December 24

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December 24 in recent years
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  2014 (Wednesday)
  2013 (Tuesday)
  2012 (Monday)

December 24 is the 358th day of the year (359th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar; seven days remain until the end of the year.

Events

Pre-1600

1601–1900

1901–present

Births

Pre-1600

1601–1900

  • 1625Johann Rudolph Ahle, German organist, composer, and theorist (died 1673)
  • 1635Mariana of Austria (died 1696)
  • 1679Domenico Sarro, Italian composer and educator (died 1744)
  • 1698William Warburton, English bishop (died 1779)
  • 1726Johann Hartmann, Danish composer (died 1793)
  • 1731Julie Bondeli, Swiss salonist and lady of letters (died 1778)
  • 1754George Crabbe, English priest, surgeon, and poet (died 1832)
  • 1761Selim III, Ottoman sultan (died 1808)
  • 1761 – Jean-Louis Pons, French astronomer (died 1831)
  • 1798Adam Mickiewicz, Polish poet and playwright (died 1855)
  • 1809Kit Carson, American general (died 1868)
  • 1810Wilhelm Marstrand, Danish painter and illustrator (died 1873)
  • 1812Karl Eduard Zachariae von Lingenthal, German lawyer and jurist (died 1894)
  • 1818James Prescott Joule, English physicist and brewer (died 1889)
  • 1822Matthew Arnold, English poet and critic (died 1888)
  • 1827Alexander von Oettingen, German theologian and statistician (died 1905)
  • 1837Empress Elisabeth of Austria (died 1898)
  • 1843Lydia Koidula, Estonian poet and playwright (died 1886)
  • 1845George I of Greece (died 1913)
  • 1865Szymon Askenazy, Polish historian, educator, and diplomat, founded the Askenazy school (died 1935)
  • 1867Tevfik Fikret, Turkish poet and educator (died 1915)
  • 1868Charles Harvey Bollman, American naturalist (died 1889)
  • 1868 – Emanuel Lasker, German chess player, mathematician, and philosopher (died 1941)
  • 1869Henriette Roland Holst, Dutch poet, playwright, and politician (died 1952)
  • 1872Frederick Semple, American golfer and tennis player (died 1927)
  • 1875Émile Wegelin, French rower (died 1962)
  • 1877Sigrid Schauman, Finnish painter and critic (died 1979)
  • 1879Émile Nelligan, Canadian poet (died 1941)
  • 1879 – Alexandrine of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (died 1952)
  • 1880Johnny Gruelle, American author and illustrator (died 1939)
  • 1881Charles Wakefield Cadman, American composer and critic (died 1946)
  • 1882Hans Rebane, Estonian journalist and politician, 8th Estonian Minister of Foreign Affairs (died 1961)
  • 1882 – Georges Legagneux, French aviator (died 1914) [42]
  • 1883Stefan Jaracz, Polish actor and producer (died 1945)
  • 1885Paul Manship, American sculptor (died 1966)
  • 1886Michael Curtiz, Hungarian-American actor, director, and producer (died 1962)
  • 1887Louis Jouvet, French actor and producer (died 1951)
  • 1891Feodor Stepanovich Rojankovsky, Russian illustrator and painter (died 1970)
  • 1892Ruth Chatterton, American actress (died 1961)
  • 1893 – Harry Warren, American pianist and composer (died 1981)
  • 1894Georges Guynemer, French captain and pilot (died 1917)
  • 1894 – Jack Thayer, American businessman (died 1945)
  • 1895E. Roland Harriman, American financier and philanthropist (died 1978)
  • 1895 – Noel Streatfeild, English author (died 1986)
  • 1895 – Marguerite Williams, American geologist (died 1991)
  • 1897Ville Pörhölä, Finnish shot putter and discus thrower (died 1964)
  • 1897 – Väinö Sipilä, Finnish runner (died 1987)
  • 1898Baby Dodds, American drummer (died 1959)
  • 1900Joey Smallwood, Canadian journalist and politician, 1st Premier of Newfoundland (died 1991)
  • 1900 – Hawayo Takata, Japanese-American teacher and master practitioner of Reiki (died 1980)

1901–present

  • 1903Joseph Cornell, American sculptor and director (died 1972)
  • 1903 – Ernst Krenkel, Polish-Russian geographer and explorer (died 1971)
  • 1903 – Ava Helen Pauling, American humanitarian and activist (died 1981)
  • 1904Joseph M. Juran, Romanian-American engineer and businessman (died 2008)
  • 1905Howard Hughes, American businessman, engineer, and pilot (died 1976)
  • 1906Franz Waxman, German-American composer and conductor (died 1967)
  • 1907I. F. Stone, American journalist and author (died 1989)
  • 1910Ellen Braumüller, German javelin thrower and triathlete (died 1991)
  • 1910 – Fritz Leiber, American author and poet (died 1992)
  • 1910 – Max Miedinger, Swiss typeface designer, created Helvetica (died 1980)
  • 1913Ad Reinhardt, American painter and academic (died 1967)
  • 1914Ralph Marterie, Italian-American trumpet player and bandleader (died 1978)
  • 1914 – Herbert Reinecker, German author and screenwriter (died 2007)
  • 1918Dave Bartholomew, American bandleader, composer and arranger (died 2019)
  • 1919Qateel Shifai, Pakistani poet and songwriter (died 2001)
  • 1919 – Pierre Soulages, French artist
  • 1920Franco Lucentini, Italian author and screenwriter (died 2002)
  • 1920 – Yevgeniya Rudneva, Ukrainian-Russian lieutenant and navigator (died 1944)
  • 1921Bill Dudley, American football player (died 2010)
  • 1922Ava Gardner, American actress (died 1990)
  • 1923George Patton IV, American general (died 2004)
  • 1923 – William C. Schneider, American aerospace engineer (died 1999)
  • 1924Lee Dorsey, American singer-songwriter (died 1986)
  • 1924 – Abdirizak Haji Hussein, Somalian soldier and politician, 4th Prime Minister of Somalia (died 2014)
  • 1924 – Mohammed Rafi, Indian singer (died 1980)
  • 1927Mary Higgins Clark, American author (died 2020)
  • 1928Lev Vlassenko, Georgian-Australian pianist and educator (died 1996)
  • 1928 – Norman Rossington, English actor (died 1999)
  • 1929Lennart Skoglund, Swedish footballer (died 1975)
  • 1929 – Philip Ziegler, English historian and author
  • 1930Robert Joffrey, American dancer and choreographer (died 1988)
  • 1930 – John J. Kelley, American runner (died 2011)
  • 1931Ray Bryant, American pianist and composer (died 2011)
  • 1931 – Mauricio Kagel, Argentinian-German composer and scholar (died 2008)
  • 1932Colin Cowdrey, Indian-English cricketer (died 2000)
  • 1932 – On Kawara, Japanese-American painter (died 2014)
  • 1934John Critchinson, English pianist and composer (died 2017)
  • 1934 – Stjepan Mesić, Croatian lawyer and politician, 2nd President of Croatia
  • 1934 – Alex Hutchinson, Australian jazz musician
  • 1936Ivan Lawrence, English lawyer and politician
  • 1937Félix Miélli Venerando, Brazilian footballer and manager (died 2012)
  • 1937 – John Taylor, Baron Kilclooney, Northern Irish politician, Irish Minister of Home Affairs
  • 1938Bobby Henrich, American baseball player
  • 1938 – Valentim Loureiro, Portuguese soldier and politician
  • 1940Janet Carroll, American actress and singer (died 2012)
  • 1940 – Anthony Fauci, American physician, Director of National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases[43]
  • 1941Mike Hazlewood, English singer-songwriter (died 2001)
  • 1942Indra Bania, Indian actor, director, and playwright (died 2015)
  • 1942 – Jonathan Borofsky, American sculptor and painter
  • 1942 – Đoàn Viết Hoạt, Vietnamese journalist, educator, and activist
  • 1943Tarja Halonen, Finnish lawyer and politician, 11th President of Finland
  • 1943 – Suzy Menkes, English journalist and critic
  • 1944Barry Elliott, English actor and screenwriter (died 2018)
  • 1944 – Mike Curb, American businessman and politician, 42nd Lieutenant Governor of California
  • 1944 – Oswald Gracias, Indian cardinal
  • 1944 – Daniel Johnson, Jr., Canadian lawyer and politician, 25th Premier of Quebec
  • 1944 – Erhard Keller, German speed skater
  • 1944 – Bob Shaw, Australian golfer
  • 1944 – Woody Shaw, American trumpeter (died 1989)
  • 1945Lemmy, English hard rock singer-songwriter and bass player (died 2015)
  • 1945 – Steve Smith, Canadian-American actor and comedian
  • 1946Jan Akkerman, Dutch rock guitarist and songwriter
  • 1946 – Jeff Sessions, American lawyer and politician, 44th Attorney General of Alabama and 84th Attorney General of the United States
  • 1947Kevin Sheedy, Australian footballer and coach
  • 1948Stan Bowles, English footballer and sportscaster
  • 1948 – Frank Oliver, New Zealand rugby player and coach
  • 1949Warwick Brown, Australian race car driver
  • 1949 – Randy Neugebauer, American accountant and politician
  • 1950Dana Gioia, American poet and critic
  • 1950 – Hiroshi Ikushima, Japanese businessman and academic
  • 1950 – Libby Larsen, American composer[44]
  • 1950 – Tommy Turtle, British soldier[45]
  • 1951John D'Acquisto, American baseball player
  • 1951 – Nick Kent, English-French journalist and author
  • 1952Michael Ray, American jazz musician
  • 1953Timothy Carhart, American actor
  • 1954Yves Debay, Congolese-French commander and journalist (died 2013)
  • 1954 – José María Figueres, Costa Rican businessman and politician, President of Costa Rica
  • 1954 – Helen Jones, English lawyer and politician
  • 1955Scott Fischer, American mountaineer and guide (died 1996)
  • 1955 – Clarence Gilyard, American actor and educator
  • 1956Anil Kapoor, Indian actor and producer.
  • 1956 – Shim Hwa-jin, South Korean academic and educator
  • 1957Hamid Karzai, Afghan politician, 12th President of Afghanistan
  • 1958Munetaka Higuchi, Japanese drummer and producer (died 2008)
  • 1958 – Paul Pressey, American basketball player and coach
  • 1958 – Gene Sperling, American economist
  • 1958 – Diane Tell, Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1959Chris Blackhurst, English journalist
  • 1959 – Lee Daniels, American director and producer
  • 1960Glenn McQueen, Canadian-American animator (died 2002)
  • 1960 – Carol Vorderman, English television host
  • 1961Ilham Aliyev, Azerbaijani businessman and politician, 4th President of Azerbaijan
  • 1961 – Mary Barra, American businesswoman, current CEO and chairwoman of General Motors
  • 1961 – Eriko Kitagawa, Japanese director and screenwriter
  • 1961 – Darren Wharton, English singer-songwriter and keyboard player
  • 1961 – Wade Williams, American actor
  • 1961 – Jay Wright, American basketball player and coach
  • 1962Kate Spade, American fashion designer (died 2018)
  • 1963Caroline Aherne, English actress, producer, and screenwriter (died 2016)
  • 1963 – Jay Bilas, American basketball player and sportscaster
  • 1963 – Timo Jutila, Finnish ice hockey player and sportscaster
  • 1963 – Mary Ramsey, American singer-songwriter and violinist
  • 1963 – Neil Turbin, American singer-songwriter
  • 1964Mark Valley, American actor
  • 1965Millard Powers, American bass player, songwriter, and producer
  • 1966Diedrich Bader, American actor
  • 1967Mikhail Shchennikov, Russian race walker
  • 1967 – Pernilla Wahlgren, Swedish singer and actress
  • 1968Doyle Bramhall II, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1968 – Marleen Renders, Belgian runner
  • 1969Brad Anderson, American wrestler
  • 1969 – Milan Blagojevic, Australian footballer and manager
  • 1969 – Pernille Fischer Christensen, Danish director and screenwriter
  • 1969 – Taro Goto, Japanese soccer player
  • 1969 – Leavander Johnson, American boxer (died 2005)
  • 1969 – Ryuji Kato, Japanese soccer player
  • 1969 – Nick Love, English director and screenwriter
  • 1969 – Clinton McKinnon, American saxophonist and keyboard player
  • 1969 – Ed Miliband, English academic and politician, Minister for the Cabinet Office
  • 1969 – Mark Millar, Scottish author
  • 1969 – Luis Musrri, Chilean footballer and manager
  • 1969 – Oleg Skripochka, Russian astronaut and engineer
  • 1969 – Gintaras Staučė, Lithuanian footballer and manager
  • 1969 – Michael Zucchet, American economist and politician
  • 1970Adam Haslett, American author and academic
  • 1970 – Amaury Nolasco, Puerto Rican-American actor
  • 1971Geoff Allott, New Zealand cricketer
  • 1971 – Sascha Fischer, German rugby player
  • 1971 – Ricky Martin, Puerto Rican-American singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1972Álvaro Mesén, Costa Rican footballer
  • 1972 – Klaus Schnellenkamp, Chilean businessman and author
  • 1973Liu Dong, Chinese-Spanish runner
  • 1973 – Paul Foot, English comedian
  • 1973 – Stephenie Meyer, American author and film producer
  • 1973 – Ali Salem Tamek, Moroccan activist
  • 1974Thure Lindhardt, Danish actor
  • 1974 – Paal Nilssen-Love, Norwegian drummer and composer
  • 1974 – Marcelo Salas, Chilean footballer
  • 1974 – Ryan Seacrest, American radio host and television personality, and producer
  • 1974 – J.D. Walsh, American actor, director, and producer
  • 1976Linda Ferga, French hurdler
  • 1977Michael Raymond-James, American actor
  • 1978Yıldıray Baştürk, German-Turkish footballer
  • 1978 – Warren Tredrea, Australian footballer and sportscaster
  • 1979Chris Hero, American wrestler and trainer
  • 1980Stephen Appiah, Ghanaian footballer
  • 1980 – Tomas Kalnoky, Czech-American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1980 – Maarja Liis-Ilus, Estonian pop musician
  • 1981Dima Bilan, Russian singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1984Isaac De Gois, Australian rugby league player
  • 1985Alexey Dmitriev, German ice hockey player
  • 1985 – David Ragan, American race car driver
  • 1986Tim Elliott, American mixed martial artist
  • 1986 – Kyrylo Fesenko, Ukrainian basketball player
  • 1987Jane Summersett, American ice dancer
  • 1988Stefanos Athanasiadis, Greek footballer
  • 1988 – Emre Özkan, Turkish footballer
  • 1988 – Simon Zenke, Nigerian footballer
  • 1990Brigetta Barrett, American high jumper
  • 1990 – Marcus Jordan, American basketball player
  • 1990 – Ryo Miyake, Japanese fencer
  • 1991Lara Michel, Swiss tennis player
  • 1991 – Louis Tomlinson, English singer[46]
  • 1994Fa'amanu Brown, New Zealand rugby league player
  • 1994 – Miguel Castro, Dominican baseball player
  • 1994 – Matt Frawley, Australian rugby league player
  • 1994 – Han Seung-woo, South Korean singer[47]
  • 1994 – Seola, South Korean singer and actress[48]

Deaths

Pre-1600

  • 36Gongsun Shu, emperor of Chengjia
  • 427Archbishop Sisinnius I of Constantinople
  • 903Hedwiga, duchess of Saxony
  • 950Shi Hongzhao, Chinese general
  • 950 – Wang Zhang, Chinese official
  • 950 – Yang Bin, Chinese chancellor
  • 1193Roger III of Sicily (born 1175)
  • 1257John I, Count of Hainaut (born 1218)
  • 1263Hōjō Tokiyori, regent of Japan (born 1227)
  • 1281Henry V of Luxembourg (born 1216)
  • 1449Walter Bower, Scottish chronicler (born 1385)
  • 1453John Dunstaple, English composer (born 1390)
  • 1456Đurađ Branković, Despot of Serbia (born 1377)
  • 1473John Cantius, Polish scholar and theologian (born 1390)
  • 1524Vasco da Gama, Portuguese explorer and politician, Governor of Portuguese India (born 1469)
  • 1541Andreas Karlstadt, Christian theologian and reformer (born 1486)

1601–1900

1901–present

  • 1914John Muir, Scottish-American geologist, botanist, and author, founded Sierra Club (born 1838)
  • 1920Stephen Mosher Wood, American lieutenant and politician (born 1832)
  • 1926Wesley Coe, American shot putter, hammer thrower, and discus thrower (born 1879)
  • 1931Carlo Fornasini, micropalaeontologist (born 1854)
  • 1931 – Flying Hawk, American warrior, educator and historian (born 1854)
  • 1935Alban Berg, Austrian composer and educator (born 1885)
  • 1938Bruno Taut, German architect and urban planner (born 1880)
  • 1941Siegfried Alkan, German composer (born 1858)
  • 1942François Darlan, French admiral and politician, 122nd Prime Minister of France (born 1881)
  • 1945Josephine Sabel, American singer and comedian (born 1866)
  • 1947Charles Gondouin, French rugby player and tug of war competitor (born 1875)
  • 1957Norma Talmadge, American actress and producer (born 1894)
  • 1961Robert Hillyer, American poet and academic (born 1895)
  • 1962Wilhelm Ackermann, German mathematician (born 1896)
  • 1962 – Eveline Adelheid von Maydell, German illustrator (born 1890)
  • 1964Claudia Jones, Trinidad-British journalist and activist (born 1915)
  • 1965John Black, English businessman (born 1895)
  • 1965 – William M. Branham, American minister and theologian (born 1906)
  • 1967Burt Baskin, American businessman, co-founded Baskin-Robbins (born 1913)
  • 1969Stanisław Błeszyński, Polish-German entomologist and lepidopterist (born 1927)
  • 1969 – Cortelia Clark, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (born 1907)
  • 1969 – Olivia FitzRoy, English soldier and author (born 1921)
  • 1969 – Alfred B. Skar, Norwegian journalist and politician (born 1896)
  • 1971Maria Koepcke, German-Peruvian ornithologist and zoologist (born 1924)
  • 1972Gisela Richter, English-American archaeologist and historian (born 1882)
  • 1973Fritz Gause, German historian and author (born 1893)
  • 1975Bernard Herrmann, American composer and conductor (born 1911)
  • 1977Samael Aun Weor, Colombian author and educator (born 1917)
  • 1980Karl Dönitz, German admiral and politician, President of Germany (born 1891)
  • 1982Louis Aragon, French author and poet (born 1897)
  • 1984Peter Lawford, English-American actor (born 1923)
  • 1985Robert Todd Lincoln Beckwith, American lawyer (born 1904)
  • 1985 – Camille Tourville, Canadian-American wrestler and manager (born 1927)
  • 1986Gardner Fox, American author (born 1911)
  • 1987Joop den Uyl, Dutch journalist, economist, and politician, 45th Prime Minister of the Netherlands (born 1919)
  • 1987 – M. G. Ramachandran, Sri Lankan-Indian actor, producer, and politician, 5th Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu (born 1917)
  • 1988Jainendra Kumar, Indian author (born 1905)
  • 1990Thorbjørn Egner, Norwegian playwright and songwriter (born 1922)
  • 1991Virginia Sorensen, American author (born 1912)
  • 1992Bobby LaKind, American singer-songwriter and conga player (born 1945)
  • 1992 – James Mathews, Australian rugby league player (born 1968)
  • 1992 – Peyo, Belgian cartoonist, created The Smurfs (born 1928)
  • 1993Norman Vincent Peale, American minister and author (born 1898)
  • 1994John Boswell, American historian, author, and academic (born 1947)
  • 1994 – Rossano Brazzi, Italian actor (born 1916)
  • 1997James Komack, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (born 1930)
  • 1997 – Toshiro Mifune, Chinese-Japanese actor and producer (born 1920)
  • 1997 – Pierre Péladeau, Canadian businessman, founded Quebecor (born 1925)
  • 1998Syl Apps, Canadian ice hockey player and pole vaulter (born 1915)
  • 1999Bill Bowerman, American runner, coach, and businessman, co-founded Nike, Inc. (born 1911)
  • 1999 – Maurice Couve de Murville, French soldier and politician, 152nd Prime Minister of France (born 1907)
  • 1999 – João Figueiredo, Brazilian general and politician, 30th President of Brazil (born 1918)
  • 1999 – William C. Schneider, American aerospace engineer (born 1923)
  • 2000John Cooper, English businessman, co-founded the Cooper Car Company (born 1923)
  • 2002Kjell Aukrust, Norwegian author and poet (born 1920)
  • 2002 – Jake Thackray, English singer-songwriter and guitarist (born 1938)
  • 2004Johnny Oates, American baseball player, coach, and manager (born 1946)
  • 2006Braguinha, Brazilian singer-songwriter and producer (born 1907)
  • 2006 – Kenneth Sivertsen, Norwegian guitarist and composer (born 1961)
  • 2006 – Frank Stanton, American businessman (born 1908)
  • 2007Nicholas Pumfrey, English lawyer and judge (born 1951)
  • 2007 – George Warrington, American businessman (born 1952)
  • 2008Ralph Harris, British journalist (born 1921)
  • 2008 – Harold Pinter, English playwright, screenwriter, director, Nobel Prize laureate (born 1930)
  • 2009Marcus Bakker, Dutch journalist and politician (born 1923)
  • 2009 – Rafael Caldera, Venezuelan lawyer and politician, 65th President of Venezuela (born 1916)
  • 2009 – George Michael, American sportscaster (born 1939)
  • 2009 – Gero von Wilpert, German author and academic (born 1933)
  • 2010Elisabeth Beresford, English journalist and author (born 1926)[50]
  • 2010 – Frans de Munck, Dutch footballer and manager (born 1922)
  • 2010 – Orestes Quércia, Brazilian journalist, lawyer, and politician, 28th Governor of São Paulo State (born 1938)
  • 2010 – Eino Tamberg, Estonian composer and educator (born 1930)
  • 2011Johannes Heesters, Dutch-German entertainer (born 1903)
  • 2012Richard Rodney Bennett, English-American composer and academic (born 1936)
  • 2012 – Charles Durning, American soldier and actor (born 1923)
  • 2012 – Jack Klugman, American actor (born 1922)
  • 2012 – Dennis O'Driscoll, Irish poet and critic (born 1954)
  • 2013Frédéric Back, German-Canadian director, animator, and screenwriter (born 1924)
  • 2013 – Ian Barbour, Chinese-American author and scholar (born 1923)
  • 2013 – John M. Goldman, English haematologist and oncologist (born 1938)
  • 2013 – Allan McKeown, English-American screenwriter and producer (born 1946)
  • 2014Buddy DeFranco, American clarinet player (born 1923)
  • 2014 – Edward Greenspan, Canadian lawyer and author (born 1944)
  • 2014 – Herbert Harris, American lawyer and politician (born 1926)
  • 2014 – Krzysztof Krauze, Polish director and screenwriter (born 1953)
  • 2015Turid Birkeland, Norwegian businesswoman and politician, Norwegian Minister of Culture (born 1962)
  • 2015 – Letty Jimenez Magsanoc, Filipino journalist (born 1941)
  • 2015 – Adriana Olguín, Chilean lawyer and politician, Chilean Minister of Justice (born 1911)
  • 2016Rick Parfitt, British musician (born 1948)
  • 2016 – Liz Smith, English actress (born 1921)
  • 2016 – Richard Adams, English author (born 1920)
  • 2016 – Ben Xi, Chinese singer (b.1994)
  • 2017Jerry Kindall, American baseball player and coach (born 1935)
  • 2017 – Heather Menzies, Canadian-American model and actress (born 1949)
  • 2018Martha Érika Alonso, first female Governor of Puebla, Mexico, and her husband Rafael Moreno Valle Rosas, former governor; helicopter crash (Alonso b. 1973, Valle b. 1968)[35]

Holidays and observances

References

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