COVID-19 vaccination in South Korea

COVID-19 vaccination in South Korea
South Korea Doses Given by Province map per population (as of 1st of July).png
South Korea. Percentage with total doses given as of 2 March 2022.[1]
Date26 February 2021 (2021-02-26) – present
LocationSouth Korea
CauseCOVID-19 pandemic in South Korea

COVID-19 vaccination in South Korea is an ongoing immunization campaign against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the virus that causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), in response to the ongoing pandemic in the country.

Vaccination program

Daily updates are provided by Korea Disease Control and Prevention Agency.[2]


Vaccines delivered per pharmaceutical company as of 6 March 2022 [refresh]

  Pfizer-BioNTech (11,488,000) (46.10%)
  Oxford-AstraZeneca (11,268,000) (45.22%)
  Moderna (1,151,000) (4.62%)
  Janssen (1,012,800) (4.06%)


As of 5 July 2021, due to vaccine shortages, the vaccination rate has been slowed down since 20 June. The vaccination rate remains 29% for more than two weeks.[3] According to JoongAng Ilbo, as of 5 July, the remaining amount of the COVID-19 vaccine is 1.8 million doses, including 1.4 million from Pfizer.[4]

On 6 July 2021, it is reported that South Korea has signed a deal with Israel to borrow 700,000 expiring doses of the Pfizer-BioNTech's vaccine. South Korea will return the same amount of vaccines to Israel around September or October of this year.[4][5]

On 29 November, President Moon Jae-in urged the rapid administration of booster shots against COVID-19, in response to an increased number of severe cases and deaths following the easing of anti-virus rules.[6]

Background

On 10 February 2021, South Korea granted its first approval of a COVID-19 vaccine to Oxford–AstraZeneca, allowing the two-shot regimen to be administered to all adults, including the elderly. The approval came with a warning, however, that consideration is needed when administering the vaccine to individuals over 65 years of age due to limited data from that demographic in clinical trials.[7][8]

On 14 April 2021, The additional 250,000 doses of Pfizer/BioNTech vaccines arrived in the country.[9]

On 3 June 2021, the United States donated one million doses of Johnson & Johnson's vaccine to South Korea. The United States initially announced to donate 550,000 doses to South Korean troops working in close contact with American forces.[10][11]

On 19 August 2021, Romania decided to donate 450,000 expiring Moderna vaccines to South Korea.[12]

Vaccines on order

Vaccine doseProgressDoses orderedManufacturerRemarks
Oxford-AstraZenecaApproved for use20 millionSouth Korea SK Bioscience-
up to 2.6 millionSouth Korea SK Bioscience
Italy Catalent
COVAX
Pfizer–BioNTechApproved for use96 millionBelgium Pfizer-
up to 0.4 millionBelgium PfizerCOVAX
0.7 millionBelgium PfizerVaccine swap from Israel[13]
1 millionBelgium PfizerVaccine swap from Romania
JanssenApproved for use6 millionUnited States Emergent BioSolutions-
1.4 millionAn offer from the United States[14]
ModernaApproved for use40 millionSwitzerland Lonza
South Korea Samsung Biologics
-
0.4 millionSwitzerland LonzaAn offer from Romania
NovavaxApproved for use40 millionSouth Korea SK Bioscience-
Sputnik VPre-reviewNoneSouth Korea Hankook Korus Pharm-

Timetable

VaccineManufacturerSubmittedEUAApprovalDeployment
Green check.svg Oxford-AstraZenecaSouth Korea SK Bioscience4 January 2021None10 February 2021[15]26 February 2021[16]
Italy Catalent4 January 202112 May 202121 May 202114 May 2021
Green check.svg Pfizer–BioNTechBelgium Pfizer25 January 20213 February 2021[17]5 March 2021[18]27 February 2021[19]
Green check.svg JanssenUnited States Emergent BioSolutions27 February 2021None7 April 2021[20]10 June 2021[21]
Green check.svg ModernaSwitzerland Lonza12 April 2021None21 May 2021[22]17 June 2021[23]
South Korea Samsung BiologicsPendingPendingPendingPending
NovavaxSouth Korea SK BiosciencePendingPendingPendingPending

Production

AstraZeneca signed a deal with South Korea's SK Bioscience to manufacture its vaccine products. The collaboration calls for the SK Bioscience to manufacture AZD1222 for local and global markets.[24] The World Health Organization approved AstraZeneca's COVID-19 vaccine for emergency use on February. The initial approval covers doses produced by AstraZeneca and South Korea's SK Bioscience.[25]

South Korea's Korus Pharm has formed a consortium to produce Russia's Sputnik V COVID-19 vaccine. the consortium will produce 500 million doses of the vaccine.[26] However, The Sputnik V doses manufactured in South Korea are not for domestic use.[27] The vaccine is to be exported to Russia and UAE.[28]

Novavax will license out its NVX-CoV2373 vaccine technology to SK Bioscience for contract manufacturing purposes. SK Bioscience will manufacture 40 million doses of Novavax vaccines.[29]

Vaccines in trial stage

On 2 March 2022, SK Bioscience submitted investigational new drug for GBP510 COVID-19 vaccine candidate to Korea Ministry of Food and Drug Safety, for Phase III clinical trial. SK Bioscience plans its Phase III trial in form of comparative effectiveness clinical trial, targeting 4,000 people in South Korea.

VaccineType (technology)Phase IPhase IIPhase III
INO-4800DNAGreen check.svg CompletedGreen check.svg CompletedIn progress
GX-19 (GX-19N)DNAGreen check.svg CompletedIn progressIn progress
EuCorVac-19SubunitGreen check.svg CompletedIn progressDark Red x.svg Not Yet
GBP510SubunitGreen check.svg CompletedGreen check.svg CompletedIn progress
AdCLD-CoV19Viral vectorGreen check.svg CompletedIn progressDark Red x.svg Not Yet
GLS-5310DNAGreen check.svg CompletedIn progressDark Red x.svg Not Yet
NBP2001SubunitGreen check.svg CompletedDark Red x.svg Not YetDark Red x.svg Not Yet
EG-COVIDmRNAIn progressIn progressDark Red x.svg Not Yet
IN-B009SubunitIn progressDark Red x.svg Not YetDark Red x.svg Not Yet

References

  1. ^ South Korea COVID-19 Vaccine Tracker: Provinces Map. By George Karabassis.
  2. ^ "코로나19 백신 및 예방접종: 안전하고, 신속하게 추진합니다" (Press release) (in Korean). Korea Disease Control and Prevention Agency. Retrieved 19 June 2021.
  3. ^ "어제 1차 접종자 '0명'… 백신 부족에 접종속도 급격히 느려져" [Yesterday's 1st vaccination '0'... Vaccination rate is rapidly slowed]. Asian Economy. 5 July 2021.
  4. ^ a b "백신 보릿고개 韓, 기한 다된 이스라엘 화이자 백신 빌린다" [Vaccine shortage, Korea borrows expiring Pfizer vaccine from Israel]. JoongAng Ilbo. 7 July 2021.
  5. ^ "Israel, South Korea strike COVID vaccine exchange deal". The Jerusalem Post. 6 July 2021.
  6. ^ "S.Korean president urges rapid administration of booster shots against COVID-19". www.news.cn. Retrieved 29 November 2021.
  7. ^ Kim, Han-joo (10 February 2021). "S. Korea approves AstraZeneca's COVID-19 vaccine for all adults". Yonhap News Agency. Retrieved 10 February 2021.
  8. ^ Maresca, Thomas (10 February 2021). "South Korea approves AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine". UPI. Retrieved 10 February 2021.
  9. ^ "Coronavirus: South Korea warns of possible fourth wave, Thailand cases surge". South China Morning Post. 14 April 2021. Retrieved 18 April 2021.
  10. ^ "U.S. Will Provide Covid-19 Vaccines to 550,000 South Korean Troops Engaged With U.S. Forces". The Wall Street Times. 21 May 2021.
  11. ^ "U.S. Vaccines Ship to South Korea as Donations Start to Flow". Bloomberg.com. Bloomberg. 4 June 2021.
  12. ^ "Romania donates 450,000 Moderna vaccines to South Korea". MSN. 20 August 2021.
  13. ^ Dasl Yoon, Dov Lieber (6 July 2021). "World's First Covid-19 Vaccine Swap Sends Israel's Expiring Supply to South Korea". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 28 July 2021.
  14. ^ Hyonhee Shin (30 May 2021). "South Korea says 1 million doses of J&J COVID-19 vaccines to arrive this week from U.S." Reuters.
  15. ^ Maresca, Thomas (10 February 2021). "South Korea approves AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine". UPI. Retrieved 28 February 2021.
  16. ^ Kim, Tong-hyung (26 February 2021). "South Korea starts vaccinating, but people over 65 must wait". ABC News. Retrieved 28 February 2021.
  17. ^ Lim, Jeong-yeo (3 February 2021). "South Korea approves special import of Pfizer vaccine". The Korea Herald. Retrieved 28 February 2021.
  18. ^ Kim, Han-joo (5 March 2021). "S. Korea approves Pfizer's COVID-19 vaccine amid immunization push". Yonhap News Agency. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  19. ^ Lee, Kyung-eun (27 February 2021). "S. Korea begins rolling out Pfizer vaccines on second day of national vaccination program". Arirang News. Retrieved 28 February 2021.
  20. ^ "S. Korea approves Janssen's COVID-19 vaccine". Yonhap News Agency. 7 April 2021. Retrieved 8 April 2021.
  21. ^ "Koreans begin to get Janssen vaccine amid rising hope of normal life". Yonhap News Agency. 10 June 2021. Retrieved 10 June 2021.
  22. ^ Kim, Han-joo (21 May 2021). "Moderna COVID-19 vaccine gets final nod in S. Korea". Yonhap News Agency. Retrieved 21 May 2021.
  23. ^ Hwangbo, Hye-gyeong (17 June 2021). "모더나 국내 첫 접종 시작..."1차 1,400만 명 넘을 것"". YTN (in Korean). Retrieved 28 July 2021.
  24. ^ Kim, Yoo-chul (30 November 2020). "Korea signs agreement with AstraZeneca for COVID vaccine". The Korea Times. Retrieved 30 January 2021.
  25. ^ Steinhauser, Gabriele (15 February 2021). "WHO Approves AstraZeneca Covid-19 Vaccine for Emergency Use". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 1 March 2021.
  26. ^ Choi, Moon-hee (26 February 2021). "South Korean Companies to Produce Russia's Sputnik V Vaccine". Businesskorea. Retrieved 1 March 2021.
  27. ^ Shim, Elizabeth (25 February 2021). "South Korean consortium to make 500 million doses of Sputnik V vaccine". UPI. Retrieved 1 March 2021.
  28. ^ Kim, Byeong-ho (23 February 2021). "주문량만 6억5000도스, 국내 생산 러 백신 공장 가보니". Maeil Business (in Korean). Retrieved 1 March 2021.
  29. ^ Lim, Jeong-yeo (16 February 2021). "SK Bioscience to manufacture Novavax vaccine for 20 mil population". The Korea Herald. Retrieved 1 March 2021.

External links

Media files used on this page

Coronavirus. SARS-CoV-2.png
Author/Creator: Alexey Solodovnikov (Idea, Producer, CG, Editor), Valeria Arkhipova (Scientific Сonsultant), Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Scientifically accurate atomic model of the external structure of the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome CoronaVirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), a strain (genetic variant) of the coronavirus that caused Coronavirus disease (COVID-19), first identified in Wuhan, China, during December 2019

Each separate locus (amorphous blob) is an atom of:

  cobalt: membrane
  crimson: E protein
  green: M protein
  orange: glucose (glycan)
  turquoise : S (spike) glycoprotein
SARS-CoV-2 (Wikimedia colors).svg
Author/Creator: Geraki, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
SARS-CoV-2 logo in Wikimedia colors
Flag of Italy.svg
Author/Creator: unknown, Licence: PD
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg
The civil ensign and flag of Belgium. It is identical to Image:Flag of Belgium.svg except that it has a 2:3 ratio, instead of 13:15.
Green check.svg
Green check icon
Dark Red x.svg
Dark Red "X"/Cross logic icon.
South Korea Doses Given by Province map per population (as of 1st of July).png
Author/Creator: George Karabassis, Licence: CC BY 4.0
Map of South Korea showing the share of vaccinations done over population by province.