COVID-19 pandemic in Madhya Pradesh

COVID-19 pandemic in Madhya Pradesh
India Madhya Pradesh COVID-19 map.svg
Map of districts with confirmed cases
India Madhya Pradesh COVID-19 deaths map.svg
Map of COVID-19 deaths
DiseaseCOVID-19
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationMadhya Pradesh
First outbreakWuhan, China
Index caseJabalpur
Arrival date21 March 2020
(1 year, 11 months, 1 week and 6 days)
Confirmed cases791,998 (14 August 2021)
Active cases4 (26 November 2021)
Recovered781,353 (14 August 2021)
Deaths
10,514 (14 August 2021)
Fatality rate1.3%
Territories
51 Districts
Government website
Official website
www.mohfw.gov.in

The first four cases of the COVID-19 pandemic in Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh were confirmed on March 20, 2020.[1] As of August 14, 2021, Madhya Pradesh has confirmed a total of 791,998 cases, and has recorded 10,514 deaths.[2]

Timeline

As of August 13, 2021, COVID-19 vaccines have been administered to 36,739,380 people in Madhya Pradesh.[3]

April 2021

  • 16 April - Researchers found that 5% of COVID-19 infections in the state were caused by the double mutation variant and 6% by the UK variant[4].
  • 25 April - The 'corona curfew' that was imposed in Bhopal of Madhya Pradesh to tackle the surge in COVID-19 cases was extended until May 3, 2021.[5]

Background

On 12 January 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) confirmed that a novel coronavirus was the cause of a respiratory illness in a cluster of people in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China.[6] The WHO was first notified of these cases on 31 December 2019.[6] The case fatality ratio for COVID-19 is much lower than SARS, but the transmission rate is significantly higher, resulting in a significantly larger loss of life.[7]

Lockdown

Phase 1 (25 March – 14 April 2020)

The lockdown restricted people from stepping out of their homes.[8] All transport services including road, air and rail were suspended with exceptions for transportation of essential goods, fire, police and emergency services.[9] Educational institutions, industrial establishments and hospitality services were also suspended.[9] Services such as food shops, banks and ATMs, petrol pumps, other essentials and their manufacturing were exempted.[10] The Home Ministry said: “Anyone who fails to follow the restrictions can face up to a year in jail.”[9]

Phase 2 (15 April – 3 May 2020)

On 14 April 2020, Prime Minister Narendra Modi while addressing the nation announced that the nationwide lockdown which was supposed to end on 14 April 2020 has now been extended to 3 May 2020.[11]

Phase 3 (4–17 May 2020)

On 1 May, the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) and the Government of India (GoI) further extended the lockdown period to two weeks beyond 4 May, with some relaxations.[12]

Phase 4 (18–31 May 2020)

On 17 May, the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) and the MHA extended the lockdown for two weeks beyond 18 May, with additional relaxations.[13] During this phase, the state government imposed fines of ₹2000 (27.29 US dollars) on those violating the quarantine rules for COVID-19. The government also stated that a second violation would lead to a transfer to a government quarantine center.[14]

Phase 5 (1 – 30 June 2020)

The MHA issued fresh guidelines for the month of June, stating that the phases of reopening would "have an economic focus". Lockdown restrictions would only be imposed in containment zones, while activities would be permitted in other zones in a phased manner.[15]

On 16 June the Madhya Pradesh state government stated that they will be using pulse oximeters in areas across the state to upgrade the survey and screening of people for the COVID-19 virus. A pulse oximeter is a device used to monitor the amount of oxygen contained in the body of an individual.[16]

Public health

Medical professionals in Madhya Pradesh were sent to national training on COVID-19 preparedness. Preparation of hospitals for the treatment of COVID-19 including postponing elective surgeries to ensure adequate supply of PPE.[17] To grant certain rights to establish effective control over outbreak-affected areas and take swift actions, Section 71 of the Madhya Pradesh Public Health Act, 1949 was invoked. This section of the act provides all Chief Medical and Health Officers, Civil Surgeons, and Chief Hospital Superintendents rights set out therein.[18]

Economic impact

The state government is carrying out a more targeted demolition of the existing labour laws. These new rules are aimed at significantly reducing the regulatory processes a business has to undertake.[19] In addition to that, the state government has let companies hire contract workers for a longer duration, allowed them not to recognize trade unions for collective bargaining in a number of sectors such as textiles, cement and auto, and does not provide any mechanism for raising industrial disputes for new firms.[19]

There has been a major change in the use of industrial oxygen. The government has restricted the use of industrial oxygen and established rules to have the oxygen convert from industrial use to medical use.[20] This has had a positive impact, resulting in a surplus of about 20 metric tons of oxygen.

Vaccination

In Madhya Pradesh, citizens have access to the COVID-19 vaccine. Covishield (Oxford-AstraZeneca) is the main vaccine administered. This vaccine is given in two doses, 12 to 16 weeks apart.[20] As of May 16, 2021, Madhya Pradesh has reached and succeeded its goal of 179,000 people vaccinated to 182,378 people vaccinated.[20]

The Government of India suggested both doses of the vaccine should only be given to those who are from the ages of 18 to 44. The second dose of vaccine is suspended to those who are 45 years or older.[20]

Testing

Summary of test results
Samples tested246,973
Positive10,641
Positive %4.31%
Tests per million people [note 1]3,003
As of 13 June 2020[22]

As of 22 July 2020, 645003 tests were performed in the state out of which 24842 were found positive.[23][22]

Source: Department Of Public Relations, Madhya Pradesh [1] Archived 2020-05-09 at the Wayback Machine

Graphs and charts

COVID-19 daily graph by total number of cases

Sources:[24]

Daily new cases

Daily new recoveries

Daily new deaths

Active cases

Semilog plot of SARS-CoV-2 spread and COVID-19 recoveries and deaths

Total numbers of active, recovered and deceased cases

Note: This is a Stacked Area chart. View the height of each section separately. Recovered + Active + Death = Total cases.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Population based on 2019 estimates from National Health Mission[21]

References

  1. ^ "Madhya Pradesh records first COVID-19 cases; 4 from Jabalpur test positive". Deccan Herald. 20 March 2020.
  2. ^ "Number of Cases". Retrieved 14 Aug 2021.
  3. ^ "Eight fresh Covid cases in Madhya Pradesh; 5.61 lakh get the jab". The Times of India. August 13, 2021. Retrieved 2021-08-14.
  4. ^ "Madhya Pradesh: Double mutation virus in 6% samples tested, UK variant in 5%". The Indian Express. 2021-04-16. Retrieved 2021-04-16.
  5. ^ "Coronavirus updates". The Hindu. April 25, 2021.
  6. ^ a b "WHO | Novel Coronavirus – China". WHO. Archived from the original on January 14, 2020. Retrieved 2020-05-06.
  7. ^ "Coronavirus vs. SARS: How Do They Differ?". Healthline. 2 April 2020. Retrieved 2020-05-07.
  8. ^ "PM calls for complete lockdown of entire nation for 21 days". Press Information Bureau.
  9. ^ a b c "Guidelines.pdf" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs.
  10. ^ Tripathi, Rahul (25 March 2020). "India 21 day Lockdown: What is exempted, what is not". The Economic Times.
  11. ^ "Lockdown 2.0 with exceptions to restart economy: What's proposed ahead of PM Modi's address". India Today. April 14, 2020. Retrieved 2020-05-07.
  12. ^ "Lockdown Extension till May 17: Read MHA guidelines". News World24. 2020-05-01. Retrieved 2020-05-07.
  13. ^ Banerjea, Aparna (17 May 2020). "Coronavirus lockdown extended till 31 May, says NDMA". Livemint.com. Retrieved 2020-05-23.
  14. ^ "Rs 2,000 fine for home quarantine violation in MP". Economic Times. 28 May 2020. Retrieved 19 June 2020.
  15. ^ ""Unlock1": Malls, Restaurants, Places Of Worship To Reopen June 8". NDTV.com.
  16. ^ "Madhya Pradesh mulls pulse oximeters in urban areas for screening Covid-19 patients". Hindustan Times. 16 June 2020. Retrieved 19 June 2020.
  17. ^ "Madhya Pradesh Government's Response to COVID-19 (January 2020- April 17, 2020". PSR. 18 April 2020. Archived from the original on 19 June 2020. Retrieved 19 June 2020.
  18. ^ "Madhya Pradesh Government's Response to COVID-19 (January 2020- April 17, 2020)". PSE. Archived from the original on June 19, 2020. Retrieved June 19, 2020.
  19. ^ a b Venkataramakrishnan, Rohan. "The Political Fix: Why are Indian states junking labour laws in the middle of the Covid-19 crisis?". Scroll.in. Retrieved 2020-06-26.
  20. ^ a b c d Singh, Amarjeet (May 16, 2021). "Madhya Pradesh surpasses vaccination target for 18+, suspends second dose for 45+". The Times of India. Retrieved 2021-05-16.
  21. ^ "Report_Population_Projection_2019.pdf" (PDF).
  22. ^ a b "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2020-07-23. Retrieved 2020-07-22.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  23. ^ For more information, see https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/COVID-19_testing#Virus_testing_statistics_by_country_subdivision
  24. ^ "MoHFW | Home". www.mohfw.gov.in. Archived from the original on 2020-05-07. Retrieved 2020-05-07.

External links

Media files used on this page

India Madhya Pradesh COVID-19 map.svg
Author/Creator: Shanze1, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Districts with confirmed cases in the state of Madhya Pradesh
  1000+ confirmed cases
  500–999 confirmed cases
  100–499 confirmed cases
  50–99 confirmed cases
  10–49 confirmed cases
  1–9 confirmed cases
India Madhya Pradesh COVID-19 deaths map.svg
Author/Creator: Shanze1, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Map of COVID-19 deaths in districts of Madhya Pradesh, India.
SARS-CoV-2 (Wikimedia colors).svg
Author/Creator: Geraki, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
SARS-CoV-2 logo in Wikimedia colors