August 7

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August 7 in recent years
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August 7 is the 219th day of the year (220th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar; 146 days remain until the end of the year.

This day marks the approximate midpoint of summer in the Northern Hemisphere and of winter in the Southern Hemisphere (starting the season at the June solstice).

Events

Pre-1600

  • 461 – Roman Emperor Majorian is beheaded near the river Iria in north-west Italy following his arrest and deposition by the magister militum Ricimer.[1]
  • 626 – The Avar and Slav armies leave the siege of Constantinople.[2]
  • 768Pope Stephen III is elected to office, and quickly seeks Frankish protection against the Lombard threat, since the Byzantine Empire is no longer able to help.[3]
  • 936 – Coronation of King Otto I of Germany.[4]
  • 1461 – The Ming dynasty Chinese military general Cao Qin stages a coup against the Tianshun Emperor.[5]
  • 1479Battle of Guinegate: French troops of King Louis XI were defeated by the Burgundians led by Archduke Maximilian of Habsburg.[6]

1601–1900

1901–present

Births

Pre-1600

  • 317Constantius II, Roman emperor (d. 361)
  • 1282Elizabeth of Rhuddlan (d. 1316)
  • 1533Alonso de Ercilla, Spanish soldier and poet (d. 1595)
  • 1560Elizabeth Báthory, Hungarian aristocrat and serial killer (d. 1614)
  • 1571Thomas Lupo, English viol player and composer (d. 1627)
  • 1574Robert Dudley, English explorer and cartographer (d. 1649)
  • 1598Georg Stiernhielm, Swedish poet and linguist (d. 1672)

1601–1900

  • 1613William Frederick, Prince of Nassau-Dietz, Dutch stadtholder (d. 1664)
  • 1702Muhammad Shah, Mughal emperor of India (d. 1748)
  • 1726James Bowdoin, American banker and politician, 2nd Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1790)
  • 1742Nathanael Greene, American general (d. 1786)
  • 1751Wilhelmina of Prussia, Princess of Orange (d. 1820)
  • 1779 – Carl Ritter, German geographer and academic (d. 1859)
  • 1826August Ahlqvist, Finnish professor, poet, scholar of the Finno-Ugric languages, author, and literary critic (d. 1889)[50]
  • 1844Auguste Michel-Lévy, French geologist and author (d. 1911)
  • 1860Alan Leo, English astrologer and author (d. 1917)
  • 1862Henri Le Sidaner, French painter (d. 1939)
  • 1862 – Victoria of Baden (d. 1931)
  • 1867Emil Nolde, Danish-German painter and illustrator (d. 1956)
  • 1868Ladislaus Bortkiewicz, Russian-German economist and statistician (d. 1931)
  • 1868 – Huntley Wright, English actor (d. 1941)
  • 1869Mary Frances Winston, American mathematician (d. 1959)[51]
  • 1876Mata Hari, Dutch dancer and spy (d. 1917)
  • 1879Johannes Kotze, South African cricketer (d. 1931)
  • 1884Billie Burke, American actress and singer (d. 1970)
  • 1884 – Nikolai Triik, Estonian painter and illustrator (d. 1940)
  • 1887Anna Elisabet Weirauch, German author and playwright (d. 1970)
  • 1890Elizabeth Gurley Flynn, American author and activist (d. 1964)

1901–present

  • 1901Ann Harding, American actress and singer (d. 1981)
  • 1903Louis Leakey, Kenyan-English palaeontologist and archaeologist (d. 1972)
  • 1904Ralph Bunche, American political scientist, academic, and diplomat, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1971)
  • 1907Albert Kotin, Belarusian-American soldier and painter (d. 1980)
  • 1910Freddie Slack, American pianist and bandleader (d. 1965)
  • 1911István Bibó, Hungarian lawyer and politician (d. 1979)
  • 1911 – Nicholas Ray, American director and screenwriter (d. 1979)
  • 1913George Van Eps, American guitarist (d. 1998)
  • 1916Kermit Love, American actor, puppeteer, and costume designer (d. 2008)
  • 1918C. Buddingh', Dutch poet and translator (d. 1985)
  • 1918 – Gordon Zahn, American sociologist and author (d. 2007)
  • 1921Manitas de Plata, French guitarist (d. 2014)
  • 1921 – Karel Husa, Czech-American composer and conductor (d. 2016)
  • 1924Kenneth Kendall, Indian-English journalist and actor (d. 2012)
  • 1925Felice Bryant, American songwriter (d. 2003)
  • 1926Stan Freberg, American puppeteer, voice actor, and singer (d. 2015)
  • 1927Rocky Bridges, American baseball player and coach (d. 2015)
  • 1927 – Edwin Edwards, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 50th Governor of Louisiana (d. 2021)[52]
  • 1927 – Art Houtteman, American baseball player and journalist (d. 2003)
  • 1928Betsy Byars, American author and academic (d. 2020)
  • 1928 – Owen Luder, English architect, designed Tricorn Centre and Trinity Square
  • 1928 – James Randi, Canadian-American stage magician and author (d. 2020)[53]
  • 1929Don Larsen, American baseball player (d. 2020)
  • 1930Togrul Narimanbekov, Azerbaijani-French painter and academic (d. 2013)
  • 1930 – Veljo Tormis, Estonian composer and educator (d. 2017)
  • 1931Jack Good, British television producer (d. 2017)
  • 1931 – Charles E. Rice, American scholar and author (d. 2015)
  • 1932Abebe Bikila, Ethiopian runner (d. 1973)
  • 1932 – Edward Hardwicke, English actor (d. 2011)
  • 1932 – Rien Poortvliet, Dutch painter and illustrator (d. 1995)
  • 1932 – Maurice Rabb, Jr., American ophthalmologist and academic (d. 2005)
  • 1933Eddie Firmani, South African footballer and manager
  • 1933 – Elinor Ostrom, American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2012)
  • 1933 – Jerry Pournelle, American journalist and author (d. 2017)
  • 1933 – Alberto Romulo, Filipino politician and diplomat
  • 1934Sándor Simó, Hungarian director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2001)
  • 1935Rahsaan Roland Kirk, American saxophonist and composer (d. 1977)
  • 1937Zoltán Berczik, Hungarian table tennis player and coach (d. 2011)
  • 1937 – Don Wilson, English cricketer and coach (d. 2012)
  • 1940Jean-Luc Dehaene, French-Belgian lawyer and politician, 63rd Prime Minister of Belgium (d. 2014)
  • 1940 – Uwe Nettelbeck, German record producer, journalist and film critic (d. 2007)[54]
  • 1941Matthew Evans, Baron Evans of Temple Guiting, English publisher and politician (d. 2016)
  • 1942Garrison Keillor, American humorist, novelist, short story writer, and radio host
  • 1942 – Carlos Monzon, Argentinian boxer and actor (d. 1995)
  • 1942 – Caetano Veloso, Brazilian singer-songwriter, writer and producer
  • 1942 – Richard Sykes, English biochemist and academic
  • 1942 – B. J. Thomas, American singer (d. 2021)[55]
  • 1943Mohammed Badie, Egyptian religious leader
  • 1943 – Lana Cantrell, Australian singer-songwriter and lawyer
  • 1943 – Alain Corneau, French director and screenwriter (d. 2010)
  • 1944John Glover, American actor
  • 1944 – Robert Mueller, American soldier and lawyer, 6th Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation
  • 1945Kenny Ireland, Scottish actor and director (d. 2014)
  • 1945 – Alan Page, American football player and jurist
  • 1947Franciscus Henri, Dutch-Australian singer-songwriter
  • 1947 – Sofia Rotaru, Ukrainian singer-songwriter, producer, and actress
  • 1948Marty Appel, American businessman and author
  • 1948 – Greg Chappell, Australian cricketer and coach
  • 1949Walid Jumblatt, Lebanese journalist and politician
  • 1949 – Matthew Parris, South African-English journalist and politician
  • 1950Rodney Crowell, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1950 – Alan Keyes, American politician and diplomat, 16th Assistant Secretary of State for International Organization Affairs
  • 1950 – S. Thandayuthapani, Sri Lankan educator and politician
  • 1952Caroline Aaron, American actress and producer
  • 1952 – Eamonn Darcy, Irish golfer
  • 1952 – Kees Kist, Dutch footballer
  • 1952 – Alexei Sayle, English comedian, actor, and author
  • 1953Anne Fadiman, American journalist and author
  • 1954Valery Gazzaev, Russian footballer, manager and politician
  • 1954 – Jonathan Pollard, Israeli spy
  • 1954 – Alan Reid, Scottish politician
  • 1955Wayne Knight, American actor, comedian and voice actor
  • 1955 – Greg Nickels, American lawyer and politician, 51st Mayor of Seattle
  • 1955 – Vladimir Sorokin, Russian author and playwright
  • 1957Daire Brehan, Irish journalist, lawyer, and actress (d. 2012)
  • 1957 – Alexander Dityatin, Russian gymnast and colonel
  • 1958Russell Baze, Canadian-American jockey
  • 1958 – Bruce Dickinson, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1958 – Alberto Salazar, Cuban-American runner and coach
  • 1959Koenraad Elst, Belgian orientalist and author
  • 1959 – Ali Shah, Zimbabwean cricketer and coach
  • 1960David Duchovny, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1961Brian Conley, English actor and singer
  • 1961 – Yelena Davydova, Russian gymnast
  • 1961 – Walter Swinburn, English jockey and trainer (d. 2016)
  • 1962Alison Brown, American banjo player, songwriter, and producer
  • 1963Paul Dunn, Australian rugby league player
  • 1963 – Nick Gillespie, American journalist and author
  • 1963 – Marcus Roberts, American pianist and educator
  • 1964John Birmingham, English-Australian journalist and author
  • 1964 – Ian Dench, English guitarist and songwriter
  • 1964 – Peter Niven, Scottish jockey
  • 1965Raul Malo, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1965 – Elizabeth Manley, Canadian figure skater
  • 1966David Cairns, Scottish laicised priest and politician, Minister of State for Scotland (d. 2011)
  • 1966 – Shobna Gulati, British actress
  • 1966 – Kristin Hersh, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1966 – Jimmy Wales, American-British entrepreneur, co-founder of Wikipedia
  • 1967Jason Grimsley, American baseball player
  • 1968Francesca Gregorini, Italian-American director and screenwriter
  • 1968 – Trevor Hendy, Australian surfer and coach
  • 1968 – Sophie Lee, Australian actress and author
  • 1969Paul Lambert, Scottish footballer and manager
  • 1969 – Dana G. Peleg, Israeli writer and LGBT activist
  • 1970Eric Namesnik, American swimmer (d. 2006)
  • 1971Dominic Cork, England cricketer and sportscaster
  • 1971 – Rachel York, American actress and singer
  • 1972Gerry Peñalosa, Filipino boxer and promoter
  • 1973Mikhail Gorsheniov, Russian singer-songwriter (d. 2013)
  • 1973 – Danny Graves, Vietnamese-American baseball player
  • 1973 – Kevin Muscat, English-Australian footballer, coach, and manager
  • 1974Chico Benymon, American actor
  • 1974 – Michael Shannon, American actor
  • 1975Koray Candemir, Turkish singer-songwriter
  • 1975 – Gerard Denton, Australian cricketer
  • 1975 – Megan Gale, Australian model and actress
  • 1975 – Ray Hill, American football player (d. 2015)
  • 1975 – Rebecca Kleefisch, American journalist and politician, 44th Lieutenant Governor of Wisconsin
  • 1975 – Édgar Rentería, Colombian baseball player
  • 1975 – Charlize Theron, South African actress[56][57]
  • 1976Dimitrios Eleftheropoulos, Greek footballer and manager
  • 1976 – Shane Lechler, American football player
  • 1977Charlotte Ronson, English fashion designer
  • 1977 – Samantha Ronson, English singer-songwriter and DJ
  • 1977 – Justin Brooker, Rugby League Player
  • 1978Alexandre Aja, French director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1978 – Jamey Jasta, American singer-songwriter
  • 1978 – Mark McCammon, English-Barbadian footballer
  • 1978 – Cirroc Lofton, American actor
  • 1979Eric Johnson, American actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1979 – Miguel Llera, Spanish footballer
  • 1979 – Birgit Zotz, Austrian anthropologist and author
  • 1980Carsten Busch, German footballer
  • 1980 – Aurélie Claudel, French model and actress
  • 1980 – Tácio Caetano Cruz Queiroz, Brazilian footballer
  • 1980 – Seiichiro Maki, Japanese footballer
  • 1981David Testo, American soccer player
  • 1981 – Randy Wayne, American actor and producer
  • 1982Ángeles Balbiani, Argentine actress and singer
  • 1982 – Abbie Cornish, Australian actress
  • 1982 – Juan Martín Hernández, Argentine rugby player
  • 1982 – Marquise Hill, American football player (d. 2007)
  • 1982 – Vassilis Spanoulis, Greek basketball player
  • 1982 – Martin Vučić, Macedonian singer and drummer
  • 1983Christian Chávez, Mexican singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1983 – Murat Dalkılıç, Turkish singer-songwriter
  • 1983 – Danny, Portuguese footballer
  • 1983 – Andriy Hrivko, Ukrainian cyclist
  • 1983 – Mark Pettini, English cricketer and journalist
  • 1984Stratos Perperoglou, Greek basketball player
  • 1984 – Tooba Siddiqui, Pakistani model and actress
  • 1984 – Yun Hyon-seok, South Korean poet and author (d. 2003)
  • 1986Paul Biedermann, German swimmer
  • 1986 – Valter Birsa, Slovenian footballer
  • 1986 – Altaír Jarabo, Mexican model and actress
  • 1986 – Juan de la Rosa, Mexican boxer
  • 1987Sidney Crosby, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1987 – Mustapha Dumbuya, Sierra Leonean footballer
  • 1987 – Ryan Lavarnway, American baseball player
  • 1987 – Rouven Sattelmaier, German footballer
  • 1988Jonathan Bernier, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1988 – Mohamed Coulibaly, Senegalese footballer
  • 1988 – Anisa Mohammed, West Indian cricketer
  • 1988 – Melody Oliveria, American blogger
  • 1988 – Erik Pieters, Dutch footballer
  • 1988 – Beanie Wells, American football player
  • 1989DeMar DeRozan, American basketball player
  • 1990Josh Franceschi, English singer-songwriter
  • 1991Luis Salom, Spanish motorcycle racer (d. 2016)
  • 1991 – Mitchell te Vrede, Dutch footballer
  • 1991 – Mike Trout, American baseball player
  • 1992Adam Yates, English cyclist
  • 1992 – Simon Yates, English cyclist
  • 1992 – E. J. Tackett, American bowler
  • 1993Martti Nõmme, Estonian ski jumper
  • 1993 – Karol Zalewski, Polish sprinter
  • 1998Vladimir Barbu, Italian diver
  • 1998 – María Bazo, Peruvian windsurfer[58]

Deaths

Pre-1600

  • 461Majorian, Roman emperor (b. 420)
  • 707Li Chongjun, Chinese prince
  • 1028Alfonso V, king of León (b. 994)
  • 1106Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1050)
  • 1234Hugh Foliot, bishop of Hereford (b. c. 1155)
  • 1272Richard Middleton, English Lord Chancellor
  • 1296Heinrich II von Rotteneck, prince-bishop of Regensburg
  • 1385Joan of Kent, mother of Richard II (b. 1328)
  • 1485Alexander Stewart, duke of Albany (b. 1454)
  • 1547Cajetan, Italian priest and saint (b. 1480)

1601–1900

1901–present

  • 1912François-Alphonse Forel, Swiss limnologist and academic (b. 1841)
  • 1917Edwin Harris Dunning, South African-English commander and pilot (b. 1891)
  • 1938Konstantin Stanislavski, Russian actor and director (b. 1863)
  • 1941Rabindranath Tagore, Indian author, poet, and playwright, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1861)
  • 1948Charles Bryant, English-American actor and director (b. 1879)
  • 1953Abner Powell, American baseball player and manager (b. 1860)
  • 1957Oliver Hardy, American actor, singer, and director (b. 1892)
  • 1958Elizabeth Foreman Lewis, American author and educator (b. 1892)[60]
  • 1960Luis Ángel Firpo, Argentine boxer (b. 1894)
  • 1963Ramon Vila Capdevila, last of the Spanish Maquis, holding out after the end of the Spanish Civil War[61] (b.1908)
  • 1968Giovanni Bracco, Italian race car driver (b. 1908)
  • 1969Jean Bastien, French professional footballer (b. 1915)
  • 1969 – Joseph Kosma, Hungarian-French composer (b. 1905)
  • 1970Harold Haley, American lawyer and judge (b. 1904)
  • 1970 – Jonathan P. Jackson, American bodyguard and kidnapper (b. 1953)
  • 1972Joi Lansing, American model, actress, and singer (b. 1929)
  • 1973Jack Gregory, Australian cricketer (b. 1895)
  • 1974Rosario Castellanos, Mexican poet and author (b. 1925)
  • 1974 – Sylvio Mantha, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1902)
  • 1978Eddie Calvert, English trumpeter (b. 1922)
  • 1981Gunnar Uusi, Estonian chess player (b. 1931)
  • 1985Grayson Hall, American actress (b. 1922)
  • 1987Camille Chamoun, Lebanese lawyer and politician, 7th President of Lebanon (b. 1900)
  • 1989Mickey Leland, American lawyer and politician (b. 1944)
  • 1994Larry Martyn, English actor (b. 1934)
  • 1995Brigid Brophy, English author and critic (b. 1929)[62]
  • 2001Algirdas Lauritėnas, Lithuanian basketball player (b. 1932)
  • 2003K. D. Arulpragasam, Sri Lankan zoologist and academic (b. 1931)
  • 2003 – Mickey McDermott, American baseball player and coach (b. 1929)
  • 2004Red Adair, American firefighter (b. 1915)
  • 2004 – Colin Bibby, English ornithologist and academic (b. 1948)
  • 2005Peter Jennings, Canadian-American journalist and author (b. 1938)
  • 2006Mary Anderson Bain, American lawyer and politician (b. 1911)
  • 2007Ernesto Alonso, Mexican actor, director, and producer (b. 1917)
  • 2007 – Angus Tait, New Zealand businessman, founded Tait Communications (b. 1919)
  • 2008Bernie Brillstein, American talent agent and producer (b. 1931)
  • 2008 – Andrea Pininfarina, Italian engineer and businessman (b. 1957)
  • 2009Louis E. Saavedra, American educator and politician, 48th Mayor of Albuquerque (b. 1933)
  • 2009 – Mike Seeger, American singer-songwriter (b. 1933)
  • 2010John Nelder, English mathematician and statistician (b. 1924)
  • 2011Mark Hatfield, American soldier, academic, and politician, 29th Governor of Oregon (b. 1922)
  • 2011 – Nancy Wake, New Zealand-English captain and spy (b. 1912)
  • 2012Murtuz Alasgarov, Azerbaijani academic and politician, Speaker of the National Assembly of Azerbaijan (b. 1928)
  • 2012 – Judith Crist, American critic and academic (b. 1922)
  • 2012 – Vladimir Kobzev, Russian footballer and coach (b. 1959)
  • 2012 – Anna Piaggi, Italian journalist and author (b. 1931)
  • 2012 – Mayer Zald, American sociologist and academic (b. 1931)
  • 2012 – Dušan Zbavitel, Czech indologist and author (b. 1925)
  • 2013Samuel G. Armistead, American linguist, historian, and academic (b. 1927)
  • 2013 – Almir Kayumov, Russian footballer (b. 1964)
  • 2013 – Anthony Pawson, English-Canadian biologist, chemist, and academic (b. 1952)
  • 2013 – Margaret Pellegrini, American actress and dancer (b. 1923)
  • 2013 – Meeli Truu, Estonian architect (d. 1946)
  • 2013 – Alexander Yagubkin, Russian boxer (b. 1961)
  • 2014Víctor Fayad, Argentine lawyer and politician (b. 1955)
  • 2014 – Perry Moss, American football player and coach (b. 1926)
  • 2014 – Henry Stone, American record producer (b. 1921)
  • 2015Manuel Contreras, Chilean general (b. 1929)
  • 2015 – Frances Oldham Kelsey, Canadian pharmacologist and physician (b. 1914)
  • 2015 – Louise Suggs, American golfer, co-founded LPGA (b. 1923)
  • 2016Bryan Clauson, American racing driver (b. 1989)
  • 2017Don Baylor, American baseball player (b. 1949)
  • 2017 – David Maslanka, American composer (b. 1943)
  • 2018M. Karunanidhi, Indian politician, former Tamil Nadu Chief Minister and prominent leader of Tamils (b. 1924)
  • 2018 – Stan Mikita, Slovakian hockey player (b. 1940)[63]
  • 2019David Berman, American musician, singer, poet and cartoonist (b. 1967)[64]
  • 2020Lê Khả Phiêu, Vietnamese politician (b. 1931)[65]
  • 2021Markie Post, American actress (b. 1950)[66]

Holidays and observances

References

  1. ^ John of Antioch, Historia chronike, fragment 203; Marcellinus, sa 461; Fasti vindobonenses priores, No 588. Procopius (VII.14–15) does not mention the Emperor's return from Hispania and said that Majorian died of dysentery: it is possible that the news has been put about by Ricimer (Fik Meijer, Emperors Do not Die in Bed, Routledge, 2004,ISBN 0-415-31201-9, p. 155). Victor of Tonnena erroneously claims that Majorian reached Rome and was killed there, and puts this event in 463 (Chronica, s.a. 463).
  2. ^ Kaegi, Walter Emil (2003). Heraclius: Emperor of Byzantium. CUP. p. 137. ISBN 978-0521814591.
  3. ^ Mann, Horace K. (1903). The Lives of the Popes in the Early Middle Ages, Vol. I: The Popes Under the Lombard Rule, Part 2. p. 371.
  4. ^ Reuter, Timothy (1991). Germany in the Early Middle Ages 800–1056. p. 148. ISBN 978-0-582-49034-5.
  5. ^ Robinson, David M. (1999). "Politics, Force and Ethnicity in Ming China: Mongols and the Abortive Coup of 1461". Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies. 59 (1): 79–123. doi:10.2307/2652684. JSTOR 2652684.
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