COVID-19 pandemic in Cuba

COVID-19 pandemic in Cuba
Cuba COVID-19.png
DiseaseCOVID-19
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationCuba
Index caseTrinidad
Arrival date24 February 2020
(2 years)
Confirmed cases1,039,842[1]
Active cases14,481[2]
Recovered1,016,971[3]
Deaths
8,390[4]
Government website
https://covid19cubadata.github.io/#cuba

The COVID-19 pandemic in Cuba is part of the worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The virus was confirmed to have spread to Cuba on 11 March 2020 when three Italian tourists tested positive for the virus.[5]

Background

On 12 January 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) confirmed that a novel coronavirus was the cause of a respiratory illness in a cluster of people in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China, which was reported to the WHO on 31 December 2019.[6][7]

Cuba faces multiple domestic challenges in its response to the ongoing pandemic. Health professionals are facing challenges including shortages of medical supplies, poor sanitary conditions, and low wages. Cuba also has one of the oldest populations in the Americas and one quarter of the population is considered at-risk. Additionally, Cuba's economy is suffering due to the global decrease in tourism amid the pandemic. As a consequence, the government began increasing centralization of the economy in an effort to prevent a deeper economic crisis like the one experienced by the country after the end of the Cold War.[8]

Cuba's policy of "medical internationalism" has played a prominent role in the country's response to the COVID-19 crisis. Cuba sent medical personnel to the hardest-hit Italian wealthy region of Lombardy,[9] as well as Angola and a dozen Caribbean states including Suriname.

Cuba engaged effective COVID-19 preventive measures, and despite the concurrent economic crisis and shortages of consumer products, in July 2020 officials reported that during the first wave of the pandemic the country's population suffered only minimal losses. Regular testing, wearing of face masks, and health visits by nursing professionals kept the reported case loads and mortality rates lower than in most countries of the Americas.[10]

In mid-July 2021, Cuba experienced the first real wave of infections when the SARS-CoV-2 Delta variant spread throughout the nation. Subsequently, demonstrations took place in a number of cities when thousands took to the streets protesting against COVID-related restrictions. The island is suffering from an acute shortage of consumer goods and medical supplies during a severe economic downturn.

Cuba manufactures two COVID-19 vaccines, at the Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology and Finlay Institute. As of 31 August 2021 about 75 million doses had been produced.[11]

Timeline

COVID-19 cases in Cuba  ()
     Deaths        Recoveries        Active cases
2020202020212021
MarMarAprAprMayMayJunJunJulJulAugAugSepSepOctOctNovNovDecDec
JanJanFebFeb
Last 15 daysLast 15 days
Date
# of cases
# of deaths
2020-03-11
3(n.a.)
2020-03-12
3(=)
2020-03-13
4(+33%)
4(=)
2020-03-16
5(+25%)
2020-03-17
7(+40%)
2020-03-18
11(+57%)1(n.a.)
2020-03-19
16(+45%)1(=)
2020-03-20
25(+56%)1(=)
2020-03-21
35(+40%)1(=)
2020-03-22
40(+14%)1(=)
2020-03-23
48(+20%)1(=)
2020-03-24
57(+19%)1(=)
2020-03-25
67(+18%)1(=)
2020-03-26
80(+19%)2(+100%)
2020-03-27
119(+49%)2(=)
2020-03-28
139(+17%)4(+100%)
2020-03-29
170(+22%)4(=)
2020-03-30
186(+9.4%)6(+50%)
2020-03-31
212(+14%)6(=)
2020-04-01
233(+9.9%)6(=)
2020-04-02
269(+15%)7(+17%)
2020-04-03
288(+7.1%)7(=)
2020-04-04
320(+11%)8(+14%)
2020-04-05
350(+9.4%)9(+12%)
2020-04-06
396(+13%)11(+22%)
2020-04-07
457(+15%)12(+9.1%)
2020-04-08
515(+13%)15(+25%)
2020-04-09
564(+9.5%)15(=)
2020-04-10
620(+9.9%)16(+6.7%)
2020-04-11
669(+7.9%)18(+12%)
2020-04-12
726(+8.5%)21(+17%)
2020-04-13
766(+5.5%)21(=)
2020-04-14
814(+6.3%)24(+14%)
2020-04-15
862(+5.9%)27(+12%)
2020-04-16
923(+7.1%)32(+19%)
2020-04-17
986(+6.8%)33(+3.1%)
2020-04-18
1,035(+5%)35(+6.1%)
2020-04-19
1,087(+5%)37(+5.7%)
2020-04-20
1,137(+4.6%)39(+5.4%)
2020-04-21
1,189(+4.6%)41(+5.1%)
2020-04-22
1,235(+3.9%)44(+7.3%)
2020-04-23
1,285(+4%)51(+16%)
2020-04-24
1,337(+4%)51(=)
2020-04-25
1,369(+2.4%)54(+5.9%)
2020-04-26
1,389(+1.5%)56(+3.7%)
2020-04-27
1,437(+3.5%)58(+3.6%)
2020-04-28
1,467(+2.1%)58(=)
2020-04-29
1,501(+2.3%)61(+5.2%)
2020-04-30
1,537(+2.4%)64(+4.9%)
2020-05-01
1,611(+4.8%)66(+3.1%)
2020-05-02
1,649(+2.4%)67(+1.5%)
2020-05-03
1,668(+1.2%)69(+3%)
2020-05-04
1,685(+1%)69(=)
2020-05-05
1,703(+1.1%)69(=)
2020-05-06
1,729(+1.5%)73(+5.8%)
2020-05-07
1,741(+0.69%)74(+1.4%)
2020-05-08
1,754(+0.75%)74(=)
2020-05-09
1,766(+0.68%)77(+4.1%)
2020-05-10
1,783(+0.96%)77(=)
2020-05-11
1,804(+1.2%)78(+1.3%)
2020-05-12
1,810(+0.33%)79(+1.3%)
2020-05-13
1,830(+1.1%)79(=)
2020-05-14
1,840(+0.55%)79(=)
2020-05-15
1,862(+1.2%)79(=)
2020-05-16
1,872(+0.54%)79(=)
2020-05-17
1,881(+0.48%)79(=)
2020-05-18
1,887(+0.32%)79(=)
2020-05-19
1,900(+0.69%)79(=)
2020-05-20
1,908(+0.42%)80(+1.3%)
2020-05-21
1,916(+0.42%)81(+1.2%)
2020-05-22
1,931(+0.78%)81(=)
2020-05-23
1,941(+0.52%)82(+1.2%)
2020-05-24
1,947(+0.31%)82(=)
2020-05-25
1,963(+0.82%)82(=)
2020-05-26
1,974(+0.56%)82(=)
2020-05-27
1,983(+0.46%)82(=)
2020-05-28
2,005(+1.1%)82(=)
2020-05-29
2,025(+1%)83(+1.2%)
2020-05-30
2,045(+0.99%)83(=)
2020-05-31
2,083(+1.9%)83(=)
2020-06-01
2,092(+0.43%)83(=)
2020-06-02
2,107(+0.72%)83(=)
2020-06-03
2,119(+0.57%)83(=)
2020-06-04
2,133(+0.66%)83(=)
2020-06-05
2,173(+1.9%)83(=)
2020-06-06
2,191(+0.83%)83(=)
2020-06-07
2,200(+0.41%)83(=)
2020-06-08
2,205(+0.23%)83(=)
2020-06-09
2,211(+0.27%)83(=)
2020-06-10
2,219(+0.36%)84(+1.2%)
2020-06-11
2,233(+0.63%)84(=)
2020-06-12
2,238(+0.22%)84(=)
2020-06-13
2,248(+0.45%)84(=)
2020-06-14
2,262(+0.62%)84(=)
2020-06-15
2,273(+0.49%)84(=)
2020-06-16
2,280(+0.31%)84(=)
2020-06-17
2,295(+0.66%)85(+1.2%)
2020-06-18
2,305(+0.44%)85(=)
2020-06-19
2,309(+0.17%)85(=)
2020-06-20
2,312(+0.13%)85(=)
2020-06-21
2,315(+0.13%)85(=)
2020-06-22
2,318(+0.13%)85(=)
2020-06-23
2,319(+0.04%)85(=)
2020-06-24
2,321(+0.09%)85(=)
2020-06-25
2,325(+0.17%)85(=)
2020-06-26
2,330(+0.22%)86(+1.2%)
2020-06-27
2,332(+0.09%)86(=)
2020-06-28
2,340(+0.34%)86(=)
2020-06-29
2,341(+0.04%)86(=)
2020-06-30
2,348(+0.3%)86(=)
2020-07-01
2,353(+0.21%)86(=)
2020-07-02
2,361(+0.34%)86(=)
2020-07-03
2,369(+0.34%)86(=)
2020-07-04
2,372(+0.13%)86(=)
2020-07-05
2,380(+0.34%)86(=)
2020-07-06
2,395(+0.63%)86(=)
2020-07-07
2,399(+0.17%)86(=)
2020-07-08
2,403(+0.17%)87(+1.2%)
2020-07-09
2,413(+0.42%)87(=)
2020-07-10
2,420(+0.29%)87(=)
2020-07-11
2,426(+0.25%)87(=)
2020-07-12
2,428(+0.08%)87(=)
2020-07-13
2,432(+0.16%)87(=)
2020-07-14
2,438(+0.25%)87(=)
2020-07-15
2,440(+0.08%)87(=)
2020-07-16
2,444(+0.16%)87(=)
2020-07-17
2,445(+0.04%)87(=)
2020-07-18
2,446(+0.04%)87(=)
2020-07-19
2,446(=)87(=)
2020-07-20
2,449(+0.12%)87(=)
2020-07-21
2,462(+0.53%)87(=)
2020-07-22
2,466(+0.16%)87(=)
2020-07-23
2,469(+0.12%)87(=)
2020-07-24
2,478(+0.36%)87(=)
2020-07-25
2,495(+0.69%)87(=)
2020-07-26
2,532(+1.5%)87(=)
2020-07-27
2,555(+0.91%)87(=)
2020-07-28
2,588(+1.3%)87(=)
2020-07-29
2,597(+0.35%)87(=)
2020-07-30
2,608(+0.42%)87(=)
2020-07-31
2,633(+0.96%)87(=)
2020-08-01
2,646(+0.49%)87(=)
2020-08-02
2,670(+0.91%)87(=)
2020-08-03
2,701(+1.2%)88(+1.1%)
2020-08-04
2,726(+0.93%)88(=)
2020-08-05
2,775(+1.8%)88(=)
2020-08-06
2,829(+1.9%)88(=)
2020-08-07
2,888(+2.1%)88(=)
2020-08-08
2,953(+2.3%)88(=)
2020-08-09
3,046(+3.1%)88(=)
2020-08-10
3,093(+1.5%)88(=)
2020-08-11
3,128(+1.1%)88(=)
2020-08-12
3,174(+1.5%)88(=)
2020-08-13
3,229(+1.7%)88(=)
2020-08-14
3,292(+2%)88(=)
2020-08-15
3,316(+0.73%)88(=)
2020-08-16
3,364(+1.4%)88(=)
2020-08-17
3,408(+1.3%)88(=)
2020-08-18
3,482(+2.2%)88(=)
2020-08-19
3,565(+2.4%)88(=)
2020-08-20
3,582(+0.48%)89(+1.1%)
2020-08-21
3,617(+0.98%)89(=)
2020-08-22
3,682(+1.8%)91(+2.2%)
2020-08-23
3,717(+0.95%)91(=)
2020-08-24
3,744(+0.73%)91(=)
2020-08-25
3,759(+0.4%)92(+1.1%)
2020-08-26
3,806(+1.3%)92(=)
2020-08-27
3,866(+1.6%)92(=)
2020-08-28
3,925(+1.5%)94(+2.2%)
2020-08-29
3,973(+1.2%)94(=)
2020-08-30
4,032(+1.5%)94(=)
2020-08-31
4,065(+0.82%)95(+1.1%)
2020-09-01
4,126(+1.5%)98(+3.2%)
2020-09-02
4,214(+2.1%)100(+2%)
2020-09-03
4,266(+1.2%)100(=)
2020-09-04
4,298(+0.75%)100(=)
2020-09-05
4,309(+0.26%)101(+1%)
2020-09-06
4,352(+1%)102(+0.99%)
2020-09-07
4,377(+0.57%)104(+2%)
2020-09-08
4,459(+1.9%)104(=)
2020-09-09
4,551(+2.1%)106(+1.9%)
2020-09-10
4,593(+0.92%)106(=)
2020-09-11
4,653(+1.3%)108(+1.9%)
2020-09-12
4,684(+0.67%)108(=)
2020-09-13
4,726(+0.9%)108(=)
2020-09-14
4,803(+1.6%)108(=)
2020-09-15
4,876(+1.5%)109(+0.93%)
2020-09-16
4,933(+1.2%)109(=)
2020-09-17
5,004(+1.4%)111(+1.8%)
2020-09-18
5,055(+1%)113(+1.8%)
2020-09-19
5,091(+0.71%)115(+1.8%)
2020-09-20
5,141(+0.98%)116(+0.87%)
2020-09-21
5,222(+1.6%)117(+0.86%)
2020-09-22
5,270(+0.92%)118(+0.85%)
2020-09-23
5,310(+0.76%)118(=)
2020-09-24
5,350(+0.75%)118(=)
2020-09-25
5,412(+1.2%)120(+1.7%)
2020-09-26
5,457(+0.83%)122(+1.7%)
2020-09-27
5,483(+0.48%)122(=)
2020-09-28
5,531(+0.88%)122(=)
2020-09-29
5,597(+1.2%)122(=)
2020-09-30
5,670(+1.3%)122(=)
2020-10-01
5,718(+0.85%)122(=)
2020-10-02
5,780(+1.1%)122(=)
2020-10-03
5,809(+0.5%)122(=)
2020-10-04
5,845(+0.62%)123(+0.82%)
2020-10-05
5,883(+0.65%)123(=)
2020-10-06
5,898(+0.25%)123(=)
2020-10-07
5,917(+0.32%)123(=)
2020-10-08
5,943(+0.44%)123(=)
2020-10-09
5,948(+0.08%)123(=)
2020-10-10
5,978(+0.5%)123(=)
2020-10-11
6,000(+0.37%)123(=)
2020-10-12
6,017(+0.28%)123(=)
2020-10-13
6,035(+0.3%)123(=)
2020-10-14
6,062(+0.45%)123(=)
2020-10-15
6,118(+0.92%)124(+0.81%)
2020-10-16
6,170(+0.85%)125(+0.81%)
2020-10-17
6,220(+0.81%)125(=)
2020-10-18
6,258(+0.61%)127(+1.6%)
2020-10-19
6,305(+0.75%)127(=)
2020-10-20
6,368(+1%)127(=)
2020-10-21
6,421(+0.83%)128(+0.79%)
2020-10-22
6,479(+0.9%)128(=)
2020-10-23
6,534(+0.85%)128(=)
2020-10-24
6,566(+0.49%)128(=)
2020-10-25
6,595(+0.44%)128(=)
2020-10-26
6,678(+1.3%)128(=)
2020-10-27
6,727(+0.73%)128(=)
2020-10-28
6,766(+0.58%)128(=)
2020-10-29
6,801(+0.52%)128(=)
2020-10-30
6,887(+1.3%)128(=)
2020-10-31
6,935(+0.7%)128(=)
2020-11-01
6,970(+0.5%)129(+0.78%)
2020-11-02
7,035(+0.93%)129(=)
2020-11-03
7,144(+1.5%)129(=)
2020-11-04
7,184(+0.56%)129(=)
2020-11-05
7,228(+0.61%)130(+0.78%)
2020-11-06
7,267(+0.54%)130(=)
2020-11-07
7,297(+0.41%)130(=)
2020-11-08
7,349(+0.71%)130(=)
2020-11-09
7,392(+0.59%)130(=)
2020-11-10
7,429(+0.5%)130(=)
2020-11-11
7,487(+0.78%)131(+0.77%)
2020-11-12
7,541(+0.72%)131(=)
2020-11-13
7,568(+0.36%)131(=)
2020-11-14
7,590(+0.29%)131(=)
2020-11-15
7,639(+0.65%)131(=)
2020-11-16
7,667(+0.37%)131(=)
2020-11-17
7,704(+0.48%)131(=)
2020-11-18
7,725(+0.27%)131(=)
2020-11-19
7,763(+0.49%)131(=)
2020-11-20
7,798(+0.45%)132(+0.76%)
2020-11-21
7,847(+0.63%)132(=)
2020-11-22
7,879(+0.41%)132(=)
2020-11-23
7,950(+0.9%)133(+0.76%)
2020-11-24
8,026(+0.96%)133(=)
2020-11-25
8,075(+0.61%)133(=)
2020-11-26
8,110(+0.43%)133(=)
2020-11-27
8,173(+0.78%)133(=)
2020-11-28
8,233(+0.73%)134(+0.75%)
2020-11-29
8,284(+0.62%)135(+0.75%)
2020-11-30
8,381(+1.2%)136(+0.74%)
2020-12-01
8,456(+0.89%)136(=)
2020-12-02
8,531(+0.89%)136(=)
2020-12-03
8,610(+0.93%)136(=)
2020-12-04
8,717(+1.2%)136(=)
2020-12-05
8,782(+0.75%)136(=)
2020-12-06
8,906(+1.4%)136(=)
2020-12-07
8,982(+0.85%)136(=)
2020-12-08
9,106(+1.4%)136(=)
2020-12-09
9,181(+0.82%)136(=)
2020-12-10
9,267(+0.94%)136(=)
2020-12-11
9,354(+0.94%)137(+0.74%)
2020-12-12
9,423(+0.74%)137(=)
2020-12-13
9,492(+0.73%)137(=)
2020-12-14
9,588(+1%)137(=)
2020-12-15
9,671(+0.87%)137(=)
2020-12-16
9,771(+1%)137(=)
2020-12-17
9,893(+1.2%)137(=)
2020-12-18
10,024(+1.3%)137(=)
2020-12-19
10,127(+1%)137(=)
2020-12-20
10,242(+1.1%)137(=)
2020-12-21
10,384(+1.4%)139(+1.5%)
2020-12-22
10,500(+1.1%)139(=)
2020-12-23
10,717(+2.1%)139(=)
2020-12-24
10,900(+1.7%)140(+0.72%)
2020-12-25
11,038(+1.3%)141(+0.71%)
2020-12-26
11,205(+1.5%)142(+0.71%)
2020-12-27
11,434(+2%)143(+0.7%)
2020-12-28
11,601(+1.5%)143(=)
2020-12-29
11,687(+0.74%)145(+1.4%)
2020-12-30
11,863(+1.5%)146(+0.69%)
2020-12-31
12,056(+1.6%)146(=)
2021-01-01
12,225(+1.4%)146(=)
2021-01-02
12,424(+1.6%)147(+0.68%)
2021-01-03
12,740(+2.5%)147(=)
2021-01-04
12,964(+1.8%)147(=)
2021-01-05
13,165(+1.6%)148(+0.68%)
2021-01-06
13,479(+2.4%)148(=)
2021-01-07
13,823(+2.6%)148(=)
2021-01-08
14,188(+2.6%)148(=)
2021-01-09
14,576(+2.7%)151(+2%)
2021-01-10
15,007(+3%)153(+1.3%)
2021-01-11
15,494(+3.2%)155(+1.3%)
2021-01-12
16,044(+3.5%)158(+1.9%)
2021-01-13
16,549(+3.1%)160(+1.3%)
2021-01-14
17,096(+3.3%)162(+1.2%)
2021-01-15
17,501(+2.4%)166(+2.5%)
2021-01-16
18,151(+3.7%)170(+2.4%)
2021-01-17
18,443(+1.6%)173(+1.8%)
2021-01-18
18,773(+1.8%)175(+1.2%)
2021-01-19
19,122(+1.9%)180(+2.9%)
2021-01-20
19,530(+2.1%)184(+2.2%)
2021-01-21
20,060(+2.7%)188(+2.2%)
2021-01-22
20,627(+2.8%)191(+1.6%)
2021-01-23
21,261(+3.1%)194(+1.6%)
2021-01-24
21,828(+2.7%)197(+1.5%)
2021-01-25
22,614(+3.6%)200(+1.5%)
2021-01-26
23,439(+3.6%)204(+2%)
2021-01-27
24,105(+2.8%)208(+2%)
2021-01-28
24,764(+2.7%)210(+0.96%)
2021-01-29
25,674(+3.7%)213(+1.4%)
2021-01-30
26,686(+3.9%)214(+0.47%)
2021-01-31
27,592(+3.4%)216(+0.93%)
2021-02-01
28,636(+3.8%)218(+0.93%)
2021-02-02
29,529(+3.1%)220(+0.92%)
Sources:

Cases
Cases
Deaths
Deaths

March 2020

On 11 March, the first three cases in Cuba were confirmed. The patients were Italian tourists. They were kept in isolation at the Pedro Kouri Tropical Medicine Institute in Havana.[12]

The government urged citizens to make their own face masks, while the textile industry was drafted to fabricate them. People were advised to carry several cloth face masks with them, depending on how many hours they plan to spend in public areas.[5]

On 12 March, a fourth confirmed case was announced. This was a Cuban, whose wife had arrived from Milan, Italy on 24 February, and who had started showing symptoms on 27 February. The husband had begun to show symptoms by 8 March. Both were tested and he was positive. The wife was stated to be negative because the disease had run its course.[13]

On 16 March, the cruise ship MS Braemar, with over 1,000 passengers and crew on board, was given permission to berth in Cuba after being rejected by the Bahamas. At least five passengers have tested positive for coronavirus (COVID-19). British citizens were able to take flights home after both governments reached an agreement on their repatriation.[14]

On 17 March, the number of confirmed cases increased to 7.[15]

On 18 March, the number of confirmed cases increased to 10, and the first death was announced, a 61-year old Italian who had been one of the first three confirmed.[16]

On 19 March, the number of confirmed cases increased to 16.[17]

On 20 March, the number of confirmed cases increased to 21.[18] Also, it was announced that Cuba will restrict entry to residents with effect from 24 March.[19] Only Cuban residents may enter, that is, if they have not been outside of Cuba for more than 24 months; as well as foreigners residing on the island.[20]

On 22 March, the Ministry of Public Health (MINSAP) of Cuba raised the number of coronavirus infections on the island to 35 but were monitoring more than 950 suspected cases, according to information published by the state agency on its website.[21]

On 23 March, authorities in Cuba raised the number of coronavirus patients to 48.[22]

On 24 March, the Cuban government closed all schools until at least 20 April.[23]

Visitors who arrived between 17 and 23 March were required to be tested for the coronavirus.[24]

As of 30 March, the number of confirmed coronavirus cases was at 170, with 4 deaths.[25]

April 2020

With effect from midnight on 1 April, Cuba suspended the arrival of all international flights.[26]

On 4 April, authorities in Cuba raised the number of coronavirus patients to 288.[27]

As of 15 April, there were 755 cases of COVID-19 in Cuba, there were 18,856 total tests done so far[28]

May 2020

As of 12 May, new cases had fallen to less than 20 per day, and a program of mass testing was beginning.[29]

As of 30 May, the city of Havana represented slightly more than half of the total confirmed cases.[30]

June 2020

On June 18, 2020, the Cuban government started to set out a reopening plan with all the provinces, except Havana and Matanzas, being put in a first phase of recovery. Provinces in phase 1 would be able to reopen restaurants, bars, gyms, swimming pools, and beaches with capacity limits and social distancing measures being put in place. As of Friday, June 19, there were 2305 confirmed cases of COVID-19 in Cuba with 85 associated fatalities.[31]

July 2020

On Friday, July 3 the Cuban government announced that they would ease more COVID-19 measures with Havana entering phase one of three-phase process. Residents would be permitted to travel on public or private transport, go to the beach, visit bars and restaurants, and go to recreation centers. Social distancing would remain in force and wearing face masks would continue to be mandatory. The rest of the country entered phase two on the same date, with larger gatherings permitted and limited tourism and transportation resuming.[32]

August 2020

On Saturday, August 8, Cuban authorities reimposed strict lockdown measures in Havana due to a new spike in COVID-19 cases. Under the lockdown rules, bars, restaurants, pools, and beaches would be closed, and public transport would be suspended. This was due to 59 new confirmed cases of the virus, mainly within Havana.[33]

Statistics

Cumulative number of confirmed cases and deaths

Confirmed new cases per day

Confirmed deaths per day

Vaccination

While the Cuban government initially aimed to achieve widespread vaccination solely with homegrown vaccines, it later went on to use the Sinopharm BIBP vaccine as well.[34][35] Cuba has developed two of the 23 vaccines that have entered phase III trials worldwide.[36] The vaccines Soberana 02 and Abdala, are being used for a mass vaccination campaign that aims to vaccinate 1.7 million Cubans in Havana.[37] From the beginning of the campaign vaccine hesitancy seemed to be low, as thousands of Cubans were vaccinated voluntarily as part of clinical studies and 150,000 health care workers got vaccinated as part of an "interventional study".[37] The US embargo against Cuba significantly slowed down the process of developing vaccines, as it restricted the medical equipment the island could import. Some Cuban research teams relied on only one spectrometer, which is a machine that can analyse a vaccine's chemical structure.[38] In spite of their relatively slow development process, Cuba aims to manufacture 100 million doses of Soberana 02 in 2021 to cover its population and to export the surplus.[38] On June 21, 2021, Cuba reported that its Abdala vaccine is 92.28% effective against COVID-19.[39]

Widespread vaccination has been limited by a lack of syringes, which the country does not produce, and vaccine doses.[40][35][41] In July 2021, representatives of Global Health Partners announced the successful donation of six million syringes to Cuba for their COVID-19 vaccination campaign, financed by a coalition of American organisations against the American embargo on Cuba.[42] Cuba already received around 380,000 syringes and needles in June 2021, donated by Cuban residents in Argentina and other aid organisations.[43]

By November 2021, 8,679,636 people in Cuba, equal to 77.6 percent of the population, were fully vaccinated.[44] It ranked ninth in the world for its level of vaccination against COVID-19.[45]

See also

References

  1. ^ https://www.worldometers.info/coronavirus/#countries
  2. ^ https://www.worldometers.info/coronavirus/#countries
  3. ^ https://www.worldometers.info/coronavirus/#countries
  4. ^ https://www.worldometers.info/coronavirus/#countries
  5. ^ a b "Cuba confirms 1st coronavirus cases, urges citizens to make own masks". Reuters. 11 March 2020. Retrieved 11 March 2020.
  6. ^ Elsevier. "Novel Coronavirus Information Center". Elsevier Connect. Archived from the original on 30 January 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  7. ^ Reynolds, Matt (4 March 2020). "What is coronavirus and how close is it to becoming a pandemic?". Wired UK. ISSN 1357-0978. Archived from the original on 5 March 2020. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
  8. ^ Blofield, Merike; Hoffmann, Bert; Llanos, Mariana (April 2020). "Assessing the Political and Social Impact of the COVID-19 Crisis in Latin America" (PDF). GIGA Focus Latin America (3): 1–12. Retrieved 15 April 2020.
  9. ^ Acosta, Nelson (23 March 2020). "Cuban doctors head to Italy to battle coronavirus". Reuters. Retrieved 5 January 2021.
  10. ^ Ed Augustin (July 2020) "Cuba sets example with successful COVID-19 strategy". Aljazeera. Retrieved 2 December 2020.
  11. ^ "COVID-19 vaccine production, to August 31st, 2021". Global Commission for Post-Pandemic Policy. 3 September 2021. Retrieved 19 September 2021.
  12. ^ Smith, Savanna. "Cuba reports the first three cases of coronavirus in the island". Miami Herald. Retrieved 12 March 2020.
  13. ^ "Cuba: Fourth case of coronavirus". Cuba News Agency. 13 March 2020. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  14. ^ "Coronavirus-hit cruise ship in diplomatic scramble to find somewhere to dock". CNN. 16 March 2020.
  15. ^ "Nota informativa sobre dos nuevos casos confirmados de COVID-19" (in Spanish). Ministerio de Salud Pública de la República de Cuba. 17 March 2020. Retrieved 18 March 2020.
  16. ^ "Actualización 18 de marzo sobre el Covid-19 en Cuba" (in Spanish). Ministerio de Salud Pública de la República de Cuba. 18 March 2020. Retrieved 18 March 2020.
  17. ^ "Ascienden a 16 los casos confirmados de COVID-19 en Cuba" (in Spanish). Ministerio de Salud Pública de la República de Cuba. 19 March 2020. Retrieved 19 March 2020.
  18. ^ "Nota informativa sobre nuevos casos confirmados de COVID-19" (in Spanish). Ministerio de Salud Pública de la República de Cuba. 20 March 2020. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
  19. ^ "Cuba bars entry to foreign tourists in bid to contain coronavirus spread". Reuters. 20 March 2020. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
  20. ^ "Coronavirus en Cuba: minuto a minuto del avance de la pandemia en la isla" (in Spanish). ADN Cuba. 20 March 2020. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
  21. ^ "Cuba coronavirus cases reach 35: details about 10 new cases". ADN Cuba. 22 March 2020. Retrieved 22 March 2020.
  22. ^ "Cuba coronavirus cases reach 48: details about 8 new cases". ADN Cuba. 22 March 2020. Retrieved 22 March 2020.
  23. ^ Jessie Yeung; Helen Regan; Adam Renton; Emma Reynolds; Mike Hayes; Meg Wagner (24 March 2020). "Cuba is going under lockdown over coronavirus concerns". CNN. Retrieved 27 April 2020.
  24. ^ "Cuba bans all tourists and imposes draconian rules amid coronavirus pandemic". The Independent. 3 April 2020. Retrieved 27 April 2020.
  25. ^ "Parte de cierre del día 29 de marzo de 2020 a las 12:00 de la noche" (in Spanish). 30 March 2020. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  26. ^ "Cuba suspends arrival of international flights to stop coronavirus". Reuters. 31 March 2020. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  27. ^ "Cuba at the edge of 300 cases of COVID-19: there are already 288". Directorio Cubano. 4 April 2020. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  28. ^ Morris, Emily; Kelman, Ilan. "Coronavirus response: why Cuba is such an interesting case". The Conversation. Retrieved 19 April 2020.
  29. ^ "Cuba begins mass testing for Covid-19 as new cases fall to fewer than 20 per day". The Guardian. Reuters. 12 May 2020. Retrieved 12 May 2020.
  30. ^ "Covid19 - Dashboard Cuba". Covid19cubadata.github.io. Retrieved 25 February 2021.
  31. ^ "Cuba: Authorities begin easing of COVID-19 restrictions June 18 /update 8". GardaWorld. Retrieved 9 September 2021.
  32. ^ "Cuba: Authorities to ease COVID-19 lockdown from July 3 /update 9". GardaWorld. Retrieved 9 September 2021.
  33. ^ "Cuba: Authorities reimpose lockdown in Havana August 8 /update 11". GardaWorld. Retrieved 9 September 2021.
  34. ^ "Cuba to deploy China's Sinopharm alongside homegrown vaccines". Reuters. 28 August 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
  35. ^ a b "Cuba's use of Chinese COVID vaccine is raising questions about its own shots". Miami Herald. 1 September 2021. Retrieved 1 September 2021.
  36. ^ "Cuba's five COVID-19 vaccines: the full story on Soberana 01/02/Plus, Abdala, and Mambisa | LSE Latin America and Caribbean". LSE Latin America and Caribbean blog. 31 March 2021. Retrieved 2 June 2021.
  37. ^ a b Augustin, Ed (12 May 2021). "Cuba deploys unproven homegrown vaccines, hoping to slow an exploding virus outbreak". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2 June 2021.
  38. ^ a b "Cuba punches above its weight to develop its own Covid vaccines". the Guardian. 4 May 2021. Retrieved 2 June 2021.
  39. ^ "Cuba says Abdala vaccine 92.28% effective against coronavirus". Reuters. 21 June 2021.
  40. ^ "Cuba decided to make its own COVID-19 vaccines. Now it needs syringes". Miami Herald.
  41. ^ "'Living through a war': In Cuba, a race to vaccinate as Covid surges". NBC News. Retrieved 1 September 2021.
  42. ^ "Successful U.S. Campaign to Send 6 Million Vaccination Syringes to Cuba". coha.org. Retrieved 22 July 2021.
  43. ^ "Cuba receives donation of syringes and needles from Argentine aid groups" Buenos Aires Times. Retrieved 22 July 2021.
  44. ^ "Diaz-Canel highlights success of Covid-19 vaccination among children". Prensa Latina. 17 November 2021. Retrieved 18 November 2021.
  45. ^ Marcetic, Branko (22 November 2021). "Cuba's Vaccine Could End up Saving Millions of Lives". jacobinmag.com. Retrieved 29 November 2021.

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