August 31

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August 31 in recent years
  2021 (Tuesday)
  2020 (Monday)
  2019 (Saturday)
  2018 (Friday)
  2017 (Thursday)
  2016 (Wednesday)
  2015 (Monday)
  2014 (Sunday)
  2013 (Saturday)
  2012 (Friday)

August 31 is the 243rd day of the year (244th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar; 122 days remain until the end of the year.

Events

Pre-1600

1601–1900

1901–present

Births

Pre-1600

  • 0012Caligula, Roman emperor (d. 41)[4]
  • 0161Commodus, Roman emperor (d. 192)[5]
  • 1018Jeongjong II, Korean ruler (d. 1046)
  • 1168Zhang Zong, Chinese emperor (d. 1208)
  • 1542Isabella de' Medici, Italian princess (d. 1576)[6]
  • 1569Jahangir, Mughal emperor (d. 1627)

1601–1900

1901–present

  • 1902Géza Révész, Hungarian general and politician, Hungarian Minister of Defence (d. 1977)
  • 1903Arthur Godfrey, American radio and television host (d. 1983)
  • 1903 – Vladimir Jankélévitch, French musicologist and philosopher (d. 1985)
  • 1905Robert Bacher, American physicist and academic (d. 2004)
  • 1905 – Sanford Meisner, American actor and educator (d. 1997)
  • 1907Valter Biiber, Estonian footballer (d. 1977)
  • 1907 – Augustus F. Hawkins, American lawyer and politician (d. 2007)
  • 1907 – Ramon Magsaysay, Filipino captain, engineer, and politician, 7th President of the Philippines (d. 1957)
  • 1907 – William Shawn, American journalist (d. 1992)
  • 1907 – Altiero Spinelli, Italian theorist and politician (d. 1986)
  • 1908William Saroyan, American novelist, playwright, and short story writer (d. 1981)
  • 1909Ferenc Fejtő, Hungarian-French journalist and political scientist (d. 2008)
  • 1911Edward Brongersma, Dutch journalist and politician (d. 1998)
  • 1911 – Arsenio Rodríguez, Cuban-American tres player, composer, and bandleader (d. 1970)
  • 1913Helen Levitt, American photographer and cinematographer (d. 2009)
  • 1913 – Bernard Lovell, English physicist and astronomer (d. 2012)
  • 1914Richard Basehart, American actor (d. 1984)
  • 1915Pete Newell, American basketball player and coach (d. 2008)
  • 1916Danny Litwhiler, American baseball player and coach (d. 2011)
  • 1916 – Daniel Schorr, American journalist and author (d. 2010)
  • 1916 – John S. Wold, American geologist and politician (d. 2017)
  • 1918Alan Jay Lerner, American songwriter and composer (d. 1986)
  • 1919Amrita Pritam, Indian poet and author (d. 2005)
  • 1921Otis G. Pike, American judge and politician (d. 2014)
  • 1921 – Raymond Williams, Welsh author and academic (d. 1988)
  • 1924John Davidson, American physician and politician (d. 2012)
  • 1924 – Buddy Hackett, American actor and singer (d. 2003)
  • 1924 – Herbert Wise, Austrian-English director and producer (d. 2015)
  • 1925Moran Campbell, English-Canadian physician and academic, invented the venturi mask (d. 2004)
  • 1925 – Maurice Pialat, French actor and director (d. 2003)
  • 1928James Coburn, American actor (d. 2002)
  • 1928 – Jaime Sin, Filipino cardinal (d. 2005)
  • 1930Big Tiny Little, American pianist (d. 2010)
  • 1931Jean Béliveau, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2014)
  • 1931 – Noble Willingham, American actor (d. 2004)
  • 1932Allan Fotheringham, Canadian journalist (d. 2020)
  • 1932 – Roy Castle, English dancer, singer, comedian, actor, television presenter and musician (d. 1994)
  • 1935Eldridge Cleaver, American activist and author (d. 1998)
  • 1935 – Bryan Organ, English painter
  • 1935 – Frank Robinson, American baseball player and manager (d. 2019)
  • 1936Vladimir Orlov, Russian journalist and author (d. 2014)
  • 1937Warren Berlinger, American actor
  • 1937 – Bobby Parker, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2013)
  • 1938Martin Bell, English journalist and politician
  • 1939Jerry Allison, American drummer and songwriter
  • 1940Robbie Basho, American guitarist, pianist, and composer (d. 1986)
  • 1940 – Wilton Felder, American saxophonist and bass player (d. 2015)
  • 1940 – Larry Hankin, American actor, director, and producer
  • 1940 – Roger Newman, English-American actor and screenwriter (d. 2010)
  • 1940 – Jack Thompson, Australian actor
  • 1941William DeWitt, Jr., American businessman
  • 1941 – Emmanuel Nunes, Portuguese-French composer and educator (d. 2012)
  • 1942Isao Aoki, Japanese golfer
  • 1943Leonid Ivashov, Russian general
  • 1944Roger Dean, English illustrator and publisher
  • 1944 – Liz Forgan, English journalist
  • 1944 – Christine King, English historian and academic
  • 1944 – Clive Lloyd, Guyanese cricketer
  • 1945Van Morrison, Northern Irish singer-songwriter
  • 1945 – Itzhak Perlman, Israeli-American violinist and conductor
  • 1945 – Bob Welch, American singer and guitarist (d. 2012)
  • 1946Ann Coffey, Scottish social worker and politician
  • 1946 – Jerome Corsi, American theorist and author
  • 1946 – Tom Coughlin, American football player and coach
  • 1947Luca Cordero di Montezemolo, Italian businessman
  • 1947 – Yumiko Ōshima, Japanese author and illustrator
  • 1947 – Somchai Wongsawat, Thai lawyer and politician, 26th Prime Minister of Thailand
  • 1948Harald Ertl, Austrian race car driver and journalist (d. 1982)
  • 1948 – Lowell Ganz, American screenwriter and producer
  • 1948 – Ken McMullen, English director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1948 – Holger Osieck, German footballer and manager
  • 1948 – Rudolf Schenker, German guitarist and songwriter
  • 1949Richard Gere, American actor and producer
  • 1949 – Hugh David Politzer, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1949 – Rick Roberts, American country-rock singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1951Grant Batty, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1951 – Sirje Tamul, Estonian historian, author, and academic
  • 1952Kim Kashkashian, American viola player and educator
  • 1952 – Herbert Reul, German politician
  • 1953Miguel Ángel Guerra, Argentinian race car driver
  • 1953 – György Károly, Hungarian poet and author (d. 2018)
  • 1953 – Pavel Vinogradov, Russian astronaut and engineer
  • 1954Julie Brown, American actress and screenwriter
  • 1955Aleksander Krupa, Polish-American actor
  • 1955 – Julie Maxton, Scottish lawyer and academic
  • 1955 – Edwin Moses, American hurdler
  • 1955 – Anthony Thistlethwaite, English saxophonist and bass player
  • 1955 – Gary Webb, American journalist and author (d. 2004)
  • 1956Mária Balážová, Slovak painter and illustrator
  • 1956 – Masashi Tashiro, Japanese singer, actor, and director
  • 1956 – Tsai Ing-wen, Taiwanese politician and the President of the Republic of China
  • 1957Colm O'Rourke, Irish footballer and sportscaster
  • 1957 – Gina Schock, American drummer
  • 1957 – Glenn Tilbrook, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1958Serge Blanco, Venezuelan-French rugby player and businessman
  • 1958 – Stephen Cottrell, English bishop
  • 1959Ralph Krueger, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1959 – Jessica Upshaw, American lawyer and politician (d. 2013)
  • 1960Vali Ionescu, Romanian long jumper
  • 1960 – Chris Whitley, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2005)
  • 1960 – Hassan Nasrallah, Lebanese politician, 3rd Secretary-General of Hezbollah
  • 1961Kieran Crowley, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1961 – Magnus Ilmjärv, Estonian historian and author
  • 1962Dee Bradley Baker, American voice actor
  • 1963Reb Beach, American guitarist
  • 1963 – Rituparno Ghosh, Indian actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 2013)
  • 1963 – Sonny Silooy, Dutch footballer and manager
  • 1964Raymond P. Hammond, American poet and critic
  • 1965Zsolt Borkai, Hungarian gymnast and politician
  • 1965 – Susan Gritton, English soprano and actress
  • 1966Lyuboslav Penev, Bulgarian footballer and manager
  • 1967Gene Hoglan, American drummer
  • 1967 – Anita Moen, Norwegian skier
  • 1968Valdon Dowiyogo, Nauruan politician (d. 2016)
  • 1968 – Hideo Nomo, Japanese-American baseball player
  • 1968 – Jolene Watanabe, American tennis player (d. 2019)
  • 1969Nathalie Bouvier, French skier
  • 1969 – Jonathan LaPaglia, Australian actor and physician
  • 1969 – Javagal Srinath, Indian cricketer and referee
  • 1970Debbie Gibson, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actress
  • 1970 – Nikola Gruevski, Macedonian economist and politician, 6th Prime Minister of the Republic of Macedonia
  • 1970 – Greg Mulholland, English politician
  • 1970 – Queen Rania of Jordan[8]
  • 1970 – Arie van Lent, Dutch-German footballer and manager
  • 1970 – Zack Ward, Canadian actor and producer
  • 1971Kirstie Allsopp, British TV presenter
  • 1971 – Pádraig Harrington, Irish golfer
  • 1971 – Vadim Repin, Belgian-Russian violinist
  • 1971 – Chris Tucker, American comedian and actor
  • 1973Scott Niedermayer, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1974Andriy Medvedev, Ukrainian-Monégasque tennis player
  • 1975Craig Cumming, New Zealand cricketer and sportscaster
  • 1975 – John Grahame, American ice hockey player and coach
  • 1975 – Sara Ramirez, Mexican musician[9][10]
  • 1976Vincent Delerm, French singer-songwriter and pianist
  • 1976 – Roque Júnior, Brazilian footballer and manager
  • 1976 – Radek Martínek, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1977Jeff Hardy, American wrestler and singer
  • 1977 – Ian Harte, Irish footballer
  • 1977 – Craig Nicholls, Australian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1977 – Arzu Yanardağ, Turkish actress and model
  • 1978Philippe Christanval, French footballer
  • 1978 – Ido Pariente, Israeli mixed martial artist and trainer
  • 1978 – Craig Stapleton, Australian rugby league player
  • 1978 – Sandis Valters, Latvian basketball player
  • 1978 – Morten Qvenild, Norwegian pianist and composer
  • 1979Clay Hensley, American baseball player
  • 1979 – Mark Johnston, Canadian swimmer
  • 1979 – Simon Neil, Scottish singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1979 – Yuvan Shankar Raja, Indian singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1979 – Ramón Santiago, Dominican baseball player
  • 1979 – Mickie James, American wrestler
  • 1980Joe Budden, American rapper
  • 1981Ahmad Al Harthy, Omani race car driver
  • 1981 – Dwayne Peel, Welsh rugby player
  • 1981 – Steve Saviano, American ice hockey player
  • 1982Ian Crocker, American swimmer
  • 1982 – Chris Duhon, American basketball player
  • 1982 – Lien Huyghebaert, Belgian sprinter
  • 1982 – Christopher Katongo, Zambian footballer
  • 1982 – Josh Kroeger, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Alexei Mikhnov, Ukrainian-Russian ice hockey player
  • 1982 – Pepe Reina, Spanish footballer
  • 1982 – Michele Rugolo, Italian race car driver
  • 1982 – G. Willow Wilson, American journalist and author
  • 1983Deniz Aydoğdu, German-Turkish footballer
  • 1983 – Milan Biševac, Serbian footballer
  • 1983 – Larry Fitzgerald, American football player
  • 1984Matti Breschel, Danish cyclist
  • 1984 – Ryan Kesler, American ice hockey player
  • 1984 – Ted Ligety, American skier
  • 1984 – Charl Schwartzel, South African golfer
  • 1985Rolando, Portuguese footballer
  • 1985 – Andrew Foster, Australian footballer
  • 1985 – Mabel Matiz, Turkish singer
  • 1985 – Mohammed bin Salman, Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia
  • 1987Xavi Annunziata, Spanish footballer
  • 1987 – Petros Kravaritis, Greek footballer
  • 1987 – Ondřej Pavelec, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1988Trent Hodkinson, Australian rugby league player
  • 1988 – David Ospina, Colombian footballer
  • 1988 – Ember Moon, Professional Wrestler
  • 1989Dezmon Briscoe, American football player
  • 1990Tadeja Majerič, Slovenian tennis player
  • 1991António Félix da Costa, Portuguese race car driver
  • 1991 – Cédric Soares, Portuguese footballer
  • 1992Holly Earl, British actress
  • 1992 – Tyler Randell, Australian rugby league player
  • 1993Pablo Marí, Spanish football player
  • 1993 – Ilnur Alshin, Russian football player
  • 1993 – Anna Karnaukh, Russian water polo player
  • 1994Alex Harris, Scottish footballer
  • 1994 – Can Aktav, Turkish football player

Deaths

Pre-1600

  • 318Liu Cong, emperor of the Xiongnu state
  • 577John Scholasticus, Byzantine patriarch and saint
  • 651Aidan of Lindisfarne, Irish bishop and saint[11]
  • 731Ōtomo no Tabito, Japanese poet (b. 665)
  • 894Ahmad ibn Muhammad al-Ta'i, Muslim governor
  • 1054Kunigunde of Altdorf, Frankish noblewoman (b. c. 1020)
  • 1056Theodora, Empress of the Eastern Roman Empire (b. 981)
  • 1158Sancho III of Castile (b. 1134)
  • 1234Emperor Go-Horikawa of Japan (b. 1212)
  • 1287Konrad von Würzburg, German poet
  • 1324Henry II of Jerusalem (b. 1271)
  • 1372Ralph de Stafford, 1st Earl of Stafford, English soldier (b. 1301)
  • 1422Henry V of England (b. 1386)
  • 1450Isabella of Navarre, Countess of Armagnac (b. 1395)
  • 1502Thomas Wode, Lord Chief Justice of the Common Pleas
  • 1528Matthias Grünewald, German artist (b. 1470)

1601–1900

1901–present

  • 1908Leslie Green, English architect (b. 1875)
  • 1910Emīls Dārziņš, Latvian composer, conductor, and music critic (b. 1875)
  • 1912Jean, duc Decazes, French sailor (b. 1864)
  • 1920Wilhelm Wundt, German physician, psychologist, and philosopher (b. 1832)
  • 1924Todor Aleksandrov, Bulgarian soldier (b. 1881)
  • 1927Andranik, Armenian general (b. 1865)
  • 1937Ruth Baldwin, British socialite (b. 1905)[14]
  • 1940Georges Gauthier, Canadian archbishop (b. 1871)
  • 1941Thomas Bavin, New Zealand-Australian politician, 24th Premier of New South Wales (b. 1874)
  • 1941 – Marina Tsvetaeva, Russian poet and author (b. 1892)
  • 1948Andrei Zhdanov, Russian civil servant and politician (b. 1896)
  • 1951Paul Demel, Czech actor (b. 1903)
  • 1952Henri Bourassa, Canadian publisher and politician (b. 1868)
  • 1954Elsa Barker, American author and poet (b. 1869)
  • 1963Georges Braque, French painter and sculptor (b. 1882)
  • 1965E. E. Smith, American engineer and author (b. 1890)
  • 1967Ilya Ehrenburg, Russian journalist and author (b. 1891)
  • 1968John Hartle, English motorcycle racer (b. 1933)
  • 1969Rocky Marciano, American boxer (b. 1923)
  • 1973John Ford, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1894)
  • 1974William Pershing Benedict, American soldier and pilot (b. 1918)
  • 1974 – Norman Kirk, New Zealand engineer and politician, 29th Prime Minister of New Zealand (b. 1923)
  • 1978John Wrathall, Rhodesian accountant and politician, 2nd President of Rhodesia (b. 1913)
  • 1979Sally Rand, American actress and dancer (b. 1904)
  • 1979 – Tiger Smith, English cricketer and coach (b. 1886)
  • 1984Audrey Wagner, American baseball player, obstetrician, and gynecologist (b. 1927)
  • 1985Frank Macfarlane Burnet, Australian virologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1899)
  • 1986Elizabeth Coatsworth, American author and poet (b. 1893)
  • 1986 – Urho Kekkonen, Finnish journalist, lawyer, and politician, 8th President of Finland (b. 1900)
  • 1986 – Henry Moore, English sculptor and illustrator (b. 1898)
  • 1990Nathaniel Clifton, American basketball player and coach (b. 1922)
  • 1991Cliff Lumsdon, Canadian swimmer and coach (b. 1931)
  • 1997Dodi Fayed, Egyptian film producer (b. 1955)
  • 1997 – Diana, Princess of Wales (b. 1961)[15]
  • 2000Lucille Fletcher, American screenwriter (b. 1912)
  • 2000 – Dolores Moore, American baseball player and educator (b. 1932)
  • 2002Lionel Hampton, American pianist, composer, and bandleader (b. 1908)
  • 2002 – Farhad Mehrad, Persian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and pianist (b. 1944)
  • 2002 – George Porter, English chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1920)
  • 2005Joseph Rotblat, Polish-English physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1908)
  • 2006Mohamed Abdelwahab, Egyptian footballer (b. 1983)
  • 2006 – Tom Delaney, English race car driver and businessman (b. 1911)
  • 2007Gay Brewer, American golfer (b. 1932)
  • 2007 – Jean Jacques Paradis, Canadian general (b. 1928)
  • 2007 – Sulev Vahtre, Estonian historian and academic (b. 1926)
  • 2008Ken Campbell, English actor and screenwriter (b. 1941)
  • 2008 – Ike Pappas, American journalist (b. 1933)
  • 2008 – Victor Yates, New Zealand rugby player (b. 1939)
  • 2010Laurent Fignon, French cyclist (b. 1960)
  • 2011Wade Belak, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1976)
  • 2012Max Bygraves, English actor (b. 1922)
  • 2012 – Joe Lewis, American martial artist and actor (b. 1944)
  • 2012 – Carlo Maria Martini, Italian cardinal (b. 1927)
  • 2012 – Kashiram Rana, Indian lawyer and politician (b. 1938)
  • 2012 – John C. Shabaz, American judge and politician (b. 1931)
  • 2012 – Sergey Sokolov, Russian commander and politician, 6th Minister of Defence for The Soviet Union (b. 1911)
  • 2013Alan Carrington, English chemist and academic (b. 1934)
  • 2013 – David Frost, English journalist and game show host (b. 1939)
  • 2013 – Jimmy Greenhalgh, English footballer and manager (b. 1923)
  • 2013 – Jan Camiel Willems, Belgian mathematician and theorist (b. 1939)
  • 2014Bapu, Indian director and screenwriter (b. 1933)
  • 2014 – Ștefan Andrei, Romanian politician, 87th Romanian Minister of Foreign Affairs (b. 1931)
  • 2014 – Stan Goldberg, American illustrator (b. 1932)
  • 2014 – Carol Vadnais, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1945)
  • 2015Edward Douglas-Scott-Montagu, 3rd Baron Montagu of Beaulieu, English politician, founded the National Motor Museum (b. 1926)
  • 2015 – Tom Scott, American football player (b. 1930)
  • 2018Carole Shelley, British-American actress (b. 1939)[16]
  • 2019Anthoine Hubert, French racing driver (b. 1996)[17]
  • 2019 – Alec Holowka, Canadian game developer (b. 1983)[18]
  • 2020Pranab Mukherjee, Former President of India (b. 1935)[19]
  • 2020 – Tom Seaver, American baseball player (b. 1944)[20]
  • 2021Mahal, Filipino comedian and actress (b. 1974)[21]
  • 2021 – Francesco Morini, Italian footballer (b. 1944)[22]
  • 2021 – Michael Constantine, Greek-American actor (b. 1927)[23]

Holidays and observances

References

  1. ^ Gairdner, James (2014). Henry VIII: Appendix. Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 6. Institute of Historical Research.
  2. ^ Nohlen, Dieter; Stöver, Philip (2010). Elections in Europe: A data handbook. p. 151. ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7.
  3. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Boeing 727-232 N473DA Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport, TX (DFW)". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 2019-07-28.
  4. ^ Cornelius Tacitus; Percival Frost (1872). Annals of Tacitus. Whittaker. pp. 38.
  5. ^ Olivier Hekster (1 January 2002). Commodus: An Emperor at the Crossroads. Brill Academic Pub. p. 30. ISBN 978-90-5063-238-6.
  6. ^ Paul-André Bempéchat (2005). Liber Amicorum Isabelle Cazeaux: Symbols, Parallels and Discoveries in Her Honor. Pendragon Press. p. 45. ISBN 978-1-57647-091-6.
  7. ^ Joseph Haydn (1870). Haydn's Universal Index of Biography from the Creation to the Present Time: For the Use of the Statesman, the Historian, and the Journalist. E. Moxon, son, and Company. pp. 215.
  8. ^ "Profile: Jordan's Queen Rania". BBC News. 7 November 2001. Retrieved 19 July 2020.
  9. ^ "Sara Ramirez". Playbill. Retrieved 29 August 2020.
  10. ^ "Celebrity birthdays for the week of Aug. 30-Sept. 5". AP News. Associated Press. August 24, 2020. Retrieved August 29, 2020.
  11. ^ a b "Saint Aidan | bishop of Lindisfarne". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 8 April 2021.
  12. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Calder, Sir Robert" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 4 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
  13. ^ Hoffman, Walter James (1896). The Menomini Indians. Washington D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 47.
  14. ^ Summerscale, Kate (2012-05-10). The Queen of Whale Cay: The Extraordinary Story of 'Joe' Carstairs, the Fastest Woman on Water. A&C Black. p. 64. ISBN 9781408830512.
  15. ^ "Diana, princess of Wales | Biography, Marriage, Children, & Death". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 26 June 2020.
  16. ^ "Notable Deaths 2018". The New York Times Obituraries. Retrieved 2018-09-12.
  17. ^ "Statement: Incident during FIA Formula 2 Sprint Race, Spa-Francorchamps". Federation Internationale de l'Automobile. 2019-08-31. Retrieved 2019-08-31.
  18. ^ Penny, Laurie (September 6, 2019). "Gaming's #MeToo Moment and the Tyranny of Male Fragility". WIRED. Retrieved January 15, 2020.
  19. ^ "Pranab Mukherjee, ex-president and Congress veteran, dies in Delhi hospital". Hindustan Times. 2020-08-31. Retrieved 2020-08-31.
  20. ^ "Hall of Fame pitcher Tom Seaver passes away at age 75". National Baseball Hall of Fame. September 2, 2020. Retrieved September 2, 2020.
  21. ^ "Mahal passes away at 46". GMA News Online. 2021-08-31. Retrieved 2021-09-02.
  22. ^ Francesco Morini, former Juve defender, was 77 years old died
  23. ^ "Movies". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 8 October 2013. Retrieved 9 July 2016.
  24. ^ "31 august - Ziua Limbii Române". Agerpres (in Romanian). 31 August 2020.

External links