COVID-19 pandemic in Saint Barthélemy

COVID-19 pandemic in Saint Barthélemy
Saint-Barthélemy collectivity location map.svg
(c) Eric Gaba, Wikimedia Commons user Sting, CC BY-SA 3.0
DiseaseCOVID-19
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationSaint Barthélemy
Arrival date1 March 2020
(2 years and 3 days)
Confirmed cases974[1]
Active cases33 (as of 25 November)
Recovered94[1]
Deaths
1[1]
Government website
guadeloupe.ars.sante.fr

The COVID-19 pandemic in Saint Barthélemy is part of the ongoing global viral pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), which was confirmed to have reached the French overseas collectivity of Saint Barthélemy on 1 March 2020. The last positive case was on 31 March 2020.[2] On 21 April, the last case recovered.[3] Between 18 and 24 July, a new case was imported.[4]

Background

On 12 January 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) confirmed that a novel coronavirus was the cause of a respiratory illness in a cluster of people in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China, which was reported to the WHO on 31 December 2019.[5][6]

The case fatality ratio for COVID-19 has been much lower than SARS of 2003,[7][8] but the transmission has been significantly greater, with a significant total death toll.[9][7]

Saint Barthélemy is a small island with a population of 9,793 people[10] The island has a small hospital (Hôpital de Bruyn), however testing for COVID-19[11] and specialized health care has to be performed in Guadeloupe.[12][13] As an overseas collectivity crises are handled by the Prefect. The island can start testing locally in early May.[14]

Timeline

COVID-19 cases in Saint Barthélemy  ()
     Deaths        Recoveries        Active cases
2020202020212021
MarMarAprAprMayMayJunJunJulJulAugAugSepSepOctOctNovNovDecDec
JanJanFebFebMarMarAprApr
Last 15 daysLast 15 days
Date
# of cases
2020-03-01
1
1(=)
2020-03-15
3(+200%)
3(=)
2020-03-27
4(+33%)
2020-03-28
5(+25%)
5(=)
2020-03-31
6(+20%)
2020-04-01
6(=)
6(=)
2020-04-12
6(=)
6(=)
2020-04-18
6(=)
6(=)
2020-04-21
6(=)
6(=)
2020-07-24
7(+12%)
7(=)
2020-07-31
9([15]+29%)
9(=)
2020-08-05
10([16]+11%)
10(=)
2020-08-08
13([17]+30%)
13(=)
2020-08-17
16([18]+23%)
2020-08-22
16([19]=)
2020-09-02
18([20]+13%)
2020-09-09
21([21]+17%)
2020-09-20
45([1]+114%)
45(=)
2020-10-14
67
67(=)
2020-10-21
77
77(=)
2020-10-26
83
83(=)
2020-11-04
90
90(=)
2020-11-12
109
109(=)
2020-11-18
127
127(=)
2021-03-07
712
712(=)
2021-04-25
974
Data sourced from guadeloupe.ars.sante.fr

From 13 May onwards, there will no longer be daily reports by ARS, but instead a weekly report every Friday, however press releases will be issued if there is important news.[22]


Cases
Cases
Deaths
Deaths

March 2020

A resident of the French island of Saint Barthélemy was diagnosed with COVID-19 on 1 March. His parents on the neighbouring island of Saint Martin also tested positive.[23]

Three cases of the coronavirus (COVID-19) were confirmed in the French island of St. Barthélemy (St. Barts) and French Saint Martin on 1 March. The cases were confirmed by the Institut Pasteur Laboratory of Guadeloupe which is conducting tests for the virus. The case involves a resident of St. Barthélemy and his visiting relatives. The person was confined at home in St. Barthélemy and under daily surveillance while his parents are isolated in the Louis-Constant Fleming Hospital in French Saint Martin. The couple had come from Paris, France, to visit their son, who lives in Saint-Barthélemy.[11]

Containment was put in place on 15 March with limitation of outings and prohibition of swimming.

In all, 6 people were sick (3 men and 3 women). None of them developed any serious symptoms requiring hospitalization.

On 24 March, the confinement orders have been strengthened: people may only leave their house for essential travel; markets are closed; gatherings are forbidden; non-essential businesses should close.[24]

April 2020

On 16 April, after two weeks without new cases, swimming was again authorized on the beaches of the island.[25]

The last case on the island was declared cured on 21 April.[3]

As of 23 April, the Pasteur Institute in Guadeloupe have analysed 84 tests from Saint Barthélemy. Special monitoring is carried out at retirement homes (EHPAD), however no cases have been reported for the island.[26]

On 24 April, Air Caraïbes announced that flights between Saint Martin (Grand Case-Espérance Airport not Princess Juliana International Airport), Saint Barthélemy, and Gaudeloupe will be resuming as of today.[27]

On 30 April, Bruno Magras, president of the collectivity, announce that all services, including schools, restaurants, bars, sport and cultural activities will reopen on 11 May.[28]

May 2020

On 2 May, the Collectivity announced the arrival of local testing equipment, and will be able to test up to 16 tests per hour to prepare for deconfinement and a return of the virus. €2 million has been allocated for testing since April.[14]

On 9 May, an amendment of Michel Magras, Senator of Saint Barthélemy, to limit the quarantine to people who had tested positive, in order to resume tourism, failed to pass.[29]

Preventive measures

  • The airport and port are closed.[30] Local flights have been allowed again since 24 April.[27]
  • All restaurants and bars were closed, all schools were closed, and all gatherings were banned. Until 11 May when President Bruno Magras allowed their reopening.[30]
  • All non-essential businesses are closed.[24]
  • It is prohibited to leave the house except for essential journeys.[30]
  • The restriction of visits to the beach and swimming have been repealed as of 16 April.[25]
  • From 11 May onwards, schools, businesses, restaurants, bars will reopen as long as they abide to social distancing.[31]

Statistics

Second wave

Chronology of the number of active cases


First wave

Chronology of the number of active cases



See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d "ARS reports active COVID-19 cases in St. Martin down to 85". The Daily Herald.sx. Retrieved 24 September 2020.
  2. ^ "Coronavirus : 21 cas confirmés à Saint-Martin, 3 de plus en 24 heures". Guadeloupe la 1ère (in French). Retrieved 23 April 2020.
  3. ^ a b "Point de situation au 21 avril 2020" (PDF). Bulletin de l'ARS. 21 April 2020. Retrieved 2 September 2020.
  4. ^ "Three new COVID-19 cases on French side, one in St. Barths". The Daily Herald.sx. Retrieved 26 July 2020.
  5. ^ Elsevier. "Novel Coronavirus Information Center". Elsevier Connect. Archived from the original on 30 January 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  6. ^ Reynolds, Matt (4 March 2020). "What is coronavirus and how close is it to becoming a pandemic?". Wired UK. ISSN 1357-0978. Archived from the original on 5 March 2020. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
  7. ^ a b "Crunching the numbers for coronavirus". Imperial News. Archived from the original on 19 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  8. ^ "High consequence infectious diseases (HCID); Guidance and information about high consequence infectious diseases and their management in England". GOV.UK. Archived from the original on 3 March 2020. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  9. ^ "World Federation Of Societies of Anaesthesiologists – Coronavirus". www.wfsahq.org. Archived from the original on 12 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  10. ^ "Populations légales des collectivités d'outre-mer en 2016". Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques (in French). Retrieved 23 April 2020.
  11. ^ a b "Breaking News: Three cases of coronavirus confirmed in St. Barthélemy, Saint Martin". The Daily Observer. 1 March 2020. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
  12. ^ Nash, KC (2008). St Barts Travel Adventures. Hunter Publishing, Inc. p. 14. ISBN 978-1-58843-704-4.
  13. ^ "The World Fact Book". Introduction. CIA Fact Book. Retrieved 8 January 2011.
  14. ^ a b "PCR, drive, test : Saint-Barthélemy se prépare au déconfinement quasi-total le 11 mai". Outre-mers 360 (in French). Retrieved 3 May 2020.
  15. ^ "French side: Active COVID cases up to seven, ARS reports". Retrieved 4 August 2020.
  16. ^ "French St. Martin active cases now 16 after nine new cases reported". Saba News. Retrieved 7 August 2020.
  17. ^ "ARS update declares 29 active COVID-19 cases in St. Martin". The Daily Herald.sx. Retrieved 10 August 2020.
  18. ^ "French side: ARS confirms 12 more COVID cases registered on Monday". Saba News. Retrieved 19 August 2020.
  19. ^ "Active COVID-19 cases climb to 117 on French St. Martin". The Daily Herald.sx. Retrieved 23 August 2020.
  20. ^ "French side: ARS discloses 1 death, 26 new COVID-19 cases". Saba News. Retrieved 5 September 2020.
  21. ^ "43 new COVID-19 cases but recoveries increasing". The Daily Herald.sx. Retrieved 10 September 2020.
  22. ^ "No more daily reports". ARS Guadeloupe via Facebook (in French). Retrieved 13 May 2020.
  23. ^ "Coronavirus : premiers cas confirmés en Outre-mer, à Saint-Martin et Saint-Barth". Polynésie la 1ère (in French). Archived from the original on 2 March 2020. Retrieved 2 March 2020.
  24. ^ a b "French PM revises confinement measures effective March 24". The Daily Herald.sx. Retrieved 22 April 2020.
  25. ^ a b "LA BAIGNADE ET LES ENGINS BRUYANTS DE NOUVEAU AUTORISÉS À COMPTER DE DEMAIN". Le journal de Saint-Barth. 15 April 2020. Retrieved 21 April 2020.
  26. ^ "A Saint-Barth, 84 patients ont été dépistés depuis le 28 février". Journal de Saint Barth (in French). Retrieved 25 April 2020.
  27. ^ a b "Air Caraïbes resuming flights to Guadeloupe as of April 24". The Daily Herald.sx. Retrieved 24 April 2020.
  28. ^ "Déconfinement (quasi)total de Saint-Barth le 11 mai : demande acceptée par l'Elysée". Le Journal de Saint-Barth (in French). Retrieved 2 May 2020.
  29. ^ "Coronavirus: le Parlement adopte la prolongation de l'état d'urgence sanitaire jusqu'au 10 juillet". Outre-mer la 1ère (in French). Retrieved 9 May 2020.
  30. ^ a b c "Coronavirus: Spain and France announce sweeping restrictions". BBC News. 15 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  31. ^ "Saint-Barthélémy : un déconfinement "total" est annoncé pour le 11 mai". Gaudeloupe la 1ère (in French). Retrieved 2 May 2020.

Media files used on this page

SARS-CoV-2 (Wikimedia colors).svg
Author/Creator: Geraki, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
SARS-CoV-2 logo in Wikimedia colors
Saint-Barthélemy collectivity location map.svg
(c) Eric Gaba, Wikimedia Commons user Sting, CC BY-SA 3.0
Blank administrative map of the overseas collectivity of Saint Barthélemy, France, for geo-location purpose.
COVID-19-Pandemie - BL (Saint-Barthélemy) - Infizierte (800px).svg
Author/Creator: Summer ... hier! (talk), Licence: CC0
Siehe Dateiname und Grafikinhalt
COVID-19-Pandemie - BL (Saint-Barthélemy) - Tote (800px).svg
Author/Creator: Summer ... hier! (talk), Licence: CC0
Siehe Dateiname und Grafikinhalt