Gaspard III de Coligny

Gaspard III de Coligny, duc de Châtillon
Gaspard de Coligny 1584-1646.jpg
Studio of Jan Antonisz van Ravesteyn
Nickname(s)Maréchal de Châtillon
Born26 July 1584
Died4 January 1646 (aged 61)
RankMarshal of France
Battles/warsFranco-Spanish War (1635-1659)
Les Avins; Leuven; Arras, 1640' La Marfée;
AwardsPeer of France
RelationsHouse of Coligny

Gaspard III de Coligny, duc de Châtillon, (1584 to 1646) was a French Huguenot, who served under Louis XIII, and was appointed Marshal of France in 1622. He was described as "a mediocre general, but absolutely loyal".[1]


Châtillon was born 26 July 1584, in Montpellier, son of François de Coligny (1557–1591) and his wife Marguerite d'Ailly. He was a grandson of the Huguenot leader Admiral Gaspard de Coligny.

On 13 August 1615, he married Anne de Polignac (1598–1651), and they had 4 children. Maurice (1618-1644), Gaspard IV de Coligny (1620-1649), Henriette de Coligny (1618–1673), and Anne, (1624-1680).


He served during the Franco-Spanish War (1635-1659) at Les Avins in 1635, and commanded the Army of Champagne at the Battle of La Marfée on 6 July, 1641, where he was defeated. He retired to Châtillon, where he died 4 January 1646.

Family tree


  1. ^ Parrott 2001, p. 463.


  • Parrott, David (2001). Richelieu's Army: War, Government and Society in France, 1624–1642. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0521792097.

Media files used on this page

Gaspard de Coligny 1584-1646.jpg
Portrait of Gaspard III de Coligny (1584-1646). Part of the Leeuwarden series, a series of portraits of military officials from the Eighty Years' War as well as members of the House of Orange-Nassau, first documented in 1633 in the Stadhouderlijk Hof (Stadholder's Court) in Leeuwarden (see Object history).