A convent is a community of priests, religious brothers, religious sisters, monks or nuns; or the building used by the community, particularly in the Catholic Church, Lutheran churches, and the Anglican Communion.[1]

Etymology and usage

The term derives via Old French from Latin conventus, perfect participle of the verb convenio, meaning to convene, to come together. The original reference was to the gathering of mendicants who spent much of their time travelling. Technically, a “monastery" or "nunnery" is a secluded community of monastics, whereas a "friary" or "convent" is a community of mendicants (which, by contrast, might be located in a city), and a "canonry" a community of canons regular. The terms “abbey" and “priory" can be applied to both monasteries and canonries; an abbey is headed by an Abbot, and a priory is a lesser dependent house headed by a Prior.

In English usage since about the 19th century the term "convent" almost invariably refers to a community of women,[2] while "monastery" and "friary" are used for men. In historical usage they are often interchangeable, with "convent" especially likely to be used for a friary. When applied to religious houses in Eastern Orthodoxy and Buddhism, English refers to all houses of male religious as "monasteries" and of female religious "convents".


See also


  1. ^ Evangelisti, Silvia (2008). Nuns: A History of Convent Life, 1450–1700. Oxford University Press. pp. 38–39. ISBN 9780199532056. Finally, irrespective of religious beliefs, convents remained a possible model for women—Catholic as well as Protestant—to pursue. In Protestant Germany, forms of female religious associative life did not die out, but instead survived in the shape of Protestant convents. These could be governed by a Lutheran abbess, and inhabited by Lutheran nuns in religious habits who claimed membership of a monastic order, paradoxical though this may seem.
  2. ^ See Etym on line

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Emblem of the Papacy SE.svg
Emblem of the Papacy: Triple Tiara and Keys
Author/Creator: MarkusMark, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Città del Vaticano - Cupola della Basilica di S. Pietro
Kloster Bursfelde von NO.jpg
Author/Creator: Heinrich Stürzl, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
The former abbey of Saint Benedict in Bursfelde in the Weser valley seen from NE.
Agreda - Convento Concepcion 06.JPG
Author/Creator: Zarateman, Licence: CC0
Convento de la Concepción, Ágreda (Soria, Castilla y León, España)
Loreto Convent Omagh (17408178892).jpg
Author/Creator: National Library of Ireland on The Commons, Licence: No restrictions
Institutional, four-storey building.

Location Identified!! by [/photos/91549360@N03/ OwenMacC] as "Omagh Convent. The Loreto Convent constructed in 1859 by Dublin builder, J. Neville The Chapel has some fine stained glass by Mayer of Munich"

Photographers: Frederick Holland Mares, James Simonton

Contributor: John Fortune Lawrence

Collection: The Stereo Pairs Photograph Collection

Date: between ca. 1860-1883

NLI Ref: STP_2387

You can also view this image, and many thousands of others, on the NLI’s catalogue at