1880s woman's paletot in black bengaline

Bengaline is a rayon-and-cotton material which became fashionable for women and children to wear in the 1880s and 1890s. It offered the impression of genuine silk but was made with lesser amounts of silk than cotton. Lizzie Borden stated at her December 1892 inquest that she was wearing a dress made of bengaline silk on the morning she was accused of murdering her father and stepmother.

The fabric went out of fashion when completely smooth-surfaced materials became popular. Piqué, coachman's whipcord, diagonal serge, and surah are similar to bengaline silk. Surah was once known in France as silk serge.[1]

Bengaline silk sold for $2.50 per yard in 1889 but was sometimes discounted to sell for $1.25 per yard.[2] A heavy lined, long cloak for infants, with deep bengaline silk embroidery, retailed for $7.98 at a Manhattan, New York clothing shop, in 1893.[3] Diagonal striped dresses featuring the fabric were popular in the spring of 1912.[4]


Cotele was a French term to describe Bengaline. [5]côtelé driven from costelé Refers to a ribbed pattern. [6]


  1. ^ What The Well-Dressed Woman Is Wearing, The New York Times, April 14, 1912, pg. X12.
  2. ^ Where Shoppers Rejoice, The New York Times, October 31, 1889, pg. 8.
  3. ^ Hearn, The New York Times, October 21, 1893, pg. 1.
  4. ^ What The Well-Dressed Woman Is Wearing, The New York Times, March 31, 1912, pg. X14.
  5. ^ TEXINCON. National Information Centre for Textile and Allied Subjects. 1997. p. 98.
  6. ^ "Definition of CÔTELÉ". Retrieved 2021-07-24.

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Media files used on this page

Jute nahtlos.png
Author/Creator: SoylentGreen, Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0
Hessian Fabric made seamless. It will serve to create a normal map in Blender.
Batik Indonesia.jpg
Author/Creator: MartijnL, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0 nl
Batik cloth purchased in Yogyakarta, Indonesia
MacLachlan hunting tartan (D. W. Stewart).svg
Author/Creator: , Licence: CC BY-SA 2.5
A representation of the Maclachlan hunting tartan. This tartan is the oldest tartan to bear the name MacLachlan. This tartan is referred to as the Old MacLachlan, MacLachlan, and Hunting MacLachlan. This sett was first published in Old & Rare Scottish Tartans by D. W. Stewart in 1893.
Thread count: Y6, W4, Bk32, G32, Y6, W4, R48.
Sources: MacLachlan Clan Tartan WR1710 MacLachlan Hunting Tartan
M0354 1951-4-234 1 (cropped).jpg
Author/Creator: MONNIN Jacques, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0