Bernd Rosemeyer

Bernd Rosemeyer
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-2007-1205-500, Bernd Rosemeyer, Elly Beinhorn, Ferdinand Porsche.jpg
(c) Bundesarchiv, Bild 183-2007-1205-500 / CC-BY-SA 3.0
Bernd Rosemeyer (left) with Elly Beinhorn and Ferdinand Porsche
Born(1909-10-14)14 October 1909
Lingen, German Empire
Died28 January 1938(1938-01-28) (aged 28)
Frankfurt-Darmstadt Autobahn, Nazi Germany
European Championship
Years active19351937
TeamsAuto Union (1935–1937)
Starts13
Wins3
Championship titles
19361936 Grand Prix European Champion with Auto Union

Bernd Rosemeyer (14 October 1909 – 28 January 1938) was a German racing driver and speed record holder. He is considered one of the greatest racing drivers of the pre-war era. Though he was not a member of the Nazi party, he was made a member of the SS for propaganda purposes and held the rank of Hauptsturmführer.[1]

Career

(c) Bundesarchiv, Bild 146-1989-015-35A / CC-BY-SA 3.0
Bernd Rosemeyer at the Nürburgring in 1937.

His father owned an auto & moto garage and repair shop Rosemeyer & Co sur Bahnhofstraße, where young Rosemeyer worked on motorcycles and cars. Having started by racing motorbikes, Rosemeyer became a member of the Auto Union racing team with hardly any experience in racing cars. This was later considered a benefit as he was not yet used to the handling of traditional layout race cars. The Ferdinand Porsche-designed mid-engined Silver Arrows of Auto Union were fast, but hard to drive, and only he, Tazio Nuvolari and to a lesser extent Hans Stuck truly mastered the 500 bhp (370 kW) machines. Rosemeyer was also a very skilled mechanic, so, like Hermann Lang of Mercedes, he was able to give good technical feedback to Dr. Porsche and development engineer Eberan von Eberhorst to further develop the Auto Union cars and set his cars up for races to make them quicker and easier to drive.

In only his second ever Grand Prix, at the daunting Nürburgring, Rosemeyer took the lead from the great Rudolf Caracciola and was almost in sight of the finish line when he missed a gear and was overtaken. However, in subsequent years he made up for this mistake by winning three consecutive races at the Nürburgring, one famously in thick fog. Later in 1935 he won his first Grand Prix at the Brno Masaryk Circuit in Czechoslovakia.

Whilst on the podium in 1935 at the Czechoslovakian Grand Prix he was introduced to the famous aviatrix Elly Beinhorn. Their celebrity relationship was too good an opportunity to miss for the Nazi Party. Rosemeyer and Beinhorn were exalted and instrumentalized by the Nazi Party to the ideal German celebrity couple of that time.

Several sensational Grand Prix motor racing victories in 1936 and 1937 (also in the Vanderbilt Cup in the USA) made him popular not only in Germany. He won the European driving championship in 1936. Of the twelve Grands Prix contested in 1937 between Mercedes and Auto Union, Rosemeyer won four of Auto Union's five victories against Mercedes's formidable new W125. Rosemeyer's superlative performances that year cemented him alongside Rudolf Caracciola and Tazio Nuvolari as three of the greatest drivers of 1930s Grand Prix racing.

(c) Bundesarchiv, Bild 183-S16064 / CC-BY-SA 3.0
Budapest, Hungary 1936: Rudolf Carraciola in front of Bernd Rosemeyer

His marriage to Beinhorn added even more celebrity hype. It also made it possible for him to learn to fly a private plane. Before a testing session, he once used a now-defunct airfield next to the Flugplatz section of the Nürburgring as a landing strip, and rolled his plane to the pits via the race track - in the opposite direction.

His son Bernd, Jr. was born in November 1937, only ten weeks before his death.

Rosemeyer considered 13 to be his lucky number. He was married on 13 July 1936. 13 days later he won the German Grand Prix at the Nürburgring. His last Nürburgring victory came on 13 June 1937. His last race victory came at his 13th start of the 1937 season at Donington Park.

Fatal record attempt

(c) Bundesarchiv, Bild 183-2007-1205-501 / CC-BY-SA 3.0
Bernd Rosemeyer with the Vanderbilt Cup (1937)

Rosemeyer was killed during a land speed record attempt on a regular traffic route on the Autobahn between Frankfurt and Darmstadt on 28 January 1938.

Competing for the record against Rudolf Caracciola, Rosemeyer went out later in the day in his Auto Union streamliner, setting a new class record of 432 km/h (268 mph). In an effort to raise the record still higher, despite a report that wind was picking up, Rosemeyer took the streamliner again. After two preliminary runs he was on his third and final attempt at 11:47, when the car suddenly went out of control. Whether caught by a gust of wind or by an unforeseen aerodynamic effect, it skidded to the left onto the median, then right and off the highway, where it went airborne and collided with a bridge embankment. Rosemeyer was thrown out of the car as it somersaulted through the air; he died at the roadside.[2]

Memorial

Audi Rosemeyer 2000 named after the driver.

The Rosemeyer memorial is south of Frankfurt at the Rosemeyer layby (German: "Bernd-Rosemeyer-Parkplatz") on the southbound side of A5 motorway at kilometer marker 508. At the south end of the layby a footpath leads west into the forest, where the memorial is located at49°58′25″N 8°36′11″E / 49.97361°N 8.60306°E / 49.97361; 8.60306.

Audi honoured the 100th anniversary of Rosemeyer's birth by placing a wreath at the memorial.[3]

Audi built a concept car, the Audi Rosemeyer, which combined elements of modern design with styling strongly resembling the former Auto Union "Silver Arrows" Grand Prix racers, namely their 16-cylinder car driven by Rosemeyer, after which the car is named.

There is also a bronze memorial situated next to the entrance to the Donington Park Museum in Leicestershire.

Bernd Rosemeyer is buried in the Waldfriedhof Dahlem on Hüttenweg in Berlin.

In his birthplace of Lingen (Ems), Bahnhofstraße, where the racer grew up, was renamed by the Nazi Party in his honor as "Bernd-Rosemeyer-Straße" in 1938. In addition, the city is the home of Motorsport Club "MSC Bernd Rosemeyer Lingen e.V. im ADAC", founded in 1964. The namesake "Autohaus Rosemeyer" at Lindenstraße 7 closed its doors on 30 November 2003.

Major career victories

Complete European Championship results

(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position)

YearEntrantMake1234567EDCPoints
1935Auto UnionAuto UnionMONFRA
Ret
BELGER
4
SUI
3
ITA
Ret
ESP
5
525
1936Auto UnionAuto UnionMON
Ret
GER
1
SUI
1
ITA
1
110
1937Auto UnionAuto UnionBEL
GER
3
MON
Ret
SUI
Ret
ITA
3
728

References

  1. ^ Christoph Frilling, Himmlers Rennfahrer: Bernd Rosemeyer, der SS-Hauptsturmführer aus Lingen. Verlag Peter Lang GmbH, Internationaler Verlag der Wissenschaften; 2017,ISBN 978-3631733714
  2. ^ Meinhold Lurz, "Denkmäler an der Autobahn—die Autobahn als Denkmal", in: Reichsautobahn: Pyramiden des Dritten Reichs. Analysen zur Ästhetik eines unbewältigten Mythos, ed. Rainer Stommer with Claudia Gabriele Philipp, Marburg: Jonas, 1982,ISBN 9783922561125, pp. 155–92, pp. 166–68 (in German).
  3. ^ AUSringers.com - Happy 100th to Bernd Rosemeyer

Publications

  • Nixon, Chris; Beinhorn, Elly (1989). Rosemeyer!. Transport Bookman Publications. ISBN 0851840469.
  • Elly Beinhorn: Bernd Rosemeyer: Mein Mann, der Rennfahrer. Herbig, München 2009,ISBN 978-3-7766-2598-1.
  • Frank O. Hrachowy: Stählerne Romantik, Automobilrennfahrer und nationalsozialistische Moderne. Schriften zur Literaturwissenschaft, Verlag BOD, Norderstedt 2008,ISBN 3-8370-1249-2.
  • Eberhard Reuß: Hitlers Rennschlachten – Die Silberpfeile unterm Hakenkreuz Aufbau-Verlag, Berlin 2006,ISBN 3-351-02625-0.
  • Jörg Reichle: Das Leben, ein Spiel. Vor 70 Jahren verunglückte der Rennfahrer und Nationalheld Bernd Rosemeyer. In: Süddeutsche Zeitung, 26./27. Januar 2008.
  • Ludwig Remling, Die Anfänge der Rennsportkarriere Bernd Rosemeyers. In: Kivelingszeitung 2008. Hrsg. vom Bürgersöhne-Aufzug zu Lingen „Die Kivelinge“ e. V. von 1372, Lingen 2008, S. 149–155.
  • Hans Langenfeld: Bernd Rosemeyer aus Lingen, ein Star der „braunen Dreißiger“. In: Jahrbuch / Niedersächsisches Institut für Sportgeschichte Hoya, 10, 2008, S. 242–262
  • Peter Kirchberg (Hrsg.): Die Schicksalsfahrt, Verlag Delius Klasing, Bielefeld 2008,ISBN 978-3-7688-2505-4.
  • Cesare De Agostini: Rosemeyer. L'asso invincibile. G. Nada Editore, Vimodrone 2009,ISBN 978-88-7911-475-2.
  • Christoph Frilling, Elly Beinhorn und Bernd Rosemeyer – kleiner Grenzverkehr zwischen Resistenz und Kumpanei im Nationalsozialismus. Studien zu Habitus und Sprache prominenter Mitläufer, Verlag Peter Lang, Frankfurt am Main 2009ISBN 3-631-58836-4.
  • Christoph Frilling, Die Pilotin und der Rennfahrer – Elly Beinhorn und Bernd Rosemeyer auf Gratwanderung im Nationalsozialismus. Verlag W. Dietrich, Reinhardtsgrimma 2009,ISBN 978-3-933500-10-6.

External links

Media files used on this page

Bundesarchiv Bild 183-2007-1205-501, Bernd Rosemeyer mit Vanderbilt Cup.jpg
(c) Bundesarchiv, Bild 183-2007-1205-501 / CC-BY-SA 3.0
For documentary purposes the German Federal Archive often retained the original image captions, which may be erroneous, biased, obsolete or politically extreme. Info non-talk.svg
Bernd Rosemeyer mit Vanderbilt Cup

Die ersten Original-Aufnahmen vom grössten Autorennen der Vereinigten Staaten. UBz: den Sieger im Vanderbilt-Rennen Ernst [Bernd] Rosemeyer mit dem Pokal. 12.7.1937 [Herausgabedatum]

[New York.- Rennfahrer Bernd Rosemeyer mit Siegerpokal des Vanderbilt Cup am 5. Juli 1937]

Abgebildete Personen:

  • Rosemeyer, Bernd: Automobilrennfahrer, verheiratet mit Elli Beinhorn, Deutschland
Bernd-Rosemeyer-Denkmal-3.JPG
Author/Creator: Goodgirl, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Bernd-Rosemeyer-memorial (right part) at the autobahn A5, parking place "Bernd Rosemeyer", near Mörfelden-Walldorf
Audi Rosemeyer 2.jpg
Author/Creator: Lord van Tasm, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Audi Rosemeyer
Bernd-Rosemeyer-Denkmal-4.JPG
Author/Creator: Goodgirl, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Bernd-Rosemeyer-memorial (left part) at the autobahn A5, parking place "Bernd Rosemeyer", near Mörfelden-Walldorf
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-2007-1205-500, Bernd Rosemeyer, Elly Beinhorn, Ferdinand Porsche.jpg
(c) Bundesarchiv, Bild 183-2007-1205-500 / CC-BY-SA 3.0
For documentary purposes the German Federal Archive often retained the original image captions, which may be erroneous, biased, obsolete or politically extreme. Info non-talk.svg
Bernd Rosemeyer, Elly Beinhorn, Ferdinand Porsche

Rosemeyer fährt neuen Rekord Die Auto-Union hatte auf der Reichsautobahnstrecke bei Frankfurt/Main am Mittwoch Versuchsfahrten mit ihrem stromlinienverkleideten Avusrennwagen, mit dem Eifelsieger Bernd Rosemeyer am Steuer, durchgeführt, bei denen über den Kilometer eine Geschwindigkeit von 389,881 stdkm und über die Meile eine solche von 378,423 stdkm erreicht wurden. Der neue Rekordsieger strahlt über das ganze Gesicht, als ihm seine Gattin, Elli Beinhorn-Rosemeyer, und der Konstrukteur der Auto-Union-Rennwagen, Dr. Porsche, zu seinem Siege beglückwünschen. 16.6.1937 [Herausgabedatum]

[Bei Frankfurt am Main.- Rennfahrer Bernd Rosemeyer, Fliegerin Elly Beinhorn, Ferdinand Porsche]

Abgebildete Personen:

Bundesarchiv Bild 183-S16064, Rudolf Caracciola, Bernd Rosemeyer.jpg
(c) Bundesarchiv, Bild 183-S16064 / CC-BY-SA 3.0
For documentary purposes the German Federal Archive often retained the original image captions, which may be erroneous, biased, obsolete or politically extreme. Info non-talk.svg
Rudolf Caracciola, Bernd Rosemeyer

"Der große Preis von Ungarn" in Budapest. Caracciola und Rosemeyer in der Kurve Hs.o.Nr.

[Budapest.- Rennfahrer Rudolf Caracciola im Mercedes-Benz W125 "Silberpfeil" und Bernd Rosemeyer im Auto Union Typ D auf der Rennstrecke]

Abgebildete Personen:

  • Rosemeyer, Bernd: Automobilrennfahrer, verheiratet mit Elli Beinhorn, Deutschland
  • Caracciola, Rudolf: Automobilrennfahrer, Deutschland
Bernd-Rosemeyer-Denkmal-1.JPG
Author/Creator: Goodgirl, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Bernd-Rosemeyer-memorial - signpost at the autobahn A5, parking place "Bernd Rosemeyer", near Mörfelden-Walldorf
Bernd-Rosemeyer-Denkmal-2.JPG
Author/Creator: Goodgirl, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Bernd-Rosemeyer-memorial at the autobahn A5, parking place "Bernd Rosemeyer", near Mörfelden-Walldorf