Haircloth

Haircloth is a stiff, unsupple fabric typically made from horsehair and/or from the wooly hair of a camel. Although horsehair generally refers to the hair of a horse's mane or tail, haircloth itself is sometimes called horsehair. Horse or camel hair woven into haircloth may be fashioned into clothing or upholstery.

In tailoring applications, haircloth is woven using cotton warp and horsehair weft.[1] In traditional suit construction, haircloth is used to stiffen the front panels in men's suit jackets, and Savile Row tailors still make bespoke suits this way.[2] However, in modern suits, haircloth is often replaced with synthetic fabrics.[3]

In the history of brewing, for drying the malt, haircloth was spread over the kiln floor to keep grain from dropping down into the furnace. Perforated metal or tile (gratings, meshes) were also used, but had a drawback of scorching the grain.[4]

References

  1. ^ "haircloth". www.dictionary.com. Retrieved 2018-07-13.
  2. ^ Tarlo, Emma (6 October 2016). Entanglement: The Secret Lives of Hair. Oneworld Publications. ISBN 9781780749938.
  3. ^ "Horsehair | animal fibre". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2018-07-13.
  4. ^ "The circle of the mechanical arts" by Thomas Martin, 1813, p. 86, "Brewing"


Media files used on this page

Jute nahtlos.png
Author/Creator: SoylentGreen, Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0
Hessian Fabric made seamless. It will serve to create a normal map in Blender.
Batik Indonesia.jpg
Author/Creator: MartijnL, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0 nl
Batik cloth purchased in Yogyakarta, Indonesia
MacLachlan hunting tartan (D. W. Stewart).svg
Author/Creator: , Licence: CC BY-SA 2.5
A representation of the Maclachlan hunting tartan. This tartan is the oldest tartan to bear the name MacLachlan. This tartan is referred to as the Old MacLachlan, MacLachlan, and Hunting MacLachlan. This sett was first published in Old & Rare Scottish Tartans by D. W. Stewart in 1893.
Thread count: Y6, W4, Bk32, G32, Y6, W4, R48.
Sources: MacLachlan Clan Tartan WR1710 MacLachlan Hunting Tartan
Zoomed view of carbon nanotube.svg
Author/Creator: , Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Diagram of a carbon nanotube.