COVID-19 pandemic in Xinjiang

COVID-19 pandemic in Xinjiang
DiseaseCOVID-19
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationXinjiang, China
First outbreakWuhan, Hubei
Index caseÜrümqi
Arrival date23 January 2020 (2 years, 1 month and 2 weeks ago)
Confirmed cases902
Active cases160
Recovered739
Deaths
3

The COVID-19 epidemic in Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region is part of the worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). On 23 January 2020, the local government confirmed the first two case in Urumchi, the capital city of Xinjiang.

Timeline

January 2020

On 23 January, Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region Health Commission (XUARHC) confirmed 2 new imported confirmed cases of novel coronavirus pneumonia.[1]

In 25–27 January, the XUARHC reported one new confirmed case for each day. On 27 January, 1 new severe case was reported. As of 26 January 24:00, Xinjiang had reported a total of 5 ccs of novel coronavirus pneumonia, of which 4 were in Ürümqi City and 1 in Ili Prefecture. The one severe case was in Ürümqi City.[2][3][4]

On January 28, the XUARHC reported 5 new confirmed cases, of which Turpan City, the 7th Division, and Shihezi City of the 8th Division reported their first cases; among the other 2 new cases, 1 was in Ürümqi City, 1 in Ili Prefecture; there were 1 new severe case, which was in Yili Prefecture.[5]

On January 29, the XUARHC reported 3 new confirmed cases and 2 new severe cases. Among the newly confirmed cases, 1 was in Ürümqi City and 2 were in Ili Prefecture; among the new severe cases, 2 were in Ürümqi City.[6]

On January 30, the XUARHC reported 1 new confirmed case (Ürümqi City).[7]

On January 31, the XUARHC reported 3 newly diagnosed cases, wherein the Aksu region reported its first confirmed case; of the other 2 newly increased confirmed cases, 1 was in Ürümqi City and 1 was in Ili Prefecture.[8]

February 2020

On 1 February, the XUARHC reported 1 newly confirmed case (the 9th Division of the Corps, first time reported), and 1 new severe case (Ili Prefecture)[9]

On 2 February, the XUARHC reported 3 new diagnosed cases (all cases of the 9th Division of the Corps).[10] On the same day, Ürümqi City metro announced the suspension of its service.[11]

On 3 February, the XUARHC reported 3 new confirmed cases, 2 new severe cases, and 1 new critical case.[12]

On 4 February, the XUARHC reported 5 new confirmed cases, and 2 new severe cases.[13]

On 5 February, Xinjiang (including the Corps) reported 3 new confirmed cases of novel coronavirus pneumonia.[14]

On 6 February, Xinjiang (including the Corps) reported 3 new confirmed cases of novel coronavirus pneumonia, wherein Bayingolin Mongol Autonomous Prefecture reported its first confirmed case; of the other new confirmed cases, 3 were in Ürümqi City.[15]

On 7 February, Xinjiang (including the Corps) reported 3 new confirmed cases of novel coronavirus pneumonia, all in Ürümqi City.[16]

On 8 February, Xinjiang (including the Corps) reported 3 new confirmed cases of novel coronavirus pneumonia, of which the 12th Division of the Corps reported its first confirmed case; among the newly confirmed cases in the other 2 cities, 1 was in Ürümqi City, and 1 in Bayingolin.[17]

On 9 February, Xinjiang (including the Corps) reported 3 new confirmed cases of novel coronavirus pneumonia. Among the newly confirmed cases, 1 was in Ürümqi City, 1 was in Ili Prefecture, and 1 was in Bayingolin.[18]

As of 24:00 on February 9, Xinjiang (including the Corps) had reported a total of 49 confirmed cases of novel coronavirus pneumonia (38 cases in Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, 11 cases in Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps), of which: of the confirmed cases, there were 20 cases in Ürümqi City, 10 cases in Ili Prefecture, 3 cases in Changji Prefecture, 1 case in Turpan City, 3 cases in Bayingolin, 1 case in Aksu Region, 3 cases in the 4th Division of the Corps, 1 case in the Wujiaqu City, the 6th Division of the Corps, 1 case in the 7th Division of the Corps, 1 case in Shihezi City, 8th Division, 4 cases in 9th Division, and 1 case in 12th Division; there were 12 active severe cases, and 4 critical cases.[19]

On February 10, Xinjiang (including the Corps) reported 4 new diagnosed cases of novel coronavirus pneumonia, of which the 4th Division of the Corps reported its first 3 cases; among other newly diagnosed cases, 1 case was in Changji Prefecture.[19]

March 2020

As of 24:00 on March 1, Xinjiang (including the Corps) reported that there were no newly diagnosed cases of novel coronavirus pneumonia, no new deaths, and two new cases of cured discharge, both of which were in Ürümqi City; 76 cumulative confirmed cases of novel coronavirus pneumonia have been reported (52 cases in Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, 24 cases in Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps), a total of 3 deaths, and a total of 64 cases recovered and discharged; there were 9 active confirmed cases (7 cases in Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, 2 cases in Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps), Of which: 4 cases in Ürümqi City, 1 case in Changji Prefecture, 2 cases in Turpan City, 1 case in the 8th Division of the Corps, 1 case in the 9th Division of the Corps; there were 2 active severe cases; 3137 people were currently undergoing medical observation.[20]

On March 8, the last confirmed case of new coronavirus pneumonia in Xinjiang met the discharge criteria per expert group evaluation. The patient recovered and was discharged. Thus, Xinjiang has now no hospitalised cases.[21]

As of 30 March 2020, no reports of cases of COVID-19 in Xinjiang prisons or of conditions in the Xinjiang internment camps had emerged.[22] Anna Hayes, senior lecturer in politics and international relations of Australia's James Cook University, expressed concern about possible spread in the camps.[23]

July 2020

On 15 July, Xinjiang local government confirmed 1 case in Tengritagh District of Urumchi.

On 17 July, Xinjiang local government confirmed 16 cases in Urumchi, bringing the total new cases to 17.[24]

On 18 July, Xinjiang local government confirmed 13 cases in Urumchi, bringing the total new cases to 30.

On 19 July, Xinjiang local government confirmed 17 cases in the region, 16 of them in Urumchi and one of them in Kashgar, bringing the total new cases to 47.

On 20 July, Xinjiang local government confirmed 8 new cases in Urumchi, bringing the total active cases to 55.

August 2020

By 24 August, Xinjiang has confirmed 902 cases in total.[25]

October 2020

In October 2020, it was reported that an outbreak of more than 180 cases, China's largest outbreak in months, appeared to be occurring in a Xinjiang factory linked to "forced labour and the government’s controversial policies towards Uighur residents".[26]

Government responses

On 15 July, the government canceled almost all flights in and out of the city, subway services were also suspended.

On 18 July, local authorities declared 'Wartime state' for Ürümqi, the government imposed strict measures on movement, and suspended all kinds of group activities.[27]

References

  1. ^ "新疆首次确诊2例输入性新型冠状病毒感染的肺炎病例". 新京报网. 2020-01-23.
  2. ^ "新疆新增1例新型冠状病毒感染的肺炎确诊病例 累计确诊3例". 人民网-新疆频道. 2020-01-25. Archived from the original on 2020-03-05. Retrieved 2020-03-30.
  3. ^ "新疆新增1例新型冠狀病毒感染的肺炎確診病例 累計確診4例". 人民网-新疆频道. 2020-01-26. Archived from the original on 2020-02-19. Retrieved 2020-03-30.
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  22. ^ Austin Ramzy (30 March 2020). "Xinjiang Returns to Work, but Coronavirus Worries Linger in China". The New York Times. Retrieved 3 April 2020. No reports have emerged of conditions in the facilities since the outbreak began. But former detainees have previously described poor food and sanitation and little help for those who fell ill.{...}"According to my personal experience in the concentration camp, they never helped anyone or provided any medical support for any kind of disease or health condition," said Ms. Sauytbay, who fled to Kazakhstan two years ago, in a phone interview this month. "If the coronavirus spread inside the camps, they would not help, they would not provide any medical support."{...}Now the region is being jolted back to work. Labor transfer programs, in which large numbers of Uighurs and other predominately Muslim minorities are sent to work in other parts of Xinjiang and the rest of China, have resumed in recent weeks.
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