Federated state

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Federated states of various types exist within many of the modern federal states (represented in green color)

A federated state (which may also be referred to as a state, a province, a region, a canton, a land, a governorate, an oblast, an emirate or a country) is a territorial and constitutional community forming part of a federation.[1] Such states differ from fully sovereign states, in that they do not have full sovereign powers, as the sovereign powers have been divided between the federated states and the central or federal government. Importantly, federated states do not have standing as entities of international law. Instead, the federal union as a single entity is the sovereign state for purposes of international law.[2] Depending on the constitutional structure of a particular federation, a federated state can hold various degrees of legislative, judicial, and administrative jurisdiction over a defined geographic territory and is a form of regional government.

In some cases, a federation is created from a union of political entities, which are either independent or dependent territories of another sovereign entity (most commonly a colonial power).[A] In other cases, federated states have been created out of the administrative divisions of previously unitary states.[B] Once a federal constitution is formed, the rules governing the relationship between federal and regional powers become part of the country's constitutional law and not international law.

In countries with federal constitutions, there is a division of power between the central government and the component states. These entities – states, provinces, counties, cantons, Länder, etc. - are partially self-governing and are afforded a degree of constitutionally guaranteed autonomy that varies substantially from one federation to another.[C] Depending on the form the decentralization of powers takes, a federated state's legislative powers may or may not be overruled or vetoed by the federal government. Laws governing the relationship between federal and regional powers can be amended through the national or federal constitution, and, if they exist, state constitutions as well.

In terms of internal politics, federated states can have republican or monarchical forms of government. Those of republican form (federated republics) are usually called states (like states of the USA) or republics (like republics in the former USSR).

List of constituents by federation

The "federated units" in the table below have inherent governmental authority in the federation's constitutional system, while the "other units" are delegated authority by the federal government or are administered directly by it.

FederationFederated unitsOther units
 Argentina[3]23 provinces:1 autonomous city:
 Australia[4]6 states:3 internal territories:
7 external territories:
 Austria[5]9 states:
 Belgium[6]3 regions:[E]
3 communities:[F]
 Bosnia and Herzegovina2 entities:[G]1 self-governing district:
The Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina is itself a federation of 10 cantons:
 Brazil[8]26 states:
1 federal district:
5,568 municipalities[I]
 Canada[9]10 provinces:3 territories:
 Comoros3 islands:[G]
 Ethiopia[10]11 regions:2 chartered cities:
 Germany[11]16 states:
 India[12]28 states:8 union territories:
 Iraq[13]19 governorates:
1 autonomous region:
 Malaysia[14]13 states:3 federal territories:
 Mexico[15]31 states:
1 autonomous city:
 Micronesia[16]4 states:
   Nepal7 provinces:
 Nigeria[17]36 states:1 territory:
 Pakistan[18]4 provinces:2 autonomous territories:[G]
1 federal territory:

 Islamabad Capital Territory[D]

 Russia[19][20]46 oblasts:
22 republics:[G]
9 krais:
4 autonomous okrugs:[G]
3 federal cities:
1 autonomous oblast:
 Saint Kitts and Nevis1 autonomous island:Saint Kitts:
 Somalia[21][22]5 federal member states:[K]
 South Sudan10 states:[23]3 administrative areas:[23]
 Sudan[24]18 states:
1 special administrative status area:[25]
  Switzerland[26]26 cantons:
 United Arab Emirates[27]7 emirates:
 United States[28]50 states:1 federal district:
1 incorporated territory:
13 unincorporated territories:
 Venezuela[29]23 states:
1 capital district:
  • Caracas Distrito Capital[D]
1 federal dependency:

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Examples are Australia and the United States.
  2. ^ This occurred in Belgium in 1993. The Belgian regions had previously devolved powers.
  3. ^ For instance, Canadian provinces and Swiss cantons possess substantially more powers and enjoy more protection against interference and infringements from the central government than most non-Western federations.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Federal capital district, region or territory.
  5. ^ Flanders and Wallonia are subdivided into five provinces each, which are mandated by the Constitution of Belgium. Provincial governance is the responsibility of the regional governments.
  6. ^ The communities and regions of Belgium are separate government institutions with different areas of responsibility. The communities are organized based on linguistic boundaries, which are different from regional boundaries.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g autonomous area
  8. ^ The Brazilian federal district has a level of self-ruling equal to the other main federal units.
  9. ^ Article 18 of the 1988 Brazilian Constitution treats the municipalities as parts of the federation and not simply dependent subdivisions of the states.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Sovereignty over territory actively disputed by another sovereign state or the international community.
  11. ^ Adopted constitution accommodates existing regional governments, with the ultimate number and boundaries of the Federal Member States to be determined by the House of the People of the Federal Parliament.

References

  1. ^ The Australian National Dictionary: Fourth Edition, pg 1395. (2004) Canberra.ISBN 978-0-19-551771-2.
  2. ^ Crawford, J. (2006). The Creation of States in International Law. Oxford, Clarendon Press.
  3. ^ Daniel, Kate; Special Broadcasting Service Corporation (2008). SBS World Guide: The Complete Fact File on Every Country, 16th ed. Prahran, Victoria, Australia: Hardie Grant Books. p. 827. ISBN 978-1-74066-648-0. p26. Archived from the original on 2021-07-27. Retrieved 2020-11-11.
  4. ^ SBS World Guide 2008, p38
  5. ^ SBS World Guide 2008, p46
  6. ^ SBS World Guide 2008, p74
  7. ^ "Decision of the Constitutional Court of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina on Canton 10". Constitutional Court of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Archived from the original on 31 July 2020. Retrieved 3 February 2020.
  8. ^ SBS World Guide 2008, p101
  9. ^ SBS World Guide 2008, p132
  10. ^ SBS World Guide 2008, p239
  11. ^ SBS World Guide 2008, p275
  12. ^ SBS World Guide 2008, p328
  13. ^ SBS World Guide 2008, p346
  14. ^ SBS World Guide 2008, p460
  15. ^ SBS World Guide 2008, p481
  16. ^ SBS World Guide 2008, p486
  17. ^ SBS World Guide 2008, p537
  18. ^ SBS World Guide 2008, p549
  19. ^ SBS World Guide 2008, p600
  20. ^ "Chapter 3. The Federal Structure: Article 65". The Constitution of the Russian Federation. Archived from the original on 2018-12-25. Retrieved 2010-07-11.
  21. ^ "The Federal Republic of Somalia – Harmonized Draft Constitution" (PDF). Federal Republic of Somalia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 January 2013. Retrieved 2 August 2012.
  22. ^ "Guidebook to the Somali Draft Provisional Constitution". Archived from the original on 20 January 2013. Retrieved 2 August 2012.
  23. ^ a b Mednick, Sam (2020-02-23). "After 6 years of war, will peace finally come to South Sudan? | News". Al Jazeera. Archived from the original on 2020-08-20. Retrieved 2021-12-07.
  24. ^ SBS World Guide 2008, p687
  25. ^ "Sudan: Protocol on the resolution of Abyei conflict – Sudan". ReliefWeb. Archived from the original on 2021-10-21. Retrieved 2021-10-21.
  26. ^ SBS World Guide 2008, p700
  27. ^ SBS World Guide 2008, p760
  28. ^ SBS World Guide 2008, p774
  29. ^ SBS World Guide 2008, p798

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Bandera de la Retió Somali, Etiòpia
Flag of La Rioja province in Argentina.svg
Flag of La Rioja Province, Argentina.
Flag of Apure State.svg
Flag of Apure State of Venezuela. Heraldry are in bad quality.
Flag of Carinthia (state).svg
flag of the state of Carinthia, Austria
Flag of Central Darfur State.png
Flag of Central Darfur State
Flag of Nasarawa State.png
Flag of Nasarawa State
..Manipur Flag(INDIA).png
Author/Creator: AlexR.L., Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Manipur Flag
Zamfara State Flag.png
Zamfara State Flag
Flag of the Oromia Region.svg
Author/Creator: Own work, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Flag of the Oromia Region of Ethiopia
Flag of Niger State.png
Niger State Emblem.png
Flag of Yucatan.svg
Flag of Yucatan
..Maharashtra Flag(INDIA).png
Author/Creator: AlexR.L., Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Maharashtra Flag
Hirshabeelle.png
Author/Creator: Qanjeey, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Waa calanka maamulka lagu mideeyay Hiiraan iyo shabeelle
Flag of Tamaulipas.svg
Flag of Tamaulipas
Flag of Michoacan.svg
Flag of Michoacan
Flag of Guanajuato.svg

Flag of Guanajuato
Government banner of Jharkhand.png
The Government of Jharkhand can be represented by a banner displaying the emblem of the state on a white field.
Flag of Morelos.svg
Flag of Morelos
Flag of Johor.svg
Author/Creator: Mrmw, Mike Rohsopht, Licence: CC0
Flag of the Malaysian state Johor. FOTW says:
Johore has a blue flag, with a big red canton with white crescent and five-pointed star, pointing somewhere, but not exactly in lower fly end. (…) The flag consists of a white crescent and a star of five points on a red field at the canton and navy blue at the fly. The white denotes a sovereign ruler, red a warrior and blue the universe. This flag is very much associated with the Sultan.
Bandera de la Provincia de Mendoza.svg
Flag of Mendoza Province, Argentina. It is also the flag of the Army of the Andes.
Flag of Salzburg (state).svg

Description: Rot-weiß mit Wappen vom Land Salzburg. Dienstflagge von Salzburg. Red-white with coat of arms of the State of Salzburg. Flag of the state of Salzburg.

Flag of Zacatecas.svg
Flag of Zacatecas.svg
Flag of Carabobo State.svg
Flag of Carabobo State
Flag of Mérida State.svg
Bandera del Estado de Mérida, integrante de Venezuela.
Flag of Tomsk Oblast.svg
Flag of Tomsk Oblast.
Edo State Flag.png
Author/Creator: State Government, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Edo State Flag
Bandera de la Provincia de Corrientes.svg
Flag of Corrientes Province, Argentina.
Kwara State Flag.jpg
Author/Creator: State Government, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Kwara State Flag
Flag of Mexico City.svg
Flag of Mexico City, Mexico
Bihar Government Banner.png
Author/Creator: Fred the Oyster, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Emblem of the Government of Bihar on a white banner
Flag of Chihuahua.svg
Flag of Chihuahua
Flag of Khartoum State.png
Flag of Khartoum State
Flag of Coahuila.svg
Flag of Coahuila
Flag of Putrajaya.svg
Flag of Putrajaya, Malaysia
Flag of Puebla.svg
Flag of Puebla
Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu emblem.png
Emblem of the union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu
Flag of Belgorod Oblast.svg
Flag of Belgorod Oblast
..Mizoram Flag(INDIA).png
Author/Creator: AlexR.L., Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Mizoram Flag
Flag of Galmudug.svg
Author/Creator: Blackcat, Licence: CC0
Flag of Galmudug, Somalia
Lagos State Flag.gif
Author/Creator: State Government, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Lagos State Flag
Flag of Novosibirsk oblast.svg
Flag og Novosibirsk region
Flag of the Somali Region (1994-2008, 2018-).svg
Bandera de la Retió Somali, Etiòpia
Flag of Bolívar State.svg
Author/Creator: Unukalhai, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Bandera del Estado Bolívar
Flag of Greater Pibor Administrative Area.png
Flag of Greater Pibor Administrative Area
Bandera de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires.svg
Flag of the autonomous city of Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Flag of Oryol Oblast.svg
Flag of Oryol Oblast.
Flag of Veracruz.svg
Flag of Veracruz
Flag of Kaluga Oblast.svg
Flag of Kaluga Oblast.svg
Флаг Ульяновской области (2013).svg
Флаг Ульяновской области, согласно, закона Ульяновской области от 26.12.2013 № 248–ЗО «О флаге Ульяновской области»
Kogi State Flag.png
Author/Creator: State Government, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Kogi State Flag
Flag of Entre Ríos.svg
Flag of Entre Ríos Province, Argentina.
Flag of Central Bosnia.svg
Flag of Central Bosnia Canton, Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Based on File:Flag of Central Bosnia Canton.gif and FotW.
Flag of Orenburg Oblast.svg
Flag of Orenburg Oblast.
Flag of Queretaro.svg
Flag of Queretaro
Flag of Posavina.svg
Flag of Bosanska Posavina
Ladakh Government Banner.png
Banner of the Government of Ladakh
Flag of Cojedes State.svg
Bandera del Estado Cojedes (Flag of Cojedes State)
Flag of Yaroslavl Oblast.svg
Flag of Yaroslavl Oblast
Bandera de la Provincia de Tucumán.svg
Flag of Argentina (popularly known as "Bandera de Macha"), probably used by the army leadered by Manuel Belgrano in 1813 during the battles for independence. The original flag is currently exhibited at the Casa de la Libertad Museum of Sucre, Bolivia.[1][2]
This emblem was adopted as official flag by the Tucumán Province through Law N° 8.291,[3] in 2010.
Adamawa State Flag.jpg
Author/Creator: State Government, Licence:
Adamawa State Flag
Flag of the Government of Sikkim.svg
Flag of the Government of Sikkim
Flag of Canton of Zürich.svg
Flag of Canton of Zürich
Flag of Aguascalientes.svg
De facto flag of Aguascalientes
Flag of Sevastopol.svg
Flag of the city of Sevastopol, Crimea.
Flag of the Croatian Republic of Herzeg-Bosnia.svg
Flag of Croatian Republic of Herzeg-Bosnia
Flag of Baja California Sur.svg
Flag of Baja California Sur. Shades on the coat of arms are as follows:
  • PANTONE 534 C
  • PANTONE 485 C
  • PANTONE YELLOW C
  • PANTONE 429 C
Flag of Miranda state.svg
Author/Creator: , Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0

Bandera del Estado Miranda

Flag of Miranda State
Delta State Flag.gif
Author/Creator: State Government, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Delta State Flag
Flag of Balochistan.svg
Author/Creator: Baba66, Licence: CC0
based on File:Flag of Balochistan, PK.gif, own work
Flag of Sinaloa.svg
Flag of Sinaloa
Map of unitary and federal states.svg
(c) Lokal_Profil, CC BY-SA 2.5
A map displaying today's Unitary states and federations.
Flag of Amur Oblast.svg
Flag of Amur Oblast
Flag of Anjouan (official).svg
Author/Creator: Orange Tuesday, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Flag of Anjouan since 2012
Flag of the Chechen Republic.svg
Flag of the Chechen Republic
Flag of Hidalgo.svg
Flag of Hidalgo
Flag of Enugu State.png
Flag of Enugu State
Flag of Caracas.svg
Author/Creator: Wilfredor, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Flag of Caracas
Flag of Sabah.svg

Flag of the Malaysian state Sabah. Based on a GIF from a government website, colors from a photo. Drawn by Mysid. The flag was adopted September 16, 1988.

Per the Constitution of the State of Sabah:

"The State Flag is in a rectangular shape and is in the proportion of 1:2. The canton which extends at the head half way to the fly and 2/3 at the hoist to the foot is in Icicle Blue (C1T9) as the background to a graphic silhouette of Mount Kinabalu which is in Royal Blue (B10) positioned at ¼ of the height of the canton from end to end. The fly of the flag is divided equally into three bands of colours the foot division of which extends right to the hoist. The top band is in Zircon Blue (C5T5) the second band is in white and the third band is in Chili Red (S6R4)."
Flag of Canton of Basel Land.svg
Flag of Canton of Basel Country (Basel Landschaft/Bâle Campagne), Switzerland
Flag of Ruweng.png
Flag of the Ruweng Administrative Area and former Ruweng State in South Sudan
Flag of Bryansk Oblast.svg
flag of the Bryansk Oblast.
Federal dependencies of Venezuela's Flag.svg
Author/Creator: Vexilio, Licence: CC BY 3.0
Federal dependencies of Venezuela's Flag
Seal of Ebonyi State.png
Seal of Ebonyi State
Flag of Vorarlberg (state).svg
flag of the state of Vorarlberg, Austria
Borno State Flag.gif
Author/Creator: State Government, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Borno State Flag
Flag of Arkhangelsk Oblast.svg
Флаг Архангельской области
Flag of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.svg
(c) Pahari Sahib, CC-BY-SA-3.0

Flag of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Created using en:Inkscape.

Pahari Sahib 11:15, 11 May 2007 (UTC)
Flag of Monagas State.svg
Author/Creator: Josedar, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Flag of Monagas state
Flag of Ingushetia.svg
The flag of the Republic of Ingushetia. The first-uploaded version was drawn by w:User:Mysid in CorelDRAW and uploaded to en.wikipedia on December 5, 2005
Flag of Nuevo Leon.svg
Flag of Nuevo Leon
Seal of Benue State.png
Seal of Benue State
Flag of Canton of Neuchâtel.svg
Flag of Canton of Neuchâtel (german, Neuenburg)
Flag of Ajman.svg
Flag of Ajman
Ekiti State Flag.gif
Author/Creator: State Government, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Ekiti State Flag
Flag of Sonora.svg
Flag of Sonora
Government of Telangana Logo.png
Author/Creator: Sujay 1803, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Official Seal of Telangana
Flag of Canton of Fribourg.svg
Flag of Canton of Fribourg
Flag of Anzoátegui State.svg
Author/Creator: Vmars (heraldry); bayo (SVG conversion), Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0
Flag of Anzoátegui State of Venezuela. Heraldry are in bad quality.
Flag of Canton of Jura.svg
Flag of Canton of Jura
Flag of Amazonas Indigenous State.svg
• El color azul representa la nobleza, lo inmaterial, la justicia, la majestad del coraje, la hermosura de su inmensidad e imponentes horizontes, la lejanía de los mágicos y míticos paisajes amazonenses, el resplandor y la grandiosidad de su limpio cielo, así como la fuerza y la furia de sus raudales originados en sus turbias aguas, exaltando así al amazonense como ente digno, lleno de humildad y capaz de arremeter contra sus dificultades y de salir adelante.

• El color blanco es símbolo de pureza, libertad y justicia, plasmadas en las actitudes y cualidades de las familias indígenas y del pueblo amazonense en general, el cual acoge en su seno con generosidad y amistad a todos los entes que integran dicha sociedad, demostrando así su anhelo por mantener su identidad y de preservar sus raíces.

• El color verde expresa las inmensas e inaccesibles extensiones de las selvas del estado, así como la enorme variedad de su fauna y su flora. Representa la soberanía del pueblo amazonense como ente ecológico, cultural y turístico, a nivel mundial.

• El color rojo simboliza la sangre, riqueza genética de sus diversos grupos étnicos y patrimonio cultural del Estado y del país entero. Dicho color también se utiliza con el fin de exaltar y proclamar al mundo su deseo de preservar la existencia de sus pueblos indígenas, los cuales son huellas y sellos tangibles de los antepasados de los amazonenses pertenecientes al mundo prehispánico. El color amarillo es signo de luz y riqueza, así como de emanación y exaltación de vida. El Estado es muy rico por su suelo, sus aguas, sus minerales, su fauna y su flora, en el marco de una atmósfera saludable y una cultura espléndida, de tal forma que los amazonenses se dignifican sobre todo generando y preservando la existencia de vida.

• El color marrón representa sus grandes y abundantes extensiones de tierras, ricas en minerales, que son los causantes de los curiosos colores de sus ríos. También representa las actividades propias de sus indígenas, las cuales reflejan su creatividad natural que en conjunto constituyen un decisivo aporte a las cualidades y virtudes presentes en dicha región y en su gente, cuya constancia conserva.

• El cerro Autana, que aparece perfilado en amarillo, es signo de su importante patrimonio geológico y mitológico, el cual es un motivo de orgullo para su pueblo, contando además con un reconocimiento nacional y universal incuestionable. Dicho elemento también es digno representante de la inmensidad y la peculiaridad de sus tepuyes, serranías y rocas, que igualmente son antiquísimos reservorios petrolíferos.

• Las siete estrellas están colocadas estratégicamente en las capitales de los distintos municipios del Estado, representando cada una a uno. La división político-territorial del Estado está constituida por figuras garantizadoras de su soberanía, en cuanto entes guardianes que son de dicho Estado.

• El rostro de frente de un indígena yanomami, de tez roja y cabellera amarilla, representa los grupos étnicos aborígenes presentes en el Estado. Este emblema expresa los rasgos peculiares de los indígenas, su historia, tradición y leyendas. Es un reconocimiento especial a las etnias originarias, por su importancia cultural como los primeros pobladores del Estado, los cuales se encuentran en vía de extinción, debiendo tomar todos conciencia para ayudar a su preservación.

• El mapa del Estado Amazonas, delineado en color amarillo y con fondo marrón, tiene una ubicación central en la bandera, expresando así su grandeza. También hace presencia como garante que es de su patrimonio y su cultura.
Flag of Unity State.png
Flag of Unity State in South Sudan and formerly Sudan.
Flag of Guárico State.svg
Author/Creator: Nigu GD, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
The flag of the Venezuelan state of Guárico.
Flag of Gilgit-Baltistan.svg
Author/Creator: UsmanKhan, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
the provincial flag of the Gilgit-Baltistan semi-province of Pakistan.
Flag of Canton of Solothurn.svg
Bendera Kanton Solothurn (Swiss). Sebelum tahun 1481, desain ini dipakai oleh kanton Unterwalden. Lihat File:Ingeram Codex 082.jpg, File:Bellinzona Tschachtlan.jpg.
Oyo State Coat of Arms.png
Author/Creator: State Government, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Oyo State Coat of Arms
Flag of Upper Nile State.png
Flag of Upper Nile State in South Sudan and formerly Sudan.
Flag of the Gambella Region.svg
Flag of the Gambella Region
Flag of the San Juan Province.svg
Bandera de San Juan Ciudadana
..West Bengal Flag(INDIA).png
Author/Creator: AlexR.L., Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
West Bengal Flag
Kaduna State Flag.png
Author/Creator: State Government, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Kaduna State Flag
..Uttar Pradesh Flag(INDIA).png
Author/Creator: AlexR.L., Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Uttar Pradesh Flag
Flag of Baghdad Governorate.png
Author/Creator:

Cordyceps-Zombie

, Licence: CC-BY-SA-4.0

Flag of the Governorate of Baghdad in Iraq

Flag of Delta Amacuro State.svg
Flag of Delta Amacuro State
..Arunachal Pradesh Flag(INDIA).png
Author/Creator: AlexR.L., Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Arunachal Pradesh Flag
Flag of Basra Governorate.svg
Author/Creator: MrPenguin20, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
The flag of the Basra Governorate.
Flag of Trujillo State.svg
Flag of Trujillo State
Flag of Formosa.svg
Flag of Formosa Province, Argentina.
..Orissa Flag(INDIA).png
Author/Creator: AlexR.L., Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Orissa Flag
Flag of Kerala.png
Author/Creator: AlexR.L., Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Kerala Flag
Flag of Oaxaca.svg
State flag of Oaxaca.
Flag of Kamchatka Krai.svg
Flag of Kamchatka Krai
Flag of Baja California.svg
De facto flag of Baja California
Flag of Sindh.svg
Author/Creator: User:Baba66, Licence: CC0
Flag of Sindh, province of Pakistan
Kano State flag official.png
Kano State flag official
Flag of Dire Dawa.png
Flag of Dire Dawa
Proposed Flag of Islamabad Capital Territory.svg
About the flag: The flag shown is a proposed flag for Islamabad - the capital of Pakistan. Dr. Tariq S Marwat, 18 September 2004. Founder Chairman - Flag Society of Pakistan. The flag for Islamabad - capital of Pakistan - is primarily based on the National Flag of Pakistan. The diagonal design is to differentiate it from the national flag. The square shape is to make the triangles symmetric. The star and crescent are 'regular' as in the national flag. They look stretched because of my poor drawing skills (sorry for that). The black color is added to give it a distinct look. Black was the color used for the flag at the time of the conquest of Makkah by the prophet of Islam, Muhammad.
Dr. Tariq Saleem Marwat, September 19, 2004. Chairman - Flag Society of Pakistan. This flag has no historic links with Islamabad and it being imposed. Reference: http://www.allstates-flag.com/. Move approved by User:Superm401.
Flag of Sidama.svg
Flag of Sidama.
..Nagaland Flag(INDIA).png
Author/Creator: AlexR.L., Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Nagaland Flag
Flag of Akwa Ibom State.svg
Flag of Akwa Ibom State
Flag of Western Bahr el Ghazal.png
Флаг Западный Бахр-эль-Газаль.
Flag of Nayarit.svg
Flag of Nayarit
Flag of Kostroma Oblast.svg
Flag of Kostroma Oblast.
Flag of Tuzla Canton.svg
Flag of the Tuzla canton of Bosnia and Hertzegovina.
Flag of Berlin.svg
Author/Creator:
  • Flaggenentwurf: unbekannt
  • diese Datei: Jwnabd
, Licence:
Flag of Berlin
Flag of Kalmykia.svg
Flag of Kalmykia
Flag of Warrap State.png
State flag of Warrap in South Sudan and formerly Sudan.
Flag of Sarajevo Canton.png
Author/Creator: No machine-readable author provided. Kseferovic assumed (based on copyright claims)., Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0
This is the flag of the Canton of Sarajevo. There are no copyrights. Created by:HarunB. Uploaded by:Kseferovic.
Flag of Chelyabinsk Oblast.svg
Flag of Chelyabinsk Oblast of Russia.
Flag of Zulia State.svg
Flag of Zulia State of Venezuela
Flag of Jonglei.png
State flag of Jonglei in South Sudan and formerly Sudan.
Flag of Lipetsk Oblast.svg
Flag of Lipetsk Oblast.
..Tiripura Flag(INDIA).png
Author/Creator: AlexR.L., Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Tripura Flag
Flag of Blue Nile State.png
Flag of Blue Nile State
Flag of Saint Petersburg.svg
Flag of Saint Petersburg, Russia
Flag of Perm Krai.svg
Perm Krai, flag
Bauchi State Coat of arms.png
Author/Creator: State Government, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Bauchi State Coat of arms
Flag of Tabasco.svg
Flag of Tabasco
Flag of South West Ethiopia.svg
Author/Creator: AquaVacation, Licence: CC0
Flag of the South West Ethiopian People's Regional State, first used during the 2021 referendum.
Andhraseal.png
Escudo de Andhra Pradesh
Flag of Chukotka.svg
Author/Creator: Fibonacci, Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0
Flag of Chukotka
Flag of Kassala State.png
Flag of Kassala State
Flag of the German Community in Belgium.svg
Flag of the German-speaking Community of Belgium, SVG version of File:BE DG Fahne randlos.png. Note: by Decree, the official flag has the same ratio as the Belgian national flag (13:15), but the 2:3 version is used almost exclusively instead, similar to the Belgian national flag.
Flag of the Jewish Autonomous Oblast.svg
Flag of the Jewish Autonomous Oblast
Flag of Canton of Lucerne.svg
Flag of Canton of Lucerne
Flag of Northern Bahr el Ghazal.png
State flag of Northern Bahr el Ghazal in South Sudan and formerly Sudan.
Flag of South West State of Somalia.svg
Flag of Southwestern Somalia
..Tamil Nadu Flag(INDIA).png
Author/Creator: AlexR.L., Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Tamil Nadu Flag
Flag of Penza Oblast.svg
Flag of Penza Oblast.
Flag of Yaracuy State.svg
Flag of Yaracuy State
Ondo State Flag.jpg
Author/Creator: State Government, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Ondo State Flag
Andaman and Nicobar Administration Banner.png
Banner of the Andaman and Nicobar Administration
Flag of Western Equatoria.png
State flag of Western Equatoria in South Sudan and formerly Sudan.
Flag of Styria (state).svg

Description: Weiß-grün mit Wappen der Steiermark. Dienstflagge der Steiermark. White-green with coat of arms of Styria. Flag of the state of Styria.

Flag of Colima.svg
Flag of Colima
Flag of Rivers State.png
Flag of Rivers State
Flag of Anambra State.png
Author/Creator: Cordyceps-Zombie, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Flag of Anambra State in Nigeria
Flag of Vargas State.svg
Author/Creator: Ramjar (Image:VARGAS.JPG) ; bayo (SVG conversion), Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0
Flag of Vargas State of Venezuela