Eric Marshall

Lieutenant Colonel

Eric Marshall

CBE MC
Eric Marshall (explorer) (cropped).jpg
Marshall in 1908
Born(1879-05-29)29 May 1879
Hampstead, Surrey, England
Died26 February 1963(1963-02-26) (aged 83)
EducationMonkton Combe School
Emmanuel College, Cambridge
St Bartholomew's Hospital
Occupation
  • Army doctor
  • explorer
Military career
AllegianceUnited Kingdom
Service/branchBritish Army
RankLieutenant Colonel
UnitRoyal Army Medical Corps
British North Russian Expeditionary Force
Battles/warsFirst World War
Second World War
AwardsCBE
Order of St Stanislaus
Mentioned in dispatches

Lieutenant Colonel Eric Marshall CBE MC (29 May 1879 – 26 February 1963) was a British Army doctor and Antarctic explorer with the Nimrod Expedition led by Ernest Shackleton in 1907–09, and was one of the party of four men (Marshall, Shackleton, Jameson Adams and Frank Wild) who reached Furthest South at88°23′S 162°00′E / 88.383°S 162.000°E / -88.383; 162.000 on 9 January 1909.

Biography

Nimrod Expedition South Pole Party (left to right): Wild, Shackleton, Marshall and Adams

Born in Hampstead, Surrey, on 29 May 1879, he was educated at Monkton Combe School, Bath and at Emmanuel College, Cambridge, before qualifying as a surgeon from St Bartholomew's Hospital. Marshall met Shackleton in 1906 at a house party in London. Shackleton told him about the proposed expedition to the South Pole and suggested Marshall go on a training course on surveying and then he could become the expedition's surgeon, surveyor and cartographer as well as the principal photographer.[1]

According to Leif Mills, who has written about the two men in Polar Friction: the relationship between Marshall and Shackleton, 2012, Marshall was "an indispensable member of Shackleton's expedition; yet on the voyage down from New Zealand to Antarctica, during the long Antarctic winter at their base at Cape Royds and on the actual southern journey, Marshall constantly criticised Shackleton in his diary, sometimes in almost vitriolic language, and seemed to have nothing but contempt for him." Marshall maintained his criticism of Shackleton throughout his life, referring to him as 'the biggest mountebank of the century' in one letter held at the Royal Geographical Society dated 30 August 1956.

Marshall joined the Royal Army Medical Corps and was commissioned as a second lieutenant in April 1915. He was mentioned in despatches by Sir Douglas Haig, Commander in Chief of the British Armies in France and Flanders in April 1916 for service at Ypres and for service at the Somme in May 1917. He was awarded the Military Cross in January 1918. By the end of the First World War he had attained the rank of acting major.

In autumn 1918, Marshall was posted to Archangel in northern Russia as a member of the British North Russian Expeditionary Force, serving as a senior medical officer at Archangel. For his services there he was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire[2] and awarded the Russian Order of St Stanislaus.[3]

Marshall married Enid in 1922. In the 1930s the family moved to Kenya, where he practised farming for a few years before returning to England. During the Second World War, Marshall rejoined the Royal Army Medical Corps and achieved the rank of lieutenant-colonel.

After the War ended, Marshall joined the Ministry of Pensions as a medical officer. When he retired he and his wife moved to Yarmouth in the Isle of Wight. He died on 26 February 1963.

References

  1. ^ Polar Friction: the relationship between Marshall and Shackleton by Leif Mills, 2012
  2. ^ "London Gazette, 3 February 1920". Retrieved 2 October 2017.
  3. ^ Damien Wright. Shackleton's men in the Arctic: polar explorers and Arctic warfare in North Russia 1918-19. Orders & Medals Research Society Journal, September 2017, page 197.

Media files used on this page

Eric Marshall (explorer) (cropped).jpg
Photographs of the Nimrod Expedition (1907-09) to the Antarctic. Pictured: Eric Marshall.
TheSouthernParty (cropped).jpg
Nimrod Expedition South Pole Party (left to right): Wild, Shackleton, Marshall and Adams. The four members of the party that set out to attempt to become the first to reach the South pole, they were defeated by the weather, but also a lack of supplies and suitable equipment just 97 miles from the South Pole, a point they reached on January the 9th 1909. Ernest Shackleton (1874-1922) British Imperial Antarctic Expedition "Nimrod - Expedition", 1907 -1909