Hyvinkää

Hyvinkää
Hyvinge
Municipality and town
Hyvinkään kaupunki
Hyvinge stad
Ahjo building from 1935 in central Hyvinkää. The church of Hyvinkää in the background.
Ahjo building from 1935 in central Hyvinkää. The church of Hyvinkää in the background.
Flag of Hyvinkää
Coat of arms of Hyvinkää
Location of Hyvinkää in Finland
Location of Hyvinkää in Finland
Coordinates:60°38′N 024°51′E / 60.633°N 24.850°E / 60.633; 24.850Coordinates:60°38′N 024°51′E / 60.633°N 24.850°E / 60.633; 24.850
Country Finland
RegionUusimaa
Sub-regionHelsinki sub-region
Charter1917
City rights1960
Government
 • Town managerJyrki Mattila
Area
 (2018-01-01)[1]
 • Total336.77 km2 (130.03 sq mi)
 • Land322.62 km2 (124.56 sq mi)
 • Water14.14 km2 (5.46 sq mi)
Area rank229th largest in Finland
Population
 (2021-03-31)[2]
 • Total46,684
 • Rank23rd largest in Finland
 • Density144.7/km2 (375/sq mi)
Population by native language
 • Finnish95.9% (official)
 • Swedish0.8%
 • Others3.4%
Population by age
 • 0 to 1415.1%
 • 15 to 6462.2%
 • 65 or older22.7%
Time zoneUTC+02:00 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+03:00 (EEST)
Municipal tax rate[5]20.25%
ClimateDfc
Websitewww.hyvinkaa.fi

Hyvinkää (Finnish pronunciation: [ˈhyʋiŋkæː]; Swedish: Hyvinge, Finland Swedish: [ˈhyviŋe]) is a city and municipality of Finland. It is located in the Uusimaa region, approximately 50 kilometres (30 mi) north of the capital Helsinki. The city was chartered in 1960. The population of Hyvinkää is 46,684 (31 March 2021).[2] Its neighboring municipalities are Riihimäki and Hausjärvi in the north, Mäntsälä in the east, Tuusula and Nurmijärvi in the south, and Vihti and Loppi in the west.[6]

Highways (such as Tampere Highway (E12) and Hanko Highway) and rail connections make it one of the suburban commuter centers of Greater Helsinki. The city planning has had an emphasis on recreational facilities.

Some of the more well-known buildings in Hyvinkää are, among others, the Church (1961, Aarno Ruusuvuori) of Hyvinkää and the manor house of Kytäjä. The Finnish Railway Museum is located in Hyvinkää.

Hyvinkää is also home to Konecranes, which specializes in the manufacture and service of cranes, and KONE Elevators, the world's third-largest elevator company who manufacture, install and service elevators and escalators.

The workshop of Ruokangas Guitars, the leading Finnish electric guitar maker, was located at Wanha Villatehdas, Hyvinkää until 2011.

Hyvinkää is known among Scandinavian golf enthusiasts due to Kytäjä Golf, located in the Kytäjä village at the countryside of Hyvinkää. It offers two courses designed by Tom McBroom: South East Course opened in August 2003, and North West Course in August 2004.

History

A painstakingly restored British "Neilson and Company" engine, used in Finland from 1869 well into the 1920s, preserved at the Finnish Railway Museum

In the 16th century there was a tavern in the area now known as Hyvinkäänkylä (literally "Hyvinkää village"), which lies approximately halfway between Helsinki and Hämeenlinna. It was mentioned the first time in 1495 as Höffinga. The first tax catalogues also marked the existence of some houses in the area around the same time. During the 16th century there was also a mine close to current-day Kytäjä village.

Hyvinkää village gradually grew in the latter half of the 19th century, though it was the construction of the railway network through Finland, beginning in 1861, that marked the starting point for the town's rapid growth. Hyvinkää, who still belonged to the Nurmijärvi parish at that time, resigned in 1917 as its own parishioner.[7]

The construction of Finland's first stretch of railroad, the Helsinki–Hämeenlinna line, determined the location of the present city centre and the railway station of Hyvinkää is one of the few original stations still in use. From Hyvinkää the railway also branches off to the port of Hanko. The Hanko–Hyvinkää Railroad was the first private railroad in Finland, founded in 1862, and acquired by the Finnish State RR Co. in 1875. In the early 20th century, the station village in Hyvinkää was an intermediate stopping point for many emigrants leaving by ship from Hanko for a new life in North America.

The air quality of Hyvinkää was considered healthy due to dense pine forests, and in the 1880s a group of physicians from Helsinki opened a sanatorium for patients seeking rest and recuperation.

Industrialization brought a wool factory to Hyvinkää in 1892 – the Donner family's Hyvinge Yllespinneri. The factory ceased operation in the 1990s, but the red-brick halls still remain. The building has found several new uses, including an exhibition centre and a theater.

Hyvinkää Airfield served as the country's main airport for a short time after the second World War while Helsinki-Malmi Airport was under the control of the Allied Powers. There is now a motorsports centre near the airfield.

Hyvinkää's population grew quickly following the Second World War. It became home to many Finnish Karelian refugees after Karelia was handed out to Soviet Union by the Moscow Peace Treaty. Nowadays Hyvinkää is the sixth biggest town by inhabitants of Uusimaa.

Politics

Results of the 2011 Finnish parliamentary election in Hyvinkää:

Notable residents of Hyvinkää

Public services

Health care

There are three health care centers in Hyvinkää. Hyvinkää hospital is one of largest general hospitals in Finland. The emergency unit services 24 hours in day.

Education

A student dormitory of the Hyria Vocational School in Hyvinkää[8][9]

There are twenty primary schools in Hyvinkää: Anttila school (grades 1–2), Asema school (and the English classes of Hyvinkää), Hakala school, Hyvinkäänkylä school, Hämeenkatu school, Härkävehmas school (grades 3–9), Kaukas school, Kytäjä school, Martti school, Noppo school, Paavola school, Pohjoispuisto school (grades 7–9), Puolimatka school (grades 1–9), Ridasjärvi school, Svenska skolan i Hyvinge (Grades 1–6), Talvisilta school (Grades 1–2), Tapainlinna school (Grades 1–9), Uusikylä school and Vehkoja school (grades 3–9).

There are two high schools in Hyvinkää; Hyvinkään yhteiskoulun lukio and Sveitsin lukio.

Transportation

Railway

Hyvinkää railway station, the oldest building in the city centre.

Hyvinkää is an important railway city, located on the primary rail route in southern Finland. Station building is one of the original Helsinki-Hämeenlinna railway stations in original use. The city is also home to the Finnish Railway Museum and a VR maintenance area. Hyvinkää also has another railway line, the Hyvinkää-Karis railway towards Hanko (founded on 8 October 1873). Passenger traffic between Hyvinkää and Karis ended in September 1983, but the railway is still in use by VR Cargo.

Airfield

Hyvinkää airfield was the main airport of Finland in 1944–1947, when Helsinki-Malmi Airport was in use by the Allied Commission. Finnair used Hyvinkää as a major hub. Finnair's DC-3-pilots trained to fly at Hyvinkää airfield in 1948.

Since the 1950s, the airfield has mainly been in use by general aviation. Aviation clubs including Jukolan Pilotit, Mäntsälän Ilmailukerho and Hyvinkään Ilmailukerho operate from the airfield as of 2020.

Buses

The Local bus service is operated by Hyvinkään Liikenne. There are six local bus lines.

Sports

Hyvinkää has a large variety of sports. Hyvinkään Tahko plays pesäpallo at men's top league, Superpesis. Hyvinkää Falcons plays american football in nation's second level in both men's and women's league system. Hyvinkään Palloseura or HyPS plays association football in the fourth division in men's and in the fifth division in women's football. Hyvinkää has three men's ice hockey teams of which Hoki Klupi Hyvinkää plays in the fourth division and Hyvinkää Bruins and Hyvinkää Storm in the fifth division. In basketball Hyvinkään Ponteva plays in men's first division and in women's top league.

Festivals

The modern church of Hyvinkää, Aarno Ruusuvuori 1961.

In the Summer, there is an annual beer festival which attracts rock bands from Scandinavia and about 10,000 visitors.

International relations

Twin towns – Sister cities

Hyvinkää is twinned with:[10]

Projects

The educational department takes part in Lifelong Learning Programme 2007–2013 in Finland.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Preliminary population structure by area, 2021M01*-2021M03*". StatFin (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  3. ^ "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
  4. ^ "Population according to age (1-year) and sex by area and the regional division of each statistical reference year, 2003-2020". StatFin. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  5. ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2021" (PDF). Tax Administration of Finland. 1 December 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
  6. ^ Aino – Suuri Suomen kartasto (in Finnish). Genimap. 2005. p. 114–115.
  7. ^ Korjus, Olli (2014). Kuusi kuolemaantuomittua. Atena Kustannus Oy. ISBN 978-952-30002-4-7.
  8. ^ Hyria Hyvinkää, Uudenmaankatu 249 (in Finnish)
  9. ^ About Hyria (in English)
  10. ^ "Ystävyyskaupungit" (in Finnish). City of Hyvinkää. 7 August 2019. Retrieved 23 August 2019.

External links

Media files used on this page

Flag of Norway.svg
Flag of Norway. The colors approximately correspond to Pantone 200 C (deep red) and 281 C (dark blue).
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Author/Creator: unknown, Licence: PD
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Coat of arms of the city of Oulu, Finland
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Coat of Arms of Kouvola from 2009
Halikko vaakuna.svg
On red field a golden oak and golden chief embattled, in which a black horn.
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Or a tar barrel sable lying, with flames gules issuant from the taphole and each end.
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On blue shield divided by a Latin cross four minuscule r-letters, one in each four division of the field.
Piikkiö.vaakuna.svg
On red field three rising golden, clover tipped wolf teeth.
Vihti.vaakuna.svg
Coat of Arms of Vihti
Raasepori.vaakuna.svg
On green field eight wood anemones with six white (silver) blades and yellow (gold) carper positioned axially on perimeter at each cardinal point. Shield is symmetrically rounded on its lower part to widen slightly towards upper part. Both top corners are cut concavely. Shield is crowned with mural crown, which is 2/3 of width of the shield. Five indented hanging towers of the mural crown, which are 1/3 of height of the wall, are positioned on three layers of masonry bricks.
Raisio.vaakuna.svg
Coat of arms of Raisio
Raahe.vaakuna.svg
On red field above of a netherside wavy lined silver reversed chief - from which a golden seamark is mounting - a sitting armoured cavalry man having a lance with pennant on his right hand mounted on a charging horse, all silver except crown on helmet and visor, bridle, saddlecloth and spurs gold.
Karkku.vaakuna.svg
Coat of arms of Karkku. Karkku was joined to Vammala in 1973. Coat of arms of Sastamala from 2009 forwards.
Lempäälä.vaakuna.svg
Gules a pale wavy Or; overall a crossbow sable, readied with a bolt countercoloured, between two ploughshares Or at base.
Siilinjärvi.vaakuna.svg
On black field two billhooks in saltire, accompanied with water leaf on below of them; all gold.
Hyvinkää 17.5.2008.jpg
Author/Creator: Samppa Mustonen, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Town centre of Hyvinkää, Finland, in May 2008.
Hyria dormitory in Hyvinkää.jpg
Author/Creator: Abel111222, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Dormitory building of Hyria in Hyvinkää, Finland
Hyvinkää.lippu.svg
Flag of the city of Hyvinkää, located in the region of Uusimaa, Finland.
Hyvinkään kirkko 10.2.2011.jpg
Author/Creator: Samppa Mustonen, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Hyvinkää Church in Hyvinkää, Finland.
Helene-Schjerfbeck-photograph.jpg
Photograph of the Finnish painter Helene Schjerfbeck.
Loco21.jpg
Author/Creator: Janke at en.wikipedia, Licence: CC BY-SA 2.5
A painstakingly restored British "Neilson" steam locomotive (VR Class C1 no. 21), used in Finland from 1869 well into the 1920s, preserved at the Finnish Railway Museum in Hyvinkää, Finland.
Hyvinkää Rautatieasema H4534 C.jpg
Author/Creator: Annelis, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Hyvinkää Railway Station in Finland