InterCity (British Rail)

InterCity
BR InterCity Logo.svg
Penzance. - geograph.org.uk - 102199.jpg
(c) Ron Hann, CC BY-SA 2.0
A High Speed Train power car and Mark 3 carriage in InterCity swallow livery at Penzance
Franchise(s)Not subject to franchising (1966 – 1996)
Main Region(s)All
Other Region(s)All
Fleet size180
Stations called at190
Parent companyBritish Rail

InterCity (or, in the earliest days, the hyphenated Inter-City) was introduced by British Rail in 1966 as a brand-name for its long-haul express passenger services (see British Rail brand names for a full history).

In 1986 the British Railways Board divided its operations into a number of sectors (sectorisation). The sector responsible for long-distance express trains assumed the brand-name InterCity, although many routes that were previously operated as InterCity services were assigned to other sectors (e.g. London to King's Lynn services were transferred to the commuter sector Network SouthEast).

InterCity brand

Intercity advert

Etymology

InterCity derives from the prepositional of the Latin: inter- with City giving rise to meaning between cities.

The Inter-City train

British Rail first used the term Inter-City in 1950 as the name of a train running between London Paddington and Wolverhampton Low Level.[1] This was part of an overall policy of introducing new train names in the post World War II period.

The name was applied to the business express which ran from London in the morning and returned in the afternoon, and became part of the railway lore of the West Midlands. West Midlands residents always believed that it was the success of this one train that led to the adoption of the name as a British Rail brand in 1966.[2] This belief was supported by the timeline: in 1966 The Inter-City was heading towards its ultimate demise in 1967, when the mainline London-West Midlands service was consolidated into the newly electrified route via Rugby.

InterCity brand

British Rail introduced the Inter-City brand for long haul passenger services in 1966.[1]

Other brand users

The InterCity brand has also been adopted by countries in Europe.[1]

InterCity Company

With sectorisation of British Rail in 1982 most long haul services became consolidated in the InterCity company which retained the brand. InterCity became profitable and one of Britain's top 150 companies, providing city centre to city centre travel across the nation from Aberdeen and Inverness in the north to Poole and Penzance in the south.[3]

Divisions

InterCity had the following divisions:

  • East Coast: Services on the East Coast Main Line from London King's Cross to Yorkshire, North East England and eastern Scotland.
  • West Coast: Services on the West Coast Main Line from London Euston to the West Midlands, North Wales, North West England and southern Scotland, including overnight sleeper services to Scotland.
  • Midland: Services on the Midland Main Line from London St Pancras to the East Midlands and South Yorkshire.
  • Great Western: Services on the Great Western Main Line from London Paddington to South Wales and the West Country, including overnight sleeper services to the West Country.
  • Great Eastern: Services on the Great Eastern Main Line from London Liverpool Street to Essex and East Anglia.
  • Cross-Country: Services between city pairs that used a combination of the various main lines, but usually avoided Greater London; many of these served the Cross-Country Route.
  • Gatwick Express: Shuttle service between London Victoria and Gatwick Airport.

The InterCity sector was also responsible for Motorail services to and from London Kensington Olympia.

Operations

InterCity operated High Speed Trains (HST) under the brand-name InterCity 125, as well as InterCity 225s for the electric high-speed trains operated on the East Coast route. The "125" referred to the trains' top speed in miles per hour (mph), equivalent to 201 km/h, whereas "225" referred to the intended top speed in km/h (equivalent to 140 mph) and for signalling reasons their actual speed limit was the same 125 mph. InterCity 250 was the name given by InterCity to the proposed upgrade of the West Coast Main Line in the early 1990s. The existing trains operating on the West Coast were intended to be marketed under the brand InterCity 175, again referring to those trains' top operating speed of 110 mph, roughly equivalent to 175 km/h, although this idea was subsequently dropped.

All InterCity day services ran with a buffet car and the majority ran at speeds of 100 mph or above. If expresses on other sectors are included, there was a period in the early 1990s when British Rail operated more 100 mph services per day than any other country. Special discounted fares, including the Super Advance and the APEX, were available on InterCity if booked ahead.

Rolling stock

HST services were first introduced in 1976 on the Great Western Main Line from London Paddington to Bristol, Cardiff and Swansea. Formations consisted of 2 first-class, a Restaurant Buffet and 4 standard-class Mark 3 carriages with a Class 43 power car at each end.

East Coast – InterCity 125 HST services started in 1977: Typically 2 first-class, a Restaurant Kitchen, Buffet Standard and 4 standard-class British Rail Mark 3 carriages with a Class 43 power car at each end. These progressively replaced Class 55 "Deltics" which were finally withdrawn in 1981. Later, as catering needs changed, the Restaurant Kitchen was replaced by a fifth standard-class coach. InterCity 225: a Class 91 electric locomotive, nine Mark 4 coaches and a Driving Van Trailer (DVT) operating in push-pull mode; introduced in 1990, with electrification completed in 1991. This saw most of the HSTs transferred to Great Western, Midland and Cross-Country routes, but some remained for the runs to/from Aberdeen, Inverness and Hull.

West CoastLondon Euston to Wolverhampton used Class 86 electric locomotives hauling Mark 2 carriages and operated at 100 mph. Euston to Glasgow services used Class 86, Class 87, and Class 90 locomotives hauling Mark 3 coaches and operated at 110 mph. Euston to Holyhead services used Class 47 hauled Mark 2s or HSTs. From 1988, West Coast trains operated in push-pull mode with a DVT at the London end of the train. Before DVTs were introduced, larger fleets of Classes 81–87 were used to haul the trains conventionally. Class 50s operated in pairs north of Preston until electrification was completed in 1974.

Midland – Class 45, 46 and 47 locomotives hauling Mark 1 and Mark 2 carriages. HSTs replaced the loco-hauled trains in the 1980s.

Great Western – InterCity 125s from new, which replaced Class 52s. Other services were also operated by Mark 2 carriages hauled by Class 47s and 50s; later these were transferred to Network SouthEast and replaced by Class 165 DMUs.

Great Eastern – Class 47 diesels hauled Mark 1 and Mark 2 carriages before electrification of the route in the mid-80s. Class 86 electrics were introduced to haul trains from Liverpool Street to Ipswich from 1985, with through electric trains reaching Norwich by 1987. Mark 2 Driving Brake Standard Opens were cascaded from Scotland in the early 90s, so that trains could operate in push-pull mode. Some routes transferred to Network SouthEast, leaving London-Norwich and the London-Harwich boat-train with InterCity.

Cross Country – Some routes were operated by InterCity 125s, but with only one first class carriage and standard class seats in the buffet car replaced the restaurant. Other routes saw Mark 2 carriages hauled by Class 47 diesel locomotives. Services operating north of Birmingham on the West Coast main line switched to electric traction using Class 86 and Class 90 locomotives. DVTs were not used.

Gatwick Express – Originally used dedicated Class 423 electric multiple units as part of the Southern Region. Prior to being transferred to InterCity, the service ran from London Victoria calling at Clapham Junction, East Croydon (sometimes via Redhill) and Gatwick Airport running via Haywards Heath to Brighton. The service was transferred to InterCity with Class 73 electro-diesel locomotives (electric third-rail current or diesel-powered) hauling Mark 2 coaches and a modified Class 414 driving motor carriage were introduced in 1984 in push-pull mode. When InterCity took over, the service only served London Victoria and Gatwick Airport.

Sleepers – Originally consisted of Mark 2 or Mark 3 seating coaches with Mark 1 sleeper cars. Mark 3 sleeper cars replaced the Mark 1s in the early 1980s. DVTs were not used. The Night Riviera (Paddington-Penzance) was hauled by Class 47s while the Euston-Scotland sleepers were usually hauled by Class 86, 87 or 90 electric locomotives as far as Edinburgh and Glasgow. The sections north of Edinburgh were hauled by Class 37 or 47 diesel locomotives to/from Aberdeen and Inverness, while the section to/from Fort William was hauled by Class 37s. The London Euston to Stranraer Harbour service worked on the same basis with a change from electric to diesel at Carlisle. The service to Holyhead saw locomotive changes at Crewe.

Fleet details

ClassImageNumberPowerCarriagesNotes
Class 08St Philip's Marsh - GWR 08822 (bonnet).JPGDiesel ShunterN/A
Class 09
09012 at Brighton.jpg
(c) mickie collins, CC BY-SA 2.0
38
Class 3131454 stabled at Westbury.JPGDiesel LocomotiveUsed on Gatwick Express services
Class 3714.10.91 Manchester Victoria 37419 (5917031468).jpg
Class 43Tapton (2974839261).jpg197High Speed TrainAround 8 as part of InterCity 125 sets
Class 47Diesel LocomotiveN/A
Class 5018.05.17 Kidderminster Town 50031 (34659794491).jpgNever carried Inter-city livery in service but now carried by 50031
Class 7373201 at Clapham Junction.JPGElectro Diesel LocomotiveUsed on Gatwick Express services
Class 8282008 at Crewe Works.JPG8AC Electric Locomotive
Mark 3 DVTDVT 82122.jpgDriving Van Trailer
Mark 4 DVT82200 Doncaster (2) (8961332809).jpg
Class 8313AC Electric Locomotive
Class 86
Haughley station site geograph-3618172-by-Ben-Brooksbank.jpg
(c) Ben Brooksbank, CC BY-SA 2.0
100
Class 87
Northbound Express - geograph.org.uk - 1015860.jpg
(c) roger geach, CC BY-SA 2.0
36
Class 8989001 at Barrowhill.jpg1
Class 9090001 Crewe 1987.jpg15
Class 91
Doncaster Ron Hann.jpg
(c) Ron Hann, CC BY-SA 2.0
319 as part of an InterCity 225 set
Class 99Sealink ferries Horsa and Maid of Orleans, Dover, 1973.jpg15ShipN/A
Class 370370003 Carlisle 1.jpg3AC Electric Multiple Unit14Part of the APT project
Class 423Oxted line services (1977-1994) 17.JPGDC Electric Multiple Unit4
Class 4888313 at London Victoria.jpg29Coach3 + 1 Class 73Used on Gatwick Express
Class 4899107 at Wirksworth.jpg10GLV1
Mark 1 Coach12.11.88 Porthmadog 37427 (6727789617).jpgCoach
Mark 2 CoachBR Mk.IIe TSO No.5792 (6806014163).jpg
Mark 3 Coach
A Pullman car at Nuneaton station - geograph.org.uk - 1717346.jpg
(c) Stephen Craven, CC BY-SA 2.0
848
Mark 4 Coach
Site of old station - geograph.org.uk - 223528.jpg
(c) Stephen Craven, CC BY-SA 2.0
314
Mark 5 CoachInterCity Mk5 Coach.jpgNever builtNever built

Train formation

Formations of HST and push–pull train sets would always place the driving van at the London end of the train, then two or three 1st-class carriages, restaurant and buffet car, and 5 standard-class carriages; the locomotive would always be at the country end of the train. The only exception was the London to Norwich route. As Crown Point depot is to the south of Norwich station, the locomotives worked from the London end as this facilitated easier loco changing at Norwich if necessary. Operating trains in push-pull mode eliminated the requirement to attach locos at terminus stations in order to turn the trains around. This also saved maintenance costs and reduced the number of locomotives and carriages needed to operate the services.

Main destinations

East Coast Main Line: London Kings Cross, Stevenage, Peterborough, Grantham, Newark North Gate, Retford, Doncaster, Hull, Wakefield Westgate, Leeds, York, Northallerton, Darlington, Durham, Middlesbrough, Newcastle, Berwick-upon-Tweed, Dunbar, Edinburgh, Glasgow Central, Dundee, Perth, Aberdeen, Inverness.

West Coast Main Line: London Euston, Watford Junction, Bletchley, Milton Keynes Central (opened 1982), Rugby, Coventry, Birmingham International, Birmingham New Street, Wolverhampton, Stafford, Stoke-on-Trent, Crewe, Macclesfield, Wilmslow, Stockport, Manchester Piccadilly, Runcorn, Liverpool Lime Street, Chester, Llandudno Junction, Bangor, Holyhead, Warrington Bank Quay, Wigan North Western, Preston, Lancaster, Oxenholme, Carlisle, Motherwell, Glasgow Central.

Great Western Main Line: London Paddington, Reading, Didcot Parkway, Swindon, Bath Spa, Bristol Parkway, Bristol Temple Meads, Weston-super-Mare, Newport, Cardiff Central, Bridgend, Port Talbot Parkway, Neath, Swansea, Taunton, Tiverton Parkway, Exeter St David's, Newton Abbot, Paignton, Totnes, Plymouth, Bodmin Parkway, St Austell, Truro, Penzance.

Midland Main Line: London St Pancras, Luton, Bedford, Wellingborough, Kettering, Market Harborough, Leicester, Loughborough, Nottingham, Derby, Chesterfield, Sheffield, Leeds, York, Scarborough.

Cross Country Route: Penzance, Truro, St Austell, Plymouth, Totnes, Paignton, Torquay, Newton Abbot, Exeter St. David's, Taunton, Bristol Temple Meads, Bristol Parkway, Cardiff Central, Newport, London Paddington, Poole, Bournemouth, Southampton, Brighton, Gatwick Airport, Reading, Oxford, Gloucester, Cheltenham Spa, Coventry, Birmingham International, Birmingham New Street, Wolverhampton, Stafford, Crewe, Warrington Bank Quay, Wigan North Western, Stoke-on-Trent, Macclesfield, Stockport, Manchester Piccadilly, Manchester Oxford Road, Bolton, Hartford, Runcorn, Liverpool Lime Street, St Helens Central, Preston, Blackpool North, Lancaster, Oxenholme, Penrith, Carlisle, Motherwell, Glasgow Central, Derby, Sheffield, Doncaster, Leeds, York, Darlington, Durham, Newcastle, Berwick-upon-Tweed, Edinburgh, Kirkcaldy, Dundee, Arbroath, Aberdeen.

Great Eastern Main Line: London Liverpool Street, Chelmsford, Colchester, Manningtree, Harwich International (for the ferry to Hook of Holland), Ipswich, Stowmarket, Diss, Norwich.

Gatwick Express: London Victoria, Gatwick Airport.

Livery

Original British Rail Inter-City livery

British Rail introduced a new corporate livery in 1965. The basic blue colour was relieved on long-distance coaches by a light grey panel around the windows. The fronts of locomotives and multiple-unit trains were painted yellow to improve visibility, and this was often wrapped around on to the side in varying amounts.[4] This was therefore the colour scheme used by the new Inter-City services when they were launched the following year. Coaches used on these routes later had a white 'Inter-City' logo added to the blue area near the door at the left end of each side. This was extended to show the purpose of specialist vehicles such as 'Inter-City Sleeper'.[5]

When the production High Speed Train (HST) sets entered service in 1976, they too carried the blue and grey livery. The coaches carried an 'Inter-City 125' logo by the left-hand door. The part of the power car nearest the passenger coaches was also painted blue and grey, but most of the power car was painted yellow with a wide blue panel which lined up with the grey on the coaches. On this blue panel was a large 'Inter-City 125' logo, albeit in outline rather than solid white.[6]

Executive livery

The first production Advanced Passenger Train was unveiled on 7 June 1978. It was painted in a new livery with dark grey upper body and light grey lower body separated by wide white and red bands. The roof was white to reduce solar heating, and a large 'InterCity APT' logotype was positioned on the dark grey section of the power cars – 'InterCity' had no hyphen and was solid white but the 'APT' was an outline.[7] A new 'Executive' service was part of the relaunch of the InterCity Sector on 3 October 1983. This saw the coaches of the Manchester Pullman and two HSTs refurbished and repainted experimentally into the same colour scheme as the APT. The HSTs continued to carry an outline 'InterCity 125' logotype (now with no hyphen) and the large yellow area on the power car that had been a feature of the blue and grey livery. The logotype on coaches was positioned as before but changed to black.[8] By May 1984 other coaches and locomotives were entering service in the dark and light grey livery. 87012 Coeur de Lion entered service with black numbers on the cab side but no logo. 73123 Gatwick Express had white numbers and a large double arrow logo on the dark grey of its bodyside, although the new Gatwick Express service was not operated by the InterCity Sector.[9] In use there were problems with the light colour showing dirt on the diesel HSTs and so dark grey was extended from the roof to cover louvres near the top of the power car body, and the logotype was changed from an outline to solid white to make it more striking.[10] The use of the term 'Executive' was dropped in 1985 and the livery was then referred to as just 'InterCity'.[5]

Swallow livery

A new logotype was introduced on 1 May 1987 as part of InterCity's 21st anniversary celebrations. The colours were unchanged (although locomotives often carried less yellow than before) but locomotives, carriages and advertising received a new logotype. The word INTERCITY was presented in italic, serif upper case letters. A new swallow logo 'to symbolise grace and speed' replaced the double arrow. It was announced that the new branding would appear on 'all InterCity trains that meet high quality standards'.[11] The logotype was omitted from some older locomotives that were otherwise carrying InterCity livery, although some locomotives that predominantly worked in Scotland were given a ScotRail logotype.[12]

Privatisation

During the privatisation of British Rail, InterCity's services were divided up into several franchises. Initial plans were for the train operating companies to co-operate to continue providing a consistent InterCity network, but disagreements meant this did not occur. Great Western Trains registered the term as a British trademark and applied it to its HSTs, but the term fell into disuse before Great Western was bought by FirstGroup in 1998. Occasional services are run using 'Inter-City' branded coaches, usually where additional rolling stock has been hired, but the term is not in official use by train operators. The planned upgrade to many of Britain's former InterCity lines has been termed Intercity Express Programme. The new operators replaced the InterCity branding and liveries with their own branding. One set of Mark 2 carriages remained in InterCity livery until withdrawn by National Express East Anglia in 2005. Several locomotives and carriages have subsequently been repainted into InterCity livery. Virgin CrossCountry repainted 47826 into InterCity livery in December 2001.[13] Some stations on the West Coast Main Line still retain Swallow motifs in 2017. Abellio ScotRail announced that it is to revive the InterCity name on new services operated by refurbished High Speed Train sets, linking the seven cities in Scotland, from mid-2018.[14]

Franchise nameOriginal franchiseSubsequently, and currently franchisedNext planned franchise change[15]
InterCity East CoastGNERThen passed to National Express East Coast (NXEC), but returned to temporary public ownership on 14 November 2009, following termination of the NXEC franchise when it was taken over by Directly Operated Railways as East Coast[16] Then operated by Virgin Trains East Coast, and taken back into public ownership by London North Eastern Railway on 24 June 2018.June 2025
InterCity West CoastVirgin Trains West CoastThen passed to Avanti West Coast on 8 December 2019.March 2031
East MidlandsMidland MainlineThen passed to Stagecoach operating as East Midlands Trains. Then operated by East Midlands Railway.August 2027
Great WesternGreat Western TrainsThen bought by FirstGroup, renamed First Great Western in 1998, and later Great Western Railway in 2015. Also operates the Night Riviera.March 2023
Gatwick ExpressGatwick ExpressMerged into the Thameslink, Southern and Great Northern franchise and now a sub-brandSeptember 2021
Cross CountryVirgin CrossCountryThen passed to Arriva UK Trains operating as CrossCountry.October 2023
Great EasternAnglia RailwaysMerged into National Express East Anglia, then passed onto Abellio Greater Anglia and renamed again as Greater Anglia in October 2016.October 2025
Caledonian SleeperOperated by ScotRailOperated by Caledonian Sleeper as a standalone franchise since 31 March 2015, formerly a sub-brand of ScotRail from 31 March 1997 to 31 March 2015.March 2030

See also

  • Network SouthEast
  • Regional Railways
  • Inter-city rail in the United Kingdom

References

  1. ^ a b c Gardner, Nicky; Kries, Susanne (5 August 2013). "Defining the Inter-City Brand". Europe By Rail. Retrieved 3 June 2020.
  2. ^ "The British Railways era" (PDF). Virgin Trains West Coast. p. 24. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 October 2006. Retrieved 6 April 2009.
  3. ^ "The fall and rise of Britain's railways". Rail Staff News. 19 December 2013. Retrieved 11 November 2016.
  4. ^ Haresnape, Brian (1979). British Rail 1948–1978: a journey by design. Shepperton: Ian Allan. pp. 119–121. ISBN 0-7110-0982-1.
  5. ^ a b Parkin, Keith (1991). British Railways Mark 1 Coaches. Truro: Pendragon Books. pp. 68–69. ISBN 0-906899-49-4.
  6. ^ "Inter-City 125 Into Service". Modern Railways. Vol. 33 no. 337. Ian Allan. October 1976. ISSN 0026-8356.
  7. ^ "First impressions of ATP-P". Modern Railways. Vol. 35 no. 359. Ian Allan. August 1978. pp. 354–358. ISSN 0026-8356.
  8. ^ "The InterCity relaunch". Modern Railways. Vol. 40 no. 423. Ian Allan. December 1983. pp. 635–638. ISSN 0026-8356.
  9. ^ Modern Railways. Vol. 41 no. 430. Ian Allan. July 1984. pp. 347, 385. ISSN 0026-8356. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  10. ^ Haresnape, Brian (June 1984). "A Journey By Design". Modern Railways. Vol. 41 no. 429. Ian Allan. pp. 299–300. ISSN 0026-8356.
  11. ^ "The InterCity relaunch". Modern Railways. Vol. 44 no. 465. Ian Allan. June 1987. p. 285. ISSN 0026-8356.
  12. ^ "The InterCity relaunch". Modern Railways. Vol. 43 no. 453. Ian Allan. June 1986. pp. 336–337. ISSN 0026-8356.
  13. ^ "Virgin's coats of many colours" The Railway Magazine issue 1209 January 2002 page 5
  14. ^ "InterCity brand is back on Scottish HST power cars". The Railway Magazine. 31 March 2018. Retrieved 2 May 2018.
  15. ^ "Rail Franchise Schedule" (PDF). Dept for Transport. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
  16. ^ Report and Financial Statements (PDF). Directly Operated Railways. 2013. p. 8.

Further reading

Media related to InterCity (British Rail) at Wikimedia Commons

  • Green, Chris; Vincent, Mike (2013). The InterCity Story: 1964–2012. OPC. ISBN 9780860936527. OCLC 822959429.
  • Perren, Brian (6–19 April 1989). "InterCity 1989–90". Rail Magazine. No. 93. EMAP National Publications. pp. 26–35. ISSN 0953-4563. OCLC 49953699.

Media files used on this page

14.10.91 Manchester Victoria 37419 (5917031468).jpg
Author/Creator: Phil Richards from London, UK, Licence: CC BY-SA 2.0
Seen at Manchester Victoria on 14 October 1991, 37419 in InterCity colours with a rake of Mark 2 stock in Regional Railways livery.
47487 Original IC.jpg
(c) Black Kite at the English Wikipedia, CC-BY-SA-3.0
47487 at Birmingham New Street
82200 Doncaster (2) (8961332809).jpg
Author/Creator: Jim, Licence: CC BY 2.0
British Rail Mk4 DVT No.82200 Doncaster (2)
St Philip's Marsh - GWR 08822 (bonnet).JPG
Author/Creator: Geof Sheppard, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
St Philip's Marsh depot shunter 08822 carries a heritage InterCity colour scheme in 2016.
370003 Carlisle 1.jpg
Author/Creator: Phil Sangwell, Licence: CC BY 2.0
370003 Carlisle
09012 at Brighton.jpg
(c) mickie collins, CC BY-SA 2.0
0-6-0 Diesel Locomotive "Dick Hardy"
Brighton Station. An 0-6-0 Diesel Locomotive in Inter City colours named "Dick Hardy" in honour of a Stratford Shed Master" of an L.B.S.C. Rly. This little locomotive looked like it was scheduled to head a long train, however it was only the local station shunter(switcher)for the day, the train awaiting a more powerful Diesel Electric locmotive on the other end. I can only date this picture to "some time in the early 1990's.
31454 stabled at Westbury.JPG
Author/Creator: Phil Scott (Our Phellap), Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0
BR Class 31, no. 31454, stabled at Westbury on 16 April 2004.
Sealink ferries Horsa and Maid of Orleans, Dover, 1973.jpg
Author/Creator: Barry Lewis, Licence: CC BY 2.0

The Sealink Cross Channel Ferries "HORSA" and "MAID OF ORLEANS" berthed at Dover sometime in the early 1970s.

Camera: Olympus Pen F Half Frame SLR.

Film: Agfacolour.
Intercity advert.jpg
Author/Creator: Rathfelder, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Intercity advert
82109 - Shrewsbury (8959190070).jpg
Author/Creator: Jim, Licence: CC BY 2.0
82109 - Shrewsbury
89001 at Barrowhill.jpg
Author/Creator: Les Chatfield from Brighton, England, Licence: CC BY 2.0
Lying at the far end of Model Rail 2011 Barrowhill Roundhouse
82008 at Crewe Works.JPG
Author/Creator: No machine-readable author provided. Our Phellap~commonswiki assumed (based on copyright claims)., Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0

British Rail Class 82, no. 82008 on display at Crewe Works open day on 11th September 2005.

Image by Phil Scott (Our Phellap)
9107 at Wirksworth.jpg
Author/Creator: Original uploader was Our Phellap at en.wikipedia, Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0
BR Class 489 no. 489107 at w:en:Wirksworth on 17th April 2003. This unit was previously used by w:en:Gatwick Express until retirement from service in 2002. It was donated to the w:en:Ecclesbourne Valley Railway by Porterbrook Leasing in 2003. Image by Phil Scott (Our Phellap)
DVT 82122.jpg
Mark 3 DVT 82112
Site of old station - geograph.org.uk - 223528.jpg
(c) Stephen Craven, CC BY-SA 2.0
Site of old station. The old Outwood station was on this site to the south of the road bridge whereas the present station is to the north of the bridge.
A Pullman car at Nuneaton station - geograph.org.uk - 1717346.jpg
(c) Stephen Craven, CC BY-SA 2.0
A Pullman car at Nuneaton station The "Pullman" name, traditionally associated with long-distance trains of luxurious quality, was revived by British Rail in the 1980s for its London (Euston) to Manchester service, as part of the "Inter-City" brand. All the new Pullman cars were named after historical figures associated with Manchester. This is car no. 11081, "Elizabeth Gaskell" (whose novels were set around Manchester).
Northbound Express - geograph.org.uk - 1015860.jpg
(c) roger geach, CC BY-SA 2.0
A Euston to Manchester service passes through Rugeley Trent valley station hauled by 87004. Behind can be seen the cooling towers of Rugeley Power station which due to the nature of the telephoto lens appear nearer then what they are.
Haughley station site geograph-3618172-by-Ben-Brooksbank.jpg
(c) Ben Brooksbank, CC BY-SA 2.0
Site of Haughley station with train, 1997.
View northward, towards Norwich and Bury St Edmunds, also Laxfield formerly: ex-GER London etc. - Ipswich - Norwich/Bury St Edmunds and Ely. The Mid-Suffolk Light Railway to Laxfield, which closed from 28/7/52, had its own platform on the right. Haughley station closed 2/1/67. The train is a Norwich - London Liverpool Street express, hauled by a Class 86 electric locomotive.
90001 Crewe 1987.jpg
90001 at Crewe
8313 at London Victoria.jpg
Author/Creator: Original uploader was Our Phellap at en.wikipedia, Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0
BR Class 488/3, no. 488313 at en:London Victoria on 18th March 2003. This was one of the last six sets in service with en:Gatwick Express until its withdrawal in 2004. Image by Phil Scott (Our Phellap)
BR InterCity Logo.svg
Author/Creator: British Railway, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
British Rail Intercity Logo
Doncaster Ron Hann.jpg
(c) Ron Hann, CC BY-SA 2.0
Doncaster. One would sincerely doubt that the original R.L.S. ever travelled as far in one day, and in such comfortable conditions, as these passengers behind his name-sake.
73201 at Clapham Junction.JPG
Author/Creator: Phil Scott (Our Phellap), Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0
BR Class 73, no. 73201 at Clapham Junction on 19th July 2003. This locomotive is one of three still in use with Gatwick Express.
43079 Eaton Crossing.jpg
Author/Creator: Phil Sangwell, Licence: CC BY 2.0
InterCity Sector-liveried Class 43 HST at Eaton Crossing (a foot crossing on the East Coast Main Line, just to the south of Retford).
12.11.88 Porthmadog 37427 (6727789617).jpg
Author/Creator: Phil Richards from London, UK, Licence: CC BY-SA 2.0

Running on 12 November 1988 Hertfordshire Rail tour ran two trains to and from Porthmadog and Blaenau Ffestiniog originating at Euston. 'The Snowdonian' passengers then took the Ffestiniog Railway returning back on the other train to London thus making a circular trip. An all First Class tour with at seat dining, using the VIP charter stock which was under the InterCity sector's ownership.

Seen at Porthmadog is 37427 Bont Y Bermo which worked the train from Wolverhampton. This was after disembarking and transferring to the Ffestiniog Railway.
Penzance. - geograph.org.uk - 102199.jpg
(c) Ron Hann, CC BY-SA 2.0
Penzance. The afore-mentioned train for Bristol - and beyond. Actually, I think that it was probably the "Voyager" service to Edinburgh, being the opposite number of the service on which I travelled from Birmingham to Penzance.
Tapton (2974839261).jpg
Author/Creator: Phil Sangwell from United Kingdom, Licence: CC BY 2.0
Tapton
InterCity Mk5 Coach.jpg
Author/Creator: Mog2015, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
1:20 Model
BR Mk.IIe TSO No.5792 (6806014163).jpg
Author/Creator: Hugh Llewelyn , Licence: CC BY-SA 2.0
BR Mk.IIe TSO No.5792 of Riviera Trains on hire to First Great Western in BR Inter City Executive livery. Built by BREL (Derby) 1972, Diagram 108, Lot 30837. At Bristol Temple Meads, 01/10.
18.05.17 Kidderminster Town 50031 (34659794491).jpg
Author/Creator: Phil Richards from London, UK, Licence: CC BY-SA 2.0
50031 "Hood" in BR InterCity livery which it never carried when in traffic on British Rail. Part of the Severn Valley Railways home fleet being owned by the Class 50 Alliance. Seen here at Kidderminster Town on 18 May 2017.
86417 Carlisle.jpg
Author/Creator: Phil Sangwell, Licence: CC BY 2.0
86417 Carlisle
Oxted line services (1977-1994) 17.JPG
Author/Creator: Lamberhurst, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
4-VEP 3025 arriving at Oxted Station on a Victoria to East Grinstead train.
British Rail Mk 3 M12043 at Marylebone A.jpg
Author/Creator: Oxyman, Licence: CC BY 2.5
British Rail Mark 3 TSO number M 12043 at Marylebone