeral, 1936.jpg
The funeral of French polar explorer Jean-Baptiste Charcot (and his men) in front of the Notre Dame cathedral in Paris, 1936.
Jean-Baptiste Charcot.jpg
Jean-Baptiste Charcot (1867 – 1936), French scientist, medical doctor and polar scientist