First Lord of the Admiralty

Office of the First Lord of the Admiralty
Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (HM Government).svg
Seal of HM Government
Department of the Admiralty
Member ofBoard of Admiralty
Reports toPrime Minister
NominatorPrime Minister
AppointerPrime Minister
Subject to formal approval by the Queen-in-Council
Term lengthNot fixed (typically 3–7 years)
Inaugural holderRichard Weston, 1st Earl of Portland
Formation1628–1964
Final holderGeorge Jellicoe, 2nd Earl Jellicoe

The First Lord of the Admiralty,[1] or formally the Office of the First Lord of the Admiralty,[2] was the political head of the English and later British Royal Navy. He was the government's senior adviser on all naval affairs, responsible for the direction and control of the Admiralty, and also of general administration of the Naval Service of the Kingdom of England, Great Britain in the 18th century, and then the United Kingdom, including the Royal Navy, the Royal Marines, and other services. It was one of the earliest known permanent government posts. Apart from being the political head of the Naval Service the post holder was simultaneously the pre-eminent member of the Board of Admiralty. The office of First Lord of the Admiralty existed from 1628 until it was abolished when the Admiralty, Air Ministry, Ministry of Defence, and War Office were all merged to form the new Ministry of Defence in 1964. Its modern-day equivalent is the Secretary of State for Defence.

History

In 1628, during the reign of Charles I, the Duke of Buckingham, Lord High Admiral of England, was assassinated and the office was placed in commission, under the control of a Board of Commissioners.

The first such First Lord of the Admiralty was Richard Weston, 1st Earl of Portland, who was appointed in 1628. The First Lord was not always a permanent member of the board until the Admiralty Department was established as an official government department in 1709[3] with the First Lord as its head; it replaced the earlier Office of the Admiralty and Marine Affairs.[4] During most of the 17th century and the early 18th century, it was not invariable for the Admiralty to be in commission, so there are gaps in the list of First Lords, and a small number of First Lords were for a time Lord High Admiral.

After the Revolution, in 1690, a declaratory Act was passed, during the reign of William and Mary. Parliament passed the Admiralty Act, vesting in the Commissioners the powers formerly held by the Lord High Admiral of England.[5] and at this point became a permanent Cabinet position.

The Admiralty Commission was dissolved in 1701, but was reconstituted in 1709 on the death of Prince George of Denmark,[3] who had been appointed Lord High Admiral. The office has been held in commission from that time onwards, however, except for a short period (1827–28) when the Duke of Clarence was Lord High Admiral. The Board of the Admiralty comprised a number of “Lords Commissioners” headed by a First Lord.[5]

From the early 1800s the post was always held by a civilian[6] (previously flag officers of the Royal Navy also held the post). In 1832 First Lord Sir James Graham instituted reforms and amalgamated the Board of Admiralty and the Navy Board. By the provisions of the Admiralty Act of 1832, two Lords in committee could legalize any action of the Board.[7]

In 1868 Prime Minister, William Gladstone appointed Hugh Childers First Lord, who would introduce a new system at the Admiralty. However these changes restricted communication between the board members who were affected by these new regulations, and the sittings of the Board were discontinued altogether. This situation described was further exacerbated by the disaster of HMS Captain in 1870, a poorly-designed new vessel for the navy.

The responsibility and powers of the First Lord of the Admiralty were laid down by an Order in Council dated 14 January 1869,[8] and a later Order (19 March 1872) made the First Lord responsible to the Sovereign and to Parliament for all the business of the Admiralty. However, by describing the Lords of the Admiralty as the "assistants" of the First Lord,[9] and by specifically defining their duties, this had, in fact, partially disabled the collective power of the Board.

In 1931, for the first time since 1709, the First Lord was not a member of the cabinet.[10]

In 1946, the three posts of Secretary of State for War, First Lord of the Admiralty, and Secretary of State for Air became formally subordinated to that of Minister of Defence, which had itself been created in 1940 for the co-ordination of defence and security issues.

In 1964, the office of First Lord of the Admiralty was abolished, the last holder being the second Earl Jellicoe, the son of Admiral of the Fleet the first Earl Jellicoe, and the functions of the Sea Lords were then transferred to the Admiralty Board, which forms part of the tri-service Defence Council of the United Kingdom.

Principal political leaders of the English/British Armed Forces:
Royal NavyBritish ArmyRoyal Air ForceCo-ordination
1628First Lord of the Admiralty
(1628–1964)
1794Secretary of State for War
(1794–1801)
1801Secretary of State for War and the Colonies
(1801–1854)
1854Secretary of State for War
(1854–1964)
1919Secretary of State for Air
(1919–1964)
1936Minister for Co-ordination of Defence
(1936–1940)
1940Minister of Defence (1940–1964)
1964Secretary of State for Defence (1964–present)

List of First Lords of the Admiralty

First Lords of the Admiralty of England (1628–1701)

First Lord of the Admiralty of England
PortraitName
(Birth–Death)
Term of officeRef
RichardWeston.jpgRichard Weston
1st Earl of Portland

(1577–1634/35) [Note 1]
16281635[11]
Robert Bertie, 1st Earl of Lindsey, by circle of Michiel Jansz van Mierevelt.jpgRobert Bertie
1st Earl of Lindsey

(1582–1642)
16351636[12]
William Juxon from NPG.jpgWilliam Juxon
Bishop of London
(1582–1663)
16361638[13]
Algernon Percy.jpegAlgernon Percy
10th Earl of Northumberland

(1602–1668) [Note 2]
16421643[13]
Francis Cottington, 1st Baron Cottington from NPG.jpgFrancis Cottington
1st Baron Cottington

(c. 1579–1652)
16431646[13]
Peter Lely portrait of Henry Capel 1659.jpgSir Henry Capell
MP for Tewkesbury
(1638–1696)
16791681[14]
Daniel Finch, 2nd Earl of Nottingham and 7th Earl of Winchilsea by Jonathan Richardson.jpgDaniel Finch
2nd Earl of Nottingham

(1647–1730)
16811684[15]
Admiral Arthur Herbert, 1st Earl of Torrington by John Closterman.jpgArthur Herbert
1st Earl of Torrington

(c. 1648–1716) [Note 3]
16891690[16]
Thomas Herbert, 8th Earl of Pembroke by John Greenhill.jpgThomas Herbert
8th Earl of Pembroke

(c. 1656–1733)
16901692[17]
No image.svgCharles Cornwallis
3rd Baron Cornwallis

(1655–1698)
16921693[18]
No image.svgAnthony Cary
5th Viscount Falkland

(1656–1694)
16931694[19]
Gibson, Edward Russell.jpgEdward Russell
1st Earl of Orford

(1653–1727)
16941699[20]
Portrait of John Egerton 3rd Earl of Bridgewater.jpgJohn Egerton
3rd Earl of Bridgewater

(1646–1701)
16991701[21]
Thomas Herbert, 8th Earl of Pembroke by John Greenhill.jpgThomas Herbert
8th Earl of Pembroke

(c. 1656–1733)
17011702[22]

First Lords of the Admiralty of Great Britain (1709–1801)

First Lord of the Admiralty
PortraitName
(Birth–Death)
Term of officeMinistryMonarch
(Reign)
Ref
Gibson, Edward Russell.jpgAdmiral of the Fleet The Right Honourable
Edward Russell
1st Earl of Orford
PC

(1653–1727)
17091710Godolphin–Marlborough
(ToryWhig)
Anne
Coat of Arms of England (1702-1707).svg
(1702–1714)
[23]
John Leake by Godfrey Kneller.jpgAdmiral of the Fleet
Sir John Leake

MP for Rochester
(1656–1720)
17101712Oxford–Bolingbroke[24]
Thomas Wentworth, 1st Earl of Strafford (1672-1739) Diplomat.jpgLieutenant-General The Right Honourable
Thomas Wentworth
1st Earl of Strafford
KG PC DL
17121714[25]
George I
Coat of Arms of Great Britain (1714-1801).svg
(1714–1727)
Gibson, Edward Russell.jpgAdmiral of the Fleet The Right Honourable
Edward Russell
1st Earl of Orford
PC

(1653–1727)
17141716Townshend[26]
3rdEarlOfBerkeley2.jpgVice-Admiral The Right Honourable
James Berkeley
3rd Earl of Berkeley
KG PC

(1679–1736)
17171727Stanhope–Sunderland I[27]
Stanhope–Sunderland II
Walpole–Townshend
George II
Coat of Arms of Great Britain (1714-1801).svg
(1727–1760)
George Byng, 1st Viscount Torrington by Jeremiah Davison.jpgAdmiral of the Fleet The Right Honourable
George Byng
1st Viscount Torrington
KB PC

(1663–1733)
17271733[28]
Walpole
SirCharlesWager.jpgAdmiral The Right Honourable
Sir Charles Wager

MP for Westminster
(1666–1743) [Note 4]
17331741[29]
Daniel Finch (1689-1769), 8th Earl of Winchilsea, 3rd Earl of Nottingham, by Thomas Worlidge.jpgThe Right Honourable
Daniel Finch
8th Earl of Winchilsea
PC

(1689–1769)
17411744[30]
Carteret
4thDukeOfBedford.jpgHis Grace
John Russell
4th Duke of Bedford
PC FRS

(1710–1771)
17441748Broad Bottom
(I & II)
[31]
John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich.jpgThe Right Honourable
John Montagu
4th Earl of Sandwich
PC FRS

(1718–1792)
17481751[32]
1stLordAnson.jpgThe Right Honourable
George Anson
1st Baron Anson
PC FRS

(1697–1762)
17511756[33]
Newcastle I
Richard Grenville-Temple, 2nd Earl Temple by William Hoare.jpgThe Right Honourable
Richard Grenville-Temple
2nd Earl Temple
PC

(1711–1779)
17561757Pitt–Devonshire[34]
Daniel Finch (1689-1769), 8th Earl of Winchilsea, 3rd Earl of Nottingham, by Thomas Worlidge.jpgThe Right Honourable
Daniel Finch
8th Earl of Winchilsea
KG PC

(1689–1769)
175717571757 Caretaker[30]
1stLordAnson.jpgAdmiral of the Fleet The Right Honourable
George Anson
1st Baron Anson
PC FRS

(1697–1762)
17571762Pitt–Newcastle[35]
George III
Coat of Arms of Great Britain (1714-1801).svg
(1760–1820)
[Note 5]
2ndEarlofHalifaxByJoshuaReynoldsNSArtGallery.jpgThe Right Honourable
George Montague-Dunk
2nd Earl of Halifax
PC

(1716–1771)
17621762Bute
(ToryWhig)
[36]
George Grenville (1712–1770) by William Hoare (1707-1792).jpgThe Right Honourable
George Grenville

MP for Buckingham
(1712–1770)
17621763[37]
John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich.jpgThe Right Honourable
John Montagu
4th Earl of Sandwich
PC FRS

(1718–1792)
17631763Grenville[37]
John Perceval, 2nd Earl of Egmont by Thomas Hudson.jpgThe Right Honourable
John Perceval
2nd Earl of Egmont
PC FRS

(1711–1770)
17631766[37]
Rockingham I
Chatham
(WhigTory)
Sir Charles Saunders2.jpgVice-Admiral The Right Honourable
Sir Charles Saunders
KB

MP for Hedon
(c. 1715–1775)
17661766[38]
Edward Hawke 1.jpgAdmiral of the Fleet The Right Honourable
Sir Edward Hawke
KB

MP for Portsmouth
(1705–1781)
17661771[39]
Grafton
North
John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich.jpgThe Right Honourable
John Montagu
4th Earl of Sandwich
PC FRS

(1718–1792)
17711782[40]
Augustus Keppel, Viscount Keppel by Sir Joshua Reynolds.jpgAdmiral The Right Honourable
Augustus Keppel
1st Viscount Keppel
PC

(1725–1786)
17821783Rockingham II[41]
Shelburne
(WhigTory)
Admiral of the Fleet Howe 1726-99 1st Earl Howe by John Singleton Copley.jpgAdmiral The Right Honourable
Richard Howe
5th Viscount Howe
PC

(1726–1799)
17831783[42]
Augustus Keppel, Viscount Keppel by Sir Joshua Reynolds.jpgAdmiral The Right Honourable
Augustus Keppel
1st Viscount Keppel
PC

(1725–1786)
17831783Fox–North[43]
Admiral of the Fleet Howe 1726-99 1st Earl Howe by John Singleton Copley.jpgAdmiral The Right Honourable
Richard Howe
5th Viscount Howe
PC

(1726–1799)
17831788Pitt I[44]
Chatham2.JPGThe Right Honourable
John Pitt
2nd Earl of Chatham
KG PC

(1756–1835)
17881794[45]
George Spencer, 2nd Earl Spencer.jpgThe Right Honourable
George Spencer
2nd Earl Spencer
KG PC DL FRS FSA

(1758–1834)
17941801[46]

First Lords of the Admiralty of the United Kingdom (1801–1964)

First Lord of the Admiralty
PortraitName
(Birth–Death)
Term of officePartyMinistryMonarch
(Reign)
John Jervis, Earl of St Vincent by Francis Cotes.jpgThe Right Honourable
John Jervis
1st Earl of St Vincent
PC

(1735–1823)
18011804WhigPitt IGeorge III
Coat of Arms of Great Britain (1714-1801).svg
(1760–1820)
[Note 6]
Addington
Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville by Sir Thomas Lawrence.jpgThe Right Honourable
Henry Dundas
1st Viscount Melville
PC

(1742–1811)
18041805ToryPitt II
Admiral Charles Middleton, later Lord Barham (1726-1813), by Isaac Pocock.jpgThe Right Honourable
Charles Middleton
1st Baron Barham
PC

(1726–1813)
18051806Tory
The Right Honourable
Charles Grey
Viscount Howick

MP for Northumberland
(1764–1845)
18061806WhigAll the Talents
(WhigTory)
Thomas Grenville (1755-1846).jpgThe Right Honourable
Thomas Grenville

MP for Buckingham
(1755–1846)
18061807Whig
Henry Phipps, 1st Earl of Mulgrave by Sir William Beechey.jpgThe Right Honourable
Henry Phipps
3rd Baron Mulgrave
PC

(1755–1831)
18071810ToryPortland II
Perceval
CP Yorke by George Romney.jpgThe Right Honourable
Charles Philip Yorke

MP for St Germans
(1764–1834)
18101812Tory
Robert Saunders Dundas, 2nd Viscount Melville.jpgThe Right Honourable
Robert Dundas
2nd Viscount Melville
KT PC FRS

(1771–1851)
18121827ToryLiverpool
George IV
Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (1816-1837).svg
(1820–1830)
WilliamIVbyLonsdale.jpgHis Royal Highness
Prince William Henry
The Duke of Clarence

Lord High Admiral
(1765–1837)
[Note 7]
18271828Canning
(CanningiteWhig)
Goderich
Robert Saunders Dundas, 2nd Viscount Melville.jpgThe Right Honourable
Robert Dundas
2nd Viscount Melville
KT PC FRS

(1771–1851)
18281830ToryWellington–Peel
William IV
Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (1816-1837).svg
(1830–1837)
Jamesgrantham.pngThe Right Honourable
Sir James Graham
Bt

MP for East Cumberland
(1792–1861) [Note 8]
18301834WhigGrey
George Eden, 1st Earl of Auckland.pngThe Right Honourable
George Eden
2nd Baron Auckland
PC

(1784–1849)
18341834Whig
Melbourne I
Wellington Caretaker
ThomasEarlGrey.jpgThe Right Honourable
Thomas Robinson
2nd Earl de Grey
PC

(1781–1859)
18341835ConservativePeel I
George Eden, 1st Earl of Auckland.pngThe Right Honourable
George Eden
2nd Baron Auckland
GCB PC

(1784–1849)
18351835WhigMelbourne II
2ndEarlOfMinto.jpgThe Right Honourable
Gilbert Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound
2nd Earl of Minto
GCB PC

(1782–1859)
18351841Whig
Victoria
Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg
(1837–1901)
Thomas Hamilton.jpgThe Right Honourable
Thomas Hamilton
9th Earl of Haddington
PC FRS

(1780–1858)
18411846ConservativePeel II
1stEarlOfEllenborough.jpgThe Right Honourable
Edward Law
1st Earl of Ellenborough
GCB PC

(1790–1871)
18461846Conservative
George Eden, 1st Earl of Auckland.pngThe Right Honourable
George Eden
1st Earl of Auckland
GCB PC

(1784–1849)
18461849WhigRussell I
Francis Baring, 1st Baron Northbrook by Sir George Hayter.jpgThe Right Honourable
Sir Francis Baring
Bt

MP for Portsmouth
(1796–1866)
18491852Whig
Algernon Percy (1792–1865), 4th Duke of Northumberland by Francis Grant.jpgHis Grace
Algernon Percy
4th Duke of Northumberland
PC

(1792–1865)
18521852ConservativeWho? Who?
Sir James Graham 2nd Bart First Lord Admiralty.jpgThe Right Honourable
Sir James Graham
Bt GCB

MP for Carlisle
(1792–1861)
18521855PeeliteAberdeen
(PeeliteWhig)
Palmerston I
1stViscountHalifax.jpgThe Right Honourable
Sir Charles Wood
Bt GCB

MP for Halifax
(1800–1885)
18551858Whig
John Pakington 1st Baron Hampton (cropped).jpgThe Right Honourable
Sir John Pakington
Bt FRS

MP for Droitwich
(1799–1880)
18581859ConservativeDerby–Disraeli II
12th Duke of Somerset.pngHis Grace
Edward Seymour
12th Duke of Somerset
KG PC

(1804–1885)
18591866LiberalPalmerston II
Russell II
John Pakington 1st Baron Hampton (cropped).jpgThe Right Honourable
Sir John Pakington
Bt GCB FRS

MP for Droitwich
(1799–1880)
18661867ConservativeDerby–Disraeli III
Henry Lowry-Corry.jpgThe Right Honourable
Henry Lowry-Corry

MP for Tyrone
(1803–1873)
18671868Conservative
Hugh Childers, Lock & Whitfield woodburytype, 1876-83 crop.jpgThe Right Honourable
Hugh Childers

MP for Pontefract
(1827–1896)
18681871LiberalGladstone I
George Goschen by Bassano.jpgThe Right Honourable
George Goschen

MP for City of London
(1831–1907)
18711874Liberal
George Ward Hunt (30 July 1825 – 29 July 1877) .jpgThe Right Honourable
George Ward Hunt

MP for Northamptonshire North
(1825–1877)
18741877ConservativeDisraeli II
William Henry Smith (1825–1891).jpgThe Right Honourable
William Henry Smith

MP for Westminster
(1825–1891)
18771880Conservative
Thomas Baring Earl of Northbrook.jpgThe Right Honourable
Thomas Baring
1st Earl of Northbrook
GCSI PC FRS

(1826–1904)
18801885LiberalGladstone II
Lord George Hamilton.JPGThe Right Honourable
Lord George Hamilton

MP for Ealing
(1845–1927)
18851886ConservativeSalisbury I
George Robinson 1st Marquess of Ripon.jpgThe Most Honourable
George Robinson
1st Marquess of Ripon
KF GCSI CIE VD PC

(1827–1909)
18861886LiberalGladstone III
Lord George Hamilton.JPGThe Right Honourable
Lord George Hamilton

MP for Ealing
(1845–1927)
18861892ConservativeSalisbury II
5th earl spencer.jpgThe Right Honourable
John Spencer
5th Earl Spencer
KG PC

(1835–1910)
18921895LiberalGladstone IV
Rosebery
George Goschen by Bassano.jpgThe Right Honourable
George Goschen

MP for St George Hanover Square
(1831–1907)
18951900ConservativeSalisbury
(III & IV)

(Con.Lib.U.)
Caricature of William Palmer, 2nd Earl of Selborne (1859-1942).jpgThe Right Honourable
William Palmer
2nd Earl of Selborne
PC

(1859–1942)
19001905Liberal Unionist
Edward VII
Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg
(1901–1910)
Balfour
3rdEarlOfCawdor.jpgThe Right Honourable
Frederick Campbell
3rd Earl Cawdor
PC DL

(1847–1911)
19051905Conservative
Portrait of Edward Marjoribanks, 2nd Baron Tweedmouth.jpgThe Right Honourable
Edward Marjoribanks
2nd Lord Tweedmouth
PC

(1849–1909)
19051908LiberalCampbell-Bannerman
Reginald McKenna photo.jpgThe Right Honourable
Reginald McKenna

MP for North Monmouthshire
(1863–1943)
19081911LiberalAsquith
(I–III)
George V
Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg
(1910–1936)
Churchill 1904 Q 42037.jpgThe Right Honourable
Winston Churchill

MP for Dundee
(1874–1965)
19111915Liberal
Gws balfour 02.jpgThe Right Honourable
Arthur Balfour
FRS DL

MP for City of London
(1848–1930)
19151916ConservativeAsquith Coalition
(Lib.Con.–et al.)
Sir Edward Carson, bw photo portrait seated.jpgThe Right Honourable
Sir Edward Carson
QC

MP for Dublin University
(1854–1935)
19161917ConservativeLloyd George
(I & II)
Sir Eric Campbell-Geddes in 1917.jpgThe Right Honourable
Sir Eric Geddes
GCB GBE

MP for Cambridge
(1875–1937)
19171919Conservative
Walter Hume Long, 1st Viscount Long portrait.jpgThe Right Honourable
Walter Long
FRS

MP for Westminster St George's
(1854–1924)
19191921Conservative
Viscount Lee of Fareham.JPGThe Right Honourable
Arthur Lee
1st Baron Lee of Fareham
GBE KCB PC

(1868–1947)
19211922Conservative
Leopold Amery MP.pngThe Right Honourable
Leo Amery

MP for Birmingham Sparkbrook
(1873–1955)
19221924ConservativeLaw
Baldwin I
1stViscountChelmsford.jpgThe Right Honourable
Frederic Thesiger
1st Viscount Chelmsford
GCSI GCIE GBE PC

(1868–1933)
19241924IndependentMacDonald I
William Bridgeman, 1st Viscount Bridgeman.pngThe Right Honourable
William Clive Bridgeman
JP DL

(1864–1935) [Note 9]
19241929ConservativeBaldwin II
INF3-62 A V Alexander Artist's signature E A B.jpgThe Right Honourable
A. V. Alexander

MP for Sheffield Hillsborough
(1885–1965)
19291931Labour
(Co-op)
MacDonald II
Laszlo - The Rt. Hon. Sir Austen Chamberlain.jpgThe Right Honourable
Sir Austen Chamberlain
KG

MP for Birmingham West
(1863–1937)
19311931ConservativeNational I
(N.Lab.Con.–et al.)
Viscount Monsell.jpgThe Right Honourable
Bolton Eyres-Monsell
1st Viscount Monsell
GBE PC

(1881–1969) [Note 10]
19311936ConservativeNational II
National III
(Con.N.Lab.–et al.)
Edward VIII
Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg
(1936)
Sir Samuel Hoare GGBain.jpgThe Right Honourable
Sir Samuel Hoare
Bt GCSI GBE CMG JP

MP for Chelsea
(1880–1959)
19361937Conservative
George VI
Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg
(1936–1952)
Duff Cooper 1941.jpgThe Right Honourable
Duff Cooper
DSO

MP for Westminster St George's
(1890–1954)
19371938ConservativeNational IV
Stanhope7.JPGThe Right Honourable
James Stanhope
7th Earl Stanhope
KG DSO MC PC

(1880–1967)
19381939Conservative
Sir Winston Churchill - 19086236948.jpgThe Right Honourable
Winston Churchill
CH TD

MP for Epping
(1874–1965)
19391940ConservativeChamberlain War
INF3-62 A V Alexander Artist's signature E A B.jpgThe Right Honourable
A. V. Alexander
CH

MP for Sheffield Hillsborough
(1885–1965)
19401945Labour
(Co-op)
Churchill War
(All parties)
Brendan Bracken 1947.jpgThe Right Honourable
Brendan Bracken

MP for Paddington North
(1901–1958)
19451945ConservativeChurchill Caretaker
(Con.N.Lib.)
INF3-62 A V Alexander Artist's signature E A B.jpgThe Right Honourable
A. V. Alexander
CH

MP for Sheffield Hillsborough
(1885–1965)
19451946Labour
(Co-op)
Attlee
(I & II)
George Henry Hall 1945.jpgThe Right Honourable
George Hall
1st Viscount Hall
PC

(1881–1965)
19461951Labour
Lord Longford 4 Allan Warren.jpgThe Right Honourable
Frank Pakenham
1st Baron Pakenham
PC

(1905–2001)
19511951Labour
No image.svgThe Right Honourable
James Thomas
1st Viscount Cilcennin
PC

(1903–1960) [Note 11]
19511956ConservativeChurchill III
Elizabeth II
Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom.svg
(1952–present)
Eden
Quintin Hogg, Baron Hailsham Allan Warren.jpgThe Right Honourable
Quintin Hogg
2nd Viscount Hailsham
PC QC

(1907–2001)
19561957Conservative
10thEarl of Selkirk.jpgThe Right Honourable
George Douglas-Hamilton
10th Earl of Selkirk
AFC AE PC QC

(1906–1994)
19571959ConservativeMacmillan
(I & II)
Peter Carington 1984.jpgThe Right Honourable
Peter Carington
6th Baron Carrington
KCMG MC PC DL

(1919–2018)
19591963Conservative
George Jellicoe, 2nd Earl Jellicoe.jpgThe Right Honourable
George Jellicoe
2nd Earl Jellicoe
DSO MC PC

(1918–2007)
19631964

(office

transferred

to Crown)

ConservativeDouglas-Home

From 1 April 1964 Elizabeth II assumed the title of Lord High Admiral. Ministerial responsibility for the Royal Navy was transferred to the newly created Secretary of State for Defence.[47]

Notes
  1. ^ Baron Weston from 1628, created Earl of Portland in 1633.
  2. ^ Lord High Admiral 1638–1642.
  3. ^ Lord High Admiral 1689.
  4. ^ MP for Portsmouth until 1734; MP for Westminster from 1734.
  5. ^ The Prince of Wales served as Prince Regent from 5 February 1811.
  6. ^ The Prince of Wales served as Prince Regent from 5 February 1811.
  7. ^ As Lord High Admiral .
  8. ^ MP for Cumberland until 1832; MP for East Cumberland from 1832
  9. ^ MP for Oswestry
  10. ^ MP for Evesham until 1935; thereafter created Viscount Monsell.
  11. ^ MP for Hereford until 1955; thereafter created Viscount Cilcennin.

Boards, departments and offices under the First Lord

Fictional First Lords

W. H. Smith portrayed in a Punch cartoon from 13 October 1877 when First Lord, saying: "I think I'll now go below." In Pinafore, Sir Joseph Porter similarly sings: "When the breezes blow / I generally go below".

The "Radical" First Lord, and a major character, in Gilbert and Sullivan's comic opera H.M.S. Pinafore (1878), is Sir Joseph Henry Porter, KCB. W. S. Gilbert wrote to Arthur Sullivan he did not intend to portray the real-life then First Lord, the bookseller and newsagent W. H. Smith, a Conservative,[48] although some of the public, including Prime Minister Disraeli (who later referred to Smith as "Pinafore Smith"), identified Porter with him.[49] The counterparts shared a known lack of naval background. It has been suggested the character was drawn on Smith's actual "Radical" predecessor of 1868–71, Hugh Childers.[50]

References

  1. ^ Eberle, Sir James (2007). Wider horizons: naval policy & international affairs. Roundtuit Publishing. p. 1. ISBN 9781904499176.
  2. ^ Pryde, E. B. (23 February 1996). Handbook of British Chronology. Cambridge University Press. p. 135. ISBN 9780521563505.
  3. ^ a b Blake, Nicholas; Lawrence, Richard (2005). The Illustrated Companion to Nelson's Navy. Stackpole Books. p. 8. ISBN 9780811732758.
  4. ^ Knighton, C. S.; Loades, David; Loades, Professor of History David (29 April 2016). Elizabethan Naval Administration. Routledge. p. 8. ISBN 9781317145035.
  5. ^ a b Hamilton, Admiral Sir. Richard. Vesey, G.C.B. (1896). Naval Administration: The Constitution, Character, and Functions of the Board of Admiralty, and of the Civil Departments it Directs. George Bell and Sons, London.Public Domain This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  6. ^ Constable, Archibald (1861). The Edinburgh Review, Or Critical Journal: ... To Be Continued Quarterly. Austrian National Library, 4 November 2013. p. 291.
  7. ^ (eISB), electronic Irish Statute Book. "electronic Irish Statute Book (eISB), Admiralty Act, 1832". irishstatutebook.ie. Government of Ireland, 2017. Retrieved 9 March 2017.
  8. ^ Hamilton, C. I. (2011). The making of the modern admiralty : British naval policy-making 1805-1927. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. p. 153. ISBN 9780521765183.
  9. ^ Marder, Arthur (19 June 2014). From the Dreadnought to Scapa Flow: Volume II: To The Eve of Jutland 1914-1916. Seaforth Publishing. p. 268. ISBN 9781848321632.
  10. ^ Cannon, John; Crowcroft, Robert (2015). The Oxford Companion to British History. Oxford University Press. p. 5. ISBN 9780199677832.
  11. ^ Lee, Sidney, ed. (1899). "Weston, Richard (1577-1635)" . Dictionary of National Biography. Vol. 60. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 364.
  12. ^ "Bertie, Robert" . Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
  13. ^ a b c Thomas Mason, Serving God and Mammon: William Juxon, 1582–1663 (ISBN 0-87413-251-7)
  14. ^ N.Y.), Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York; Baetjer, Katharine (2009). British Paintings in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1575-1875. Metropolitan Museum of Art. p. 19. ISBN 9781588393487.
  15. ^ Phillips, G. (29 November 2012). Rutland. Cambridge University Press. p. 132. ISBN 9781107696419.
  16. ^ Stewart, William (28 September 2009). Admirals of the World: A Biographical Dictionary, 1500 to the Present. McFarland. p. 163. ISBN 9780786482887.
  17. ^ Cannon, John; Crowcroft, Robert (2015). The Oxford Companion to British History. Oxford University Press. p. 714. ISBN 9780199677832.
  18. ^ Murray, J. (1859). Correspondence of Charles, First Marquis Cornwallis. J. Murray. p. 2.
  19. ^ Fieldgate, Barrie (2007). The Captain's Steward: Falklands, 1982. Melrose Press. p. 305. ISBN 9781905226467.
  20. ^ Aldridge, David Denis (2009). Admiral Sir John Norris and the British Naval Expeditions to the Baltic Sea 1715-1727. Nordic Academic Press. p. 286. ISBN 9789185509317.
  21. ^ Macaulay, Thomas Babington, Baron Macaulay (1915). The History of England: From the Accession of James the Second, Volume 6. Macmillan. p. 3018.
  22. ^ Office-Holders in Modern Britain: Volume 4, Admiralty Officials 1660-1870
  23. ^ Childs, John (1991). The Nine Years' War and the British Army, 1688-1697: The Operations in the Low Countries. Manchester University Press. p. 353. ISBN 9780719034619.
  24. ^ Winfield, Rif (10 March 2010). British Warships in the Age of Sail 1603-1714: Design, Construction, Careers and Fates. Seaforth Publishing. p. 23. ISBN 9781783469246.
  25. ^ Holmes, Geoffrey (1987). British Politics in the Age of Anne. A&C Black. p. 541. ISBN 9780907628736.
  26. ^ Aldridge, David Denis (2009). Admiral Sir John Norris and the British Naval Expeditions to the Baltic Sea 1715-1727. Nordic Academic Press. p. 286. ISBN 9789185509317.
  27. ^ Stewart, William (28 September 2009). Admirals of the World: A Biographical Dictionary, 1500 to the Present. McFarland. p. 28. ISBN 9780786438099.
  28. ^ Howard, Joseph J.; Crisp, Frederick A. (1 September 1997). Visitation of England and Wales Notes: Volume 6 1906. Heritage Books. p. 172. ISBN 9780788407031.
  29. ^ Cunningham, George Godfrey (1853). A History of England in the Lives of Englishmen. A. Fullarton. p. 169. Sir Charles Wager First Lord of the Admiralty.
  30. ^ a b Sainty, J. C. "'Alphabetical list of officials: K-Z', in Office-Holders in Modern Britain: Volume 4, Admiralty Officials 1660-1870". british-history.ac.uk. Originally published by University of London, London, 1975, pp. 135–159. Retrieved 9 March 2017.
  31. ^ Newman, Gerald; Brown, Leslie Ellen (1997). Britain in the Hanoverian Age, 1714-1837: An Encyclopedia. Taylor & Francis. p. 619. ISBN 9780815303961.
  32. ^ Woodward, Bernard Bolingbroke; Cates, William Leist Readwin (1872). Encyclopedia of Chronology: Historical and Biographical. Longmans, Green and Company. p. 1246. John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich First Lord of the Admiralty 1748.
  33. ^ Stewart, William (28 September 2009). Admirals of the World: A Biographical Dictionary, 1500 to the Present. McFarland. p. 9. ISBN 9780786482887.
  34. ^ Winfield, Rif (12 December 2007). British Warships in the Age of Sail 1714-1792: Design, Construction, Careers and Fates. Seaforth Publishing. p. viii Introduction. ISBN 9781783469253.
  35. ^ Watson, John Steven (1960). The Reign of George III, 1760-1815. Clarendon Press. p. 613. ISBN 9780198217138.
  36. ^ Kane, Joseph Nathan; Aiken, Charles Curry (2005). The American Counties: Origins of County Names, Dates of Creation, and Population Data, 1950-2000. Scarecrow Press. p. 123. ISBN 9780810850361. George Montague-Dunk, 2nd Earl of Halifax First Lord of the Admiralty 1757.
  37. ^ a b c Chatham.), William Pitt (1st earl of (1838). Correspondence, ed. by [W.S. Taylor and J.H. Pringle] the executors of his son John, earl of Chatham. Oxford University. p. xxi Introduction.
  38. ^ Beatson, Robert (1788). A Political Index to the Histories of Great Britain and Ireland: Or, A Complete Register of the Hereditary Honours, Public Offices, and Persons in Office, from the Earliest Periods to the Present Time. G. G. J. & J. Robinson. p. 320. Sir Charles Saunders First Lord of the Admiralty 1757.
  39. ^ Watson, John Steven (1960). The Reign of George III, 1760-1815. Clarendon Press. p. 623. ISBN 9780198217138.
  40. ^ Laurens, Henry (1980). The papers of Henry Laurens. Univ of South Carolina Press. p. 56. ISBN 9780872493858.
  41. ^ Bandhauer, Andrea; Veber, Maria (2009). Migration and Cultural Contact: Germany and Australia. Sydney University Press. p. 214. ISBN 9781920898632.
  42. ^ Haydn, Joseph (1851). The Book of Dignities: Containing Lists of the Official Personages of the British Empire ... from the Earliest Periods to the Present Time ... Together with the Sovereigns and Rulers of Europe, from the Foundation of Their Respective States; the Peerage of England and Great Britain ... Longmans, Brown, Green and Longmans. p. 286. Richard Howe, 1st Earl Howe First Lord of the Admiralty.
  43. ^ Bolton, Carol (3 June 2016). Letters from England: By Don Manuel Alvarez Espriella. Routledge. p. 508. ISBN 9781317242918.
  44. ^ Haydn, Joseph Timothy; Beatson, Robert (1851). Beatson's Political index modernised. The book of dignities; containing rolls of the official personages of the British empire, together with the sovereigns of Europe, the peerage of England and of Great Britain; and numerous other lists. Oxford University. p. 286.
  45. ^ Nichols, John (1835). The Gentleman's Magazine. E. Cave. p. 546. John Pitt, 2nd Earl of Chatham First Lord of the Admiralty 1783.
  46. ^ Hawkins, Anne (17 June 2016). Letters of Seamen in the Wars with France, 1793-1815. Boydell & Brewer. p. 482. ISBN 9781843838968.
  47. ^ "No. 43288". The London Gazette. 3 April 1964. p. 2895.
  48. ^ Jacobs, Arthur (1986). Arthur Sullivan - A Victorian Musician. Oxford University Press. p. 114. ISBN 0-19-282033-8.
  49. ^ Arthur Sullivan, A Victorian Musician. p. 115.
  50. ^ Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Volume 11. Oxford University Press. 2004. p. 445. Article on Childers by William Carr, rev H. C. G. Matthew.

Attribution

  • This article contains some text from: Vesey, Richard Sir, Admiral, (1896), Naval Administration: The Constitution, Character, and Functions of the Board of Admiralty, and of the Civil Departments it Directs, George Bell and Sons, London.

Sources

  • Bell, Christopher M. "Sir John Fisher’s Naval Revolution Reconsidered: Winston Churchill at the Admiralty, 1911-1914." War in History 18.3 (2011): 333–356. online
  • Hamilton, C. I. (2011). The Making of the Modern Admiralty: British Naval Policy-Making, 1805–1927. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.ISBN 9780521765183.
  • Rodger, N. A. M., The Admiralty (Lavenham, 1979)
  • Sainty, J. C. Admiralty Officials, 1660–1870 (London, 1975)

Media files used on this page

Flag of the United Kingdom.svg
Author/Creator: unknown, Licence: PD
Brendan Bracken 1947.jpg
Author/Creator: Yousuf Karsh , Licence: CC0
Brendan Bracken
Sir James Graham 2nd Bart First Lord Admiralty.jpg
Sir James Graham, 2nd baronet. British Politician, First lord of the Admiralty 1830-34 and 1853-55.
Chatham2.JPG
Portrait of John Pitt, 2nd Earl of Chatham
Thomas Grenville (1755-1846).jpg
Thomas Grenville (1755-1846)
5th earl spencer.jpg
John Poyntz Spencer, 5th Earl Spencer (1835-1910), Chairman of the County Council (1888) (copy of Frank Holl)
Francis Baring, 1st Baron Northbrook by Sir George Hayter.jpg

Francis Baring, 1st Baron Northbrook, by Sir George Hayter (died 1871), given to the National Portrait Gallery, London in 1900. See source website for additional information.

This set of images was gathered by User:Dcoetzee from the National Portrait Gallery, London website using a special tool. All images in this batch have been confirmed as author died before 1939 according to the official death date listed by the NPG.
Algernon Percy (1792–1865), 4th Duke of Northumberland by Francis Grant.jpg
(c) Newcastle Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust; Supplied by The Public Catalogue Foundation
WilliamIVbyLonsdale.jpg
William IV (1765–1837), When Duke of Clarence
Jamesgrantham.png
Sir James Grantham
Quintin Hogg, Baron Hailsham Allan Warren.jpg
Author/Creator: Allan warren, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Portrait of Quintin Hogg Lord Hailsham
Coat of Arms of Great Britain (1714-1801).svg
Author/Creator: This W3C-unspecified vector image was created with Inkscape., Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0

Coat of Arms of Great Britain from 1714 to 1801 used by King George I, George II and George III


Quarterly, First quarter, Per pale, dexter, Gules three lions passant guardant in pale Or armed and langued Azure (for England), sinister, Or a lion rampant within a double tressure flory counter-flory Gules (for Scotland), Second quarter Azure three fleurs de lys Or (For France), Third quarter Azure a harp Or stringed Argent (for Ireland), Fourth quarter, Tierced per pale and per chevron, First Gules two lions passant guardant Or (for Brunswick), Second Or semée of hearts Gules a lion rampant Azure (For Luneburg), Third Gules a horse courant Argent (For Hanover), an inescutcheon over all three, Gules the Crown of Charlemagne Proper (As Archtreasurer of the Holy Roman Empire), the whole surrounded by the Garter; for a Crest, upon the Royal helm the imperial crown Proper, thereon a lion statant guardant Or imperially crowned Proper; Mantling Or and ermine; for Supporters, dexter a lion rampant guardant Or crowned as the Crest, sinister a unicorn Argent armed, crined and unguled Proper, gorged with a coronet Or composed of crosses patée and fleurs de lys a chain affixed thereto passing between the forelegs and reflexed over the back also Or; Motto 'Dieu et mon Droit' in the compartment below the shield, with the Union rose, shamrock and thistle engrafted on the same stem.
  • PINCHES, J.H & R.V., The Royal Heraldry of England, 1974, Heraldry Today.
Lord Longford 4 Allan Warren.jpg
Author/Creator: Allan warren, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Lord Longford at the photographer's studio, London
Gws balfour 02.jpg
Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour (25 July 1848 – 19 March 1930)
Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg
Author/Creator: This W3C-unspecified vector image was created with Inkscape., Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0

Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom from 1837 to 1952 used by Queen Victoria, King Edward VII, George V, Edward VIII and George VI.


Quarterly, First and Fourth Gules three lions passant guardant in pale Or armed and langued Azure (for England), Second quarter Or a lion rampant within a double tressure flory counter-flory Gules (for Scotland), Third quarter Azure a harp Or stringed Argent (for Ireland), the whole surrounded by the Garter; for a Crest, upon the Royal helm the imperial crown Proper, thereon a lion statant guardant Or imperially crowned Proper; Mantling Or and ermine; for Supporters, dexter a lion rampant guardant Or crowned as the Crest, sinister a unicorn Argent armed, crined and unguled Proper, gorged with a coronet Or composed of crosses patée and fleurs de lys a chain affixed thereto passing between the forelegs and reflexed over the back also Or; Motto 'Dieu et mon Droit' in the compartment below the shield, with the Union rose, shamrock and thistle engrafted on the same stem.
  • PINCHES, J.H & R.V., The Royal Heraldry of England, 1974, Heraldry Today.
Portrait of John Egerton 3rd Earl of Bridgewater.jpg
"The Right Honble John Egerton Earl of Bridgwater, Viscount Brackley & Baron of Ellismere, first Commissioner," by the English printmaker John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller. Mezzotint. Courtesy of the British Museum, London.
Sir Samuel Hoare GGBain.jpg
British Chancellor of the Exchequer, Sir Samuel Hoare
Our New First Lord at Sea.png

W H Smith as First Lord of the Admiralty, was a subject of derision even before H.M.S. Pinafore. This Punch cartoon comes from a year before Pinafore's première.

The Caption reads:
Admiral Superintendent Punch. "Well, Mr. Smith, I believe you have now seen everything—armour, turrets, torpedoes—everything! Of course you understand it all!!"
First Lord. "Quite so, thank you. At least I—" (A little "queer.") "If you don't mind, I think I'll now go below."

"The Lords of the Admiralty arrived at Portsmouth on their annual tour of inspection." — Morning Paper
George Eden, 1st Earl of Auckland.png
George Eden, 1st Earl of Auckland
Laszlo - The Rt. Hon. Sir Austen Chamberlain.jpg
Portrait of The Rt. Hon. Sir Austen Chamberlain
Sir Eric Campbell-Geddes in 1917.jpg
Sir Eric Campbell-Geddes in 1917
George Robinson 1st Marquess of Ripon.jpg
George Robinson, 1st Marquess of Ripon, Viceroy of India 1880-1884
The Marquis of Ripon, Viceroy of India. Illustration for The Illustrated London News, 7 August 1880.
Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (1816-1837).svg
Author/Creator: This W3C-unspecified vector image was created with Inkscape., Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0

Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom from 1816 to 1837 used by King George III, George IV and William IV


Quarterly, First and Fourth Gules three lions passant guardant in pale Or armed and langued Azure (for England), Second quarter Or a lion rampant within a double tressure flory counter-flory Gules (for Scotland), Third quarter Azure a harp Or stringed Argent (for Ireland), over all an inescutcheon, ensigned by an arched royal crown, Tierced per pale and per chevron, First Gules two lions passant guardant Or (for Brunswick), Second Or semée of hearts Gules a lion rampant Azure (For Luneburg), Third Gules a horse courant Argent (For Hanover), an inescutcheon over all three, Gules the Crown of Charlemagne Proper (As Archtreasurer of the Holy Roman Empire), the whole surrounded by the Garter; for a Crest, upon the Royal helm the imperial crown Proper, thereon a lion statant guardant Or imperially crowned Proper; Mantling Or and ermine; for Supporters, dexter a lion rampant guardant Or crowned as the Crest, sinister a unicorn Argent armed, crined and unguled Proper, gorged with a coronet Or composed of crosses patée and fleurs de lys a chain affixed thereto passing between the forelegs and reflexed over the back also Or; Motto 'Dieu et mon Droit' in the compartment below the shield, with the Union rose, shamrock and thistle engrafted on the same stem.
  • PINCHES, J.H & R.V., The Royal Heraldry of England, 1974, Heraldry Today.
Richard Grenville-Temple, 2nd Earl Temple by William Hoare.jpg

This set of images was gathered by User:Dcoetzee from the National Portrait Gallery, London website using a special tool. All images in this batch have been confirmed as author died before 1939 according to the official death date listed by the NPG.

See source website for additional information.
Thomas Baring Earl of Northbrook.jpg
Thomas Baring, Earl of Northbrook
Coat of Arms of England (1702-1707).svg
Author/Creator: This W3C-unspecified vector image was created with Inkscape., Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Coat of Arms of the Kingdom of England from 1702 to 1707 used by Queen Anne
Henry Phipps, 1st Earl of Mulgrave by Sir William Beechey.jpg

Henry Phipps, 1st Earl of Mulgrave, by Sir William Beechey (died 1839). See source website for additional information.

This set of images was gathered by User:Dcoetzee from the National Portrait Gallery, London website using a special tool. All images in this batch have been confirmed as author died before 1939 according to the official death date listed by the NPG.
INF3-62 A V Alexander Artist's signature E A B.jpg
A V Alexander

The sketch may have been based on a strikingly similar wartime photograph taken at The Admiralty in London by Yousuf Karsh (usually known as "Karsh of Ottawa"). The pose and some details (e.g., the pattern of the tie worn by A V Alexander) are identical. The photograph appears facing page 10 in the photographer's published book "Faces of Destiny", sub-title "Portraits by Karsh" published 1947 simultaneously in Great Britain by George G Harrap & Co Ltd., London, etc., and in the United States by Ziff-Davis Publishing Company, Chicago and New York. The foreword to the book by Yousuf Karsh is dated June 1946. His detailed description of taking the photographic portrait is found on page 10.
Henry Lowry-Corry.jpg
Mr Henry Lowry-Corry British MP for Coun ty Tyrone. Antique wood engraved print taken from the Illustrated London News.

The Late Right Honourable HTL Corry, MP Illustration for The Illustrated London News, 22 March 1873.

Reference
Sir Edward Carson, bw photo portrait seated.jpg
Edward Carson, three-quarter length portrait, seated, facing right.
Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville by Sir Thomas Lawrence.jpg

Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville, by Sir Thomas Lawrence (died 1830). See source website for additional information.

This set of images was gathered by User:Dcoetzee from the National Portrait Gallery, London website using a special tool. All images in this batch have been confirmed as author died before 1939 according to the official death date listed by the NPG.
Reginald McKenna photo.jpg
British Chancellor of the Exchequer, Reginald McKenna
Thomas Hamilton.jpg
Thomas Hamilton
Edward Hawke 1.jpg
Portrait in three-quarter-length showing the sitter turning to the right but facing towards the left. He wears flag-officer's undress uniform, 1767-83, of blue jacket and gold braid with the ribbon and star of the Order of Bath and a tie-wig. He holds his sword in his right hand and stands against a rocky background with, on the left, the fleet at anchor together with a barge flying the Union flag.
No image.svg
A 1×1 transparent image. Useful for when a template requires an image but you don't have one.
Stanhope7.JPG
Portrait of James Stanhope, 7th Earl Stanhope
Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey by Sir Thomas Lawrence copy.jpg
See source website for additional information. This set of images was gathered by User:Dcoetzee from the National Portrait Gallery, London website using a special tool. All images in this batch have been confirmed as author died before 1939 according to the official death date listed by the NPG.
Admiral Arthur Herbert, 1st Earl of Torrington by John Closterman.jpg
Admiral Arthur Herbert, 1st Earl of Torrington by John Closterman
Viscount Lee of Fareham.JPG
Portrait photograph of Arthur Lee, 1st Viscount Lee of Fareham
Robert Bertie, 1st Earl of Lindsey, by circle of Michiel Jansz van Mierevelt.jpg
Robert Bertie, 1st Earl of Lindsey (1582-1642), bust-length, in armour, with a lace-trimmed collar and silver embroidered blue sash
  • oil on panel
  • 70 x 55.2 cm
  • inscribed t.l.: Rob.t Earl of Lindsey Generall to King Charles the First.
Duff Cooper 1941.jpg
Duff Cooper pictured during a visit to New Zealand in 1941
Flag of the Lord High Admiral of the United Kingdom.svg
Flag of the Lord High Admiral of the United Kingdom.
Thomas Herbert, 8th Earl of Pembroke by John Greenhill.jpg

Thomas Herbert, 8th Earl of Pembroke, by John Greenhill (died 1676). See source website for additional information.

This set of images was gathered by User:Dcoetzee from the National Portrait Gallery, London website using a special tool. All images in this batch have been confirmed as author died before 1939 according to the official death date listed by the NPG.
John Leake by Godfrey Kneller.jpg
Sir John Leake (4 July 1656 – 21 August 1720)
George Jellicoe, 2nd Earl Jellicoe.jpg
Author/Creator:

.

The original uploader was Rodolph at English Wikipedia., Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0
Scan of photo (by me R. de Salis, talk) 01:08, 20 May 2014 (UTC)) of Rolleiflex photograph of George Jellicoe (1960s) by Philippa, Countess Jellicoe.
Rodolph 14:30, 30 April 2007 (UTC)
Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (HM Government).svg
Author/Creator: This vector image was created with Inkscape., Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in the style used by the Government of Queen Elizabeth II from 1953 to the present (as used in all places except Scotland).
Quarterly, First and Fourth Gules three lions passant guardant in pale Or armed and langued Azure (for England), Second quarter Or a lion rampant within a double tressure flory counter-flory Gules (for Scotland), Third quarter Azure a harp Or stringed Argent (for Ireland), the whole surrounded by the Garter; for a Crest, the imperial crown Proper; for Supporters, dexter a lion rampant guardant Or crowned as the Crest, sinister a unicorn Argent armed, crined and unguled Proper, gorged with a coronet Or composed of crosses patée and fleurs de lys a chain affixed thereto passing between the forelegs and reflexed over the back also Or; Motto 'Dieu et mon Droit’ ('God and my Right') below the shield.
  • PINCHES, J.H & R.V., The Royal Heraldry of England, 1974, Heraldry Today.
George Henry Hall 1945.jpg
Author/Creator: Unknown authorUnknown author, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0 nl
George Henry Hall (Secretary of State for the Colonies)
Peter Carington 1984.jpg
Author/Creator: Rob Croes , Licence: CC0
Lord Peter A.R. Carrington (Grenadier Guards)
William Henry Smith (1825–1891).jpg
William Henry Smith (1825-1891), Newsagent and politician
Peter Lely portrait of Henry Capel 1659.jpg
Portrait by Sir Peter Lely of Henry Capel (1638–1696), Baron Capel of Tewkesbury, the younger brother of Mary and Elizabeth Capel, and Arthur Capel (1632–1693), first Earl of Essex. The picture may have been painted on the occasion of Henry Capel's marriage to Dorothy Bennett in 1659. They lived at Cassiobury House, Watford. The portrait was sold with other Cassiobury estate assets in 1922-3 and now hangs in the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York.
Francis Cottington, 1st Baron Cottington from NPG.jpg

Francis Cottington, 1st Baron Cottington, by unknown artist. See source website for additional information.

This set of images was gathered by User:Dcoetzee from the National Portrait Gallery, London website using a special tool. All images in this batch are listed as "unknown author" by the NPG, who is diligent in researching authors, and was donated to the NPG before 1939 according to their website.
12th Duke of Somerset.png
Caricature of Edward Seymour, 12th Duke of Somerset from "Vanity Fair", 1869. Caption read : "Proud and sincere, yet liberal and just, he refused to serve under the most humble of premiers."
Admiral Charles Middleton, later Lord Barham (1726-1813), by Isaac Pocock.jpg
Admiral Charles Middleton, later Lord Barham (1726-1813)
Daniel Finch (1689-1769), 8th Earl of Winchilsea, 3rd Earl of Nottingham, by Thomas Worlidge.jpg
Daniel Finch (1689-1769), 8th Earl of Winchilsea, 3rd Earl of Nottingham
  • on ivory
  • 4.8 cm
  • signed b.r.: T.W.
George Ward Hunt (30 July 1825 – 29 July 1877) .jpg
Author/Creator:

London Stereoscopic & Photographic Company

, Licence: PD-US

George Ward Hunt