Czech Radio

Český rozhlas
Český rozhlas.svg
Country
HeadquartersVinohradská 12, Prague, Czech Republic
Ownership
Key people
René Zavoral (CEO)
History
Launch date1923
Links
Websitewww.rozhlas.cz

Český rozhlas (ČRo) is the public radio broadcaster of the Czech Republic, operating since 1923. The service broadcasts throughout the Czech Republic nationally and locally. Its four national services are Radiožurnál, Dvojka, Vltava and Plus.

It is the oldest radio broadcaster in continental Europe and the second oldest in Europe after the BBC from the United Kingdom.

History

Czechoslovak era

Entrance to the Český Rozhlas headquarters in Prague

Český rozhlas, then Československý rozhlas was established on 18 May 1923, making its first broadcast from a scout tent in the Kbely district of Prague, under the name Radiojournal.[1] The premises of the station changed numerous times, firstly moving to the district of Hloubětín, before later using locations in the Poštovní nákupny building, the Orbis building and the Národní dům na Vinohradech building, all in Prague.[1]

The first regular announcer of the station, who prepared and presented the news from the daily papers, was Adolf Dobrovolný. He took up the position on 17 January 1924, becoming the station's first professional radio announcer and his position was made permanent on 1 January 1925.[1] He held the position until his death in 1934.

A message broadcast on Czech Radio on 5 May 1945 brought about the start of the Prague uprising.[2] In the same year, regional studios in the cities of Plzeň, České Budějovice, Hradec Králové and Ústí nad Labem were launched.[3]

The station was taken over by Soviet forces, after short fighting with unarmed civilians, in August 1968, in the first day of the Soviet invasion, although broadcasting managed to continue from alternative locations.[2]

Czech era

Logo used between 1996 and 2013

In 1991, the Czech radio group changed its status and became an independent organisation, although as of 2008 was still publicly funded.[3][4] A regional studio was established in Olomouc in 1994.[3]

An envisaged new premises for Czech Radio, a 30-storey building in the district of Pankrác which took 22 years to build at a cost of 1.35 billion Czech koruna, was sold after the construction phrase in 1996 as it was deemed too big for the station's requirements.[5]

In 2002 the Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty station stopped broadcasting in the Czech Republic, with the broadcast rebranded as Czech Radio 6 under the Czech Radio group.[6]

Czech Radio launched a new logo in 2013, featuring the letter R with stripes, at a cost of 2.2 million Czech koruna.[7]

The organisation marked 90 years of existence in 2013, celebrating the occasion with a 48-hour broadcast including 90 interviews interspersed with news reports every half-hour.[2] The event, which took place on Wenceslas Square, set a new national record for the longest uninterrupted radio broadcast.[2]

Radio stations

2013 saw three Czech Radio stations Česko, Leonardo and Čro 6 taken off the airwaves. At the same time, three new stations were launched, namely ČRo Junior for young listeners, ČRo Plus, a spoken word station and ČRo Jazz.[8]

Czech Radio offers the following radio channels:

  • ČRo Radiožurnál – "infotainment" station (pop music, news, traffic announcements, sports and other information) (Modern AC)
  • ČRo Dvojka – talk and family programmes (formerly ČRo 2 Praha)
  • ČRo Vltava – culture, art and classical music
  • ČRo Plus – spoken word
  • Radio Prague International – external broadcasts, six languages available

Digital stations

  • ČRo Radiožurnál Sport[9] – sports, formerly operated as ČRo Sport from 2014–17[10][11]
  • ČRo Radio Wave – youth radio (via cable, digital, and internet only)
  • ČRo D-Dur – classical music
  • ČRo Jazz – mainly jazz station (previously ČRo Euro Jazz)
  • ČRo Pohoda – older generation
  • ČRo Rádio Junior – children's radio
  • iROZHLAS – Internet radio

Regional stations

14 regional channels:

  • ČRo Brno
  • ČRo České Budějovice
  • ČRo Hradec Králové
  • ČRo Karlovy Vary
  • ČRo Liberec
  • ČRo Olomouc
  • ČRo Ostrava
  • ČRo Pardubice
  • ČRo Plzeň
  • ČRo Rádio DAB Praha
  • ČRo Region
  • ČRo Vysočina
  • ČRo Sever
  • ČRo Zlín

Former stations

  • ČRo 6 – analytical-publicist; ended in 2013
  • ČRo Leonardo – science programming; ended in 2013
  • ČRo Rádio Česko – News and journalism; ended in 2013
  • ČRo Rádio Retro – historical programming; ended in 2021

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Josef Maršík. "Průkopníci rozhlasového vysílání 1923–1925" (PDF) (in Czech). Český rozhlas. Retrieved 14 April 2014.
  2. ^ a b c d "Czech Radio celebrates 90 years of air time". Prague Post. 22 May 2013. Archived from the original on 15 April 2014. Retrieved 14 April 2014.
  3. ^ a b c "History of Czech Radio". Czech Radio. Retrieved 14 April 2014.
  4. ^ "Controversial radio head removed from post". Prague Post. 6 February 2008. Archived from the original on 15 April 2014. Retrieved 14 April 2014.
  5. ^ "It's tall. It's been under construction for 22 years. It's been sold". Prague Post. 24 January 1996. Archived from the original on 15 April 2014. Retrieved 14 April 2014.
  6. ^ "Briefly noted". Prague Post. 2 October 2002. Archived from the original on 15 April 2014. Retrieved 14 April 2014.
  7. ^ "Český rozhlas má nová loga, za propagaci zaplatí 160 milionů" (in Czech). Mladá fronta DNES. 27 February 2013. Retrieved 14 April 2014.
  8. ^ "Do vysílání DAB rozhlasu přibudou tři stanice, tři však také zmizí" (in Czech). Mladá fronta DNES. 22 April 2013. Retrieved 14 April 2014.
  9. ^ Blanka Bumbálková & Anna Duchková (28 April 2021). "Radiožurnál připravuje start prvního sportovního rádia v Česku. Už v květnu ho naladíte v síti DAB+ a na internetu" (in Czech). Český rozhlas. Retrieved 23 June 2021.
  10. ^ "Digitální stream ČRo Sport po necelých dvou a půl letech ukončil vysílání". 17 January 2017.
  11. ^ "Teleko vyřadilo ze svého multiplexu vysílání stanice Český rozhlas Sport".

External links

Coordinates:50°04′43″N 14°26′04″E / 50.07861°N 14.43444°E / 50.07861; 14.43444

Media files used on this page

CRo Olomouc logo.png
Logo stanice Český rozhlas Olomouc
CRo Pohoda logo.png
Logo stanice Český rozhlas Pohoda
CRo Karlovy Vary logo.png
Logo stanice Český rozhlas Karlovy Vary
Český rozhlas 6 - logo.png
Logo stanice Český rozhlas 6
CRo Ceske Budejovice logo.png
Logo stanice Český rozhlas České Budějovice
CRo Pardubice logo.png
Logo stanice Český rozhlas Pardubice
CRo Radio DAB Praha logo.png
Logo stanice Český rozhlas Rádio DAB Praha
CRo Radiozurnal logo.png
Logo stanice Český rozhlas Radiožurnál
CRo Dvojka logo.png
Logo stanice Český rozhlas Dvojka
CRo Radio Wave logo.png
Logo stanice Český rozhlas Radio Wave
Cesky rozhlas Vinohradska vchod.jpg
Author/Creator: Ludek, Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0
Building of the Czech public radio "Český rozhlas" (Czech Radio), Vinohradská street in Prague
CRo Plzen logo.png
Logo stanice Český rozhlas Plzeň
CRo Brno logo.png
Logo stanice Český rozhlas Brno
CRo Sever logo.png
Logo stanice Český rozhlas Sever
CRo Jazz logo.png
Logo stanice Český rozhlas Jazz
Logo iRozhlas.cz.svg
logo iRozhlas.cz
CRo Plus logo.png
Logo stanice Český rozhlas Plus
Český rozhlas Leonardo - logo.png
Logo stanice Český rozhlas Leonardo
CRo Region logo.png
Logo stanice Český rozhlas Region
CRo Radio Junior logo.png
Logo stanice Český rozhlas Rádio Junior
CRo Liberec logo.png
Logo stanice Český rozhlas Liberec
CRo Ostrava logo.png
Logo stanice Český rozhlas Ostrava
CRo Hradec Kralove logo.png
Logo Českého rozhlasu Hradec Králové
CRo Zlin logo.png
Logo stanice Český rozhlas Zlín
Logo ČRo Radio Prague International.png
Logo ČRo Radio Prague International
Ceský Rozhlas logo.png

This is the logo for Český Rozhlas.

Český rozhlas Rádio Česko - logo.png
Logo stanice Český rozhlas Rádio Česko
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Logo stanice Český rozhlas D-dur
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Logo stanice Český rozhlas Vysočina
Český rozhlas.svg
Author/Creator:

Czech Radio

, Licence: PD

Czech Radio logo

CRo Radiozurnal Sport logo (1).png
Logo stanice Český rozhlas Radiožurnál Sport
CRo Rádio Retro logo.png
Logo stanice Český rozhlas Rádio Retro