Flint Ridge State Memorial

Flint Ridge State Memorial
U.S. National Register of Historic Places
Typical outcrop at Flint Ridge.jpg
A typical boulder at the site
Flint Ridge State Memorial is located in Ohio
Flint Ridge State Memorial
Flint Ridge State Memorial is located in the United States
Flint Ridge State Memorial
Nearest cityBrownsville, Ohio
Coordinates39°59′25″N 82°15′36″W / 39.990322°N 82.260004°W / 39.990322; -82.260004Coordinates:39°59′25″N 82°15′36″W / 39.990322°N 82.260004°W / 39.990322; -82.260004
Area250 acres (100 ha)
NRHP reference No.70000505[1]
Added to NRHPNovember 10, 1970

Flint Ridge State Memorial is a Native American flint quarry located in Hopewell Township, Licking County, Ohio, about three miles north of Brownsville at the intersection of Brownsville Road and Flint Ridge Road. Old quarry pits are visible, and a museum is located on the site.

Flint is a variety of quartz and the flint on the ridge is within the Vanport Limestone Member of the Allegheny Formation of Pennsylvanian age.[2][3]

Flint Ridge was an important source of flint and Native Americans extracted the flint from hundreds of quarries along the ridge.[4] This "Ohio Flint" was traded across the eastern United States and has been found as far west as the Rocky Mountains and south around the Gulf of Mexico.[5]

References

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. March 13, 2009.
  2. ^ Rice, C.L., Kosanke, R.M., and Henry, T.W., 1994, Revision of nomenclature and correlations of some Middle Pennsylvanian units in the northwestern part of the Appalachian basin, Kentucky, Ohio, and West Virginia, IN Rice, C.L., ed., Elements of Pennsylvanian stratigraphy, central Appalachian basin: Geological Society of America Special Paper, 294, p. 7-26.
  3. ^ DeLong, R. M., 1972, Bedrock Geology of the Flint Ridge Area, Licking and Muskingum Counties, Ohio: Ohio Division of Geological Survey Report of Investigations 84, color map with text.
  4. ^ "Ohio Historical Society: Flint Ridge". Archived from the original on 2010-12-27. Retrieved 2010-12-28.
  5. ^ "Uses of Flint - Tools, weapons, fire starters, gemstones". geology.com.

External links

Media related to Flint Ridge State Memorial at Wikimedia Commons

Media files used on this page

USA Ohio location map.svg
Author/Creator: Alexrk2, Licence: CC BY 3.0
This map was created with GeoTools.
Usa edcp location map.svg
Author/Creator: Uwe Dedering, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Location map of the USA (without Hawaii and Alaska).

EquiDistantConicProjection:
Central parallel:

* N: 37.0° N

Central meridian:

* E: 96.0° W

Standard parallels:

* 1: 32.0° N
* 2: 42.0° N

Made with Natural Earth. Free vector and raster map data @ naturalearthdata.com.

Formulas for x and y:

x = 50.0 + 124.03149777329222 * ((1.9694462586094064-({{{2}}}* pi / 180))
      * sin(0.6010514667026994 * ({{{3}}} + 96) * pi / 180))
y = 50.0 + 1.6155950752393982 * 124.03149777329222 * 0.02613325650382181
      - 1.6155950752393982  * 124.03149777329222 *
     (1.3236744353715044  - (1.9694462586094064-({{{2}}}* pi / 180)) 
      * cos(0.6010514667026994 * ({{{3}}} + 96) * pi / 180))
HistoricPlacesNationalRegisterPlaque.JPG
Plaque declaring "this property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior"
Typical outcrop at Flint Ridge.jpg
A flint outcrop at the Flint Ridge State Memorial, located north of Brownsville in Hopewell Township, Licking County, Ohio, United States. Mined for flint over many generations, Flint Ridge was the center of trade routes that extended as far northeast as New York and as far west as Kansas. As an archaeological site, Flint Ridge is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.