Baggot Street

Baggot Street
BaggotStWMBN.jpg
Clockwise from top: Lower Baggot Street; Miesian Plaza: Upper Baggot Street
Baggot Street is located in Central Dublin
Baggot Street
Native nameSráid Bhagóid  (Irish)
NamesakeBaggotrath, named in turn after Robert Bagod
Length700 m (2,300 ft)
Width27 metres (89 ft)
Postal codeD02
Coordinates53°19′58″N 6°14′32″W / 53.33278°N 6.24222°W / 53.33278; -6.24222Coordinates:53°19′58″N 6°14′32″W / 53.33278°N 6.24222°W / 53.33278; -6.24222
northwest endMerrion Street, Ely Place, Merrion Row
southeast endGrand Canal, Herbert Place, Wilton Terrace
Other
Known forGeorgian architecture, Victorian architecture

Baggot Street (Irish: Sráid Bhagóid) is a street in Dublin, Ireland. It is named after Baggotrath, the manor granted to Robert Bagod in the 13th century. He built Baggotrath Castle, which was partly destroyed during the Battle of Rathmines and demolished in the early nineteenth century. The street was called Baggot Street in 1773.[1]

Location

The street runs from Merrion Row (near St. Stephen's Green) to the northwestern end of Pembroke Road. It crosses the Grand Canal near Haddington Road. It is divided into two sections:

  • Lower Baggot Street (Irish: Sráid Bhagóid Íochtarach) - between Merrion Row and the Grand Canal. It was called Gallows Road in the 18th century.[1]
  • Upper Baggot Street (Irish: Sráid Bhagóid Uachtarach) - south of the Grand Canal until the junction with Eastmoreland Place, where it continues as Pembroke Road.

Architecture

Lower Baggot Street is distinguished by Georgian architecture, while Upper Baggot Street has mainly Victorian architecture with a few buildings of 20th-century vintage such as the former Bank of Ireland headquarters, Miesian Plaza. The Royal City of Dublin Hospital, opened in 1834, is on the east side of Upper Baggot Street, just south of the junction with Haddington Road.[2] Cook's Map of 1836 shows the north side of Upper Baggot Street and Pembroke Road almost entirely built on.[2]

Modern development such as the Miesian Plaza has been viewed by some as destructive to a previously unified Georgian streetscape. Journalist Frank MacDonald characterised the Plaza as a more violent interjection on the street than the contemporaneous ESB building on Fitzwilliam Street. On 13 July 1973, two nurses escaped from their flat in number 11 Lower Baggot Street when the back and side walls of the house collapsed following the demolition of three adjoining houses to make way for an office block.[3] The 1978 offices built for Bord na Móna, near the Miesian Plaza, were designed by Sam Stephenson, and won the Buildings in Context award from An Taisce.[4]

Upper Baggot Street
Patrick Kavanagh sculpture by the Grand Canal near Baggot Street bridge

People

  • Darkey Kelly, murderess, executed by burning on Gallows Road (modern Baggot Street) in 1761.[5][6]
  • The Sheares Brothers, members of the Society of United Irishmen, who died in the 1798 rebellion, lived at no. 128.[1]
  • In 1830, Thomas Davis, the revolutionary Irish writer who was the chief organizer and poet of the Young Ireland movement, lived at 67 Lower Baggot Street.[1]
  • Catherine McAuley, a nun, founded the Sisters of Mercy order in 1831 and built what is now the Mercy International Centre on Lower Baggot Street where she later died in 1841.
  • In 1909, Francis Bacon was born at 63 Lower Baggot Street.
  • The poet Patrick Kavanagh frequented Baggot Street and regarded it as his favourite place in Dublin.
    • In his poem "If ever you go to Dublin Town" Kavanagh addresses Dubliners 100 years after his own time and tells them to "Inquire for me in Baggot Street/And what I was like to know".[7]
  • Singer-songwriter Sinéad O'Connor has a property here.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d Carol and Jonathan Bardon: If Ever You Go To Dublin Town, Blackstaff Press, 1988ISBN 0-85640-397-0
  2. ^ a b "M. Donnelly, D.D: Short Histories of Dublin Parishes, part 2". Archived from the original on 2009-10-06. Retrieved 2010-02-11.
  3. ^ McDonald 1985, p. 109-111.
  4. ^ McDonald 1985, p. 214.
  5. ^ Cathy Hayes (2011-01-12). "Was Irish witch Darkey Kelly really Ireland's first serial killer?". IrishCentral.com. Archived from the original on 2016-05-12. Retrieved 2015-03-04.
  6. ^ Eamonn McLoughlin (2011-01-19). "No Smoke Without Hellfire". podomatic.com. Archived from the original on 2018-06-12. Retrieved 2015-03-04.
  7. ^ "If Ever You Go to Dublin". Dublin City Council. 22 February 2014. Archived from the original on 11 September 2018. Retrieved 24 December 2021.

Sources

  • McDonald, Frank (1985). The Destruction of Dublin. Gill and MacMillan. ISBN 0-7171-1386-8.

External links

Media related to Baggot Street Upper, Dublin at Wikimedia Commons

Media related to Baggot Street Lower, Dublin at Wikimedia Commons

Media files used on this page

Open street map central dublin.svg
Author/Creator: Kwekubo (talk), Licence: CC BY-SA 2.0
Karte mit dem Zentrum von Dublin
Schipper P.J.JPG
Certificate of Registration Aliens
Patrick Kavanagh monument at Grand Canal, Dublin.jpg
Author/Creator: Peierls, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
This is a photo of the monument for Patrick Kavanagh, Irish poet and novelist, located at the bank of Grand Canal in Dublin, Ireland.
Baggot Street Upper, Dublin.jpg
Author/Creator: DubhEire, Licence: CC0
Baggot Street Upper, Dublin, Ireland
BaggotStWMBN.jpg
Author/Creator: BaronNethercross, William Murphy, Licence: CC BY-SA 2.0
Baggot Street, Dublin
Francis Bacon's birthplace at 63 Baggot Street Dublin.jpg
Francis Bacon's birthplace at 63 Baggot Street in Dublin's Southside was commemorated with a plaque in 1999 ("the first time Bacon's Irish origins were given such public acknowledgment" (The Irish Times (Fri 12 Dec 1999)—Plaque marking birthplace of Bacon unveiled)).