COVID-19 pandemic in Asia

COVID-19 pandemic in Asia
COVID-19 deaths per million residents as of December 10, 2020.svg
Confirmed COVID-19 deaths per million residents as of December 10, 2020
COVID-19 cases per 100,000 people as of December 10, 2020.svg
Cumulative confirmed cases of COVID-19 per 100,000 people as of December 10, 2020
DiseaseCOVID-19
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationAsia
First outbreakWuhan, Hubei, China[1]
Index case1 December 2019
(2 years, 3 months and 5 days ago)
Confirmed cases17,725,946[2]
Active cases1,770,067[2]
Recovered15,651,219[2]
Deaths
304,660[2]
Territories
49[2]

The COVID-19 pandemic began in Asia in Wuhan, Hubei, China, and has spread widely through the continent. As of 6 March 2022,[3] at least one case of COVID-19 had been reported in every country in Asia except North Korea and Turkmenistan.

The Asian countries with the highest numbers of confirmed coronavirus cases are India, Turkey, Iran, and Indonesia.[4] Despite being the first area of the world hit by the outbreak, the early wide-scale response of some Asian states, particularly Bhutan,[5] Singapore,[6] Taiwan[7] and Vietnam[8] has allowed them to fare comparatively well. China was criticised for initially minimising the severity of the outbreak, but its wide-scale response has largely contained the disease since March 2020.[9][10][11][12]

As of July 2021, the highest numbers of deaths are recorded in India, Indonesia, Iran, and Turkey, each with more than 50,000 deaths and more than 600,000 deaths combined. However, the death toll in Iran and Indonesia is claimed to be much higher than the official figures.[13][14] Per capita, the highest deaths have been disproportionally in several Western Asian states, with Georgia having the highest figure closely followed by Armenia, and Iran in third, whereas China had the lowest.[15]

Statistics by country and territory

Summary table of confirmed cases in Asia (as of 7 March 2022)[16][17]
Country/TerritoryCasesActive casesDeathsRecoveriesRef
India India42,962,95359,415515,06342,388,475[18][19]
Russia Russia16,941,6562,017,399356,28114,567,976[18][20][19]
Turkey Turkey14,353,888514,02395,54913,744,316[18][21][19]
Iran Iran7,089,892221,626137,9486,730,318[22][23][19]
Indonesia Indonesia5,748,725475,951150,1725,122,602[18][24][19]
Japan Japan5,338,116660,40924,7894,652,918[18][19]
Israel Israel3,672,03553,01610,2823,608,737[18][25][19]
Philippines Philippines3,667,54248,79357,0233,561,726[26][19]
Malaysia Malaysia3,622,607308,25133,2283,281,128[18][27][19]
Vietnam Vietnam4,434,7001,712,44040,8132,681,447[18][28]
South Korea South Korea4,456,2643,477,7838,957969,524[18][29][19]
Thailand Thailand3,026,695232,51823,2382,770,939[18][30][19]
Iraq Iraq2,308,19127,43925,0502,255,702[18][19]
Bangladesh Bangladesh1,947,26674,84329,0851,843,338[18][31][19]
Jordan Jordan1,638,22877,95013,8491,546,429[18][32][19]
Georgia (country) Georgia1,625,37254,47316,3661,554,533[18][33][19]
Pakistan Pakistan1,514,25829,61130,2651,454,382[18][34][19]
Kazakhstan Kazakhstan1,303,70713,50413,6261,276,577[18][35][19]
Lebanon Lebanon1,077,242384,12310,142682,977[18][36][19]
Nepal Nepal977,5016,46111,947959,093[18][37][19]
United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates882,88437,4842,301843,099[18][38][19]
Azerbaijan Azerbaijan789,3324,5399,518775,275[18][39][19]
Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia747,43610,8849,008727,544[18][40][19]
Singapore Singapore819,66360,8491,073757,741[18][41][19]
Sri Lanka Sri Lanka650,14015,66816,331618,141[18][42][19]
Kuwait Kuwait623,1596,0172,545614,597[18][43][19]
Myanmar Myanmar598,44631,61319,389547,444[18][44][19]
State of Palestine Palestine577,9458,8165,284563,845[18][19]
Bahrain Bahrain525,17119,7561,458503,957[18][45][19]
Mongolia Mongolia465,763150,3332,174313,256[18][19]
Armenia Armenia421,3416,6128,536406,193[18][46][19]
Oman Oman384,8185,7704,249374,799[18][47][19]
Qatar Qatar358,2532,250670355,333[18][48][19]
Cyprus Cyprus333,238207,991877124,370[18][49][19]
Hong Kong Hong Kong440,609425,6031,77413,232[18][50][19]
Uzbekistan Uzbekistan236,8991,2401,637234,022[18][51][19]
Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyzstan200,6312,0202,965195,646[18][19]
Afghanistan Afghanistan174,5829,4327,623157,527[18][52][19]
Maldives Maldives172,57614,482297157,797[18][53][19]
Laos Laos144,155135,8676287,660[18][54][19]
Cambodia Cambodia132,4022,9223,041126,439[18][55][19]
China China110,8683,6914,636102,541[18][19]
Brunei Brunei88,84938,59414350,112[18][19]
Syria Syria54,9633,7843,09248,087[18][19]
East Timor East Timor22,75919012922,440[18][56][19]
Taiwan Taiwan20,8401,21985318,768[18][19]
Tajikistan Tajikistan17,388112417,263[18][57][19]
Bhutan Bhutan14,7984,305710,486[18][58][19]
Yemen Yemen11,7778442,1388,795[18][19]
Macau Macau823079[18][59][19]
Total137,701,17011,665,7621,716,118124,319,290


Timeline by country and territory

Afghanistan

On 23 February 2020, at least three citizens of Herat who had recently returned from Qom were suspected of COVID-19 infection. Blood samples were sent to Kabul for further testing.[60] Afghanistan later closed its border with Iran.[61]

On 24 February, Afghanistan confirmed the first COVID-19 case involving one of the three people from Herat, a 35-year-old man who tested positive for SARS-CoV-2.[62] On 7 March, three new cases were confirmed in Herat Province.[63] On 10 March, the first case reported outside of Herat province, was in Samangan Province, bringing to the total to five cases.[64]

Armenia

Armenia confirmed the first case of coronavirus during the late night of 29 February/early morning of 1 March, announcing a 29-year-old Armenian citizen had returned from Iran and was confirmed positive for the virus. His wife was tested and results came in negative. Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan declared that he is "now in good condition." About 30 people who came in contact with him are being tested and will be quarantined. Armenia had earlier closed its border with Iran. As of 15 March there are 23 confirmed cases with over 300 being in quarantine. [65] On 23 March, it confirmed 23 cases.[66]

Azerbaijan

On 28 February, Azerbaijan confirmed the first case from a Russian national, who was travelling from Iran.[67] On 12 March, a woman died from multiorgan failure who had been diagnosed with COVID-19 a day earlier. This marked the first death of coronavirus in Azerbaijan.[68] On 22 March, the first domestic human to human transmission was confirmed.[69] On 31 March, Azerbaijan declared nationwide quarantine. People are required to stay in private houses and apartments, permanent or temporary places of residence until 20 April.[70]

Bahrain

The first case in the country was confirmed on 21 February. The index case was a school bus driver who had travelled to Iran.[71] Bahrain has recorded a total of 2,009 COVID-19 cases including 7 deaths and 1,026 recoveries. The Bahraini government has unveiled a stimulus packages of 4.3 billion Bahraini Dinars that include exempting consumers from bills of electricity and water for three months.

Bangladesh

The first three COVID-19 cases of the country were found on 7 March 2020 that was officially confirmed on 8 March 2020[72] by Professor Dr Meerjady Sabrina Flora, Former Director, Institute of Epidemiology, Disease Control and Research (IEDCR), then. Two of those affected returned to Bangladesh from Italy and one was a family member of one of those two.[73] On 18 March, the first known coronavirus death in the country was reported.[74]

On 22 March, Bangladesh declared a 10-day shut down effective from 26 March to 4 April to fight the spread of coronavirus.[75] Bangladesh on Wednesday reported the fifth death from the coronavirus though no new case of the infection came out in the last 24 hours as the country suspended all domestic flights, trains and public transport to fight the pandemic.

The Institute of Epidemiology, Disease Control and Research (IEDCR) has confirmed that one more person has died of coronavirus (COVID-19) infection in Bangladesh, taking the number of deaths from the disease in the country to five, the Dhaka Tribune reported.

Bangladesh on Wednesday confirmed another death taking the death toll in the country to six while number of positive cases rose to 54.The nationwide lockdown has been extended till 9 April to curb the spread, however Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina on Tuesday said that offices and industries could resume work. Health minister Zahid Malik said "another 300 ventilators are being imported. There are about 700 ventilators across private hospitals".

Bhutan

On 6 March, the first case in the country was confirmed, a 76-year-old US male who travelled to the country.[76]

Brunei

On 9 March, the Ministry of Health confirmed that a preliminary coronavirus test had returned positive for a 53-year-old male who had returned from Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia on 3 March.[77] The patient was moved to the National Isolation Centre in Tutong for treatment.[77]

Cambodia

Map of Cambodia with confirmed cases
The hand sanitizer shelf at a pharmacy in Kep, Cambodia, was emptied the day after the first COVID-19 case was confirmed in the country

On 27 January, Cambodia confirmed the first COVID-19 case in Sihanoukville, a 60-year-old Chinese man, travelling to the coastal city from Wuhan with his family on 23 January.[78] Three other members of his family were placed under quarantine as they did not appear to have symptoms, while he was placed in a separate room at the Preah Sihanouk Referral Hospital.[79][80][81] By 10 February, after two weeks of being treated and kept under observation, he had fully recovered, Health Ministry stated on account of testing negative for the third time by Pasteur Institute of Cambodia. The family were finally discharged and flew back to their home country on the next day as of the 80 Chinese nationals who arrived in Sihanoukville on the same flight as the patient, most had since returned to China, although the city of Wuhan remained under quarantine at that time.[82][83]

China

COVID-19 cases in mainland China broken down by provinces[84]

The COVID-19 pandemic first originated in Wuhan, Hubei in which it manifested itself as cluster of mysterious suspected pneumonia cases.[85]

Sophisticated modelling of the outbreak suggests that the number of cases in mainland China would have been many times higher without interventions such as early detection, and isolation of the infected.[86]

Cyprus

On 9 March, Cyprus confirmed its first 2 cases, one in Nicosia and one in Limassol.[87][88]

East Timor

On 20 March, East Timor confirmed its first COVID-19 case.[89]

Georgia

Map of the outbreak in Georgia
(as of 15 April):
Red dots represent medical centers currently treating patients
  Strict quarantine regime
  Confirmed cases reported

All flights from China and Wuhan to Tbilisi International Airport were cancelled until 27 January. The Health Ministry announced that all arriving passengers from China would be screened. Georgia also temporarily shut down all flights to Iran.[90]

On 26 February, Georgia confirmed its first COVID-19 case. A 50-year-old man, who returned to Georgia from Iran, was admitted to Infectious Diseases Hospital in Tbilisi. He came back to the Georgian border via Azerbaijan by taxi.[91][92][93][94]

On 28 February, Georgia confirmed that a 31-year-old Georgia woman who had travelled to Italy tested positive and was admitted to Infectious Diseases Hospital in Tbilisi.[94]

29 more are being kept in isolation in a Tbilisi hospital, with Head of the Georgian National Centre for Disease Control, Amiran Gamkrelidze stating there was a "high probability" that some of them have the virus.[95]

On 5 March, five people have tested positive for the new coronavirus COVID-19 in Georgia increasing the total number of people infected in the country to nine. Head of the Georgian National Centre for Disease Control Amiran Gamkrelidze made the announcement at the recent news briefing following today. He said, all of the five people belong to the same cluster who travelled together to Italy and returned to Georgia on Sunday.[96]

On 7 March, three people have tested positive for the new coronavirus in Georgia increasing the total number of people infected individuals in the country to twelve. Head of the Georgian National Centre for Disease Control Amiran Gamkrelidze said at a news briefing the following day that there is still no reason to panic. One of the infected individuals is Gamkrelidze's son Nikoloz. Gamkrelidze wrote on his Facebook page that he contracted the illness from a coworker, who has been tested positive for COVID-19 on Wednesday. Georgia has suspended direct flights with Italy to prevent the spread of coronavirus in the country. Coronavirus in Georgia has mostly been detected in passengers who have travelled in Italy recently.[97]

Hong Kong

As of 1 March, Hong Kong's Centre for Health Protection had identified 100 cases (Including 2 Suspected Recovered Cases) in Hong Kong, with 36 patients since recovered and 2 died.[98][99][100] By 2 April, the number of confirmed or probable cases in Hong Kong has risen to 767 after an influx of returning overseas students. 467, or 60.89% of cases were imported cases.[101]

India

India COVID-19 cumulative cases map

The COVID-19 pandemic in India is a part of the worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). As of 20 January 2022, according to official figures, India has the second-highest number of confirmed cases in the world (after the United States of America) with 42,962,953[102] reported cases of COVID-19 infection and the third-highest number of COVID-19 deaths (after the United States and Brazil) at 515,036[102] deaths.[103][104][105] However these figures exhibit severe under-reporting.[106][107]

The first cases of COVID-19 in India were reported on 30 January 2020 in three towns of Kerala, among three Indian medical students who had returned from Wuhan, the epicenter of the pandemic.[108][109][110] Lockdowns were announced in Kerala on 23 March, and in the rest of the country on 25 March. On 10 June, India's recoveries exceeded active cases for the first time.[111] Infection rates started to drop in September, along with the number of new and active cases.[112] Daily cases peaked mid-September with over 90,000 cases reported per-day, dropping to below 15,000 in January 2021.[113] A second wave beginning in March 2021 was much more devastating than the first, with shortages of vaccines, hospital beds, oxygen cylinders and other medical supplies in parts of the country.[113] By late April, India led the world in new and active cases. On 30 April 2021, it became the first country to report over 400,000 new cases in a 24-hour period.[114][106] Experts stated that the virus may reach an endemic stage in India rather than completely disappear;[115] in late August 2021, Soumya Swaminathan said India may be in some stage of endemicity where the country learns to live with the virus.[116]

India began its vaccination programme on 16 January 2021 with AstraZeneca vaccine (Covishield) and the indigenous Covaxin.[103][117] Later, Sputnik V and the Moderna vaccine was approved for emergency use too.[118] As of 8 January 2022, the country had administered over 1.5 billion vaccine doses.[103][119] On 21 October 2021, at 9:47 AM according to the Co-WIN portal, India crossed 100 crore (1 billion) doses.[120]

Indonesia

COVID-19 pandemic cases in Indonesia map (Density).svg

COVID-19 was confirmed to have spread to Indonesia on 2 March 2020, after a dance instructor and her mother tested positive for the virus. Both were infected from a Japanese national.[121][122]

By 9 April 2020, the pandemic had spread to all 34 provinces in the country. Jakarta, West Java, and Central Java are the worst-hit provinces, together accounting almost half of the national total cases. On 13 July 2020, the recoveries exceeded active cases for the first time.[123]

As of 6 March 2022, Indonesia has reported 5,748,725 cases, the highest in Southeast Asia, ahead of Vietnam. With 150,172 deaths, Indonesia ranks second in Asia and ninth in the world.[124] Review of data, however, indicated that the number of deaths may be much higher than what has been reported as those who died with acute COVID-19 symptoms but had not been confirmed or tested were not counted in the official death figure.[125]

Indonesia has tested 57,539,120 people against its 270 million population so far, or around 212,947 people per million.[126] The World Health Organization has urged the nation to perform more tests, especially on suspected patients.[127]

Instead of implementing a nationwide lockdown, the government applied "large-scale social restrictions" (Indonesian: Pembatasan Sosial Berskala Besar, abbreviated as PSBB), which was later modified into the "community activities restrictions enforcement" (Indonesian: Pemberlakuan Pembatasan Kegiatan Masyarakat, abbreviated as PPKM).[128]

On 13 January 2021, President Joko Widodo was vaccinated at the presidential palace, officially kicking off Indonesia's vaccination program.[129] As of 5 March 2022 at 18:00 WIB (UTC+7), 191,932,033 people had received the first dose of the vaccine and 147,740,994 people had been fully vaccinated; 12,256,234 of them had been inoculated with the booster or the third dose.[130]

Iran

Iran reported its first confirmed cases of SARS-CoV-2 infections on 19 February 2020 in Qom.[131] Later that day, the Ministry of Health and Medical Education stated that both had died.[132]

By 21 February, a total of 18 people had been confirmed to have SARS-CoV-2 infections[133] and four COVID-19 deaths had occurred.[132][134] On 24 February, according to the Ministry of Health and Medical Education, twelve COVID-19 deaths had occurred in Iran, out of a total of 64 SARS-CoV-2 confirmed infections.[135][136]

On 25 February, Iran's Deputy Health Minister, Iraj Harirchi tested positive for COVID-19, having shown some signs of infection during the press conference.[137] On 3 March, the official number of deaths in Iran rose to 77, the second highest deaths recorded outside China after Italy which has surpassed Iran, although the number of deaths is believed to be higher, up to 1,200 deaths due to Iranian Government's censorship and its eventual mishandling of virus outbreak.[138][139][140][141] Iran currently has the most cases in Western Asia as well as the fourth most cases worldwide, with China, South Korea, and Italy surpassing Iran.

Iran's death toll goes to 2,234 on 26 March as 29,000 cases are reported. Public gatherings are banned as is transportation between cities; public parks are closed.[142]

Iraq

The first case in the country was confirmed on 22 February.

Israel

On 21 February, Israel confirmed the first case of COVID-19.[143]

On 20 March, the first confirmed death in Israel was reported.[144]

As of 9 August, there are a total of 82,324 confirmed cases, with 57,071 recovered and 593 deaths.[145]

Japan

January 16, 2020, the first case was confirmed in a 30-year-old Chinese national who had previously travelled to Wuhan, developed a fever on 3 January, and returned to Japan on 6 January.[146] The first mass infection was confirmed on a cruise ship returning to Japan, with 713 cases and 13 deaths. The cruise ship left Yokohama on January 20, 2020 and called at Kagoshima, Hong Kong, Vietnam, Taiwan and Okinawa before returning to Yokohama on February 3.[147]

Since then, there have been 6 peaks of infection and death in Japan by February 2022, with the fifth being caused by the Delta variant and the sixth by the Omicron variant. As of February 2022, the total number of infected persons was about 4.16 million and the total number of deaths was about 21,000.[148]

The 2020 Tokyo Olympics was postponed from July 2020 to July 2021 due to COVID-19. Around the same time as the Olympics began, the delta variant began to spread in Japan, marking the fifth peak in COVID-19 infections since the Games ended.[149]

Jordan

On 2 March, the first case in the country was confirmed.[150][151] Jordan has 212 confirmed infections on 26 March. Anyone who disobeys nightly curfew will be fined up to 500 dinars (around $700). The government placed Irbid under quarantine after it recorded 26 cases in the area.[142]

Kazakhstan

On 13 March, the first two cases in the country were confirmed.

As of 10 June, there are 13,319 confirmed cases with 62 deaths.[152]

Kuwait

The first case in the country was confirmed on 24 February.

The Kuwaiti prime minister stressed that the State of Kuwait greatly values the contribution of the large Indian community there and would continue to ensure their safety and welfare in the present situation, a statement issued by the Prime Minister's Office said.[153]

Modi expressed his thanks and appreciation for the reassurance.[154][155][156]

Both leaders discussed the domestic and international aspects of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, the statement said.

Kyrgyzstan

On 18 March, the first three cases in the country were confirmed.[157] Kyrgyzstan had confirmed its first three coronavirus cases, Healthcare Minister Kosmosbek Cholponbayev said on Wednesday.

Three Kyrgyz nationals tested positive after arriving from Saudi Arabia.

Laos

As of 23 April, there are 19 confirmed cases in Laos.[158][159]

Lebanon

On 21 February 2020, Lebanon confirmed the first case of COVID-19, a 45-year-old woman travelling from Qom, Iran tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 and was transferred to a hospital in Beirut.[160] Lebanon had 386 cases and nine deaths through 25 March, when it instituted a lockdown through 12 April. Essential services, such as drugstores and supermarkets, must close at nightfall.[142]

The number of COVID-19 infections remained unchanged at 333, NNA said.

Meanwhile, the cabinet decided to extend the curfew to 13 April, citing the increasing number of coronavirus infections.

Macau

The first case in Macau was confirmed on 22 January.[161] As of 9 August, Macau has confirmed 46 cases, with all cases discharged.[162]

Malaysia

Eight Chinese nationals were quarantined at a hotel in Johor Bahru on 24 January after coming into contact with an infected person in neighbouring Singapore.[163] Despite early reports of them testing negative for the virus,[164] three of them were confirmed to be infected on 25 January.[165][166]

On 16 February, the 15th infected patient involving a Chinese female national had fully recovered, becoming the 8th patient cured from the virus in Malaysia.[167] The following day, the first infected Malaysian also reportedly recovered, becoming the 9th cured.[168]

In March 2020, several Southeast Asian countries experienced a significant rise in cases following an event held by Tablighi Jamaat at Jamek Mosque in Sri Petaling, Kuala Lumpur, where many people are believed to have been infected.[169] By 17 March, almost two-thirds of the 673 cases confirmed in Malaysia were related to the event. More than 620 people, including those from other countries, who attended the event have tested positive, making it the largest-known centre of transmission in South East Asia.[169][170] In response to the rapid spread of cases, the Government introduced Movement Control Order lockdown restrictions on 18 March 2020, which helped to lower the infection and death rates.[171]

The number of active cases peaked in April and slowly declined, leading to a relaxation of Movement Control Order lockdown restrictions over the next several months.[172] Since mid-September, an outbreak of cases in Sabah, Selangor, Negeri Sembilan, Johor, Penang and Kedah led to a resurgence of COVID-19 cases throughout the country.[173][174] By 18 November 2020, the total number of cases in Malaysia had exceeded the 50,000 mark.[175] A Sin Chew Daily editorial has attributed the rapid surge of cases to the failure of the public, businesses and their employees including migrant workers to practise health and social distancing procedures during the relaxation of Movement Control Order restrictions throughout 2020.[171]

By 24 December 2020, the total number of cases in Malaysia had exceeded the 100,000 mark.[176] By 6 January 2021, the number of recovered had exceeded 100,000. On the same day, the Director General reported there were 252 active clusters in Malaysia.[177] In late February 2021, the Malaysian Government government launched a twelve-month immunization program, with Prime Minister Muhyiddin Yassin being the first individual to receive the COVID-19 vaccine.[178]

By 22 May, the total number of cases had reached the 500,000 mark, reaching 505,115.[179] By 2 June 2021, the total number of recoveries had exceeded the 500,000 mark, reaching 501,898.[180] By 4 July, eight percent of the Malaysian population (roughly 2,618,316 people) had completed two doses of COVID-19 vaccination.[181]

On 26 July, the total number of cases exceeded the one million mark, reaching 1,013,438.[182] By 5 August, the death toll had reached the 10,000 mark, reaching 10,019.[183] By 7 August, the total number of recoveries had reached the 1 million mark, reaching 1,009,343.[184]

Maldives

On 7 March, the first two cases in the country were confirmed.[185] By 21 July there are 3,252 confirmed cases in Maldives.[186]

Mongolia

On 10 March, the first case have been confirmed, a 57-year-old French citizen came from Moscow-Ulaanbaatar flight on 2 March and symptoms were shown on 7 March.[187]

Myanmar

On 23 March, Myanmar confirmed its first and second COVID-19 cases.[188] Myanmar reported its first coronavirus death on 31 March, a 69-year-old man who also had cancer and died in a hospital in the commercial capital of Yangon, a government spokeswoman said.

He had sought medical treatment in Australia and stopped in Singapore on his way home, according to the health ministry.

After the coup d'état on February 1, 2021, testing collapsed and the medical response to COVID-19 in the country became severely hampered.[189]

Nepal

A Nepali student who had returned to Kathmandu from Wuhan became the first case of the country and South Asia on 23 January 2020.[190][191] The first case of local transmission inside the country was confirmed on 4 April, while the first COVID-19 death came on 14 May.[192] The country observed an almost four-month-long nationwide lockdown between 24 March and 21 July.[193] As of 8 February 2022, the country has a total of 968,611 cases, 920,592 recoveries, and 11,838 deaths.[194]

Oman

On 24 February, the first two cases in the country were confirmed.[195][196] As of 22 July, there are a total of 69,887 confirmed cases, with 46,608 discharged and 337 deaths.[197]

Pakistan

Pakistan reported its first two cases of COVID-19 on 26 February 2020.[198][199] By early September 2020, Pakistan had the 10th-highest number of confirmed cases in Asia.[200]

Palestine

The first seven cases were confirmed in the State of Palestine on 5 March.[201][202]

Philippines

Map of provinces (including Metro Manila) with confirmed cases (as of October 29, 2021)[a]
  ≥100000
  10000–99999
  5000–9999
  1000–4999
  500–999
  100–499
  50–99
  10–49
  1–9

The COVID-19 pandemic in the Philippines is part of the worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The first case in the Philippines was identified on January 30, 2020, and involved a 38-year-old Chinese woman who was confined at San Lazaro Hospital in Metro Manila.[b] On February 1, a posthumous test result from a 44-year-old Chinese man turned out positive for the virus, making the Philippines the first country outside China to record a confirmed death from the disease.[205][206][207]

After over a month without recording any cases, the Philippines confirmed its first local transmission on March 7, 2020.[208][209] Since then, the virus has spread to the country's 81 provinces.[210] National and local governments have been imposing community quarantines since March 15, 2020, as a measure to limit the spread of the virus.[211] These include the Luzon-wide enhanced community quarantine (ECQ) that was implemented in March–May 2020.[c][212] On March 24, President Rodrigo Duterte signed the Bayanihan to Heal as One Act, a law that granted him additional powers to handle the pandemic. This was repealed by a follow-up law, the Bayanihan to Recover as One Act, which he signed on September 11.[213]

As of March 6, 2022, 3,666,678[102] cases have been reported, resulting in 56,879[102] reported deaths, the second-highest in Southeast Asia, behind Indonesia.[214][215][216] The largest single-day increase in the number of confirmed cases was reported on January 15, 2022, when the Department of Health (DOH) announced 39,004 new cases.[217]

The Philippines had a slightly lower testing capacity than its neighbors in Southeast Asia during the first months of the pandemic in the country.[218][219] COVID-19 tests had to be taken in Australia, as the Philippines lacked testing kits.[220][221] By the end of January 2020, the Research Institute for Tropical Medicine (RITM) in Muntinlupa, Metro Manila began its testing operations and became the country's first testing laboratory.[222] The DOH has since then accredited 279 laboratories that are capable of detecting the SARS-CoV-2 virus.[223] As of September 10, 2021, 277 of these have conducted 19,742,325 tests from more than 18,551,810 unique individuals.[214][224]

Qatar

Qatar confirmed its first case on 29 February, in a person who had returned from Iran. The first death in Qatar was recorded in on 28 March 2020, a 57-year-old Bangladeshi national who was already suffering from chronic disease.

Russia

Russia implemented preventive measures to curb the spread of COVID-19 in the country by imposing quarantines, carrying raids on potential virus carriers and using facial recognition to impose quarantine measures.[225]

On 31 January, two cases were confirmed, one in Tyumen Oblast, another in Zabaykalsky Krai. Both were Chinese nationals, who have since recovered.[226][225] By 17 April, first case was confirmed in the Altai Republic, thus all 27 federal subjects of Asian Russia had confirmed cases.

Saudi Arabia

On 27 February, Saudi Arabia announced temporary suspension of entry for individuals wanting to perform Umrah pilgrimage in Mecca or to visit the Prophet's Mosque in Medina, as well as tourists. The rule was also extended to visitors traveling from countries where SARS-CoV-2 posed a risk.[227]

On 28 February, the Foreign Minister of Saudi Arabia announced a temporary suspension of entry for Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) citizens to Mecca and Medina. Citizens of the GCC who had been in Saudi Arabia for more than 14 continuous days and didn't show any symptoms of COVID-19 would be excluded from this rule.[227]

Saudi Arabia confirmed the first case on 2 March, a Saudi national returning from Iran via Bahrain.[228]

On Thursday, 19 March Saudi Arabia suspended the holding of daily prayers and the weekly Friday prayers inside and outside the walls of the two mosques in Mecca and Medina  to limit the spread of coronavirus.[229] As of Thursday, 334 confirmed cases have been reported in Saudi Arabia with eight cases been recovered.[230] No deaths have been reported.

On Friday, 20 March, Saudi Arabia announced it is going to suspend all domestic flights, buses, taxis and trains for 14 days amid the COVID-19 pandemic.

At the virtual G20 meeting, chaired by King Salman on 25 March, collective pledges were made to inject $4.8 trillion into the global economy to counteract the social and financial impacts of the pandemic.[142]

On 26 March, authorities announced a total lockdown of Riyadh, Mecca and Medina, plus a nationwide curfew. 1,012 cases and four deaths are reported.[142]

Singapore

The COVID-19 pandemic in Singapore is part of the worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The first case in Singapore was confirmed on 23 January 2020. Early cases were primarily imported until local transmission began to develop in February and March. In late March and April, COVID-19 clusters were detected at multiple sleeping quarters, which soon contributed to an overwhelming proportion of new cases in the country.

On 22 January 2020, a multi-ministerial task force committee was formed with Minister of Education, Lawrence Wong and Minister of Health, Gan Kim Yong as the co-chairs and Prime Minister, Lee Hsien Loong and Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of Finance and Coordinating Minister for Economic Policies, Heng Swee Keat as advisors. On 23 April 2021, Lee announced the appointment of Ong Ye Kung as the new Minister for Health, another committee co-chair alongside incumbents Lawrence Wong and Gan Kim Yong from 15 May 2021.[231][232] Singapore had also contributed US$500,000 to support the World Health Organization's (WHO) efforts against COVID-19.[233]

In response to the first wave of COVID-19, Singapore enacted the "COVID-19 Control Order", announcing on 3 April 2020 a stringent set of preventive measures collectively called the "circuit breaker lockdown". Initially planned to be applied from 7 April to 4 May, the circuit breaker lockdown was extended to 1 June on 21 April following continued untraced transmission within the community. The Multi-Ministry Taskforce on 19 May announced the three-phased approach to resume activities safely with the gradual re-opening of economic activities in each phase.[234]

Phase 1 lasted for 17 days from 2 June and ended on 18 June, with Phase 2 lasting for 6 months and 8 days from 19 June to 27 December. Singapore was in Phase 3 from 28 December 2020 until 7 May 2021;[235] following the rise of the Delta variant, it temporarily reverted to Phase 2 on 8 May,[236] which was raised to "Phase 2 Heightened Alert" from 16 May to 13 June, "Phase 3 Heightened Alert" from 14 June to 21 July and "Phase 2 Heightened Alert" from 22 July 2021 to 9 August 2021. This was followed by "Preparatory Stage of Transition" from 10 August 2021 to 26 September 2021, before reverting to Phase 2 Heightened Alert measures (dubbed the "Stabilisation Phase") from 27 September to 21 November 2021;[237][238][239] Singapore is currently in the "Transition Phase".[240] A mass vaccination programme is currently under way following the approval and acquisition of the Pfizer–BioNTech and Moderna COVID-19 vaccines;[241][242] in late 2021, Singapore became the world's most-vaccinated country, with more than 85% of its total population fully-vaccinated.[243]

As of 5 March 2022, Singapore has a total of 819,663 confirmed cases, with 757,741 recoveries and 1,073 deaths.[244] The country currently has a case fatality rate of 0.13%, one of the lowest in the world.[245] It introduced what was considered one of the world's largest and best-organised epidemic control programmes.[246][247] Various measures have been taken to mass test the population for the virus, such as isolating any infected people as well as introducing contact tracing apps such as TraceTogether (both app and token) and strictly quarantining those they had close contact with. Such measures have helped avoid further lockdowns after the end of the circuit breaker lockdown measures in June 2020.

South Korea

Epidemic curve of COVID-19 in South Korea

The first confirmed case in South Korea was announced 20 January 2020.[248] The number of confirmed cases increased on 19 February by 20, and on 20 February by 58, giving a total of 346 confirmed cases on 21 February 2020, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Korea (KCDC), with the sudden jump mostly attributed to "Patient No. 31" who attended a gathering at a Shincheonji Church of Jesus the Temple of the Tabernacle of the Testimony church in Daegu.[249] As of 20 February 2020, the number of confirmed cases in South Korea was the third largest after China and the infections on the Diamond Princess. By 24 February, the number of confirmed cases in South Korea was the second largest;[250] as of 14 March 2020, the number was the fourth largest. A reason for the high number of confirmed cases is the high number of tests conducted. In South Korea more than 66,650 people were tested within a week of its first case of community transmission, and South Korea quickly became able to test 10,000 people a day.[251]

Sri Lanka

Confirmed cases per districts[252]

The first case in the country was confirmed on 27 January 2020. The country has 135,796 cases with 892 deaths as of 13 May 2021.[253] As of 10 October 2020, Sri Lankan authorities have tracked down over 1,430,864 people who had contacted the identified patients and had ordered self quarantine for such people. Near tested 3 million PCR tested on 5 May 2021.[254]

Syria

Due to Syria already coping with the rampant civil war, fearing that Syria will be the most affected country is raising concerns, following a number of cases found in neighboring Iraq, Lebanon and Jordan, and collapsed healthcare system as the result of the civil war.[255] The Government of Iraqi Kurdistan, in a rare collaboration with its Syrian counterpart on 2 March, ordered complete closure of Syrian–Iraqi border to halt the spread.[256]

The first case in Syria was confirmed on 22 March.[257][258]

Taiwan

Confirmed cases per million residents by subdivision

The pandemic has had a smaller impact in Taiwan than in most other industrialized countries, with a total of eleven deaths out of a population of 23 million as of 11 April 2021,[259] a rate of 0.042 deaths per 100,000 people.[260] The number of active cases peaked on 6 April 2020 at 307 cases.[261] Out of approximately 1,000 cases total, only 77 (along with one additional case of unknown origin) were infected within Taiwan due to strict border control and quarantine measures of incoming travelers and thorough contact tracing of all confirmed cases, allowing for minimal disruption of society, education, and industry. No lockdowns have been imposed in Taiwan.[262] All the other cases have been imported from abroad.[263]

Tajikistan

On 30 April 2020, the first 15 cases of COVID-19 were reported in Tajikistan.[264]

Thailand

On 13 January, Thailand had its first case, also the first outside China.[265][266][267]

On 1 March, the first confirmed death in Thailand was reported.[268]

As of 19 July, there were a total of 3,246 confirmed cases with 58 deaths and 3,096 recoveries.[269]

Turkey

7-day incidence rate per 100,000 residents by province, 12–18 June 2021
  <10
  10–30
  30–50
  50–70
  70–100
  ≥ 100

The COVID-19 pandemic in Turkey is part of the ongoing pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2).

The first case in Turkey was recorded on 11 March, when a local returned home[note 1] from a trip to Europe.[271] The first death due to COVID-19 in the country occurred on 15 March.[271] Turkey stood out from the rest of Europe by not ordering a legal lockdown[note 2][272] until April 2021, when the country enacted its first nationwide restrictions.[273] The government kept many businesses open, and allowed companies to set their own guidelines regarding workers.[272]

The resulting wave of infections never came close to overwhelming the Turkish health system,[272] which has the highest number of intensive care units[274] in the world at 46.5 beds per 100,000 people (compared to 9.6 in Greece, 11.6 in France, and 12.6 in Italy). As of 3 May 2021, Turkey's observed case-fatality rate stands at 0.84%, the 148th highest rate globally.[275][276] This low case-fatality rate has generated various explanations including the relative rarity of nursing homes,[277] favorable demographics,[278] long legacy of contact tracing,[279] high number of intensive care units,[280] universal health care,[279] and a lockdown regime that led to a higher proportion of positive cases among working-age adults.[272] However, according to an August 2020 academic study by The International Journal of Health Planning and Management, the government of Turkey has been underreporting COVID-19 statistics.[281]

On 30 September 2020, Turkish Minister of Health Fahrettin Koca acknowledged that since 29 July, the reported number of cases was limited to symptomatic cases that required monitoring, which was met with rebuke by the Turkish Medical Association.[282] This practice ended on 25 November, when the ministry started to report asymptomatic and mildly symptomatic cases alongside symptomatic ones.[282]

United Arab Emirates

The first case in the United Arab Emirates was confirmed on 29 January 2020.[283][284] It was the first country in the Middle East to report a confirmed case.[285]

The first death due to COVID-19 was reported on 20 March 2020.[286]

Uzbekistan

On 15 March, the first case in the country was confirmed.[287]

Vietnam

Map of cities & provinces in Vietnam with confirmed COVID-19 cases

The first two confirmed cases in Vietnam were admitted to Cho Ray Hospital, Ho Chi Minh City on 23 January 2020: a 66-year-old Chinese man traveling from Wuhan to Hanoi to visit his son, and his son who believed to have contracted the virus from his father when they met in Nha Trang.[288]

On 21 March, Vietnam suspended entry for all foreigners from midnight of 22 March, and concentrated isolation for 14 days in all cases of entry for Vietnamese citizens.[289] From 1 April, Vietnam implemented nationwide isolation for 15 days.[290]

Yemen

The pandemic was confirmed to have spread to Yemen when its first confirmed case in Hadhramaut was reported on 10 April.[291]

The country is seen to be extremely vulnerable to the outbreak, given the dire humanitarian situation due to the civil war, exacerbated by the famine, cholera outbreaks, and military blockade by Saudi Arabia and allies.[292][293]

Prevention in other countries and territories

Turkmenistan

As of May 2020, there are no confirmed COVID-19 cases in Turkmenistan.[294] The government has censored use of the word "coronavirus" to control information about the virus, and experts suspect that it may be spreading in the country unreported.[295]

Turkmenistan is a notoriously opaque state, purposefully isolated by an authoritarian regime led by Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow, who has also been described as totalitarian.[296][297][298] Independent media in the country is virtually nonexistent so reporting about the current situation is difficult due to the inability to access and confirm reliable information from the country.[299][300]

North Korea

There are no confirmed cases in North Korea.[301] North Korea was one of the first countries to close borders due to COVID-19.[302] In February, wearing face masks was obligatory and visiting public places such as restaurants was forbidden. Ski resorts and spas were closed and military parades, marathons, and other public events were cancelled.[303]

On 31 March 2020, the Asia Times reported that North Korea's measures against the pandemic seemed largely successful.[304] Edwin Salvador, WHO's representative in North Korea, reported that as of 2 April 709 people had been tested, with no confirmed cases, and 509 people were in quarantine.[301] On 23 April, US analyst website 38 North reported that North Korea's early and extensive response appeared to be successful in containing the virus.[305]

Some anonymous reports claimed that North Korea was ineffective in curbing the disease, and that an order was enacted to 'spot and shoot', so as to hide the cases being reported nationwide. Rumours also spread that first cases were reported when three soldiers were found infected, and that they were shot to death.[306]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Breakdown of confirmed cases is according to the COVID-19 Tracker of the Department of Health (DOH). Take note that the map may not reflect all affected localities. The methodology on how COVID-19 patients are recorded in a particular locality in the tracker is unclear and may vary. Cases under validation including cases among repatriates may not reflect on the map.
    • Other independent cities' cases are grouped with their geographically and statistically associated provinces (e.g. Puerto Princesa with Palawan, Zamboanga City with non-contiguous Zamboanga del Sur).
    • Cotabato City's cases were still considered as cases under the Soccsksargen region despite being part of Bangsamoro since the city has not yet formally been turned over to the Bangsamoro regional government at the time records began. For the purpose of the map, its cases are considered part of Maguindanao.
  2. ^ The patient arrived in the Philippines from Wuhan, China via Hong Kong on January 21 and sought consultation on January 25 after experiencing a mild cough.[203][204]
  3. ^ The first imposition of the ECQ in Luzon encompassed the whole island group.
  1. ^ Data Protection Law number 6698[270] precludes the Turkish Ministry of Health from disclosing sensitive patient health information, interpreted broadly to include location during the pandemic.
  2. ^ Turkey's Article 11/C of the Law on Public Health authorizes only provinces to order quarantines, for a maximum period of 15 days. The national government is barred by the constitution from ordering lockdowns.[271]
Map Notes

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Further reading

  • Agarwal, Sumit, et al. eds. Impact of COVID-19 on Asian Economies and Policy Responses (2021) excerpt
  • M. Mofijur et al. "Impact of COVID-19 on the social, economic, environmental and energy domains: Lessons learnt from a global pandemic" Sustainable Production and Consumption (2020), doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.spc.2020.10.016

External links

Media files used on this page

Coronavirus. SARS-CoV-2.png
Author/Creator: Alexey Solodovnikov (Idea, Producer, CG, Editor), Valeria Arkhipova (Scientific Сonsultant), Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Scientifically accurate atomic model of the external structure of the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome CoronaVirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), a strain (genetic variant) of the coronavirus that caused Coronavirus disease (COVID-19), first identified in Wuhan, China, during December 2019

Each separate locus (amorphous blob) is an atom of:

  cobalt: membrana
  crimson: E protein
  green: M protein
  orange: glucose (glycan)
  turquoise : S (spike) glycoprotein
SARS-CoV-2 (Wikimedia colors).svg
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SARS-CoV-2 logo in Wikimedia colors
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Flag of Iran. The tricolor flag was introduced in 1906, but after the Islamic Revolution of 1979 the Arabic words 'Allahu akbar' ('God is great'), written in the Kufic script of the Qur'an and repeated 22 times, were added to the red and green strips where they border the white central strip and in the middle is the emblem of Iran (which is a stylized Persian alphabet of the Arabic word Allah ("God")).
The official ISIRI standard (translation at FotW) gives two slightly different methods of construction for the flag: a compass-and-straightedge construction used for File:Flag of Iran (official).svg, and a "simplified" construction sheet with rational numbers used for this file.
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Flag of Israel. Shows a Magen David (“Shield of David”) between two stripes. The Shield of David is a traditional Jewish symbol. The stripes symbolize a Jewish prayer shawl (tallit).
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Flag of Malaysia – Jalur Gemilang (Stripes of Glory)
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The national flag of Kingdom of Thailand since September 2017; there are total of 3 colours:
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  • White represents the religion of Buddhism, the predominant religion of the nation
  • Blue represents the monarchy of the nation, which is recognised as the centre of Thai hearts.
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Flag of Maldives. The colours used are Pantone 186 C for red and Pantone 348 C for green.
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It is easy to put a border around this flag image
Safe-distancing measure - no social gathering dining together (49753010792).jpg
Author/Creator: Jnzl's Photos, Licence: CC BY 2.0
Barricade tape across tables and seats at hawker centre
Empty hand sanitizer shelf in Cambodia.jpg
Author/Creator: Mx. Granger, Licence: CC0
The hand sanitizer shelf at UCare Pharmacy in Kep, Cambodia on January 28, 2020. It is empty: amid the outbreak of 2019-nCoV, stores have been selling out of hand sanitizer and masks.
COVID-19 deaths per million residents as of December 10, 2020.svg
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COVID-19 deaths per million residents as of December 10, 2020
Controlled entry into Compass One, 2020-05-16.jpg
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All incoming visitors have to queue up and provide their identification card (NRIC) for scanning before being allowed inside the mall, as part of Singapore's safety measures to combat the COVID-19 pandemic. This procedure retrieves the person's particulars registered in the national database, and logs in the check-in time into the mall, making the contact tracing process smoother. Just past the NRIC scanning station is a thermal scanner to stop visitors who might be feverish, and hence possibly infectious, from entering the mall.
COVID-19 outbreak Taiwan per capita cases map.svg
Author/Creator: Ythlev, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Confirmed cases of COVID-19 per 100,000 residents in Taiwan by subdivision[1]
Note: This data will updated every midnight (UTC+8) and will not reflect the latest result from daily press conference at 6:00 UTC until updated.
COVID-19 pandemic cases in Indonesia map (Density).svg
Author/Creator: Danialrosli, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
English (en): Map of the COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia showing confirmed cases by province as of 5 March 2022
  <25,000 confirmed cases
  25,000–49,999 confirmed cases
  50,000–99,999 confirmed cases
  100,000–249,999 confirmed cases
  ≥250,000 confirmed cases
Sri Lanka COVID-19 map of confirmed cases.svg
Author/Creator: Mithila Madawa Gunathilake, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Map of districts and territories in the Sri Lanka with number of confirmed cases as of November 08, 2020
COVID-19 Outbreak Cases in Mainland China.svg
Author/Creator: Wikimedians, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
2019-nCoV in Mainland China by number of cases.
  Confirmed 1~9
  Confirmed 10~99
  Confirmed 100~499
  Confirmed 500~999
  Confirmed 1000~9999
  Confirmed ≥10000
COVID-19 pandemic cases in the Philippines.svg
Author/Creator: , Licence: GFDL
English (en): Map of the COVID-19 pandemic in the Philippines as of June 5, 2021. Be aware that since this is a rapidly evolving situation, new cases may not be immediately represented visually. Refer to the primary article COVID-19 pandemic in the Philippines or the World Health Organization's situation reports for most recent reported case information.
  >100000 confirmed
  10000–99999 confirmed
  5000–9999 confirmed
  1000–4999 confirmed
  500–999 confirmed
  100–499 confirmed
  50–99 confirmed
  10–49 confirmed
  1–9 confirmed
Marina Bay Sands during Circuit Breaker.jpg
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The Marina Bay Sands and ArtScience Museum lit up with messages of hope amid the COVID-19 pandemic in Singapore.
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Map of cumulative COVID-19 cases in India by states and UT. Data source: MoHFW.
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COVID-19 in Turkey - Cumulative positive cases per 100k residents
COVID-19 Outbreak Cases in Georgia per regional unit (municipality).svg
Author/Creator: User:Furfur and User:Melberg, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Map of the COVID-19 outbreak in Georgia as of 10 May 2020 per regional unit (municipality).

Be aware that since this is a rapidly evolving situation, new cases may not be immediately represented visually.

 
  1. e63c0d - Strict quarantine regime
 
  • ff8080 - Confirmed cases reported
  • Red circles represent medical centers currently treating patients with coronavirus.
    COVID-19 Pandemic Cases in Vietnam.svg
    Author/Creator: Nguyễn Quốc Trung, Lâm Đức Anh, Thanh2k2, Night Lantern and BeeBeeSPC., Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
    English (en): Map of the COVID-19 pandemic in Vietnam as of 3 Mar 2022. Be aware that since this is a rapidly evolving situation, new cases may not be immediately represented visually. Refer to the primary article 2019–20 outbreak of novel coronavirus 2019-nCoV or the World Health Organization's situation reports for most recent reported case information.
      Confirmed 1–49,999
      Confirmed 50,000–99,999
      Confirmed 100,000–199,999
      Confirmed 200,000–499,999
      Confirmed ≥ 500,000
    COVID-19 cases per 100,000 people as of December 10, 2020.svg
    Author/Creator: Portugal1337, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
    COVID-19 cases per 100,000 people as of December 10, 2020
    Ntuc super store, Singapore (49505410793).jpg
    Author/Creator: cattan2011 from United Kingdom, United Kingdom, Licence: CC BY 2.0
    Ntuc super store, Singapore - Singaporean clear out the supermarket shelves due to the Coronavirus: Singapore raises outbreak alert to Orange. Daily products such as toilet paper, rice, bread, noodle and vegetables are all sold out. My very first time to see the Singaporean gone into the panic mode of storing goodies at home
    Cambodia COVID-19 by number of cases.svg
    Author/Creator: Nguyen QuocTrung and Pichnat Thong, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
    Map of the 2019-nCoV outbreak in Cambodia as of 5 December 2020.

    Be aware that since this is a rapidly evolving situation, new cases may not be immediately represented visually. Refer to the primary article 2019–20 outbreak of novel coronavirus 2019-nCoV or the World Health Organization's situation reports for most recent reported case information.

      ≥ 10,000
      5,000–9,999
      1,000–4,999
      500–999
      100–499
      10–99
    2020 coronavirus cases in South Korea.svg
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    2020 coronavirus cases in South Korea