COVID-19 vaccination in Nepal

COVID-19 vaccination programme
AstraZeneca (Indian version) 2021 cropped.jpg
Oxford–AstraZeneca (Covishied), the most commonly used vaccine in Nepal[1]
Date27 January 2021 (2021-01-27) – present
(1 year, 38 days ago)
LocationNepal
CauseCOVID-19 pandemic in Nepal
TargetImmunisation of Nepalese against COVID-19
Organised byGovernment of Nepal
Participants
  • 1,51,72,527 people with at least one dose administered
  • 1,12,32,683 people have been fully vaccinated
Outcome
  • 51% of the Nepalese population has received at least one dose.
  • 38% of Nepalese population has received full doses
Websitewww.mohp.gov.np
vaccine.mohp.gov.np

Nepal began administration of COVID-19 vaccines on 27 January 2021. 1 million Oxford-Astrazeneca vaccines were provided by India as a grant while Nepal brought 2 million doses from Serum Institute of India (SII) and was one of the first to receive COVID-19 vaccines. The delivery of the first 1 million doses arrived on 21 February.[2] In March, India's decision to ban exports of vaccines created uncertainty over whether Nepal would be able to continue its vaccinations. By April, SII had only provided half of the 2 million doses for which Nepal had paid in full. A spokesperson for the Indian Ministry of External Affairs rejected the notion of an export ban and said “We will export vaccines taking into account the domestic demand.”[3] By late July, there was still uncertainty in Nepal over when SII would deliver the vaccines that were purchased, although Prime Minister Narendra Modi said India would "resume the supply of vaccines soon."[4]

Nepal approved China's Sinopharm BIBP vaccine (BBIBP-CorV) for emergency use on 15 February. The first doses arrived in Nepal on 29 March.[2] By July, China, had provided 1.8 million doses of the Sinopharm BIBP vaccine under grant assistance, and committed to providing another 1.6 million doses. Separately, the government purchased 4 million doses in June for which delivery was expected to be complete in a few days and was expected to purchase another 6 million doses in July.[5]

About 1.52 million doses of single dose Janssen vaccine (Johnson & Johnson) arrived on July as aid from the United States.[6] Similarly, Ambassador Berry assured that the U.S. had prioritized additional vaccine assistance to Nepal realizing the need.[7] Nepal on 25 October 2021 received 100,620 doses of Pfizer-BioNtech COVID-19 vaccine provided by the United States through COVAX.[8]

Nepal is set to receive 1.6 million doses of single dose Oxford AstraZeneca as aid from Japan.[9] Nepal has requested additional 3 lakhs vaccine dosage from Bhutan which is under consideration.[10]

Different stages

The campaign was launched with the 1 million doses initial doses of the Oxford-Astrazeneca vaccine. At that time, the virus had claimed 2,017 lives and infected 270,092 across the country. Around 430,000 frontline workers–health workers, supporting staffers at health facilities, female community health volunteers, security personnel, sanitation workers, elderly people living in care homes, and prisoners–were listed as priority groups for vaccination. After the first round of the first phase was completed, the government said journalists and diplomatic staff could take the jabs. When the government announced that the first phase was completed on 5 March, as many as 438,000 had received their first dose.[2]

The day the second phase of vaccination was started 348,000 doses of Covishield arrived in Nepal under the World Health Organisation-backed COVAX facility. The government said all the citizens above 65 years of age would be inoculated. The public response was quite encouraging. In the second phase, around 1.3 million people were inoculated across the country.[11]

Nepal became the first country in the Asia Pacific to provide vaccines to the refugees. It was started in March 2021.[12]

Vaccines in order

Currently, the vaccines approved by government of Nepal for emergency use are:

VaccineCountry of manufactureApprovalDeploymentVaccination status
First doseFully vaccinated
Oxford–AstraZeneca
  • India (Covishield)
  • Japan
  • Sweden
Green check.svg Yes[13]Green check.svg Yes18,68,4257,24,992
JanssenUSAGreen check.svg Yes[14]Green check.svg Yes12,62,918[15]
Sinopharm BIBPChinaGreen check.svg Yes[16]Green check.svg Yes25,74,5377,38,324
Pfizer–BioNTechUSAGreen check.svg Yes[17]Green check.svg Yes
Moderna COVID-19 vaccineUSAGreen check.svg Yes[18]Green check.svg Yes
CovaxinIndiaGreen check.svg Yes[19]Dark Red x.svg No
Sputnik VRussiaGreen check.svg Yes[20]Dark Red x.svg No
CoronaVacChinaGreen check.svg Yes[21]Dark Red x.svg No

References

  1. ^ "COVID-19 Situation Report - 26 August 2021" (PDF).
  2. ^ a b c "Nepal's vaccination status". The Kathmandu Post. 12 May 2021.
  3. ^ "As Nepal struggles to continue vaccine drive, India denies export restrictions". kathmandupost.com. Retrieved 29 July 2021.
  4. ^ "In a telephone conversation to congratulate Deuba, Indian Prime Minister Modi assures vaccine supply". kathmandupost.com. Retrieved 4 August 2021.
  5. ^ "Deal to buy 6 million vaccine doses from China likely soon, officials say". kathmandupost.com. Retrieved 29 July 2021.
  6. ^ "1.5 million doses of J&J vaccine arrive in Nepal". kathmandupost.com. Retrieved 4 August 2021.
  7. ^ "U.S. Ambassador Berry pays courtesy call on Home Minister Khand". Khabarhub. Retrieved 4 August 2021.
  8. ^ "Over 100,000 doses of Pfizer-BioNtech vaccine arrive in Nepal". kathmandupost.com. Retrieved 26 October 2021.
  9. ^ "Nepal to get 1.6 million AstraZeneca vaccine doses as donation from Japan". South Asia Monitor. Retrieved 4 August 2021.
  10. ^ "Nepal seeks Covid-19 vaccine doses from Bhutan". kathmandupost.com. Retrieved 4 August 2021.
  11. ^ "Nepal's vaccination status". kathmandupost.com. Retrieved 7 July 2021.
  12. ^ Refugees, United Nations High Commissioner for. "Nepal becomes first country in Asia Pacific to vaccinate refugees against COVID-19". UNHCR. Retrieved 25 October 2021.
  13. ^ "Nepal approves AstraZeneca COVID vaccine for emergency use – government statement". Reuters. 15 January 2021. Retrieved 31 May 2021.
  14. ^ "1.5 million doses of J&J vaccine arrive in Nepal". The Kathmandu Post. Retrieved 12 July 2021.
  15. ^ "Situation Report" (PDF). Ministry of Health and Population.
  16. ^ "China's Shinopharm vaccine gets emergency use authorisation in Nepal". The Kathmandu Post. Retrieved 31 May 2021.
  17. ^ "US donated Pfizer vaccine arrives in Nepal". 25 October 2021.
  18. ^ "Nepal receives 1,965,600 doses of Moderna vaccine from COVAX".
  19. ^ "Nepal becomes third country to give emergency nod to Indian vaccine COVAXIN". Reuters. 19 March 2021. Retrieved 31 May 2021.
  20. ^ "Nepal approves Russia's Sputnik V COVID-19 vaccine". Reuters. 20 April 2021. Retrieved 31 May 2021.
  21. ^ "Nepal gives emergency use approval to China's Sinovac Covid-19 vaccine". kathmandupost.com. Retrieved 7 June 2021.

Media files used on this page

Coronavirus. SARS-CoV-2.png
Author/Creator: Alexey Solodovnikov (Idea, Producer, CG, Editor), Valeria Arkhipova (Scientific Сonsultant), Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Scientifically accurate atomic model of the external structure of the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome CoronaVirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), a strain (genetic variant) of the coronavirus that caused Coronavirus disease (COVID-19), first identified in Wuhan, China, during December 2019

Each separate locus (amorphous blob) is an atom of:

  cobalt: membrane
  crimson: E protein
  green: M protein
  orange: glucose (glycan)
  turquoise : S (spike) glycoprotein
SARS-CoV-2 (Wikimedia colors).svg
Author/Creator: Geraki, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
SARS-CoV-2 logo in Wikimedia colors
Green check.svg
Green check icon
Dark Red x.svg
Dark Red "X"/Cross logic icon.
AstraZeneca (Indian version) 2021 cropped.jpg
Author/Creator: Agência Brasília on [1], Licence: CC BY-SA 2.5
Флакон з вакциною COVISHIELD (вироблена в Індії версія Oxford AstraZeneca)
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Author/Creator: w:User:Tkgd, Everaldo Coelho and YellowIcon, Licence: LGPL
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