Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on politics in Malaysia
This article needs to be updated.(August 2021)
|Part of a series on the|
The COVID-19 pandemic has impacted and affected the political system of Malaysia, causing suspensions of legislative activities and isolation of multiple politicians due to fears of spreading the virus. The onset of the pandemic coincided with a political crisis in early 2020 which continued into 2021 as the spread of COVID-19 and emergency government measures exacerbated initially unrelated political instability, culminating in the resignation of Prime Minister Muhyiddin Yassin and his cabinet in August 2021. Numerous elections have been postponed or suspended, after the 2020 Sabah state election was blamed for a major outbreak in the state that led to the country's third wave. Several politicians have tested positive for COVID-19 in 2020 and 2021.
General election and government formation
A political crisis in Malaysia coincided with the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic in the country. The Pakatan Harapan coalition government collapsed, leading to the resignation of Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad and eventual replacement with Muhyiddin Yassin and a new Perikatan Nasional coalition, which maintained a small majority. Prime Minister Muhyiddin blamed the 2020 Sabah state election for a substantial increase in COVID-19 cases across the state and country.
In June 2021, the rulers of Malaysia declared that there is no need to extend a state of emergency after 1 August, and parliament should be reopen as soon as possible. The emergency has led to the suspension of all federal parliament and state assembly sittings and also by-elections, among other things, therefore by-elections will need to be elect after 1 August in Sarawak (assembly), Batu Sapi (federal seat), Gerik (federal seat), Bugaya (Sabah state seat) and Melor (Kelantan state seat).
A large outbreak at a Tablighi Jamaat religious event and spread of the virus across the country thought to have been exacerbated by the political instability, which newly appointed Health Minister Adham Baba used to criticize his predecessor Dzulkefly Ahmad, despite the absence of a clear government responsible at the time of the event. Shortly after a thin government majority was established, the new government announced the nationwide Movement Control Order (MCO) to curb the spread of the virus.
Amid ongoing political instability, Yang di-Pertuan Agong warned politicians in May 2020 that he "would like to advise against dragging the country once again into a political mess that brings uncertainties" given the ongoing health crisis in the country. In January 2021, a State of Emergency was declared, suspending all elections and parliament, and the government were empowered to pass laws without oversight in response to the pandemic and ongoing political instability. This led to the resignation of MP Ahmad Jazlan Yaakub from the party, resulting in the loss of the government's required majority of at least 111 MPs in the Dewan Rakyat. Opposition leader Anwar Ibrahim criticised the declaration, saying this was an effort for the government to maintain power and that 115 other MPs were against it.
Instances of isolation and testing
On 17 March 2020, Kelvin Yii Lee Wuen (Bandar Kuching member of parliament) tested positive for COVID-19 and was quarantined at Sarawak General Hospital. He was suspected of having been infected with the virus after meeting Sarikei MP Wong Ling Biu who was also tested positive for the virus. He was announced to have recovered on 23 March 2020. Another MP which is Chong Chieng Jen (Stampin member of parliament) tested negative.
List of assemblymen who tested positive for COVID-19
Dewan Negara (Senators)
|Appointed||Ahmad Masrizal Muhammad||UMNO||3 October 2020|
|Idris Ahmad||PAS||16 January 2021|
|Zulkifli Mohamad Al-Bakri||IND||5 October 2020|
Dewan Rakyat (Members of Parliament)
|State||No.||Parliament Constituency||Member||Party||Comfirmed Date|
|Perlis||P001||Padang Besar||Zahidi Zainul Abidin||UMNO||13 January 2021|
|Kelantan||P030||Jeli||Mustapa Mohamed||BERSATU||10 January 2021|
|P032||Gua Musang||Tengku Razaleigh Hamzah||UMNO||14 January 2021|
|Penang||P047||Nibong Tebal||Mansor Othman||BERSATU||25 July 2021|
|Perak||P056||Larut||Hamzah Zainudin||BERSATU||12 January 2021|
|P061||Padang Rengas||Mohamed Nazri Abdul Aziz||UMNO||18 January 2021|
|P073||Pasir Salak||Tajuddin Abdul Rahman||UMNO||20 January 2021|
|P075||Bagan Datuk||Ahmad Zahid Hamidi||UMNO||25 July 2021|
|Pahang||P082||Indera Mahkota||Saifuddin Abdullah||BERSATU||28 April 2021|
|Kuala Lumpur||P119||Titiwangsa||Rina Mohd. Harun||BERSATU||11 January 2021|
|Johor||P156||Kota Tinggi||Halimah Mohd. Sadique||UMNO||19 January 2021|
|Sabah||P180||Keningau||Jeffrey Gapari Kitingan||STAR||4 January 2021|
|Sarawak||P194||Petra Jaya||Fadillah Yusof||PBB||11 June 2021|
|P197||Kota Samarahan||Rubiah Wang||PBB||4 April 2020|
|P195||Bandar Kuching||Kelvin Yii Lee Wuen||DAP||17 March 2020|
|P208||Sarikei||Wong Ling Biu||DAP||17 March 2020|
|P211||Lanang||Alice Lau Kiong Yieng||DAP||27 May 2021|
|Total||Perlis (1), Kelantan (2), Perak (3), Pahang (1), F.T. Kuala Lumpur (1), Johor (1), Sabah (1), Sarawak (5)|
Dewan Undangan Negeri (Malaysian State Assembly Representatives)
|State legislative assemblies of Malaysia|
25 / 600Selangor State Legislative Assembly
5 / 56
|Sabah State Legislative Assembly|
5 / 79Johor State Legislative Assembly
4 / 56Kelantan State Legislative Assembly
3 / 45
|Pahang State Legislative Assembly|
2 / 42Perlis State Legislative Assembly
1 / 15Malacca State Legislative Assembly
1 / 28
|Terengganu State Legislative Assembly|
1 / 33Kedah State Legislative Assembly
1 / 36Negeri Sembilan State Legislative Assembly
1 / 36Sarawak State Legislative Assembly
1 / 82
|No.||State Assembly Constituency||Member||Party|
|Perlis||P02||Kangar||N8||Indera Kayangan||Gan Ay Ling||PKR|
|Kedah||P17||Padang Serai||N34||Lunas||Azman Nasruddin||BERSATU|
|Kelantan||P30||Jeli||N37||Air Lanas||Mustapa Mohamed||BERSATU|
|P32||Gua Musang||N43||Nenggiri||Ab. Aziz Yusoff||UMNO|
|N45||Galas||Mohd. Syahbuddin Hashim||UMNO|
|Pahang||P81||Jerantut||N9||Tahan||Mohd Zakhwan Ahmad Badarddin||PAS|
|P89||Bentong||N35||Sabai||Kamache Doray Rajoo||DAP|
|Selangor||P97||Selayang||N14||Rawang||Chua Wei Kiat||PKR|
|P105||Petaling Jaya||N33||Taman Medan||Syamsul Firdaus Mohamed Supri||PKR|
|P106||Damansara||N35||Kampung Tunku||Lim Yi Wei||DAP|
|P107||Sungai Buloh||N39||Kota Damansara||Shatiri Mansor||PKR|
|P113||Sepang||N55||Dengkil||Adhif Syan Abdullah||BERSATU|
|Negeri Sembilan||P132||Port Dickson||N33||Sri Tanjong||Ravi Munasamy||PKR|
|Malacca||P134||Masjid Tanah||N3||Ayer Limau||Amiruddin Yusop||UMNO|
|Johor||P142||Labis||N5||Tenang||Mohd. Solihan Badri||BERSATU|
|P146||Muar||N15||Maharani||Nor Hayati Bachok||AMANAH|
|P149||Sri Gading||N21||Parit Yaani||Amunolhuda Hassan||AMANAH|
|P153||Sembrong||N30||Paloh||Sheikh Umar Bagharib Ali||DAP|
|Sabah||P168||Kota Marudu||N07||Tandek||Hendrus Anding||PBS|
|P170||Tuaran||N12||Sulaman||Hajiji Mohd Nor||BERSATU|
|P188||Lahad Datu||N63||Kunak||Norazlinah Arif||WARISAN|
|Sarawak||P198||Puncak Borneo||N19||Mambong||Jerip Susil||PBB|
|Total||Perlis (1), Kedah (1), Kelantan (3), Terengganu (1), Pahang (2), Selangor (5), Negeri Sembilan (1), Malacca (1), Johor (4), Sabah (5), Sarawak (1)|
- 2020–21 Malaysian political crisis
- 2021 Malaysian state of emergency
- Issues related to the COVID-19 pandemic in Malaysia
- Social impact of the COVID-19 pandemic in Malaysia
- Political impact of the COVID-19 pandemic
- "Malaysia's political crisis". Strategic Comments. 26 (2): vii–ix. 7 February 2020. doi:10.1080/13567888.2020.1756352. S2CID 221060594.
- "Sabah election spurred Malaysia virus surge, says prime minister". South China Morning Post. 6 October 2020. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
- "Malaysia rulers say no need for state of emergency beyond Aug 1; call for political temperature to be cooled down". CNA.
- "Term of Sarawak's legislative assembly ends, but it will continue until Aug 1 due to state of emergency". The Straits Times. 6 June 2021.
- "How Mass Pilgrimage at Malaysian Mosque Became Coronavirus Hotspot - The New York Times". The New York Times. 22 March 2020. Archived from the original on 22 March 2020. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
- Ram, Sadho (19 April 2020). "Fact-Checking Dr Adham Baba's Claim That PH Failed To Contain The Tabligh Cluster". SAYS. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
- Hakim, Akmal. "After "Warm Water Method", Health Minister Reportedly Had Video Conference With "500 Countries" | TRP". The Rakyat Post. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
- Chin, Emmanuel Santa Maria. "King tells lawmakers not to drag the country into another political mess amid Covid-19 | Malay Mail". www.malaymail.com. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
- "Malaysia declares Covid state of emergency amid political turmoil". The Guardian. 12 January 2021. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
- "Umno MP retracts support for Muhyiddin, Perikatan now only has the backing of 110 MPs out of 220". malaysia.news.yahoo.com. Retrieved 26 April 2021.
- Kaur, Minderjeet (23 January 2021). "At least 115 MPs reject emergency, claims Anwar". Free Malaysia Today (FMT). Retrieved 26 April 2021.
- "Bandar Kuching MP Kelvin Yii tests positive for Covid-19". Malaysiakini. 17 March 2020. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
- "Covid-19: Bandar Kuching MP recovers, thanks Health Dept for their professionalism". Bernama. 24 March 2020. Retrieved 11 May 2021.
- "Coronavirus: DAP's Kuching MP tests positive for Covid-19". The Straits Times. 17 March 2020.
- "Deputy Minister Ahmad Masrizal tests positive for Covid-19 after Sabah trip | New Straits Times". www.nst.com.my.
- Arif, Zahratulhayat Mat (16 January 2021). "PAS veep positive for Covid-19 | New Straits Times". NST Online.
- Radhi, Nor Ain Mohamed (5 October 2020). "Religious Affairs Minister Zulkifli tests positive for Covid-19 | New Straits Times". NST Online.
- Krishnan, Dhesegaan Bala (13 January 2021). "Now deputy minister Zahidi is down with Covid-19 | New Straits Times". NST Online.
- "Malaysian minister Mustapa Mohamed tests positive for COVID-19". CNA.
- Chan, Dawn (14 January 2021). "Ku Li tests positive for Covid-19 | New Straits Times". NST Online.
- "Mansor Othman tests positive for Covid-19, admitted to hospital". The Star.
- "Malaysian Home Affairs Minister Hamzah Zainudin tests positive for COVID-19; third Cabinet case in 4 days". CNA.
- "Nazri Aziz tests positive for Covid-19". Borneo Post Online.
- Reporters, F. M. T. (20 January 2021). "Umno's Tajuddin tests positive for Covid-19".
- "Covid-19: Ahmad Zahid tests positive but asymptomatic, now under home quarantine". The Star.
- Chan, Dawn (29 April 2021). "Saifuddin tests positive for Covid-19 | New Straits Times". NST Online.
- "Another Malaysian minister tests positive for COVID-19, second case in Cabinet within 3 days". CNA.
- "Fifth Malaysian minister tests positive for COVID-19". CNA.
- Geraldine, Avila (4 January 2021). "Jeffrey Kitingan tests positive for Covid-19 | New Straits Times". NST Online.
- "Works Minister Fadillah Yusof tests positive for Covid-19, undergoing home quarantine". Edgeprop.my.
- "Kota Samarahan MP Rubiah Wang tests positive for Covid-19". Borneo Post Online.
- Kawi, Mohd Roji (17 March 2020). "Bandar Kuching MP tests positive for Covid-19 | New Straits Times". NST Online.
- "Covid-19: Sarikei MP discharged from hospital after 79-day battle". Borneo Post Online.
- "Lanang MP tests positive for Covid-19 | New Straits Times". NST Online. 27 May 2021.
Media files used on this page
Author/Creator: Alexey Solodovnikov (Idea, Producer, CG, Editor), Valeria Arkhipova (Scientific Сonsultant), Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Scientifically accurate atomic model of the external structure of the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome CoronaVirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), a strain (genetic variant) of the coronavirus that caused Coronavirus disease (COVID-19), first identified in Wuhan, China, during December 2019
Each separate locus (amorphous blob) is an atom of:
- The mountain on the left is Mount Kinabalu.
Per the Constitution of the State of Sabah:"The State Flag is in a rectangular shape and is in the proportion of 1:2. The canton which extends at the head half way to the fly and 2/3 at the hoist to the foot is in Icicle Blue (C1T9) as the background to a graphic silhouette of Mount Kinabalu which is in Royal Blue (B10) positioned at ¼ of the height of the canton from end to end. The fly of the flag is divided equally into three bands of colours the foot division of which extends right to the hoist. The top band is in Zircon Blue (C5T5) the second band is in white and the third band is in Chili Red (S6R4)."
Author/Creator: Mrmw, Mike Rohsopht, Licence: CC0
Flag of the Malaysian state Johor. FOTW says:
- Johore has a blue flag, with a big red canton with white crescent and five-pointed star, pointing somewhere, but not exactly in lower fly end. (…) The flag consists of a white crescent and a star of five points on a red field at the canton and navy blue at the fly. The white denotes a sovereign ruler, red a warrior and blue the universe. This flag is very much associated with the Sultan.