COVID-19 vaccination in Mexico

COVID-19 vaccination in Mexico
DateDecember 24, 2020 (2020-12-24) – present
LocationMexico
CauseCOVID-19 pandemic in Mexico

COVID-19 vaccination in Mexico is an ongoing immunization campaign against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the virus that causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), in response to the ongoing pandemic in the country.

Background

COVID-19 vaccine vials being made ready for delivery at a vaccination centre in Mexico

By September 25, 2021, Mexico had administered a total of 97,523,789 doses (74.87 vaccine doses per 100 people), with 54,275,054 residents having received at least one dose and 43,248,659 residents fully vaccinated.[1] Mexico has purchased 310.8 million vaccines doses which covers 141.2% of its population.[2]

Wealthy Mexicans were reported to travel to the neighbouring United States for receiving their vaccinations.[3] In March, the White House announced that four million of doses of COVID-19 vaccines manufactured in the United States will be sent to Mexico.[4][5]

In a survey conducted in March 2021, 52% of the Mexicans said that they were willing to get vaccinated against COVID-19, 20% said they were not sure and 28% said they would not get vaccinated.[6]

On 20 April 2021, President López Obrador televised himself receiving the AstraZeneca vaccine.[7][8]

National vaccination plan

The National vaccination plan against COVID-19 has been planned as below in Mexico:[9]

  • December 2020 - February 2021 : Health workers dealing with COVID-19
  • February - April 2021 : Other health workers and people 60+ years of age
  • April - May 2021 : People 50-59 years old
  • May - June 2021 : People 40-49 years old
  • June 2021 - March 2022 : People 18-39 years old
  • November 2021 - March 2022 : People 15-17 years old [10]
  • October 2021 - March 2022 : People 12-14 years old with comorbidity[11] (children under 12 are exempted from vaccination)

Some Mexican states allowed grocery store workers, first responders, and teachers to get vaccinated around the Spring of 2021.[12]

Vaccines on order

NOT UPDATED SINCE APRIL 2021 - Mexico has contracted 79.4 million doses of the AstraZeneca/Oxford vaccine, 35 million doses of the CureVac vaccine, 22 million doses of the Johnson & Johnson vaccine, 39 million doses of the Moderna vaccine, 10 million doses of the Novavax vaccine, 34.4 million doses of the BioNTech/Pfizer vaccine, 24 million doses of the Sputnik V vaccine, 35 million doses of Convidecia, 12 million doses of the Sinopharm BIBP vaccine and 20 million doses of CoronaVac.[2] 3,305,000 doses of the AstraZeneca/Oxford vaccine have been delivered through the COVAX mechanism,[13] a global initiative that aims at equitable distribution for Covid-19 vaccines. Moreover, the United States have sent 2.5 million doses of the AstraZeneca/Oxford vaccine to Mexico.[14]

The following vaccines are authorized by the Mexican government for use against COVID-19 (approval date in parentheses):[9]

VaccineApproval[15]Deployment
Pfizer–BioNTechGreen check.svg December 11, 2020Green check.svg December 24, 2020
Oxford–AstraZenecaGreen check.svg January 4, 2021Green check.svg Yes
ConvideciaGreen check.svg February 8, 2021Green check.svg Yes
Sputnik VGreen check.svg February 9, 2021Green check.svg Yes
CoronaVacGreen check.svg February 9, 2021Green check.svg Yes
CovaxinGreen check.svg April 6, 2021Dark Red x.svg Not yet
JanssenGreen check.svg May 27, 2021Green check.svg June 17, 2021[16]
ModernaGreen check.svg August 17, 2021Green check.svg Yes
Sinopharm BIBPGreen check.svg August 27, 2021Dark Red x.svg Not yet
AbdalaGreen check.svg December 28, 2021Dark Red x.svg Not yet

Vaccines in trial stage

VaccineType (technology)Phase IPhase IIPhase III
NovavaxSubunitGreen check.svg CompletedGreen check.svg CompletedGreen check.svg Completed
GRAd-COV2Viral vectorGreen check.svg CompletedGreen check.svg CompletedIn progress
PatriaViral vectorGreen check.svg CompletedIn progressDark Red x.svg Not yet

Manufacture and distribution of vaccines in Mexico

The Secretary of Foreign Affairs, Marcelo Ebrard, released the details of the agreement between the government of Mexico, Argentina, the pharmaceutical company AstraZeneca and the Carlos Slim Foundation to produce and distribute the vaccine developed by the University of Oxford.[17]

The strategy to distribute the vaccine in Latin America, the product manufactured in the Argentine mAbxience laboratory, will be transferred to the Mexican facilities of the Liomont laboratory, which will be in charge of completing the stabilization, manufacturing and packaging process of the vaccine. The COVID-19 vaccine from the pharmaceutical company CanSino Biologics will be packaged in Querétaro, after the company requested from COFEPRIS, authorization for its emergency use of its vaccine.[18]

See also

References

  1. ^ "COVID Vaccinations in the Americas > Country/Territory Details > Mexico". Pan American Health Organization (PAHO). Retrieved September 25, 2021.
  2. ^ a b "Timeline: Tracking Latin America's Road to Vaccination". AS/COA. Retrieved June 3, 2021.
  3. ^ LINTHICUM, KATE; HENNESSY-FISKE, MOLLY (March 31, 2021). "With Mexico's vaccination program lagging, wealthy Mexicans are flocking to the U.S." Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 2, 2021.
  4. ^ "US to send 4m vaccine doses to Canada and Mexico". BBC News. March 18, 2021. Retrieved April 2, 2021.
  5. ^ Kitroeff, Natalie; Abi-Habib, Maria; Kanno-Youngs, Zolan; Tankersley, Jim (March 18, 2021). "U.S. to Send Millions of Vaccine Doses to Mexico and Canada". The New York Times. Retrieved April 2, 2021.
  6. ^ "Mexico ramps up vaccinations as COVID deaths top 200,000". www.aljazeera.com. Retrieved April 2, 2021.
  7. ^ "Lopez Obrador gets COVID jab: 'It protects us all'". www.aljazeera.com. April 20, 2021. Archived from the original on April 20, 2021. Retrieved April 20, 2021.
  8. ^ Jeong, Sophie; Fox, Kara; Pearce, Nicholas (April 20, 2021). "Mexican president will livestream getting vaccinated to reassure the country of its safety". CNN. Archived from the original on April 20, 2021. Retrieved April 20, 2021.
  9. ^ a b "Mexico: The Latest on COVID-19 and Vaccination Measures". The National Law Review. Retrieved April 2, 2021.
  10. ^ "Anuncia gobierno de México que comenzará a vacunar a todos los jóvenes de 15 años en adelante". aristeguinoticias.com (in Spanish).
  11. ^ "Gobierno publica guía de vacunación COVID para menores; contempla 44 padecimientos". www.animalpolitico.com (in Spanish). September 29, 2021.
  12. ^ "Gobierno publica guía de vacunación COVID para menores; contempla 44 padecimientos". www.animalpolitico.com (in Spanish). September 29, 2021.
  13. ^ "Arrival of COVID-19 vaccines to the Americas through COVAX - PAHO/WHO | Pan American Health Organization". www.paho.org. Retrieved June 3, 2021.
  14. ^ Kitroeff, Natalie; Abi-Habib, Maria; Kanno-Youngs, Zolan; Tankersley, Jim (March 18, 2021). "U.S. to Send Millions of Vaccine Doses to Mexico and Canada". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved June 3, 2021.
  15. ^ "COFEPRIS emite autorización para uso de emergencia a vacuna contra covid-19 a las siguientes vacunas". www.gob.mx (in Spanish).
  16. ^ "Inicia hoy vacunación en Baja California para todos los mayores de 18 años". Gobierno de México (in Spanish). June 17, 2021.
  17. ^ de 2021, 21 de Enero. "Así es el laboratorio mexicano que envasará la vacuna Oxford - AstraZeneca para su distribución en toda América Latina". infobae (in European Spanish). Retrieved July 27, 2021.
  18. ^ "Envasarán vacuna contra COVID-19 en Querétaro". AM Querétaro (in Spanish). February 6, 2021. Retrieved July 27, 2021.

Media files used on this page

Coronavirus. SARS-CoV-2.png
Author/Creator: Alexey Solodovnikov (Idea, Producer, CG, Editor), Valeria Arkhipova (Scientific Сonsultant), Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Scientifically accurate atomic model of the external structure of the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome CoronaVirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), a strain (genetic variant) of the coronavirus that caused Coronavirus disease (COVID-19), first identified in Wuhan, China, during December 2019

Each separate locus (amorphous blob) is an atom of:

  cobalt: membrane
  crimson: E protein
  green: M protein
  orange: glucose (glycan)
  turquoise : S (spike) glycoprotein
SARS-CoV-2 (Wikimedia colors).svg
Author/Creator: Geraki, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
SARS-CoV-2 logo in Wikimedia colors
Green check.svg
Green check icon
Dark Red x.svg
Dark Red "X"/Cross logic icon.
Vacunación contra COVID 01.jpg
Author/Creator: Alfredo Mora, Licence: CC BY-SA 2.0
Fotos de vacunas contra COVID