COVID-19 vaccination in Germany

COVID-19 vaccination in Germany
Germany map of fully vaccinated people by percentage of population by state as of 23rd of June 2021.png
Map of Germany by state. Percentage of people getting fully vaccinated by population as of June 23, 2021.[1]
Date26 December 2020 (2020-12-26) – present
CauseCOVID-19 pandemic in Germany
TargetFull immunisation of people in Germany against COVID-19
Participants55,869,314 people with one dose
52,503,166 people fully vaccinated (19 September 2021)
WebsiteOfficial Website

The COVID-19 vaccination campaign in Germany began on 26 December 2020.[2] As of 16 December 2021, 60,679,186 people have received at least one dose (73 % of total population), while 58,174,724 people have been fully vaccinated (70 % of total population).[3]

Vaccines on order

German vaccination certificate with evidence of two-dose of COVID-19 vaccination

There are several COVID-19 vaccines at various stages of development around the world. The ones listed as "pending" in the table below are under review by the European Medicines Agency as of 15 May 2021.[4]

Pfizer–BioNTechGreen check.svg 21 December 2020Green check.svg 26 December 2020
ModernaGreen check.svg 6 January 2021Green check.svg 12 January 2021
Oxford–AstraZenecaGreen check.svg 29 January 2021Green check.svg 7 February 2021
JanssenGreen check.svg 11 March 2021Green check.svg 5 May 2021
NovavaxGreen check.svg 20 December 2021Pending
Sputnik VPendingPending
CureVac Request withdrawnNo

The German Immunization Committee (STIKO) initially recommended jabs from AstraZeneca[5] and Janssen only for patients ages 60 and above after reports of blood clot post-vaccination, but this was made available to everyone by the federal government on May 6, 2021[6] and May 10, 2021,[7] respectively. On November 10 of the same year, STIKO recommended jabs from Moderna's vaccine mRNA-1273 only to persons 30 years of age and older due to the increased risk of myocarditis and pericarditis for young people, and the vaccine from Biontech/Pfizer was the only recommended vaccine for young people.[8]

Doses delivered (cumulative)

As of 19 July 2021

Timeline of vaccination

© Raimond Spekking / CC BY-SA 4.0 (via Wikimedia Commons)
COVID-19 vaccination center in Hall 4 of Cologne Trade Fair.

Priority groups

At the beginning of the vaccination campaign, the vaccine was planned to be distributed in four priority groups.[9]

Vaccination group 1

The first priority group received their first vaccination on 26 December 2020. Everyone ages 80 and above, residents & caretakers of senior residents and high risk medical personnel are included in this group.

Vaccination group 2

This group consists of everyone ages 70 to 79, people with high risk preexisting conditions or down syndrome or psychologically impaired and their caretakers, caretakers of pregnant women, and other medical personnel not included in group 1.

Vaccination group 3

Group 3 consists of everyone ages 60 to 69, people with moderate preexisting conditions and their caretakers, employees of the government, shops, and vital infrastructure, and teachers.

Vaccination group 4

Everyone under the age of 60, but at least 16 years old, who are not included in the above vaccination group will be the last to get inoculation once most members of the top three priority groups receive their first dose. At a press conference on 26 April 2021, chancellor Angela Merkel promised to remove the prioritization by June,[10] with Health Minister Jens Spahn later announcing its end on June 7, 2021.[11] However, the states of Baden-Württemberg, Bavaria, and Berlin decided to enable this group to also get vaccinated through a doctor's office starting on 17 May 2021.[12][13][14]

On 27 May 2021, chancellor Angela Merkel announced the extension of this priority to include children ages 12 to 15, on the condition that at least one existing vaccine is approved for use in this age range by the European Medicines Agency (EMA).[15]

Slowing of vaccination campaign and government response

On 8 August 2021, it was reported that in response to a decreasing demand for vaccinations, in particular the Oxford–AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine, the Health Ministry would, starting from 16 August, distribute vaccines to the 16 states on the basis of reported demand, instead of the maximum feasible amounts. For the same reason, states projected in a survey by Die Welt that they would return over 2 million vaccine doses to the federal government. Development minister Gerd Müller told the newspaper that the amount of 30 million vaccine doses already promised should be increased in view of the situation, and that as the next step, the capacities for domestic production in poorer countries should be improved.[16]

From 13 to 19 September, mobile vaccination centers were set up on public transport, mosques, and football fields as part of a campaign to increase the vaccination rate in the population.[17]


Vaccination figures were obtained from the RKI, updated every business day and correspond to progress on the previous day.[18] Starting from April, inoculations can also be administered at a doctor's office alongside the existing vaccination center and mobile teams [19] and from 7 June at a company's physician office. A first dose is described as a person who received at least one COVID-19 vaccine doses, while a full dose stands for a person who completed the vaccination process with the prescribed doses.

Cumulative vaccinations

Vaccinations per day

Vaccination by federal state

First and second vaccination by federal state
Federal stateVaccinated populationPercentage of population vaccinated
first dosefull dosebooster dosefirst dosefull dosebooster dose
Flag of Baden-Württemberg.svg Baden-Württemberg7,573,6737,374,131924,13768.2 %66.4 %8.3 %
Flag of Bavaria (lozengy).svg Bavaria9,002,2878,735,4311,335,73368.5 %66.5 %10.2 %
Flag of Berlin.svg Berlin2,620,2482,526.217461,18371.5 %68.9 %12.6 %
Flag of Brandenburg.svg Brandenburg1,626,0731,567,530206,97264.2 %61.9 %8.2 %
Flag of Bremen.svg Bremen4,456,3664,241,163531,82570.8 %67.4 %8.5 %
Flag of Hamburg.svg Hamburg1,410,0151,371,397164,66476.1 %74.0 %8.9 %
Flag of Hesse.svg Hesse4,456,3664,241,163531,82570.8 %67.4 %8.5 %
Flag of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania.svg Mecklenburg-Vorpommern1,110,8931,074,521146,09569.0 %66.7 %9.1 %
Flag of Lower Saxony.svg Lower Saxony5,856,5855,613,878748,55073.2 %70.1 %9.4 %
Flag of North Rhine-Westphalia.svg North Rhine-Westphalia13,447,37412,838,4481,850,98375.0 %71.6 %10.3 %
Flag of Rhineland-Palatinate.svg Rhineland-Palatinate2,957,2662.786,767374,72372.2 %68.0 %9.1 %
Flag of Saarland.svg Saarland760,872735,825109,99477.3 %74.8 %11.2 %
Flag of Saxony.svg Saxony2,445,5702,351,886303,95860.3 %58.0 %7.5 %
Flag of Saxony-Anhalt.svg Saxony-Anhalt1,450,0621,412,577194,68766.5 %64.8 %8.9 %
Flag of Schleswig-Holstein.svg Schleswig-Holstein2,187,7552,113,758306,80075.2 %72.6 %10.5 %
Flag of Thuringia.svg Thuringia1,356,5451,320,893230,96464.0 %62.3 %10.9 %
Bundeswehr Kreuz Black.svgBundespolizei-Logos.svg Bundeswehr / German Federal Police194,512186,91410,143
Flag of Germany.svg Germany59,018,26356,795,1427,981,43571.0 %68.3 %9.6 %
Total injected doses120,376,028
As of 26 November 2021 per data from Robert Koch Institut.


In August 2021, authorities in north Germany found that a nurse injected saline instead of vaccine, and had to ask more than 8,000 people to get repeat Covid vaccinations.[20]


  1. ^ Germany COVID-19 Vaccine Tracker: States Map. By George Karabassis. Click on the 1M button on the bottom right of the map and on the 2x button to produce the map shown.
  2. ^ "Erste Corona-Impfungen in Halberstadt: Pieks für 101-Jährige" (in German). dpa. 26 December 2020. Retrieved 11 May 2021.
  3. ^ "Aktueller Impfstatus". (in German). Federal Ministry of Health (Germany). Archived from the original on 2021-01-14. Retrieved 2021-12-16.
  4. ^ "COVID-19 vaccines: under evaluation". European Medicines Agency. n.d. Retrieved 15 May 2021.
  5. ^ "Germany restricts use of AstraZeneca vaccine to over 60s in most cases". Deutsche Welle. 30 March 2021. Retrieved 11 May 2021.
  6. ^ "Coronavirus: Germany opens up AstraZeneca COVID vaccines for all adults". Deutsche Welle. 6 May 2021. Retrieved 11 May 2021.
  7. ^ "Johnson & Johnson prioritization lifted" (in German). tagesschau. Retrieved 2 June 2021.
  8. ^ Alkousaa, Riham (10 November 2021). "Germany recommends only Biontech/Pfizer vaccine for under-30s". Reuters. Archived from the original on 2021-11-10. Retrieved 21 December 2021.
  9. ^ "Vaccination priority" (PDF). German Ministry of Health. Retrieved 10 May 2021.
  10. ^ "Merkel: Germany to let everyone apply for vaccine by June". Deutsche Welle. 26 April 2021. Retrieved 12 May 2021.
  11. ^ "Germany to open up vaccines to all adults from June 7th: What you need to know". 18 May 2021. Retrieved 2 June 2021.
  12. ^ "Coronavirus in Bavaria: Assistance in English". Bayerischer Rundfunk. Retrieved 12 May 2021.
  13. ^ "Corona-Impfungen in Arztpraxen künftig freigegeben - große Nachfrage". Südwestrundfunk. 12 May 2021. Retrieved 12 May 2021.
  14. ^ "Ab Montag Berlin hebt Impfpriorisierung bei Ärzten auf" (in German). Rundfunk Berlin-Brandenburg. 13 May 2021. Retrieved 13 May 2021.
  15. ^ Thurau, Jens (27 May 2021). "COVID: Germany's Merkel wants vaccines for children aged 12 to 15". Deutsche Welle. Retrieved 2 June 2021.
  16. ^ Doll, Nikolaus (8 August 2021). "Bundesländer geben mehr als zwei Millionen Impfdosen zurück". Die Welt (in German). Retrieved 12 August 2021.
  17. ^ "German Chancellor Angela Merkel kicks off COVID vaccination action week". Deutsche Welle. 12 September 2021. Retrieved 16 September 2021.
  18. ^ "RKI - Coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 - Digitales Impfquotenmonitoring zur COVID-19-Impfung".
  19. ^ "Germany: Merkel, state leaders agree on strategy to jump-start vaccinations". Deutsche Welle. 19 March 2021. Retrieved 16 April 2021.
  20. ^ "Covid: Germany fears thousands got saline, not vaccine from nurse". BBC News. 12 August 2021.

Media files used on this page

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Author/Creator: Geraki, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
SARS-CoV-2 logo in Wikimedia colors
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Civil and state flag of the state Rhineland-Palatinate
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Impfpass mit Eintragungen der beiden Impfungen mit Tozinameran im Impfzentrum Erlangen, Februar 2021
Germany map of fully vaccinated people by percentage of population by state as of 23rd of June 2021.png
Author/Creator: George Karabassis, Licence: CC BY 4.0
Germany map of fully vaccinated people by percentage of population by state as of 23rd of June 2021. The darker the color, the higher the percentage of people who are fully vaccinated.
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Eisernes Kreuz als nationales Erkennungszeichen der Bundeswehr.
COVID-19 vaccination center, fair grounds Cologne-6467.jpg
© Raimond Spekking / CC BY-SA 4.0 (via Wikimedia Commons)
COVID-19 vaccination center, fair grounds Koelnmesse, Cologne
Photo: Individual booths where the vaccinee can clarify open questions with a doctor in a one-on-one conversation
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