Cowpens National Battlefield

Cowpens National Battlefield
IUCN category III (natural monument or feature)
Map showing the location of Cowpens National Battlefield
Map showing the location of Cowpens National Battlefield
Map showing the location of Cowpens National Battlefield
Map showing the location of Cowpens National Battlefield
LocationCherokee County, South Carolina, United States
Nearest cityGaffney, South Carolina
Coordinates35°08′12″N 81°49′05″W / 35.13667°N 81.81806°W / 35.13667; -81.81806Coordinates:35°08′12″N 81°49′05″W / 35.13667°N 81.81806°W / 35.13667; -81.81806
Area842 acres (341 ha)[1]
EstablishedMarch 4, 1929[2]
Visitors208,936 (in 2005)
Governing bodyNational Park Service
WebsiteCowpens National Battlefield
Cowpens National Battlefield
U.S. Historic district
Nearest cityChesnee, South Carolina
Area178 acres (72 ha)
Built1781
NRHP reference No.66000072[3]
Added to NRHPOctober 15, 1966

Cowpens National Battlefield is a unit of the National Park Service just east of Chesnee, South Carolina, and near the state line with North Carolina.[4][5] It preserves a major battlefield of the American Revolutionary War.

Main Entrance to Cowpens National Battlefield

Brigadier General Daniel Morgan won the Battle of Cowpens, a decisive Revolutionary War victory over British Lieutenant Colonel Banastre Tarleton on January 17, 1781. It is considered one of the most memorable victories of Morgan and one of the most memorable defeats of Tarleton.

Established as Cowpens National Battlefield Site March 4, 1929; transferred from the War Department August 10, 1933; redesignated April 11, 1972. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places on October 15, 1966.[3] Area: 841.56 acres (3.41 km2), Federal: 790.9 acres (3.2 km2), Nonfederal: 50.66 acres (205,010 m2).

The visitor center features a museum with exhibits about the American Revolution and the battle, including a fiber-optic map that illustrates the Southern Campaign of the American Revolution and the battle, a walking tour of the battlefield itself, and the reconstructed log cabin of one Robert Scruggs, who had farmed the land before the establishment of the park.

References

  1. ^ "Listing of acreage as of December 31, 2020" (PDF). Land Resource Division, National Park Service. Retrieved 2021-08-15.
  2. ^ "Park Anniversaries". Retrieved 13 August 2021.
  3. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  4. ^ Brown, Lenard (December 1976). "Cowpens National Battlefield" (PDF). National Register of Historic Places - Nomination and Inventory. Retrieved 23 June 2012.
  5. ^ "Cowpens National Battlefield, Cherokee County (jct. of S.C. Hwys. 11 & 110, Chesnee vicinity)". National Register Properties in South Carolina. South Carolina Department of Archives and History. Retrieved 23 June 2012.

External links

Media files used on this page

Usa edcp relief location map.png
Author/Creator: Uwe Dedering, Licence:
Relief location map of the USA (without Hawaii and Alaska).

EquiDistantConicProjection : Central parallel :

* N: 37.0° N

Central meridian :

* E: 96.0° W

Standard parallels:

* 1: 32.0° N
* 2: 42.0° N

Made with Natural Earth. Free vector and raster map data @ naturalearthdata.com.

Formulas for x and y:

x = 50.0 + 124.03149777329222 * ((1.9694462586094064-({{{2}}}* pi / 180))
      * sin(0.6010514667026994 * ({{{3}}} + 96) * pi / 180))
y = 50.0 + 1.6155950752393982 * 124.03149777329222 * 0.02613325650382181
      - 1.6155950752393982  * 124.03149777329222 *
     (1.3236744353715044  - (1.9694462586094064-({{{2}}}* pi / 180)) 
      * cos(0.6010514667026994 * ({{{3}}} + 96) * pi / 180))
USA South Carolina relief location map.svg
Author/Creator: SANtosito, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Relief location map of South Carolina, USA

Geographic limits of the map:

  • N: 35.4° N
  • S: 31.8° N
  • W: 83.6° W
  • E: 78.3° W
Logo of the United States National Park Service.svg
Logo of the United States National Park Service, an agency of the United States Department of the Interior. This version is shaded to look as if it has been carved out of wood or rock. The elements on the logo represent the major facets of the national park system. The Sequoia tree and bison represent vegetation and wildlife, the mountains and water represent scenic and recreational values, and the arrowhead represents historical and archeological values. The bison is also the symbol of the Department of the Interior. The logo became the official logo on July 20, 1951, replacing the previous emblem of a Sequoia cone, and has been used ever since. The design was slightly updated in 2001, and a few different renderings are used today. For more information, see here and here.[dead link]
Cowpens - main sign 2.JPG
I took this photo at Cowpens Battlefield in October, 2005.
Map of USA SC.svg
Author/Creator: This version: uploader
Base versions this one is derived from: originally created by en:User:Wapcaplet, Licence: CC BY 2.0
Map of USA with South Carolina highlighted