Chief Executive Officer of Chicago Public Schools

Chief Executive Officer of Chicago Public Schools
Incumbent
Pedro Martinez

since September 29, 2021[1]
Inaugural holderJohn Clark Dore (as "Superintendent")
Formation1854 (as "Superintendent")

Chicago Public Schools is headed by a Chief Executive Officer (CEO) appointed by the mayor of Chicago. Currently serving as CEO is Pedro Martinez. This job is equivalent to a superintendent, and, before 1995, the occupant of this office was known as the "superintendent of Chicago Public Schools".

History

The position of chief executive officer was preceded by one of "Superintendent".[2] The first individual to hold this position had been John Clark Dore, who assumed the position in 1854.[2][3] In 1855, the authority to remove the Superintendent was given to the Board of School Inspectors by the same ordinance which created the city's first high school, meaning the Chicago Common Council (today known as the "Chicago City Council") no longer held this authority.[3]

The role of Superintendent, when established, did not have well defined duties.[3] The office was originally subordinate to the Board of School Inspectors, and later the Chicago Board of Education (which supplanted the Board of School Inspectors in 1857).[3] Its powers were limited.[3] The role was, in part, shaped by its officeholders over the years.[3] Since the ordinance which established the office did not require administrative authority to be given to the superintendent, there was no clear delineation of policymaking and administrative roles between the superintendent and the school board.[3]

In practice, a stronger superintendency was developed, beginning under Edwin G. Cooley's tenure.[3] However, it was not until the 1917 Otis Bill that the superintendency was granted exclusive administrative power over schools.[3]

In 1995, the Government of Illinois passed the Chicago School Reform Amendatory Act, which replaced the position of superintendent with that of chief executive officer.[2] The first individual to serve under the title of CEO was Paul Vallas.[2]

Officeholders

Superintendents of Chicago Public Schools

The following is a table listing the individuals that held the position of "superintendent of Chicago Public Schools" from its creation in 1854 through its dissolution in 1995:

Ella Flagg Young (served 1909–1915); CPS' first female superintendent; first female public school superintendent in a major US city[4]
Ruth B. Love (served 1981–1985); CPS' first African-American superintendent[5]
NameTenureCitation
John Clark Dore1854—1856[2][6][7][8]
William Harvey Wells (1).jpgWilliam H. Wells1856—1864[7][6]
J. L. Pickard University of Iowa(cropped) (1).jpgJosiah Little Pickard1864—1877[7][6]
Duane Doty1877—1880[7][6]
George C. Howland1880—1891[7][6]
Albert G. Lane (1).pngAlbert G. Lane1891—1898[7][9][6]
Dr Elisha Benjamin Andrews (1).jpgElisha Benjamin Andrews1898—1900[7][10]
Edwin G. Cooley1900—1909[7]
Famous Living Americans - Ella Flagg Young (1).jpgElla Flagg Young1909—1915[7]
John Shoop1915—1918[7]
Charles E. Chadsey (3x4).pngCharles Ernest Chadsey1919—1920[7]
Peter A. Mortenson1920—1924[7]
William McAndrew circa 1925 Chicago Tribune (1).pngWilliam McAndrew1924—1928[7][3][11]
William J. Bogan1928—1936[7][11]
William Johnson1936—1946[7][12]
George Cassell (acting)1946–1947[13]
Herold C. Hunt1947—1953[7]
Benjamin Willis1953—1966[7][14]
Thaddeus Lubera (interim)1966[15]
James F. Redmond1966—1975[7][14]
Joseph P. Hannon1975—1979[14]
Angeline Caruso (interim)1979—1981[7][14]
Ruth B. Love at the President’s Commission on Mental Health, Chicago, Illinois (1).jpgRuth B. Love1981—1985[7][14]
Manford Byrd Jr.1985—1989[14]
Charles D. Almo (interim)1989—1990[14]
Ted Kimbrough1990—1993[14]
Richard Stephenson (interim)1993[16][17]
Argie Johnson1993—1995[18][19]

Chief Executive Officers of Chicago Public Schools

The following is a table listing the individuals that have held the position of "chief executive officer of Chicago Public Schools" since it was created in 1995:

NameTenureCitation
Paul Vallas 2018 (a).jpgPaul Vallas1995—2001[2][20]
Arne Duncan official photo (3x4).jpgArne Duncan2001—2009[20]
Ron-Huberman-Harper-2009 (1).jpgRon Huberman2009—2010[20]
Terry Mazany (32501891150) (a).jpgTerry Mazany (interim)2010—2011[20]
Jean-Claude Brizard2011—2012[20]
Barbara Byrd-Bennett2012—2015[20]
Jesse Ruiz 39701191921 (1).jpgJesse Ruiz (interim)2015[21][22]
Forrest Claypool (4013934875).jpgForrest Claypool2015—2017
Janice K. Jackson2017—2021
José Torres (interim)2021[23]
Pedro Martinez2021–present[1]

References

  1. ^ a b "New Chicago Public Schools CEO, Chicago's top doctor address COVID safety protocols". ABC 7 Chicago. WLS-TV. Retrieved September 30, 2021.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "History of Chicago Public Schools". Chicago Reporter. Retrieved March 11, 2020.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Tarvardian, Arthur Norman (1992). "Battle Over the Chicago Schools: The Superintendency of William Mcandrew". Loyola University Chicago. pp. 1, 13–16, 18–20, 22–23, 30–31, 40, 50–51, 220. Retrieved March 11, 2020.
  4. ^ Stringer, Kate (March 6, 2018). "Meet Ella Flagg Young, First Female School Superintendent of a Major U.S. City — and Ed Reform's Forgotten Thought Leader". Retrieved August 29, 2021.
  5. ^ Sheppard, Nathaniel, Jr. (January 14, 1981). "BLACK WOMAN GIVEN CHICAGO SCHOOL JOB". The New York Times. Retrieved August 30, 2021.
  6. ^ a b c d e f History of Chicago, Illinois. v.2. Chicago and New York City: Munsell & co. pp. 89, 102–108.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t James, Michael. "The Chicago Board of Education Desegregation Policies and Practices [1975-1985]: A Historical Examination of the Administrations of Superintendents Dr. Joseph P. Hannon and Dr. Ruth Love". Loyola University Chicago. Retrieved March 11, 2020.
  8. ^ Moses, John; Kirkland, Joseph (1895). History of Chicago, Illinois Volume 2. Munsell & Company. pp. 105–109.
  9. ^ Bright, Orville T. (December 1906). "Albert G. Lane (1841-1906)". The Elementary School Teacher. 7 (4): 177–181. doi:10.1086/453614. S2CID 143376356.
  10. ^ "E. Benjamin Andrews". www.hetwebsite.net. History of Economic Thought. Retrieved March 11, 2020.
  11. ^ a b "Education: Superintendent in Chicago". Time. May 4, 1936.
  12. ^ Thompson, John (March 15, 1947). "N.C.A. Body Asks City Schools Be Discredited". Newspapers.com. Chicago Tribune. Retrieved August 16, 2021.
  13. ^ "N.C.A. ACCREDITS SCHOOLS, DROPS 15 MONTH THREAT". Newspapers.com. Chicago Tribune. June 29, 1947. Retrieved August 16, 2021.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h "WHY THE LAST 8 SUPERINTENDENTS HAVE LEFT". chicagotribune.com. Chicago Tribune. November 6, 1992. Retrieved March 11, 2020.
  15. ^ "Interim Superintendent Named in Chicago". Newspapers.com. The Decatur Daily Review. The Associated Press. August 25, 1966. Retrieved October 30, 2021.
  16. ^ Heard, Jacquelyn (February 2, 1993). "CITY SCHOOLS GO TO RANKS TO FIND AN INTERIM CHIEF". chicagotribune.com. Chicago Tribune. Retrieved March 13, 2020.
  17. ^ Bryk, Anthony (2018). Charting Chicago School Reform: Democratic Localism As A Lever For Change. Routledge. p. 365. ISBN 978-0-429-97029-0. Retrieved March 13, 2020.
  18. ^ Heard, Jacquelyn (August 7, 1994). "HER 1ST YEAR A LESSON FOR SCHOOLS CHIEF". chicagotribune.com. Chicago Tribune. Retrieved March 13, 2020.
  19. ^ Gittell, Marilyn (1998). Strategies for School Equity: Creating Productive Schools in a Just Society. Yale University Press. p. 222. ISBN 978-0-300-14654-7. Retrieved March 13, 2020.
  20. ^ a b c d e f "Graphic: Timeline of Chicago Public Schools CEOs". chicagotribune.com. Chicago Tribune. June 2, 2015. Retrieved March 11, 2020.
  21. ^ "Ruiz Takes Charge at CPS, Suspends SUPES Contract, Halts No-Bid Deals". DNAinfo Chicago. Archived from the original on June 4, 2020. Retrieved June 4, 2020.
  22. ^ Spielman, Fran (February 18, 2019). "Rahm's agency heads could outlast him thanks to golden parachute contracts". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved June 4, 2020.
  23. ^ Koumpilova, Mila (June 30, 2021). "José Torres poised to start as interim Chicago schools CEO on an open-ended contract". Chalkbeat Chicago. Retrieved July 8, 2021.

Media files used on this page

Ruth B. Love at the President’s Commission on Mental Health, Chicago, Illinois (1).jpg
First Lady Rosalynn Carter at the President’s Commission on Mental Health, Chicago, Illinois, 1977
William Harvey Wells (1).jpg
William Harvey Wells
William McAndrew circa 1925 Chicago Tribune (1).png
William McAndrew circa 1925 Chicago Tribune
Ron-Huberman-Harper-2009 (1).jpg
Author/Creator: Sandra Steinbrecher, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Ron Huberman with Harper High School Staff, 2009
Forrest Claypool (4013934875).jpg
Author/Creator: Eric Guo, Licence: CC BY 2.0
Mike Quigley (center) gives his victory speech for Illinois's 5th Congressional District Democrat primary, alongside his wife Barbara and Forrest Claypool, Cook Country Commissioner of the 12th District, Tuesday night at Red Ivy in Wrigleyville.
Dr Elisha Benjamin Andrews (1).jpg
Author/Creator: Internet Archive Book Images, Licence: No restrictions

Identifier: triumphswonderso01boyd (find matches)
Title: Triumphs and wonders of the 19th century, the true mirror of a phenomenal era, a volume of original, entertaining and instructive historic and descriptive writings, showing the many and marvellous achievements which distinguish an hundred years of material, intellectual, social and moral progress ..
Year: 1899 (1890s)
Authors: Boyd, James Penny, 1836-1910
Subjects: Progress Inventions
Publisher: Philadelphia, Pa., A. J. Holman & Co
Contributing Library: The Library of Congress
Digitizing Sponsor: Sloan Foundation

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Text Appearing Before Image:
r Idiots and Feeble-Minded was opened, and other States followed with equally generous provi-sion. Within recent years, special schools have been opened in connectionwith the school systems of large cities, so that children who need individualcare and watchfulness may receive more attention, than they could secure inthe graded class-room. All these tendencies are exceedingly hopeful, asindicative of societys recognition of her duty to those who cannot satisfac-torily care for themselves. Humanitarianism in education has been a power-ful and constant force during the whole of this century. It must not be forgotten that other agencies beside those established by EDUCATION DURING THE CENTURY 541 States have been contributing to education. The Sunday-school movement isone of the great efforts of the century, to help in training children by a vol-untary organization. In 1781, Robert Raikes employed some teachers forthe poor children of Gloucester, in order that their Sundays might be spent
Text Appearing After Image:
DR. E. BEN.T. ANDREWS, SUPERINTENDENT OF SCHOOLS, CHICAGO, ILL. quietly and with profit. Presently, as the number of Sunday-schools, in-creased, men and women proffered their services gratuitously. The teachingfollowed two general lines, secular (reading, writing, etc.) and religious. heformer was of help, especially to children who were employed during theweek From England, the movement came to the West. The AmericanSunday-school Union -as organized in 1824. and has ever smce^continuedto stimulate the establishment of more schools of this kind. In 1896, there 542 TRIUMPHS AND WONDERS OF THE XIX™ CENTURY were 132,697 Sunday-schools in the United States and 9097 in Canada, witha total membership of 1U,288,153 and 721,435 respectively, while it has beencomputed that in the world the number of Sunday-schools was 246,058, withan enrollment of 24,919,313. In European states, they have been solving the same problems as in Amer-ica. The importance of education once admitted, the next probl

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Terry Mazany (32501891150) (a).jpg
Author/Creator: Knight Foundation, Licence: CC BY-SA 2.0

FEBRUARY 13, 2017 - MIAMI, FLORIDA-

Terry Mazany, president, Chicago Community Trus, during panel named The Local Perspective: What Informed Communities Look Like Today, during the Knight Foundation's Media Learning Seminar 2017 held at the Miami Marriott Biscayne Bay Hotel.
Ella Flagg Young LCCN2014696739 (2).tif
Title: Ella Flagg Young
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J. L. Pickard University of Iowa(cropped) (1).jpg
Presidents of the SUI The University of Iowa 1900s
Charles E. Chadsey (3x4).png
Photograph of Dr. Charles Ernest Chadsey, circa 1922.

Dean, College of Education, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Birth: October 15, 1870

Death: April 9, 1930
Paul Vallas 2018 (a).jpg
Author/Creator: TDKR Chicago 101, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Paul Vallas with supporters at a mayoral forum
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Photo of Education Secretary Arne Duncan (2009-). The original photo can be found in the "Color photo—Print quality" zip file.