Ehime Prefecture

Ehime Prefecture
愛媛県
Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese愛媛県
 • RōmajiEhime-ken
Flag of Ehime Prefecture
Official logo of Ehime Prefecture
Anthem: Ehime no uta
Location of Ehime Prefecture
CountryJapan
RegionShikoku
IslandShikoku
CapitalMatsuyama
SubdivisionsDistricts: 7, Municipalities: 20
Government
 • GovernorTokihiro Nakamura (since December 2010)
Area
 • Total5,676.23 km2 (2,191.60 sq mi)
 • Rank26th
Population
 (June 1, 2019)
 • Total1,342,011
 • Rank26th
 • Density240/km2 (610/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeJP-38
Websitewww.pref.ehime.jp/index-e.html
Symbols
MammalJapanese river otter ("Lutra lutra whiteleyi")[1][2]
BirdJapanese robin (Erithacus akahige)[1]
FishRed sea bream (Pagrus major)[1]
FlowerSatsuma mandarin (Citrus unshiu)[1]
TreePine (Pinus)[1]

Ehime Prefecture (愛媛県, Ehime-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located on the island of Shikoku.[3] Ehime Prefecture has a population of 1,342,011 (1 June 2019) and has a geographic area of 5,676 km2 (2,191 sq mi). Ehime Prefecture borders Kagawa Prefecture to the northeast, Tokushima Prefecture to the east, and Kōchi Prefecture to the southeast.

Matsuyama is the capital and largest city of Ehime Prefecture and the largest city on Shikoku, with other major cities including Imabari, Niihama, and Saijō.[4]

Notable past Ehime residents include three Nobel Prize winners: are Kenzaburo Oe (1994 Nobel Prize in Literature), Shuji Nakamura (2014 Nobel Prize in Physics), and Syukuro Manabe (2021 Nobel Prize in Physics).

History

Until the Meiji Restoration, Ehime Prefecture was known as Iyo Province.[5] Since before the Heian period, the area was dominated by fishermen and sailors who played an important role in defending Japan against pirates and Mongolian invasions.

After the Battle of Sekigahara, the Tokugawa shōgun gave the area to his allies, including Katō Yoshiaki who built Matsuyama Castle, forming the basis for the modern city of Matsuyama.

The name Ehime comes from the kuniumi part of the Kojiki where Iyo Province is mythologically named Ehime, "lovely princess".[6]

In 2012, a research group from the University of Tokyo and Ehime University said they had discovered rare earth deposits in Matsuyama.[7]

Geography

Located in the northwestern part of Shikoku, Ehime faces the Seto Inland Sea to the north and is bordered by Kagawa and Tokushima in the east and Kōchi in the south.

The prefecture includes both high mountains in the inland region and a long coastline, with many islands in the Seto Inland Sea. The westernmost arm of Ehime, the Sadamisaki Peninsula, is the narrowest peninsula in Japan.

As of 31 March 2020, 7 percent of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Ashizuri-Uwakai and Setonaikai National Parks; Ishizuchi Quasi-National Park; and Hijikawa, Kinshako, Okudōgo Tamagawa, Sadamisaki Hantō-Uwakai, Saragamine Renpō, Sasayama, and Shikoku Karst Prefectural Natural Parks.[8]

Cities

Map of Ehime Prefecture.
     City      Town
Matsuyama
Uwajima
The Ehime Prefectural Capitol Building

Eleven cities are located in Ehime Prefecture:

NameArea (km2)PopulationMap
RōmajiKanji
Flag of Imabari Ehime.svg Imabari今治市419.56172,384Imabari in Ehime Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Iyo Ehime.JPG Iyo伊予市194.4437,982Ehime-iyo-city.svg
Flag of Matsuyama, Ehime.svg Matsuyama (capital)松山市429.4509,835Ehime-matsuyama-city.svg
Flag of Niihama, Ehime.svg Niihama新居浜市234.3125,711Niihama in Ehime Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Ōzu, Ehime.svg Ōzu大洲市432.2442,655Ozu in Ehime Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Saijō, Ehime.svg Saijō西条市509.07113,786Saijo in Ehime Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Seiyo, Ehime.svg Seiyo西予市514.7842,600Seiyo in Ehime Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Shikokuchuo Ehime.JPG Shikokuchūō四国中央市421.2483,918Ehime-shikokuchuo-city.svg
Flag of Tōon, Ehime.svg Tōon東温市211.4533,540Toon in Ehime Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Uwajima, Ehime.svg Uwajima宇和島市469.4886,631Uwajima in Ehime Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Yawatahama, Ehime.svg Yawatahama八幡浜市133.0338,307Yawatahama in Ehime Prefecture Ja.svg

Towns and villages

These are the towns in each district:

NameArea (km2)PopulationDistrictMap
RōmajiKanji
Flag of Ainan Ehime.JPG Ainan愛南町239.5822,287Minamiuwa DistrictAinan in Ehime Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Ikata Ehime.JPG Ikata伊方町94.3710,637Nishiuwa DistrictIkata in Ehime Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kamijima, Ehime.svg Kamijima上島町30.387,189Ochi DistrictKamijima in Ehime Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kihoku, Ehime.svg Kihoku鬼北町241.8710,772Kitauwa DistrictKihoku in Ehime Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kumakōgen, Ehime.svg Kumakōgen久万高原町583.668,660Kamiukena DistrictKumakogen in Ehime Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Masaki, Ehime.svg Masaki松前町20.4129,904Iyo DistrictMasaki in Ehime Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Matsuno Ehime.JPG Matsuno松野町98.54,165Kitauwa DistrictMatsuno in Ehime Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Tobe, Ehime.svg Tobe砥部町101.5721,471Iyo DistrictTobe in Ehime Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Uchiko Ehime.JPG Uchiko内子町299.516,172Kita DistrictUchiko in Ehime Prefecture Ja.svg

Mergers

Former districts:

  • Uwa District (historical)
  • Uma District
  • Shūsō District
  • Onsen District

Economy

The coastal areas around Imabari and Saijō host a number of industries, including dockyards of Japan's largest shipbuilder, Imabari Shipbuilding. Chemical industries, oil refining, paper and cotton textile products also are a feature of the prefecture. Rural areas mostly engage in agricultural and fishing industries, and are particularly known for citrus fruits such as mikan (mandarin orange), iyokan and cultured pearls.

Ikata Nuclear Power Plant produces a large portion of Shikoku Electric Power.

Education

Universities and colleges

National

  • Ehime University

Prefectural

  • Ehime Prefectural University of Health Science

Private

  • St. Catherine University
  • Matsuyama University
  • Matsuyama Shinonome College (women's college)

Senior high schools

Prefectural

  • Ehime Prefectural Matsuyama Central Senior High School
  • Ehime Prefectural Matsuyama Higashi High School
  • Ehime Prefectural Mishima High School
  • Ehime Prefectural Uwajima Fisheries High School

Sports

Ningineer Stadium.

The sports teams listed below are based in Ehime.

Football (soccer)

Baseball

  • Ehime Mandarin Pirates

Basketball

Culture

The oldest extant hot spring in Japan, Dōgo Onsen, is located in Matsuyama. It has been used for over two thousand years.

These are anime set in Ehime Prefecture.

  • Tokyo Love Story is a story with characters are from Ehime Prefecture. Therefore, a lot of shooting was done in Ehime. Baishinji Station is famous for being filmed.
  • Shodō Girls was made based on the true story of a high school student in Shikokuchūō. A member of the calligraphy club began doing Performance calligraphy at shopping malls and events to liven up the local region. After that, the Shodō Performance Koshien (俳句甲子園) was held in 2008.
  • Botchan is a novel written by Natsume Sōseki. It was based on his experience in Matsuyama. Movies, dramas, and manga are published based on the novel. Botchan Ressha and Botchan Stadium are associated with this.
  • Saka no Ue no Kumo is written by Ryōtarō Shiba. The main characters are Akiyama Yoshifuru, Akiyama Saneyuki and Masaoka Shiki, all of whom are from Ehime prefecture. It was broadcast on NHK as a TV drama.
  • Koi wa Go・Hichi・Go! 恋は五・七・五!)is set in Haiku Koshien, which is actually performed. The shooting was done at a high school, university, and library in Ehime. The haiku of this movie was supervised by Itsuki Natsui, haiku poet from Ehime.
  • Destruction Babies (ディストラクション・ベイビーズ) is set in Ehime. This movie was made based on the true story that the director head from a person he met when he visited Matsuyama. The director won an award at the Locarno Festival in 2016, and the film was selected as semi-grand prix at the Three Continents Festival in 2016.
  • My-HiME is set in Ehime.

There are festivals in Ehime Prefecture.

  • Uwajima Ushi-oni Festival is held for three days, with a parade of many Ushi-oni walking around the city, a traditional Uwajima dance, a fireworks display, and a run on the final day.
  • Niihama Taiko Festival is the autumn festival in Niihama. The drum stand is lifted by about 150 men. It is one of the three biggest fight festivals in Japan.
  • The Matsuyama Autumn Festival includes a mikoshi event called Hachiawase (鉢合わせ) which takes place near Dōgo Onsen and Isaniwa Shrine.

Hot Springs

There are Hot Springs in Ehime Prefecture.

  • Dōgo Onsen appears in the Nihon Shoki. This Hot Spring has three public baths: the main building, Tsubaki no Yu, and Asuka no Yu.
  • Sora to Mori is a combined warm bath facility. There are hot springs, restaurants, and body care.
  • Nibukawa Onsen is a hot spring located in Imabari. The source originates from the crevices of the Inugawa Valley in this hot spring town.

Language

Iyo dialect is a Japanese dialect spoken in Ehime Prefecture. Nanyo is influenced by the Kyushu dialect, and Chuyo and Toyo are influenced by the Kinki dialect.

Museums

  • Museum of Ehime History and Culture
  • Kaimei School

Transport

Kurushima Strait Bridge on the Shimanami Kaidō

Railway

  • Shikoku Railway (JR Shikoku)
  • Iyo Railway (Iyotetsu)
    • Gunchū Line
    • Takahama Line
    • Yokogawara Line
    • Matsuyama Inner Line

Road

Expressway

  • Matsuyama Expressway
  • Tokushima Expressway
  • Takamatsu Expressway
  • Kochi Expressway
  • Nishiseto Expressway (also referred to as the Shimanami Kaidō)
  • Imabari Komatsu Road

National highways

  • Route 11
  • Route 33 (Matsuyama-Kōchi)
  • Route 56 (Matsuyama-Iyo-Uwajima-Sukumo-Susaki-Kōchi)
  • Route 192 (Saijyo-Shikoku Chuo-Yoshinogawa-Tokushima)
  • Route 194
  • Route 196
  • Route 197
  • Route 317 (Matsuyama-Imabari-Onomichi)
  • Route 319
  • Route 320
  • Route 378
  • Route 380
  • Route 437
  • Route 440
  • Route 441
  • Route 494 (Matsuyama-Niyodogawa-Susaki)

Ports

  • Kawanoe Port
  • Niihama Port - Ferry route to Osaka
  • Toyo Port - Ferry route to Osaka
  • Imabari Port - Ferry route to Innoshima, Hakata Island, and international container hub port
  • Matsuyama Port - Ferry route to Kitakyushu, Yanai, Hiroshima, Kure, and international container hub port
  • Yawatahama Port - Ferry route to Beppu, Usuki
  • Misaki Port - Ferry route to Oita
  • Uwajima Port

Airport

  • Matsuyama Airport

International sister cities / Economic exchange counterparts

Ehime Prefecture is making use of its long tradition of involvement with people overseas through international exchanges in areas such as the economy, culture, sports and education.[9]

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e 愛媛県の紹介 > 愛媛県のシンボル. Ehime prefectural website (in Japanese). Ehime Prefecture. Archived from the original on 9 January 2008. Retrieved 9 September 2011.
  2. ^ "Japanese River Otter Facts".
  3. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Ehime" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 170, p. 170, at Google Books.
  4. ^ Nussbaum, "Matsuyama" at p. 621, p. 621, at Google Books.
  5. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books.
  6. ^ Chamberlain, Basil Hall. 1882. A translation of the "Ko-ji-ki" or Records of ancient matters. section V
  7. ^ "Japan Discovers Domestic Rare Earths Reserve". BrightWire. Archived from the original on 2012-07-23. Retrieved 2012-05-10.
  8. ^ 自然公園都道府県別面積総括 [General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture] (PDF) (in Japanese). Ministry of the Environment. 31 March 2020. Retrieved 23 September 2020.
  9. ^ "International exchange activated with globalization". Ehime Prefecture. Retrieved 2018-10-27.

References

External links

Coordinates:33°50′N 132°50′E / 33.833°N 132.833°E / 33.833; 132.833

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