International Geography Olympiad
The International Geography Olympiad (iGeo) is an annual competition for 16- to 19-year-old geography students from all over the world. Students chosen to represent their countries are some of the best, chosen from thousands of students who participate enthusiastically in their own National Geography Olympiads. iGeo tests the abilities of every participant in spatial patterns and processes. The iGeo consists of three parts: a written test, a multimedia test and a substantial fieldwork exercise requiring observation, leading to cartographic representation and geographical analysis. The programme also includes poster presentations by teams, cultural exchanges, and time for students to know their fellow students and explore the host city.
The International Geography Olympiad is organised by the International Geographical Union (IGU) Olympiad Task Force, who produce tests with reference to the local organisers and the international board.
After the first iGeo in 1996, it was recommended that the competition was held biennially. Due to the competition growing in popularity, since 2012 the competition has been held annually, rather than biennially, as is the case with the other large International Science Olympiads.
History of competition and national success
During the 1994 Congress of the International Geographical Union (IGU) in Prague, people from Poland and the Netherlands launched the idea of an International Geography Competition (iGeo) or Olympiad for students between 15 and 19 years of age. The first one was held in 1996 in The Hague, Netherlands, with five participating countries. The participant count grew to 24 countries with the 2008 competition in Carthage, Tunisia.
Before 2012, the International Science Olympiads were held every two years, and some regional geography Olympiads were held during intervening years. These include the Asia Pacific Regional Geography Olympiads (APRGO), which were held in 2007 (Hsinchu, Taiwan), 2009 (Tsukuba, Japan), and 2011 (Merida, Mexico), and the Central European Regional Geography Olympiads (CERIGEO). Since 2013, the International Geography Olympiad, in concordance with the other Olympiads, has been held on a yearly basis.
Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the 2020 iGeo in Istanbul, Turkey was postponed. The Olympiad was held in Istanbul between 11 and 15 August the following year, with 46 countries participating. The next Olympiad is to be held in Paris, France in July 2022.
Member countries and regions
The participating countries and regions in the 2021 International Geography Olympiad are:
- China-Hong Kong
- New Zealand
- South Africa
- United Kingdom
- United States
The full list of participating teams for all past iGeos may be found on the iGeo website.
Best nations by podium finishes (all time)
|Place||National Team||1st, 2nd, 3rd||Years Champions (Teams Participating)||Years Runners Up (Teams)||Years 3rd Place (Teams)|
|1st||Poland||7, 1, 1||1996 (5), 1998 (5), 2000 (13), 2004 (12), 2006 (23), 2015 (40), 2017 (41)||2002 (12)||2012 (31)|
|2nd||Romania||4, 3, 2||2002 (12), 2008 (24), 2013 (32), 2018 (43)||2012 (31), 2015 (40), 2017 (41)||2006 (23), 2014 (36)|
|3rd||Singapore||3, 3, 1||2010 (27), 2012 (31), 2014 (36)||2016 (45), 2018 (43), 2021 (46)||2013 (32)|
|4th||Australia||1, 2, 1||2016 (45)||2010 (27), 2014 (36)||2008 (24)|
|5th (tied)||Russia||1, 0, 0||2021 (46)||—||—|
|5th (tied)||Indonesia||1, 0, 0||2019 (43)||—||—|
|6th||Estonia||0, 3, 0||—||2004 (12), 2006 (23), 2008 (24)||—|
|7th||Slovenia||0, 2, 0||—||1996 (5), 1998 (5)||—|
|8th||USA||0, 1, 2||—||2019 (43)||2017 (41), 2018 (43)|
|9th (tied)||Croatia||0, 1, 0||—||2013 (32)||—|
|9th (tied)||Netherlands||0, 1, 0||—||2000 (13)||—|
|10th||Belgium||0, 0, 2||—||—||1996 (5), 1998 (5)|
|11th (tied)||Japan||0, 0, 1||—||—||2021 (46)|
|11th (tied)||Thailand||0, 0, 1||—||—||2016 (45)|
|11th (tied)||United Kingdom||0, 0, 1||—||—||2019 (43)|
|11th (tied)||Taiwan||0, 0, 1||—||—||2015 (40)|
|11th (tied)||South Korea||0, 0, 1||—||—||2000 (13)|
|11th (tied)||Belarus||0, 0, 1||—||—||2002 (12)|
Most national individual victories (All time)
|Place||Nation||Wins||World Champions Produced (Year)|
|1st (tied)||Poland||4||Jacek Próchniak (2006), Maciej Hermanowicz (2004), Adam Biliski (2000), Katarzyna Kwiecińska (1998)|
|1st (tied)||Romania||4||Victor Vescu (2017), Barbu Ion Alexandru (2010, 2008), Florin Olteanu (2002)|
|3rd (tied)||Singapore||2||Daniel Wong (2013), Samuel Chua (2012)|
|3rd (tied)||USA||2||James Mullen (2014), Albert Zhang (2019)|
|3rd (tied)||Russia||2||Alen Kospanov (2018), Rustam Bigildin (2021)|
|6th (tied)||Thailand||1||Wuttipat Kiratipaisarl (2016)|
|6th (tied)||Taiwan||1||Chang-Chin Wang (2015)|
|6th (tied)||Belgium||1||Steven Pattheeuws (1996)|
- "IGU - What is iGeo". www.geoolympiad.org. Retrieved 2021-08-24.
- "International Geography Olympiad". promotinggeog.geo.ntnu.edu.tw. Retrieved 2021-08-24.
- iGeo 2020 - : email@example.com. "iGeo 2020". iGeo 2020. Retrieved 2020-05-19.
- "The 2021 iGeo - Istanbul, Turkey". iGeo 2021. Retrieved 2021-07-04.
- "Previous iGeos". geoolympiad.org. Retrieved 2021-07-04.
Media files used on this page
It is easy to put a border around this flag image
Flag of Iran. The tricolor flag was introduced in 1906, but after the Islamic Revolution of 1979 the Arabic words 'Allahu akbar' ('God is great'), written in the Kufic script of the Qur'an and repeated 22 times, were added to the red and green strips where they border the white central strip and in the middle is the emblem of Iran (which is a stylized Persian alphabet of the Arabic word Allah ("God")).
The official ISIRI standard (translation at FotW) gives two slightly different methods of construction for the flag: a compass-and-straightedge construction used for File:Flag of Iran (official).svg, and a "simplified" construction sheet with rational numbers used for this file.
Author/Creator: unknown, Licence: PD
The national flag of Kingdom of Thailand since September 2017; there are total of 3 colours:
- Red represents the blood spilt to protect Thailand’s independence and often more simply described as representing the nation.
- White represents the religion of Buddhism, the predominant religion of the nation
- Blue represents the monarchy of the nation, which is recognised as the centre of Thai hearts.
Author/Creator: unknown, Licence: PD
Flag of Portugal, created by Columbano Bordalo Pinheiro (1857-1929), officially adopted by Portuguese government in June 30th 1911 (in use since about November 1910). Color shades matching the RGB values officially reccomended here. (PMS values should be used for direct ink or textile; CMYK for 4-color offset printing on paper; this is an image for screen display, RGB should be used.)
Note that the green portion of the flag was designed to represent the majority Catholic residents of the island, the orange side the minority Protestant and the white middle part peace and harmony between them.