EFL League Two

EFL League Two
EFL League Two Logo.png
Founded2004
1992–2004 (as Division Three)
1958–1992 (as Division Four)
CountryEngland (23 teams)
Other club(s) fromWales (1 team)
Number of teams24
Level on pyramid4
Promotion toEFL League One
Relegation toNational League
Domestic cup(s)FA Cup
League cup(s)EFL Cup
EFL Trophy
International cup(s)UEFA Europa League (via FA Cup)
UEFA Europa Conference League (via EFL Cup)
Current championsCheltenham Town
(2020–21)
Most championshipsChesterfield
Swindon Town
(2 titles each)
TV partnersList of Broadcasters
WebsiteLeague Two
Current: 2021–22 EFL League Two

The English Football League Two (often referred to as League Two for short or Sky Bet League Two for sponsorship reasons, and known as the Football League Two from 2004 until 2016) is the third and lowest division of the English Football League (EFL) and fourth-highest division overall in the English football league system.

Football League Two was introduced for the 2004–05 season. It was previously known as the Football League Third Division.[1] Before the advent of the Premier League in 1992, the fourth-highest division was known as the Football League Fourth Division.

As of the 2021–22 season, Exeter City hold the longest tenure in League Two, having last being outside the division in the 2011–12 season when they were relegated from League One. There are currently three former Premier League clubs competing in League Two: Bradford City, Oldham Athletic, and Swindon Town.

Structure

There are 24 clubs in League Two. Each club plays each of the other clubs twice (once at home and once away). and is awarded three points for a win, one for a draw and no points for a loss. From these points a league table is constructed.

At the end of each season the top three teams, together with the winner of the play-offs between the teams which finished in the fourth to seventh positions, are promoted to EFL League One and are replaced by the four teams that finished at the bottom of that division.

Similarly, the two teams that finished at the bottom of League Two are relegated to the National League and are replaced by the team that finished first and the team that won the second through seventh place play-off in that division. Technically a team can be reprieved from relegation if the team replacing them does not have a ground suitable for League football, but in practice this is a non-factor because every team currently in the National League has a ground that meets the League criteria (and even if they did not, a ground-sharing arrangement with another team could be made until their stadium was upgraded). The other way that a team can be spared relegation is if another team either resigns or is expelled from the EFL.

Final league position is determined, in order, by points obtained, goal difference, goals scored, a mini-league of the results between two or more teams ranked using the previous three criteria, and finally a series of one or more play-off matches.

There is a mandatory wage cap in this division that limits spending on players' wages to 100% of club turnover.

Current members

Greater Manchester League Two football clubs
Contains Ordnance Survey data © Crown copyright and database right, CC BY-SA 3.0
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Greater Manchester League Two football clubs

The following 24 clubs are competing in League Two during the 2021–22 season.[2]

ClubFinishing position last seasonLocationStadiumCapacity
Barrow21stBarrow-in-FurnessHolker Street5,045
Bradford City15thBradfordValley Parade25,136
Bristol Rovers24th in League One (relegated)BristolMemorial Stadium12,300
Carlisle United10thCarlisleBrunton Park18,202
Colchester United20thColchesterColchester Community Stadium10,105
Crawley Town12thCrawleyBroadfield Stadium6,134
Exeter City9thExeterSt. James Park8,696
Forest Green Rovers6thNailsworthThe New Lawn5,147
Harrogate Town17thHarrogateWetherby Road5,000
Hartlepool United4th in National League (promoted via play-offs)HartlepoolVictoria Park7,856
Leyton Orient11thLondon (Leyton)Brisbane Road9,271
Mansfield Town16thMansfieldField Mill10,000
Newport County5thNewportRodney Parade7,850
Northampton Town22nd in League One (relegated)NorthamptonSixfields Stadium6,476
Oldham Athletic18thOldhamBoundary Park13,512
Port Vale13thBurslemVale Park20,552
Rochdale21st in League One (relegated)RochdaleSpotland Stadium10,249
Salford City8thSalfordMoor Lane5,108
Scunthorpe United22ndScunthorpeGlanford Park9,088
Stevenage14thStevenageBroadhall Way6,722
Sutton United1st in National League (promoted)London (Sutton)Borough Sports Ground5,032
Swindon Town23rd in League One (relegated)SwindonCounty Ground15,728
Tranmere Rovers7thBirkenheadPrenton Park16,789
Walsall19thWalsallBescot Stadium11,300

Teams promoted from League Two

SeasonWinnerPointsRunner-upPointsThird placePointsPromoted via play-offLeague positionPoints
2004–05Yeovil Town83Scunthorpe United80Swansea City80Southend United4th78
2005–06Carlisle United86Northampton Town83Leyton Orient81Cheltenham Town5th72
2006–07Walsall89Hartlepool United88Swindon Town85Bristol Rovers6th72
2007–08Milton Keynes Dons97Peterborough United92Hereford United88Stockport County4th82
2008–09Brentford85Exeter City79Wycombe Wanderers78Gillingham5th75
2009–10Notts County93AFC Bournemouth83Rochdale82Dagenham & Redbridge7th72
2010–11Chesterfield86Bury81Wycombe Wanderers81Stevenage6th69
2011–12Swindon Town93Shrewsbury Town88Crawley Town84Crewe Alexandra7th72
2012–13Gillingham83Rotherham United79Port Vale78Bradford City7th69
2013–14Chesterfield??Scunthorpe United81Rochdale81Fleetwood Town4th76
2014–15Burton Albion94Shrewsbury Town89Bury85Southend United5th84
2015–16Northampton Town99Oxford United86Bristol Rovers85AFC Wimbledon7th75
2016–17Portsmouth87Plymouth Argyle87Doncaster Rovers85Blackpool7th70
2017–18Accrington Stanley93Luton Town88Wycombe Wanderers84Coventry City6th75
2018–19Lincoln City85Bury79Milton Keynes Dons79Tranmere Rovers6th73
2019–20[3]Swindon Town88.32Crewe Alexandra85.56Plymouth Argyle84.64Northampton Town7th72.22
2020–21Cheltenham Town82Cambridge United80Bolton Wanderers79Morecambe FC4th78

Play-off results

SeasonSemi-final (1st leg)Semi-final (2nd leg)Final
2004–05Lincoln City 1–0 Macclesfield Town

Northampton Town 0–0 Southend United

Macclesfield Town 1–1 Lincoln City

Southend United 1–0 Northampton Town

Lincoln City 0–2 Southend United
2005–06Lincoln City 0–1 Grimsby Town

Wycombe Wanderers 1–2 Cheltenham Town

Grimsby Town 2–1 Lincoln City

Cheltenham Town 0–0 Wycombe Wanderers

Grimsby Town 0–1 Cheltenham Town
2006–07Bristol Rovers 2–1 Lincoln City

Shrewsbury Town 0–0 Milton Keynes Dons

Lincoln City 3–5 Bristol Rovers

Milton Keynes Dons 1–2 Shrewsbury Town

Bristol Rovers 3–1 Shrewsbury Town
2007–08Darlington 2–1 Rochdale
Wycombe Wanderers 1–1 Stockport County
Rochdale 2–1 Darlington
(Rochdale won 5–4 on penalties, a.e.t.)
Stockport County 1–0 Wycombe Wanderers
Rochdale 2–3 Stockport County
2008–09Shrewsbury Town 0–1 Bury
Rochdale 0–0 Gillingham
Bury 0–1 Shrewsbury Town
(Shrewsbury won 4–3 on penalties, a.e.t.)
Gillingham 2–1 Rochdale
Gillingham 1–0 Shrewsbury Town
2009–10Dagenham & Redbridge 6–0 Morecambe
Aldershot Town 0–1 Rotherham United
Morecambe 2–1 Dagenham & Redbridge
Rotherham United 2–0 Aldershot Town
Dagenham & Redbridge 3–2 Rotherham United
2010–11Torquay United 2–0 Shrewsbury Town
Stevenage 2–0 Accrington Stanley
Shrewsbury Town 0–0 Torquay United
Accrington Stanley 0–1 Stevenage
Stevenage 1–0 Torquay United
2011–12Crewe Alexandra 1–0 Southend United
Cheltenham Town 2–0 Torquay United
Southend United 2–2 Crewe Alexandra
Torquay United 1–2 Cheltenham Town
Cheltenham Town 0–2 Crewe Alexandra
2012–13Bradford City 2–3 Burton Albion
Northampton Town 1–0 Cheltenham Town
Burton Albion 1–3 Bradford City
Cheltenham Town 0–1 Northampton Town
Bradford City 3–0 Northampton Town
2013–14Burton Albion 1–0 Southend United
York City 0–1 Fleetwood Town
Southend United 2–2 Burton Albion
Fleetwood Town 0–0 York City
Burton Albion 0–1 Fleetwood Town
2014–15Stevenage 1–1 Southend United
Plymouth Argyle 2–3 Wycombe Wanderers
Southend United 3–1 Stevenage
(a.e.t.)
Wycombe Wanderers 2–1 Plymouth Argyle
Southend United 1–1 Wycombe Wanderers
(Southend won 7–6 on penalties, a.e.t.)
2015–16Portsmouth 2–2 Plymouth Argyle
AFC Wimbledon 1–0 Accrington Stanley
Plymouth Argyle 1–0 Portsmouth
Accrington Stanley 2–2 AFC Wimbledon
(a.e.t.)
AFC Wimbledon 2–0 Plymouth Argyle
2016–17Blackpool 3–2 Luton Town
Carlisle United 3–3 Exeter City
Luton Town 3–3 Blackpool
Exeter City 3–2 Carlisle United
Blackpool 2–1 Exeter City
2017–18Lincoln City 0–0 Exeter City
Coventry City 1–1 Notts County
Exeter City 3–1 Lincoln City
Notts County 1–4 Coventry City
Coventry City 3–1 Exeter City
2018–19Newport County 1–1 Mansfield Town
Tranmere Rovers 1–0 Forest Green Rovers
Mansfield Town 0–0 Newport County
(Newport won 5–3 on penalties, a.e.t.)
Forest Green Rovers 1–1 Tranmere Rovers
Newport County 0–1 Tranmere Rovers
(a.e.t.)
2019–20Colchester United 1–0 Exeter City
Northampton Town 0–2 Cheltenham Town
Exeter City 3–1 Colchester United
Cheltenham Town 0–3 Northampton Town
Exeter City 0–4 Northampton Town
2020–21Newport County 2–0 Forest Green Rovers

Tranmere Rovers 1–2 Morecambe

Forest Green Rovers 4–3 Newport County (a.e.t.)

Morecambe 1–1 Tranmere Rovers

Morecambe 1–0 Newport County

Relegated teams

SeasonClubs
2004–05Kidderminster Harriers, Cambridge United
2005–06Oxford United, Rushden & Diamonds
2006–07Boston United, Torquay United
2007–08Mansfield Town, Wrexham
2008–09Chester City, Luton Town[4]
2009–10Darlington, Grimsby Town
2010–11Lincoln City, Stockport County
2011–12Macclesfield Town, Hereford United
2012–13Aldershot Town, Barnet
2013–14Bristol Rovers, Torquay United
2014–15Cheltenham Town, Tranmere Rovers
2015–16York City, Dagenham & Redbridge
2016–17Hartlepool United, Leyton Orient
2017–18Barnet, Chesterfield
2018–19Notts County, Yeovil Town
2019–20Macclesfield Town
2020–21Southend United, Grimsby Town

See also

References and notes

  1. ^ "The Football League - About Us - History - Timeline - TIMELINE". Archived from the original on 28 September 2012. Retrieved 18 August 2011.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  2. ^ "Sky Bet League Two Clubs".
  3. ^ The teams listed for this season were ranked using points per game following the curtailment of the season due to the COVID-19 pandemic in the United Kingdom.
  4. ^ Luton were deducted 30 points for financial irregularities

External links

Media files used on this page

Greater Manchester UK location map 2.svg
Contains Ordnance Survey data © Crown copyright and database right, CC BY-SA 3.0

Map of Greater Manchester, UK with the following information shown:

  • Administrative borders
  • Coastline, lakes and rivers
  • Roads and railways
  • Urban areas

The data includes both primary routes and railway lines.

Equirectangular map projection on WGS 84 datum, with N/S stretched 165%

Geographic limits:

  • West: 2.80W
  • East: 1.90W
  • North: 53.70N
  • South: 53.32N
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Fully transparent "image" for placeholder usage whenever necessary.
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Author/Creator: One Salient Oversight, Licence: CC0
Own work, based on Image:Blue_pog.svg (PD)