Charles Pinckney National Historic Site

Charles Pinckney National Historic Site
Snee House.jpg
Snee Farm House, 1940
Map showing the location of Charles Pinckney National Historic Site
Map showing the location of Charles Pinckney National Historic Site
Map showing the location of Charles Pinckney National Historic Site
Map showing the location of Charles Pinckney National Historic Site
LocationMount Pleasant, South Carolina, USA
Nearest cityCharleston, South Carolina
Coordinates32°50′46″N 79°49′29″W / 32.84611°N 79.82472°W / 32.84611; -79.82472Coordinates:32°50′46″N 79°49′29″W / 32.84611°N 79.82472°W / 32.84611; -79.82472
Area28.45 acres (11.51 ha)[1]
EstablishedSeptember 8, 1988
Visitors45,254 (in 2011)[2]
Governing bodyNational Park Service
WebsiteCharles Pinckney National Historic Site
Snee Farm-Charles Pinckney National Historic Site
Nearest cityMount Pleasant, South Carolina
Built1824
NRHP reference No.73001702[3] (original)
100007048 (increase)
Significant dates
Added to NRHPApril 13, 1973[3]
Boundary increaseOctober 10, 2021
Designated NHLNovember 7, 1973

The Charles Pinckney National Historic Site is a unit of the United States National Park Service, preserving a portion of Charles Pinckney's Snee Farm plantation and country retreat.[4][5][6][7] The site is located at 1254 Long Point Road, Mount Pleasant, South Carolina. Pinckney (1757-1824) was a member of a prominent political family in South Carolina. He fought in the American Revolutionary War, was held for a period as prisoner in the North, and returned to the state in 1783. Pinckney served as a delegate to the constitutional convention where he contributed to drafting the United States Constitution.

This Snee Farm site was designated as a National Historic Landmark in 1973, and was designated a National Historic Site in 1988.

Setting

The Charles Pinckney National Historic Site is located about 10 miles (16 km) northeast of Charleston, South Carolina, on 25 acres (10 ha) of Wando Neck, a peninsula formed at the confluence of the Wando and Cooper rivers. The site has wooded and swampy areas on the eastern and western parts of the property, and a manicured grassy area with ornamental plantings around the main house. The property includes, in addition to the main house, a barn, corncrib, and caretaker's residence. A stone cenotaph was erected in the late 20th century to commemorate Colonel Charles Pinckney, the father of governor Pinckney, who had acquired and developed Snee Farm as a rice and indigo plantation. It may have replaced an historic one installed by the younger Pinckney about 1785.[4]

History

Snee Farm was acquired by Colonel Charles Pinckney in 1754 from widow Ann (Scott) Allen and her second husband, John Savage, who was a Charleston merchant;[8] he developed its 715 acres for the commodity crops of rice and indigo. He bequeathed it to his son Charles, who inherited it in 1782. The younger Pinckney used Snee Farm as a working plantation and country estate (it was conveniently accessible to Charleston by boat) until about 1816, when he placed the property in trust to settle debts.

The property was acquired in 1817 by Francis G. Deliesselines, who had it surveyed. William Mathews, another Low Country planter, bought the property in 1828. He demolished the existing buildings and had a new main house built that year, apparently on the original site of the first foundations. Mathews also had other plantations, and held a total of 352 slaves,[9] indicating that he owned thousands of acres. He owned Snee Farm into 1848.

The Coastal Cottage at Snee Farm is typical of its time, and representative of a vernacular style for country living, although it also features some refined spaces for entertaining. It is rectangular in plan with a side-gable roof, full-width front porch, and a brick pier foundation. The interior features elaborate molding, paneling, and other decorative details. A slave row of cabins was built perpendicular to the main road.[9]

The 715-acre estate and its outbuildings remained largely intact until the 1970s, when the owners subdivided it to profit from development near Charleston. The central portion of the historic estate, the house and 28 acres, makes up the current site, which was purchased in 1988 by preservationists. Following the passage of enabling legislation by the United States Congress, the National Park Service purchased the current site. Because the site no longer has any structures associated with the Pinckneys, details of their time on the property are limited to archaeological and documentary work.[4] The contemporary museum on the historic site includes artifacts from the Pinckneys and later owners of Snee Farm spanning almost 200 years. The over 173,000 objects held there include artifacts of plantation life such as slave-made pottery and 18th and 19th-century tableware.[10]

Photos

See also

References

  1. ^ "Listing of acreage as of December 31, 2011" (PDF). Land Resource Division, National Park Service. Retrieved 2012-12-26.
  2. ^ "NPS Annual Recreation Visits Report". National Park Service. Retrieved 2012-12-26.
  3. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  4. ^ a b c "Cultural Resource History of Charles Pinckney National Historic Site" (PDF). National Park Service. Retrieved 2015-12-11.
  5. ^ Snell, Charles W. (January 15, 1973). "Snee Farm (Charles Pinckney Farm)" (pdf). National Register of Historic Places - Nomination and Inventory. National Park Service. Retrieved 4 June 2012.
  6. ^ "Snee Farm (Charles Pinckney Farm)" (pdf). Photographs. National Park Service. Retrieved 4 June 2012.
  7. ^ "Snee Farm, Charleston County (Long Point Rd, off U.S. Hwy. 17, Mount Pleasant vicinity)". National Register Properties in South Carolina. South Carolina Department of Archives and History. Retrieved 4 June 2012.
  8. ^ "Owners of Historic Snee Farm". National Park Service. Retrieved 18 August 2021.
  9. ^ a b CHAPTER TWO: "THE LOW COUNTRY COASTAL COTTAGE AND SNEE FARM, 1828 – 1941", Charles Pinckney National Historic Site: Historic Resource Study, pp. 45-46
  10. ^ "Cultural and Natural Resources".

External links

Media files used on this page

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Author/Creator: Uwe Dedering, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Location map of the USA (without Hawaii and Alaska).

EquiDistantConicProjection:
Central parallel:

* N: 37.0° N

Central meridian:

* E: 96.0° W

Standard parallels:

* 1: 32.0° N
* 2: 42.0° N

Made with Natural Earth. Free vector and raster map data @ naturalearthdata.com.

Formulas for x and y:

x = 50.0 + 124.03149777329222 * ((1.9694462586094064-({{{2}}}* pi / 180))
      * sin(0.6010514667026994 * ({{{3}}} + 96) * pi / 180))
y = 50.0 + 1.6155950752393982 * 124.03149777329222 * 0.02613325650382181
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Logo of the United States National Park Service.svg
Logo of the United States National Park Service, an agency of the United States Department of the Interior. This version is shaded to look as if it has been carved out of wood or rock. The elements on the logo represent the major facets of the national park system. The Sequoia tree and bison represent vegetation and wildlife, the mountains and water represent scenic and recreational values, and the arrowhead represents historical and archeological values. The bison is also the symbol of the Department of the Interior. The logo became the official logo on July 20, 1951, replacing the previous emblem of a Sequoia cone, and has been used ever since. The design was slightly updated in 2001, and a few different renderings are used today. For more information, see here and here.[dead link]
Charles Pinckney Home.jpg
Author/Creator: Don O'Brien, Licence: CC BY 2.0

Pinckney was one of the signers of the United States Constitution and this is his home preserved at the Charles Pinkney Natonal Historic Site in Mt. Pleasant. SC. It's an interesting place to visit. The National Park Service keeps it in prime condition.

PINCKNEY, Charles, (1757 - 1824)


Senate Years of Service: 1798-1801 Party: Democratic Republican

"PINCKNEY, Charles, (father of Henry Laurens Pinckney), a Delegate, a Senator and a Representative from South Carolina; born in Charles Town (now Charleston), S.C., October 26, 1757; pursued classical studies; admitted to the bar and commenced practice in 1779; member of the State house of representatives 1779-1780, 1786-1789, 1792-1796, 1805, 1806, 1810-1814; fought in the Revolutionary War and was taken prisoner by the British in 1780; Member of the Continental Congress 1785-1787; member of the Constitutional Convention in 1787; member of the State constitutional conventions in 1788 and 1790 and served as president; Governor of South Carolina 1789-1792, and 1796-1798; was elected in 1798 as a Democratic Republican to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of John Hunter and also for the full term expiring March 3, 1805, and served from December 6, 1798, until his resignation in 1801; Minister to Spain 1801-1804; again served in the State general assembly and as Governor of South Carolina 1806-1808; elected to the Sixteenth Congress (March 4, 1819-March 3, 1821); resumed the practice of law and also engaged in agricultural pursuits; died in Charleston, S.C., October 29, 1824; interment in St. Philip’s Churchyard."
SNEE FARM.jpg
Author/Creator: JERRYE & ROY KLOTZ MD, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
CHARLES PINCKNEY NAT'L HISTORIC SITE, THE PINCKNEY’S OWNED SNEE FARM FROM 1754 UNTIL 1817 AND USED IT AS A PLANTATION TO GROW RICE, INDIGO, CATTLE & OTHER CROPS. THE PRESENT STRUCTURE DATES TO 1820 AND WAS NOT PRESENT WHEN PINCKNEY OWNED THE PLANTATION
Map of USA SC.svg
Author/Creator: This version: uploader
Base versions this one is derived from: originally created by en:User:Wapcaplet, Licence: CC BY 2.0
Map of USA with South Carolina highlighted
Snee House.jpg
Snee House, Charles Pinckney National Historic Site, Mount Pleasant, South Carolina.
USA South Carolina location map.svg
Author/Creator: Alexrk, Licence: CC BY 3.0
This map was created with GeoTools.