COVID-19 pandemic in the Autonomous Region of Bougainville

COVID-19 pandemic in the Autonomous Region of Bougainville
Bougainville in Papua New Guinea (special marker).svg
DiseaseCOVID-19
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationAutonomous Region of Bougainville
Arrival dateAugust 7, 2020
(1 year, 6 months, 3 weeks and 6 days)
Confirmed cases921[1]
Recovered254
Deaths
17[2]
Government website
Autonomous Region of Bougainville State of Emergency (SOE) COVID-19

The COVID-19 pandemic in the Autonomous Region of Bougainville is part of the ongoing worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The Autonomous Region of Bougainville's confirmed its first case of the COVID-19 pandemic on Friday, August 7, 2020, in Arawa, Bougainville.[1] The first documented arrival of COVID-19 in Bougainville occurred just before the start of the Bougainvillean general and presidential elections, which took place over the course of three weeks beginning on August 12, 2020, and ending on September 1, 2020.[1][3]

Background

On 12 January 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) confirmed that a novel coronavirus was the cause of a respiratory illness in a cluster of people in Wuhan, Hubei province, China, which was reported to the WHO on 31 December 2019.[4][5]

Timeline in Bougainville

August 2020

On August 1, 2020, the Autonomous Bougainville Government (ABG) began restricting flights from the rest of Papua New Guinea after a new surge of coronavirus cases COVID-19 pandemic in Papua New Guinea.[6] While a COVID-19 state of emergency was already in place, passengers had been able to fly into Buka Airport and Aropa Airport from Papua New Guinea since early June 2020.[6] Beginning August 1, flights into Bougainville could only be MEDEVAC or an approved charter flight.[6] The government also now needed to grant permission to anyone seeking to fly out of Bougainville.[6] Just one freight flight would be allowed to land in Bougainville each week.[6]

The Autonomous Bougainville Government confirmed its first positive case of COVID-19 on Friday, August 7, 2020.[1] The first patient was identified as a 22-year college student.[1] The student returned to Buka, Bougainville, passing through Buka Airport, from Port Moresby, the capital of Papua New Guinea.[1] He then traveled to Central Bougainville District before testing positive for COVID-19.[1] Once identified, the patient was quarantines in the town of Arawa.[1] Contact tracing was set up to find individuals that the man may have come in contact with.[1]

In August 2020, the government began requiring the operators and drivers of public motor vehicles (PMVs) to keep daily recorded logs of all passengers in an effort to aid contact tracing.[7] Public motors vehicles are the main form of public transportation in Bougainville.[7] The Autonomous Bougainville Government also banned travel between different localities and constituencies for four days, beginning on August 12, 2020, in an effort to stop any potential spread of COVID-19.[7]

The confirmed arrival of COVID-19 in Autonomous Region of Bougainville occurred just before the beginning of the 2020 Bougainvillean general and presidential elections, which began on August 12, 2020.[1][3] Commissioner Ignatius Nauru of the Office of the Bougainville Electoral Commissioner said efforts were in place to educate voters about COVID-19 during the three week election.[1] Personal protective equipment (PPE), such as masks and gloves, were mandatory for all poll workers, while voters were required to sanitize their hands at the polling station.[1][3] Voters were also asked to bring their own pens to fill out their ballots.[1]

March 2021

In March 2021, Speaker of the Bougainville House of Representatives Simon Pentanu confirmed he had been diagnosed with COVID-19 and had begun 14 days of self-quarantine.[8]

April 2021

On 20 April, Bougainville confirmed its first death from COVID-19. In addition, health authorities confirmed that there had been a total of 284 cases in the autonomous region with 254 cases having since recovered.[2]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Awareness of Covid-19 measures ramps up ahead of Bougainville vote". Radio New Zealand International. 2020-08-10. Archived from the original on 2020-08-12. Retrieved 2020-08-12.
  2. ^ a b "First confirmed Covid-19 death in Bougainville". Radio New Zealand. 20 April 2021. Archived from the original on 19 April 2021. Retrieved 20 April 2021.
  3. ^ a b c "Bougainville electoral staff off to polling stations". Radio New Zealand International. 2020-08-06. Archived from the original on 2020-08-10. Retrieved 2020-08-12.
  4. ^ Elsevier. "Novel Coronavirus Information Center". Elsevier Connect. Archived from the original on 30 January 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  5. ^ Reynolds, Matt (4 March 2020). "What is coronavirus and how close is it to becoming a pandemic?". Wired UK. ISSN 1357-0978. Archived from the original on 5 March 2020. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
  6. ^ a b c d e "Bougainville limits flights again as PNG wrestles with Covid-19". Radio New Zealand International. 2020-08-01. Retrieved 2020-08-12. {{cite news}}: Check |archive-url= value (help)CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  7. ^ a b c "Bougainville introduces covid measures on public transport". Radio New Zealand International. 2020-08-11. Archived from the original on 2020-08-12. Retrieved 2020-08-12.
  8. ^ "Bougainville Speaker infected with Covid-19". Radio New Zealand International. 2021-03-23. Archived from the original on 2021-03-24. Retrieved 2021-03-28.

External links

Media files used on this page

SARS-CoV-2 (Wikimedia colors).svg
Author/Creator: Geraki, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
SARS-CoV-2 logo in Wikimedia colors
Bougainville in Papua New Guinea (special marker).svg
Author/Creator: TUBSEmail Silk.svg Gallery, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Location of province XY (see filename) in Papua New Guinea