COVID-19 pandemic in Sint Eustatius

COVID-19 pandemic in Sint Eustatius
Sint Eustasius location map.png
Map of Sint Eustatius
DiseaseCOVID-19
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationSint Eustatius
Arrival date31 March 2020
(1 year, 11 months and 6 days)
Confirmed cases20[1]
Recovered20
Deaths
0
Government website
https://www.statiagovernment.com

The COVID-19 pandemic in Sint Eustatius is part of the ongoing global viral pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), which was confirmed to have reached the Dutch Caribbean island of Sint Eustatius on 31 March 2020.[2] On 5 May all cases recovered.[1] The island's first COVID-19 death was recorded on 19 January 2022. The patient died at the St. Maarten Medical Center (SMCC) where they had been transported for treatment according to the press release of the St. Eustatius government.[3]

Background

On 12 January 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) confirmed that a novel coronavirus was the cause of a respiratory illness in a cluster of people in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China, which was reported to the WHO on 31 December 2019.[4][5]

The case fatality ratio for COVID-19 has been much lower than SARS of 2003,[6][7] but the transmission has been significantly greater, with a significant total death toll.[8][6]

The island has a population of 3,139 people.[9] The Queen Beatrix Medical Center run by the St. Eustatius Health Care Foundation[10] provides the medical care on the island, but patients requiring intensive care need to be transported to Sint Maarten.[11] Testing for COVID-19 is also being performed in Sint Maarten, but due to the limited capacity, tests for people without symptoms are forwarded to Guadelope,[12] which takes 3 to 5 days.[11]

Timeline

COVID-19 cases in Sint Eustatius  ()
     Deaths        Recoveries        Active cases
MarMarAprAprMayMay
Last 15 daysLast 15 days
Date
# of cases
# of deaths
2020-03-31
2(n.a.)0(n.a.)
2(=)0(n.a.)
2020-04-20
2(=)0(n.a.)
2(=)0(n.a.)
2020-05-05
2(=)0(n.a.)
Data sourced from Government of Sint-Eustatius via Facebook
Cases
Cases
Deaths
Deaths

March

On 16 March, the airport and harbor were closed to international travel from high risk areas like Europe and the United States.[13]

By 26 March, there were no confirmed cases in the territory, with seven suspected cases coming back negative.[14] Schools have also been shut on the island.[14] Most international visitors are also currently banned from entering the territory.[15]

On 31 March, the first two cases were confirmed.[2] The patients are young men from the Netherlands who arrived on 15 March and self isolated after arrival.[11]

April

On 1 April, a €13 million support package for businesses, employees, and the unemployed was announced for the BES islands.[16]

On 2 April, it was announced that restaurants, bars, sport centres had to close and that gatherings of over 25 people are banned.[11]

On 7 April, Island Governor Marnix van Rij announced that all non-essential business should close, in supermarkets a maximum of 15 persons is allowed inside including employees, and that Sint Eustatius will not implement a curfew yet.[17]
Peter Glerum has been appointed as crisis management advisor by the Public Entity of St. Eustatius.[18]

On 17 April, a mobile intensive care unit was delivered from Maastricht via Sint Maarten. The two positive cases were retested and are still positive.[19]

As of 19 April, 19 people have been tested and 15 people are in self quarantine.[20]

On 20 April, there was an unclear official statement that the number of cases went to 1,[21] but it turns out that one recovered.[22]

On 22 April, a semi-permanent field hospital has arrived in Sint Eustatius, and will be used for COVID-19 patients in Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba. The field hospital consists of six ICU beds,[23] and is expected be operational on 8 May.[24]

On 23 April, it was announced that the person who was evacuated to Sint Maarten Medical Center on a helicopter on 21 April has tested negative.[25]

On 25 April, it was announced that in order to alleviate the economic hardship, the fixed tariff for electricity and water will be set to zero, and the price of internet will be set to $25.- from 1 May until the end of the year. The island will also receive €150,000 of food aid.[26]

On 28 April, Governor Marnix van Rij announced that repatriation flights for European and United States citizens stranded in Sint Eustatius were being planned.[27] St. Eustatius started preparation with the Caribbean Netherlands Fire Brigade for a joint hurricane COVID-19 strategy.[28]

May

On 1 May, Governor Marnix van Rij announced that the schools will gradually reopen from 11 May onward.[29]

On 5 May, all cases recovered.[1] There is still one test pending. The island is under an emergency ordinance which will expire 15 May.[24]

On 18 May, the Queen Beatrix Medical Center gradually reopened. There are still a number of conditions, but normal medical care will be provided once more.[30]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "Coronavirus Update Sint Eustatius May 5th, 2020". Government of Sint-Eustatius via Facebook. Retrieved 6 May 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Coronavirus a yega Sint Eustatius: a confirma e prome 2 casonan!". 24ora.com (in Papiamento). 31 March 2020. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  3. ^ "First COVID-19 death on Statia". Government of Sint-Eustatius via Facebook.
  4. ^ Elsevier. "Novel Coronavirus Information Center". Elsevier Connect. Archived from the original on 30 January 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  5. ^ Reynolds, Matt (4 March 2020). "What is coronavirus and how close is it to becoming a pandemic?". Wired UK. ISSN 1357-0978. Archived from the original on 5 March 2020. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
  6. ^ a b "Crunching the numbers for coronavirus". Imperial News. Archived from the original on 19 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  7. ^ "High consequence infectious diseases (HCID); Guidance and information about high consequence infectious diseases and their management in England". GOV.UK. Archived from the original on 3 March 2020. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  8. ^ "World Federation Of Societies of Anaesthesiologists – Coronavirus". www.wfsahq.org. Archived from the original on 12 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  9. ^ "Caribisch Nederland; bevolking; geslacht, leeftijd, burgerlijke staat". Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek. Retrieved 20 April 2020.
  10. ^ "About". St. Eustatius Health Care Foundation. Retrieved 20 April 2020.
  11. ^ a b c d "Sint-Eustatius aangeslagen door eerste coronabesmettingen". Caribisch Netwerk NTR (in Dutch). Retrieved 20 April 2020.
  12. ^ "Thursday, April 16: Island Governor Jonathan Johnson updates on Covid-19 status (audio message)". Saba News. Retrieved 18 April 2020.
  13. ^ "Tijdelijk verbod voor de burgerlijke luchtvaart in Caribisch Nederland uitgebreid". Caribisch Netwerk NTR (in Dutch). Retrieved 20 April 2020.
  14. ^ a b "St Eustatius government tightens COVID-19 quarantine enforcement". Loop. 26 March 2020. Retrieved 26 March 2020.
  15. ^ "Sint Eustatius implements travel restrictions due to COVID-19". Loop. 16 March 2020. Retrieved 27 March 2020.
  16. ^ "Bonaire, St. Eustatius, Saba relief package 13M euros". The Daily Herald.sx. Retrieved 22 April 2020.
  17. ^ "Non-essential businesses closed on Statia by emergency ordinance". The Daily Herald.sx. Retrieved 21 April 2020.
  18. ^ "Statia recruits Peter Glerum as Crisis Management Advisor". BES reporter. Retrieved 20 April 2020.
  19. ^ "EZ Air brings medical supplies to Statia, Saba and St. Maarten". Saba News. Retrieved 20 April 2020.
  20. ^ "Coronavirus update Sint-Eustatius". Government of Sint-Eustatius via Facebook. Retrieved 20 April 2020.
  21. ^ "Coronavirus Update (COVID-19) Sint Eustatius". Government of Sint-Eustatius via Facebook. Retrieved 22 April 2020.
  22. ^ "COVID-19 in Statia down to one case". The Daily Herald.sx. Retrieved 23 April 2020.
  23. ^ "Hospitainer for Statia to be functional on May 15". The Daily Herald.sx. Retrieved 26 April 2020.
  24. ^ a b "Medical staff for Hospitainer scheduled to arrive on Statia". The Daily Herald.sx. Retrieved 6 May 2020.
  25. ^ "Statia patient on medevac flight tested negative for coronavirus". The Daily Herald.sx. Retrieved 23 April 2020.
  26. ^ "Reduction in ferry, electricity, Internet prices in Saba, Statia". The Daily Herald.sx. Retrieved 27 April 2020.
  27. ^ "Repatriation flights for European, United States citizens in Statia". Saba News.com. Retrieved 28 April 2020.
  28. ^ "Statia prepares Hurricane COVID 19 strategy". The Government of Sint Eustatius via Facebook. Retrieved 30 April 2020.
  29. ^ "All schools in Statia to reopen gradually from Monday, May 11". The Daily Herald.sx. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  30. ^ "Queen Beatrix Medical Center reopens with new measures". The Daily Herald.sx. Retrieved 20 May 2020.

External links

Media files used on this page

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SARS-CoV-2 logo in Wikimedia colors
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Location map of Sint Eustasius
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