(c) Mil.ru, CC BY 4.0
|Birth name||Georgy Filippovich Baydukov|
|Born||13 May 1907|
Taryshta, Tomsk Governorate, Russian Empire
|Died||28 December 1994 (aged 87)|
|Service/|| Soviet Air Force||Years of service||1926–1988||Rank||Colonel-general of Aviation||Other work||Writer|
Baydukov was born at the Taryshta railway station in the Tomsk Governorate of the Russian Empire (now Novosibirsk Oblast, Russia) in family of a railway worker. He became an orphan at the age of 9 and was homeless for some time. Baydukov was taken to an orphanage and worked in railway construction for some time.
Georgy Baydukov was transferred to the Air Force's Testing institute and became an aircraft test pilot in 1931. He tested a number of fighter planes from 1931 to 1934 and was instrumental in developing instrument flight rules for the Soviet Air Force.
Ultra-long distance flights
Georgy Baydukov became a student at the Air Force Academy in 1934. During that time, he became involved with a number of ultra-long-distance flights conducted by the Soviet Union.
He tried to reach San Francisco flying from Moscow via the North Pole in August 1935 as a member of Levanevsky's crew, flying the ANT-25. The flight was terminated because of technical problems. Baydukov continued to participate in the testing of the ANT-25 from 1935 to 1936.
Valery Chkalov, Georgy Baydukov and Alexander Belyakov flew an improved ANT-25 via the North Pole to Udd Island, in the Sea of Okhotsk (distance 9,374 km, flight time 56 h 20 min) from July 20, 1936, to July 22, 1936. Georgy Baydukov was awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union for this deed on July 24, 1936.
During the Second World War
In August 1941, Baydukov was sent to meet with US president Franklin D. Roosevelt to secure the purchase of warplanes. He managed to arrange the sale of several P-39 Airacobra fighter planes to the Soviet Union. He returned to the front lines in January 1942.
Baydukov served as deputy commander of the 31st Mixed Aviation Division from December 1941. In February, he became commander of the Division. In March 1942, he became commander of the Air Force of the 4th Shock Army. In May 1942, Baydukov was appointed commander of the 211th Mixed Aviation Division. In June 1942, he became commander of the 212th Assault Aviation Division. In May 1943, the Division became the 4th Guards Assault Aviation Division. In January 1944, Baydukov became commander of the 4th Assault Aviation Corps.
In December 1945, Baydukov became deputy commander of the 13th Air Army. In July 1946, he became deputy head of the State Red Banner Air Force Research and Testing Institute for flight testing. Baydukov participated in the Tupolev Tu-70 tests in fall 1947.
Georgy Baydukov served with the Soviet Air Force in various capacities until May 1988, when he retired with the rank of Colonel General.
Honours and awards
- Hero of the Soviet Union (July 1936)
- Two Orders of Lenin (July 1936, November 1950)
- Order of the October Revolution (December 1972)
- Four Orders of the Red Banner
- Order of Kutuzov 1st class (May 1945)
- Two Orders of Suvorov 2nd class (1944, 1944)
- Order of Kutuzov 2nd class (April 1945)
- Order of the Patriotic War 1st class
- Order of the Patriotic War 2nd class
- Order of the Red Banner of Labour (May 1977)
- Four Orders of the Red Star
- Order for Service to the Homeland 1st, 2nd, and 3rd class
- campaign and jubilee medals
- Order of Friendship (April 1994)
- Officer of the Legion of Merit (USA)
- Army Distinguished Service Medal (USA)
- Distinguished Flying Cross (USA)
- Medal for Odra, Nisso and the Baltic (Poland)
- Medal for Warsaw (Poland)
- Order of the Grunwald Cross 2nd class (Polish People's Republic, 1946)
- Order of Polonia Restituta 2nd and 3rd classes (Poland)
- Order of Sukhbaatar (Mongolia)
- Order of the Red Banner (Mongolia)
- Czechoslovak War Cross (Czechoslovakia)
- Order of the White Lion 1st class (Czechoslovakia)
- Order of the White Lion 1st class For Victory
- Baydukov Island
- Picture of Pilots Valery Chkalov, Georgy Baydukov and Alexander Belyakov sitting next to their plane on Udd Island
- Anatoliy Kvochur's Su-30 Airplane Lands at Zhukovskiy
- Байдуков Георгий Филиппович // Большая Советская Энциклопедия. / под ред. А. М. Прохорова. 3-е изд. том 2. М., «Советская энциклопедия», 1970
- Г. Ф. Байдуков. Истинный охотник - ценитель природы // журнал "Охота и охотничье хозяйство", № 2, 1970. стр.5
- Байдуков Георгий Филиппович // Большая Российская Энциклопедия / редколл., гл. ред. Ю. С. Осипов. том 2. М., научное издательство "Большая Российская Энциклопедия", 2005.
- Байдуков Георгий Филиппович // Советская военная энциклопедия / ред. А. А. Гречко. том 1. М., Воениздат, 1976. стр.367
- Байдуков Георгий Филиппович // Герои Советского Союза: краткий биографический справочник (в 2-х тт.) / редколл., гл. ред. И. Н. Шкадов. том 1. М., Воениздат, 1987. стр.106
- А. Горохов. Георгий Байдуков: "Хотел бы слетать через полюс" // газета "Правда", № 146 (25133) от 26 мая 1987. стр.6
- полковник В. Пинчук. Через полюс - в Америку // газета "Красная звезда" от 26 мая 1986. стр.4 [интервью с Г. Ф. Байдуковым]
- Байдуков Георг. Фил. (р. 1907) // Большой энциклопедический словарь (в 2-х тт.). / редколл., гл. ред. А. М. Прохоров. том 1. М., "Советская энциклопедия", 1991. стр.97
- Gribanov, Stanislav (1998). "The role of US lend‐lease aircraft in Russia in World War II". The Journal of Slavic Military Studies. 11 (1): 96–115. doi:10.1080/13518049808430330. ISSN 1351-8046.
- "Georgy Baydukov". warheroes.ru (in Russian).