Corringham, Essex

Corringham

St Mary the Virgin Church, Corringham
Corringham is located in Essex
Contains Ordnance Survey data © Crown copyright and database right, CC BY-SA 3.0
Corringham
Corringham
Location within Essex
Population8,884 (2001)[1]
OS grid referenceTQ708832
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townSTANFORD-LE-HOPE
Postcode districtSS17
Dialling code01375
PoliceEssex
FireEssex
AmbulanceEast of England
UK Parliament
  • South Basildon and East Thurrock

Corringham is an English town and former civil parish, located on a hill overlooking the River Thames east of London. It is situated 7 miles from Tilbury, and lies between Canvey Island and Tilbury Fort. Its commercial centre in smaller Stanford-le-Hope immediately to its south-west. It is in the unitary authority of Thurrock and a traditional (Church of England) parish stretching from Horseshoe Bay in the Thames Estuary to Dry Street, south of Langdon Hills.[2] It is in the far east of the borough. In 1931 the parish had a population of 1897.[3]

St Mary the Virgin Church is the first of its two parish churches, and originated in the Saxon period from the time of St Cedd in the 7th century. Corringham was formerly served by the Corringham Light Railway which connected the Kynoch munitions factory with the London, Tilbury and Southend Railway. The small historic heart is one of the seven conservation areas in the borough, which is for local government matters a unitary authority.[4]

In terms of electoral wards (areas of boroughs drawn to contain equal-sized electorates), the town is part of Stanford East and Corringham Town. On 1 April 1936 the parish was abolished to form Thurrock; part also went to Bowers Gifford.[5]

History

Early History of Corringham

In 1970 excavations took place at the site of the old railway terminus, south of Fobbing Road, revealing the remains of Mesolithic (Middle Stone Age) tools.

Saxon Period

It is likely that where the Church stands today, Curra the Tribal Chief of the Saxons came with mercenaries following and replacing Roman soldiers of the 1st and 2nd centuries, who then over the following centuries settled as permanent residents of Corringham.

By the 7th century Corringham would have had a Saxon community, and it is thought that St Cedd, who established Tilbury Monastery in 653 AD, established a church here. The last Saxon Lord of Corringham was known as Sigar in 1066, and is mentioned in the Domesday Book of 1086 as holding 1 Manor, 4 Hides and 10 acres.

Origin of the name

The place-name 'Corringham' is first attested in the Domesday Book of 1086, where it appears as Currincham. It appears as Curingeham in the Feet of Fines for 1204. The name means 'the village of Curra's people'.[6]

Parish church, St Mary the Virgin.

St Mary the Virgin Church is of Saxon origin, exterior herringbone stonework in both the nave and the chancel.[7] can be seen. There are other Saxon features inside the church. The tower is also likely to be Saxon.[8]

From the 7th century a wooden structure was erected here where the Nave is situated today, this would have been similar in construction to that of Greensted Church near Ongar in Essex, around the 9th Century Viking raids on Corringham meant that the church was reinforced by building 3' thick walls around the structure,

Normans, Bishop Odo, & the Baud Family.

With the Norman invasion of England in 1066, Corringham came under Norman rule, and was owned and administered by Bishop Odo who was bishop of London. The church underwent a building programme around the year 1100, with the west tower being built around this time. Inside St Mary the Virgin Church, at the arched entrance to the west tower, a Norman carving of a Norman complete with moustache can be seen; it is possible this depicts Bishop Odo.

The Baud Family originally from Germany came over with William the Conqueror in 1066, and became landowners in Corringham, mentioned in 1210, soon after gaining hunting rights.

Mariners & Smugglers

Corringham, being situated in close proximity to the marshes and the Thames, has always had a connection to the movement of goods and shipping. One ancient pathway which still exists passes from the coast, through the cemetery and to the side of the Bull Inn, and then continues on to Hadleigh Castle and South Benfleet.

Schools

  • Ortu Corringham Primary School,[9] Herd Lane
  • Giffards Primary School,[10] Queen Elizabeth Drive
  • Graham James Primary School,[11] The Sorrells
  • Ortu Gable Hall School,[12][13] Southend Road. A specialist performing arts and applied learning college.

Sport and leisure

Corringham has a non-League football club, East Thurrock United F.C. who play at Rookery Hill and currently play in the Isthmian League.

Notable people

  • Mark-Anthony Turnage – composer[14]
  • Michael Stanley – Samoan international rugby player, educated at Gable Hall School[15]
  • Denise Van Outen – actress, singer and television presenter[16]
  • Rylan Clark-Neal – television presenter, reality TV star, singer, LGBT advocate, model[17]

References

  1. ^ "Thurrock: Strategic Planning: Population". www.thurrock-community.org.uk. January 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 March 2005. Retrieved 5 January 2007.
  2. ^ "A Church Near You".
  3. ^ "Population statistics Corringham AP/CP through time". A Vision of Britain through Time. Retrieved 24 December 2021.
  4. ^ Conservation Area Character Appraisals And Management Proposals For Thurrock. Thurrock Council
  5. ^ "Relationships and changes Corringham AP/CP through time". A Vision of Britain through Time. Retrieved 24 December 2021.
  6. ^ Eilert Ekwall, The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-names, p.123.
  7. ^ Stephen Pewsey and Andrew Brooks (1993) East Saxon heritage. Allan Sutton Publishing.ISBN 0750902906
  8. ^ Potter, JE (2005). "A Geological Review of Some Early Church Quoins". Essex Archaeology and History. 36.
  9. ^ Corringham Primary School Thurrock: Read Parent Reviews & Rankings. Schoolsnet.com. Retrieved on 2015-10-31.
  10. ^ Giffards Primary School Thurrock: Read Parent Reviews & Rankings. Schoolsnet.com. Retrieved on 2015-10-31.
  11. ^ Graham James Primary Academy Thurrock: Read Parent Reviews & Rankings. Schoolsnet.com. Retrieved on 2015-10-31.
  12. ^ Gable Hall School Thurrock: Read Parent Reviews & Rankings. Schoolsnet.com. Retrieved on 2015-10-31.
  13. ^ "Welcome to Ortu Gable Hall School". www.ortugablehall.org. Retrieved 13 April 2020.
  14. ^ peterg (13 June 2015). "Corringham-born composer. Mark-Anthony Turnage awarded CBE". Your Thurrock. Retrieved 7 February 2019.
  15. ^ "Rugby World Cup star Mike Stanley: Why I owe Southend". Echo. Retrieved 14 July 2020.
  16. ^ "Raunchy role for Denise". Thurrock Gazette. Retrieved 14 July 2020.
  17. ^ "Rylan Clark-Neal leaves studios ahead of show reboot". Thurrock Gazette. Retrieved 14 July 2020.

Media files used on this page

St Mary's Church, Corringham, Essex.jpg
(c) Rjm at sleepers at English Wikipedia, CC BY-SA 3.0
St Mary's parish church, Corringham, Essex, seen from the northwest
Essex UK location map.svg
Contains Ordnance Survey data © Crown copyright and database right, CC BY-SA 3.0

Map of Essex, UK with the following information shown:

  • Administrative borders
  • Coastline, lakes and rivers
  • Roads and railways
  • Urban areas

Equirectangular map projection on WGS 84 datum, with N/S stretched 160%

Geographic limits:

  • West: 0.06W
  • East: 1.32E
  • North: 52.11N
  • South: 51.42N
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