COVID-19 pandemic in Haiti

COVID-19 pandemic in Haiti
COVID-19 en Haití por departamento.svg
DiseaseCOVID-19
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationHaiti
Index casePort-au-Prince
Arrival date19 March 2020
(2 years, 4 months, 2 weeks and 2 days)
Confirmed cases10,077[1]
Active cases1,184[1]
Suspected cases32,304[1][a]
Recovered8,657[1][b]
Deaths
236[1]
Government website
https://mspp.gouv.ht
Suspected cases have not been confirmed by laboratory tests as being due to this strain, although some other strains may have been ruled out.

The COVID-19 pandemic in Haiti is part of the worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The virus was confirmed to have reached Haiti in March 2020. The index case was in Port-au-Prince. As of 14 September 2021, there are 21,178 total confirmed cases, 1,184 active cases, about 32,000 suspected cases, with 591 deaths and 8,657 recoveries.[2][3][4] Haiti has administered 50,624 doses of the COVID-19 vaccination.[4]

Background

On 12 January 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) confirmed that a novel coronavirus was the cause of a respiratory illness in a cluster of people in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China, which was reported to the WHO on 31 December 2019.[5][6]

The case fatality ratio for COVID-19 has been much lower than SARS of 2003,[7][8] but the transmission has been significantly greater, with a significant total death toll.[9][7]

Timeline

COVID-19 cases in Haiti  ()
     Deaths        Recoveries        Active cases
MarMarAprAprMayMayJunJunJulJulAugAugSepSepOctOct
Last 15 daysLast 15 days
Date
# of cases
# of deaths
2020-03-18
1(n.a.)
2020-03-19
2(+100%)
2020-03-20
2(=)
2020-03-21
6(+200%)
2020-03-22
7(+17%)
2020-03-23
8(+14%)
2020-03-24
8(=)
2020-03-25
9(+12%)
2020-03-26
12(+33%)
2020-03-27
15(+25%)
15(=)
2020-03-30
16(+6.7%)
2020-03-31
18(+12%)
2020-04-01
21(+17%)
2020-04-02
22(+4.8%)
2020-04-03
24(+9.1%)
2020-04-04
26(+8.3%)
2020-04-05
29(+12%)
2020-04-06
29(=)1(n.a.)
2020-04-07
30(+3.4%)1(=)
2020-04-08
36(+20%)2(+100%)
2020-04-09
39(+8.3%)2(=)
2020-04-10
42(+7.7%)2(=)
2020-04-11
42(=)2(=)
2020-04-12
43(+2.4%)3(+50%)
2020-04-13
44(+2.3%)3(=)
2020-04-14
44(=)3(=)
2020-04-15
45(+2.3%)3(=)
2020-04-16
46(+2.2%)3(=)
2020-04-17
52(+13%)3(=)
2020-04-18
56(+7.7%)3(=)
2020-04-19
57(+1.8%)3(=)
2020-04-20
66(+16%)4(+33%)
2020-04-21
72(+9.1%)4(=)
2020-04-22
72(=)5(+25%)
2020-04-23
72(=)5(=)
2020-04-24
74(+2.8%)6(+20%)
2020-04-25
76(+2.7%)6(=)
2020-04-26
76(=)6(=)
2020-04-27
78(+2.6%)6(=)
2020-04-28
82(+5.1%)6(=)
2020-04-29
88(+7.3%)8(+33%)
2020-04-30
98(+11%)8(=)
2020-05-01
99(+1%)8(=)
2020-05-02
101(+2%)9(+12%)
2020-05-03
104(+3%)11(+22%)
2020-05-04
108(+3.8%)12(+9.1%)
2020-05-05
116(+7.4%)12(=)
2020-05-06
129(+11%)12(=)
2020-05-07
146(+13%)12(=)
2020-05-08
151(+3.4%)12(=)
2020-05-09
182(+21%)15(+25%)
2020-05-10
209(+15%)16(+6.7%)
2020-05-11
219(+4.8%)18(+12%)
2020-05-12
234(+6.8%)18(=)
2020-05-13
273(+17%)20(+11%)
2020-05-14
310(+14%)20(=)
2020-05-15
358(+15%)20(=)
2020-05-16
456(+27%)20(=)
2020-05-17
533(+17%)21(+5%)
2020-05-18
596(+12%)22(+4.8%)
2020-05-19
663(+11%)22(=)
2020-05-20
734(+11%)25(+14%)
2020-05-21
812(+11%)25(=)
2020-05-22
865(+6.5%)26(+4%)
2020-05-23
958(+11%)27(+3.8%)
2020-05-24
1,063(+11%)31(+15%)
2020-05-25
1,174(+10%)33(+6.5%)
2020-05-26
1,320(+12%)34(+3%)
2020-05-27
1,443(+9.3%)35(+2.9%)
2020-05-28
1,584(+9.8%)35(=)
2020-05-29
1,865(+18%)41(+17%)
2020-05-30
2,124(+14%)44(+7.3%)
2020-05-31
2,226(+4.8%)45(+2.3%)
2020-06-01
2,507(+13%)48(+6.7%)
2020-06-02
2,640(+5.3%)50(+4.2%)
2020-06-03
2,740(+3.8%)50(=)
2020-06-04
2,924(+6.7%)50(=)
2020-06-05
3,072(+5.1%)50(=)
2020-06-06
3,334(+8.5%)51(+2%)
2020-06-07
3,538(+6.1%)54(+5.9%)
2020-06-08
3,662(+3.5%)56(+3.7%)
2020-06-09
3,796(+3.7%)58(+3.6%)
2020-06-10
3,941(+3.8%)64(+10%)
2020-06-11
3,941(=)64(=)
2020-06-12
4,165(+5.7%)70(+9.4%)
2020-06-13
4,309(+3.5%)73(+4.3%)
2020-06-14
4,441(+3.1%)76(+4.1%)
2020-06-15
4,547(+2.4%)80(+5.3%)
2020-06-16
4,688(+3.1%)82(+2.5%)
2020-06-17
4,916(+4.9%)84(+2.4%)
2020-06-18
4,980(+1.3%)87(+3.6%)
2020-06-19
5,077(+1.9%)88(+1.1%)
2020-06-20
5,211(+2.6%)88(=)
2020-06-21
5,211(=)88(=)
2020-06-22
5,324(+2.2%)89(+1.1%)
2020-06-23
5,429(+2%)92(+3.4%)
2020-06-24
5,543(+2.1%)96(+4.3%)
2020-06-25
5,722(+3.2%)98(+2.1%)
2020-06-26
5,777(+0.96%)100(+2%)
2020-06-27
5,847(+1.2%)104(+4%)
2020-06-28
5,933(+1.5%)105(+0.96%)
2020-06-29
5,975(+0.71%)105(=)
2020-06-30
6,040(+1.1%)107(+1.9%)
2020-07-01
6,101(+1%)110(+2.8%)
2020-07-02
6,230(+2.1%)110(=)
2020-07-03
6,294(+1%)113(+2.7%)
2020-07-04
6,333(+0.62%)113(=)
2020-07-05
6,371(+0.6%)113(=)
2020-07-06
6,432(+0.96%)117(+3.5%)
2020-07-07
6,486(+0.84%)123(+5.1%)
2020-07-08
6,582(+1.5%)130(+5.7%)
2020-07-09
6,617(+0.53%)135(+3.8%)
2020-07-10
6,690(+1.1%)139(+3%)
2020-07-11
6,727(+0.55%)139(=)
2020-07-12
6,727(=)141(+1.4%)
2020-07-13
6,831(+1.5%)143(+1.4%)
2020-08-02
7,476(n.a.)165(n.a.)
2020-08-03
7,511(+0.47%)166(+0.61%)
2020-08-04
7,532(+0.28%)171(+3%)
2020-09-24
8,723(n.a.)227(n.a.)
2020-09-25
8,740(+0.19%)227(=)
2020-09-26
8,740(=)227(=)
2020-09-27
8,766(+0.3%)229(+0.88%)
2020-09-28
8,781(+0.17%)229(=)
2020-09-29
8,792(+0.13%)229(=)
2020-09-30
8,811(+0.22%)229(=)
2020-10-01
8,819(+0.09%)229(=)
2020-10-02
8,827(+0.09%)229(=)
2020-10-03
8,838(+0.12%)229(=)
2020-10-04
8,838(=)229(=)
2020-10-05
8,854(+0.18%)230(+0.44%)
2020-10-06
8,854(=)230(=)
2020-10-07
8,860(+0.07%)230(=)
2020-10-08
8,882(+0.25%)230(=)
2020-10-09
8,882(=)230(=)
2020-10-10
8,887(+0.06%)230(=)
2020-10-11
8,908(+0.24%)231(+0.43%)
2020-10-12
8,925(+0.19%)231(=)
Sources: Ministry of Public Health and Population/Directorate of Epidemiology, Laboratories and Research (in French)

Cases
Cases
Deaths
Deaths

2020

March

On 16 March, at midnight local time, Haiti's Prime Minister, Joseph Jouthe, announced a two-week suspension of flights from Europe, Canada, the Dominican Republic, and Latin America.[10]

On 19 March, the first two COVID-19 cases in the country were confirmed.[11]

April

On 5 April, the country confirmed its first death from COVID-19.[12][13]

On 9 April, the World Bank’s Board of Executive Directors approved a US$20 million grant for the Haiti COVID-19 Response Project.[14]

On 12 April, The Intercept wrote that "the Haitian government has closed schools and most factories and is encouraging people to adopt social distancing measures."[15]

On 15 April 2020 the Prime Minister of Haiti Joseph Jouthe announced that Haiti would reopen textile factories the following Monday 20 April.[16][17] Textiles account for 90 percent of Haiti's exports, and the industry would resume at 30 percent capacity to ensure workplace social distancing.[16]

The Miami Herald wrote that Jouthe's messaging "seems counter to what the regional health experts are telling countries in the region,"[17] noting that Pan American Health Organization Director Carissa Etienne had warned that social distancing "remains our best bet to reduce transmission and slow the spread of the virus" and stated that "COVID-19 has yet to hit with full force in our region, particularly in Latin America and the Caribbean, and we expect it to intensify in the next few weeks," and that "the rise in hospitalizations and deaths we see in some countries highlights how quickly the situation could change."[17]

May

On 5 May, Dr. Etienne, Director of the Pan American Health Organization, expressed her worries about Haiti. There are already 17,000 repatriates and that number is expected to rise to 55,000. Etienne called the situation “a perfect storm approaching.”[18]

On 8 May, the United Nations' Economic and Social Council's Ad-Hoc Advisory Group on Haiti expressed concern that "Unless adequately managed, the COVID-19 health emergency and its socio-economic impact could become a humanitarian catastrophe, threatening to unravel some of the hard-won development and security gains achieved in the past decade and a half in Haiti".[19]

About a third of Haitians practice Vodou, and in view of the shortage of medical facilities, by late May, the Vodou community had identified 1,000 Vodou temples with space available that could be used to isolate up to 15 COVID-19 patients each.[20] Reuters quoted Vodou priestess (mambo) Lamercie Charles as stating that "We live in a country where the health system is not able to respond to the challenge of the pandemic, so we rely on natural remedies instead... I consider my temple a clinic".[20]

June

On 4 June, Doctors Without Borders/Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF) expressed alarm that the number of COVID-19 cases in Haiti had increased rapidly in less than one month from 100 cases to more than 2,600 cases and 50 deaths.[21]

2021

July

On July 7, 2021, Haiti's former president, Jovenel Moise was assassinated, leaving Haiti with an unstable political system during the COVID-19 pandemic. The first doses of the COVID-19 vaccine were delivered on July 13, 2021, to Haiti. 500,000 vaccine doses were made available to the Haitians.[22]

August

On 14 August 2021, Haiti experienced a 7.2 magnitude earthquake. The natural disaster has disrupted the COVID-19 response and vaccine distribution.[22]

September

As of 17 September 2021, 0.16% of Haitians had been fully vaccinated against COVID-19 and 0.21% had received at least one dose. Non-governmental organizations assisting with the response to the earthquake were also providing vaccinations.[22]

Statistics

Daily New Confirmed Cases

Daily New Deaths

Analysis & commentary

Richard Frechette, a 67-year-old physician and Roman Catholic priest from the United States who is working in Haiti,[23] stated in an article published on 9 April 2020 that

My sister in the United States, sheltering in her place, is enjoying swordfish and salmon every night and playing scrabble. But for here, somebody having to shelter in a place with no chance to go on the streets and hustle to make enough money to live for today, means that tonight they are going to be sitting on their own, hungry with their children and worried about tomorrow.... hand to mouth every day. That's what makes the measures difficult to apply.[23]

See also

  • COVID-19 vaccination in Haiti
  • Notes

    1. ^ A patient is suspected to have COVID-19 (determined by clinicians) when they have a fever of 38 degree Celsius or more, or have a recent history (in the last 14 days) of fever, whether or not they have other symptoms such as coughing, breathing difficulties or unexplained headache. They may also have sudden altered taste (dysgeusia or ageusia) or smell (hyposmia or anosmia) without associated rhinitis. For children, they may exhibit all or some of the prior signs, diarrhea or isolated fever especially in children under 3 months of age.
    2. ^ A confirmed COVID-19 patient is deemed to have recovered if they do not show symptoms for at least 10 days, whether or not they are tested negative (resuming the test if possible).
    • "Bulletin du 21 juin 2020 de la surveillance du nouveau Coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19)" (PDF). mspp.gouv.ht. Retrieved 15 July 2020.

    References

    1. ^ a b c d e "Visualisez en temps réel l'évolution du Coronavirus en Haïti". coronahaiti.org.
    2. ^ "Bulletin du 12 Juillet 2020 de la surveillance du nouveau Coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19)" (PDF). mspp.gouv.ht. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
    3. ^ "Visualisez en temps réel l'évolution du Coronavirus en Haïti". coronahaiti.org. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
    4. ^ a b "Haiti: WHO Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Dashboard With Vaccination Data". covid19.who.int. Retrieved 14 September 2021.
    5. ^ Elsevier. "Novel Coronavirus Information Center". Elsevier Connect. Archived from the original on 30 January 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
    6. ^ Reynolds, Matt (4 March 2020). "What is coronavirus and how close is it to becoming a pandemic?". Wired UK. ISSN 1357-0978. Archived from the original on 5 March 2020. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
    7. ^ a b "Crunching the numbers for coronavirus". Imperial News. Archived from the original on 19 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
    8. ^ "High consequence infectious diseases (HCID); Guidance and information about high consequence infectious diseases and their management in England". GOV.UK. Archived from the original on 3 March 2020. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
    9. ^ "World Federation Of Societies of Anaesthesiologists – Coronavirus". www.wfsahq.org. Archived from the original on 12 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
    10. ^ O'Hare, Maureen & Hardingham, Tamara (17 March 2020). "Coronavirus - Which countries have travel bans?". CNN. Archived from the original on 20 March 2020. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
    11. ^ "Haiti declares emergency over coronavirus, imposes curfew, shuts borders". Reuters. 19 March 2020. Archived from the original on 20 March 2020. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
    12. ^ "Haiti reports its first coronavirus death". France24. 5 April 2020. Archived from the original on 5 April 2020. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
    13. ^ Rashid, Zaheena; Stepansky, Joseph (6 April 2020). "US braces for 'hardest week' in coronavirus fight: Live updates". Al Jazeera. Archived from the original on 6 April 2020. Retrieved 6 April 2020.
    14. ^ McLeod, Sheri-Kae (9 April 2020). "Haiti Warns Of Dangers Posed By Expansion Of Coronavirus". Caribbean National Weekly. Retrieved 18 April 2020.
    15. ^ Macdonald, Isabel (12 April 2020). ""Irresponsible and Dangerous": U.S. Deports Haitians Despite Coronavirus Risks". The Intercept. Retrieved 18 April 2020.
    16. ^ a b Paultre, Andre; Marsh, Sarah (15 April 2020). "Haiti to Reopen Textile Factories Despite Coronavirus Fears". U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved 18 April 2020.
    17. ^ a b c Charles, Jacqueline (15 April 2020). "Haiti declares early victory over coronavirus, plans to reopen factories". Miami Herald. Retrieved 18 April 2020.
    18. ^ "PAHO Director calls on each country to analyze trends of the pandemic before relaxing social distancing measures". Pan American Health Organization. Retrieved 7 May 2020.
    19. ^ "'Humanitarian catastrophe' looms in Haiti, threatening years of progress as COVID-19 takes hold, ECOSOC group says". UN News. 8 May 2020. Retrieved 10 June 2020.
    20. ^ a b Paultre, Andre; Sanon, Robenson (24 May 2020). "Haiti voodoo leaders prepare temples for coronavirus sufferers". Reuters. Retrieved 10 June 2020.
    21. ^ Anonymous (4 June 2020). "Haiti: MSF raises alarm over rapid spike in new cases of COVID-19". Doctors Without Borders - USA. Retrieved 10 June 2020.
    22. ^ a b c "2021 Haiti Earthquake and Tropical Storm Grace". Center for Disease Philanthropy. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
    23. ^ a b Merlo, Francesca (9 April 2020). "Covid-19: Holy Week in poverty-stricken Haiti - Vatican News". Vatican News. Retrieved 18 April 2020.

    External links

    Media files used on this page

    SARS-CoV-2 (Wikimedia colors).svg
    Author/Creator: Geraki, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
    SARS-CoV-2 logo in Wikimedia colors
    COVID-19-Pandemie - HT (Haiti) - Infizierte (800px).svg
    Author/Creator: Summer ... hier!, Licence: CC0
    COVID-19-Pandemie - HT (Haiti) - Infizierte (800px)
    COVID-19 en Haití por departamento.svg
    Author/Creator: WhatEditionOn, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
      10 a 49
      50 a 99
      100 a 499
      500 a 999
      1000 o más
    COVID-19-Pandemie - HT (Haiti) - Tote (800px).svg
    Author/Creator: Summer ... hier!, Licence: CC0
    COVID-19-Pandemie - HT (Haiti) - Tote (800px)