August 2

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August 2 in recent years
  2021 (Monday)
  2020 (Sunday)
  2019 (Friday)
  2018 (Thursday)
  2017 (Wednesday)
  2016 (Tuesday)
  2015 (Sunday)
  2014 (Saturday)
  2013 (Friday)
  2012 (Thursday)

August 2 is the 214th day of the year (215th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar; 151 days remain until the end of the year.

Events

Pre-1600

1601–1900

1901–present

Births

Pre-1600

  • 1260Kyawswa of Pagan, last ruler of the Pagan Kingdom (d. 1299)
  • 1455John Cicero, Elector of Brandenburg (d. 1499)
  • 1533Theodor Zwinger, Swiss physician and scholar (d. 1588)
  • 1549Mikołaj Krzysztof "the Orphan" Radziwiłł, Polish nobleman (d. 1616)

1601–1900

1901–present

  • 1902Pope Cyril VI of Alexandria (d. 1971)
  • 1902 – Mina Rees, American mathematician (d.1997)[6]
  • 1905Karl Amadeus Hartmann, German composer (d. 1963)
  • 1905 – Myrna Loy, American actress (d. 1993)
  • 1907Mary Hamman, American journalist and author (d. 1984)
  • 1910Roger MacDougall, Scottish director, playwright, and screenwriter (d. 1993)
  • 1911Ann Dvorak, American actress (d. 1979)
  • 1912Palle Huld, Danish actor (d. 2010)
  • 1912 – Håkon Stenstadvold, Norwegian painter, illustrator, and critic (d. 1977)
  • 1912 – Vladimir Žerjavić, Croatian economist and author (d. 2001)
  • 1913Xavier Thaninayagam, Sri Lankan scholar and academic (d. 1980)
  • 1914Félix Leclerc, Canadian singer-songwriter, actor, and poet (d. 1988)
  • 1914 – Big Walter Price, American singer-songwriter and pianist (d. 2012)
  • 1914 – Beatrice Straight, American actress (d. 2001)
  • 1915Gary Merrill, American actor (d. 1990)
  • 1916Alfonso A. Ossorio, Filipino-American painter and sculptor (d. 1990)
  • 1917Wah Chang, Chinese-American artist and designer (d. 2003)[7]
  • 1919Nehemiah Persoff, Israeli-American actor
  • 1920Louis Pauwels, French journalist and author (d. 1997)
  • 1920 – Augustus Rowe, Canadian physician and politician (d. 2013)
  • 1921Alan Whicker, Egyptian-English journalist (d. 2013)
  • 1922Betsy Bloomingdale, American philanthropist and socialite (d. 2016)
  • 1922 – Geoffrey Dutton, Australian historian and author (d. 1998)
  • 1923Shimon Peres, Polish-Israeli lawyer and politician, 9th President of Israel (d. 2016)[8]
  • 1923 – Ike Williams, American boxer (d. 1994)
  • 1924James Baldwin, American novelist, poet, and critic (d. 1987)
  • 1924 – Joe Harnell, American pianist and composer (d. 2005)
  • 1924 – Carroll O'Connor, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2001)
  • 1925K. Arulanandan, Ceylon-American engineer and academic (d. 2004)
  • 1925 – John Dexter, English director and producer (d. 1990)
  • 1925 – John McCormack, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2017)
  • 1925 – Jorge Rafael Videla, Argentinian general and politician, 43rd President of Argentina (d. 2013)
  • 1927Peter Swinnerton-Dyer, English mathematician and academic (d. 2018)
  • 1928Malcolm Hilton, English cricketer (d. 1990)
  • 1929Roy Crimmins, English trombonist and composer (d. 2014)
  • 1929 – John Gale, English director and producer
  • 1929 – Vidya Charan Shukla, Indian politician, Indian Minister of External Affairs (d. 2013)
  • 1929 – David Waddington, Baron Waddington, English lawyer and politician, Governor of Bermuda (d. 2017)
  • 1930Vali Myers, Australian painter and dancer (d. 2003)
  • 1931Pierre DuMaine, American bishop and academic (d. 2019)
  • 1931 – Eddie Fuller, South African cricketer (d. 2008)
  • 1931 – Karl Miller, English journalist and critic (d. 2014)
  • 1931 – Viliam Schrojf, Czech footballer (d. 2007)
  • 1932Lamar Hunt, American businessman, co-founded the American Football League and World Championship Tennis (d. 2006)
  • 1932 – Peter O'Toole, British-Irish actor and producer (d. 2013)
  • 1933Ioannis Varvitsiotis, Greek politician, Greek Minister of Defence
  • 1934Valery Bykovsky, Russian general and astronaut (d. 2019)
  • 1935Hank Cochran, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2010)
  • 1936Anthony Payne, English composer and author (d. 2021)[9]
  • 1937Ron Brierley, New Zealand businessman
  • 1937 – Billy Cannon, American football player and dentist (d. 2018)
  • 1937 – María Duval, Mexican actress and singer[10]
  • 1937 – Garth Hudson, Canadian keyboard player, songwriter, and producer
  • 1938Dave Balon, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (d. 2007)
  • 1938 – Pierre de Bané, Israeli-Canadian lawyer and politician (d. 2019)[11]
  • 1938 – Terry Peck, Falkland Islander soldier (d. 2006)
  • 1939Benjamin Barber, American theorist, author, and academic (d. 2017)
  • 1939 – Wes Craven, American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2015)
  • 1939 – John W. Snow, American businessman and politician, 73rd United States Secretary of the Treasury
  • 1940Angel Lagdameo, Filipino archbishop
  • 1940 – Beko Ransome-Kuti, Nigerian physician and activist (d. 2006)
  • 1940 – Will Tura, Belgian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1941Doris Coley, American singer (d. 2000)
  • 1941 – Jules A. Hoffmann, Luxembourgian-French biologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1941 – François Weyergans, Belgian director and screenwriter
  • 1942Isabel Allende, Chilean-American novelist, essayist, essayist
  • 1942 – Leo Beenhakker, Dutch football manager
  • 1942 – Juan Formell, Cuban singer-songwriter and bass player (d. 2014)
  • 1942 – Nell Irvin Painter, American author and historian
  • 1943Herbert M. Allison, American lieutenant and businessman (d. 2013)
  • 1943 – Tom Burgmeier, American baseball player and coach
  • 1943 – Jon R. Cavaiani, English-American sergeant, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 2014)
  • 1943 – Rose Tremain, English novelist and short story writer
  • 1944Jim Capaldi, English drummer and singer-songwriter (d. 2005)
  • 1944 – Naná Vasconcelos, Brazilian singer and berimbau player (d. 2016)
  • 1945Joanna Cassidy, American actress
  • 1945 – Alex Jesaulenko, Austrian-Australian footballer and coach
  • 1945 – Bunker Roy, Indian educator and activist
  • 1945 – Eric Simms, Australian rugby league player and coach
  • 1946James Howe, American journalist and author
  • 1947Ruth Bakke, Norwegian organist and composer
  • 1947 – Lawrence Wright, American journalist, author, and screenwriter
  • 1948Andy Fairweather Low, Welsh singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1948 – Dennis Prager, American radio host and author
  • 1948 – Tapan Kumar Sarkar, Indian-American electrical engineer and academic (d. 2021)[12][13]
  • 1948 – James Street, American football and baseball player (d. 2013)
  • 1948 – Snoo Wilson, English playwright and screenwriter (d. 2013)
  • 1949James Fallows, American journalist and author
  • 1949 – Bertalan Farkas, Hungarian general and astronaut
  • 1950Jussi Adler-Olsen, Danish author and publisher
  • 1950 – Ted Turner, British guitarist
  • 1951Andrew Gold, American singer-songwriter and producer (d. 2011)
  • 1951 – Steve Hillage, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1951 – Joe Lynn Turner, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1951 – Per Westerberg, Swedish businessman and politician, Speaker of the Parliament of Sweden
  • 1952Alain Giresse, French footballer and manager[14]
  • 1953Donnie Munro, Scottish singer and guitarist
  • 1953 – Butch Patrick, American actor[15]
  • 1953 – Anthony Seldon, English historian and author
  • 1954Sammy McIlroy, Northern Irish footballer and manager
  • 1955Caleb Carr, American historian and author
  • 1955 – Tony Godden, English footballer and manager
  • 1955 – Butch Vig, American drummer, songwriter, and record producer
  • 1956Fulvio Melia, Italian-American physicist, astrophysicist, and author
  • 1957Jacky Rosen, United States senator [16]
  • 1959Victoria Jackson, American actress and singer
  • 1959 – Johnny Kemp, Bahamian singer-songwriter and producer (d. 2015)
  • 1959 – Apollonia Kotero, American singer and actress
  • 1960Linda Fratianne, American figure skater
  • 1960 – Neal Morse, American singer and keyboard player
  • 1960 – David Yow, American singer-songwriter
  • 1961Pete de Freitas, Trinidadian-British drummer and producer (d. 1989)
  • 1962Lee Mavers, English singer, songwriter and guitarist
  • 1962 – Cynthia Stevenson, American actress[17]
  • 1963Laura Bennett, American architect and fashion designer
  • 1963 – Uğur Tütüneker, Turkish footballer and manager
  • 1964Frank Biela, German race car driver
  • 1964 – Mary-Louise Parker, American actress
  • 1965Joe Hockey, Australian lawyer and politician, 38th Treasurer of Australia
  • 1965 – Hisanobu Watanabe, Japanese baseball player and coach
  • 1966Takashi Iizuka, Japanese wrestler
  • 1966 – Grainne Leahy, Irish cricketer
  • 1966 – Tim Wakefield, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1967Aaron Krickstein, American tennis player
  • 1967 – Aline Brosh McKenna, American screenwriter and producer
  • 1968Stefan Effenberg, German footballer and sportscaster
  • 1969Cedric Ceballos, American basketball player
  • 1969 – Fernando Couto, Portuguese footballer and manager
  • 1970Tony Amonte, American ice hockey player and coach
  • 1970 – Kevin Smith, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter[18]
  • 1970 – Philo Wallace, Barbadian cricketer
  • 1971Jason Bell, Australian rugby league player
  • 1971 – Michael Hughes, Irish footballer and manager
  • 1972Mohamed Al-Deayea, Saudi Arabian footballer
  • 1972 – Muriel Bowser, American politician, Mayor of Washington, D.C.[19]
  • 1973Danie Keulder, Namibian cricketer
  • 1973 – Miguel Mendonca, Zimbabwean journalist and author
  • 1973 – Susie O'Neill, Australian swimmer
  • 1974Phil Williams, English journalist and radio host
  • 1975Mineiro, Brazilian footballer
  • 1975 – Xu Huaiwen, Chinese-German badminton player and coach
  • 1975 – Tamás Molnár, Hungarian water polo player
  • 1976Reyes Estévez, Spanish runner
  • 1976 – Jay Heaps, American soccer player and coach
  • 1976 – Michael Weiss, American figure skater
  • 1976 – Sam Worthington, English-Australian actor and producer[17]
  • 1976 – Mohammad Zahid, Pakistani cricketer
  • 1977Edward Furlong, American actor[17]
  • 1978Goran Gavrančić, Serbian footballer
  • 1978 – Matt Guerrier, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Deividas Šemberas, Lithuanian footballer
  • 1978 – Dragan Vukmir, Serbian footballer
  • 1979Marco Bonura, Italian footballer
  • 1979 – Reuben Kosgei, Kenyan runner
  • 1980Ivica Banović, Croatian footballer
  • 1981Alexander Emelianenko, Russian mixed martial artist and boxer
  • 1981 – Tim Murtagh, Irish-English cricketer
  • 1982Hélder Postiga, Portuguese footballer
  • 1982 – Kerry Rhodes, American football player
  • 1982 – Grady Sizemore, American baseball player
  • 1983Michel Bastos, Brazilian footballer
  • 1984Giampaolo Pazzini, Italian footballer
  • 1985Stephen Ferris, Irish rugby player
  • 1985 – David Hart Smith, Canadian wrestler
  • 1985 – Britt Nicole, American Christian pop artist
  • 1986Mathieu Razanakolona, Canadian skier
  • 1988Rob Kwiet, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1989Nacer Chadli, Belgian footballer
  • 1990Ima Bohush, Belarusian tennis player
  • 1990 – Skylar Diggins-Smith, American basketball player[20]
  • 1992Charli XCX, English singer-songwriter[21]
  • 1993Gael Bussa, Congolese politician[22]
  • 1994Laura Pigossi, Brazilian tennis player
  • 1994 – Laremy Tunsil, American football player
  • 1994 – Cr1TiKaL, American YouTuber and Twitch streamer
  • 1995Kristaps Porziņģis, Latvian basketball player
  • 1996Keston Hiura, American baseball player[23]
  • 1996 – Simone Manuel, American swimmer[24]
  • 1999Mark Lee, Korean-Canadian singer[25]

Deaths

Pre-1600

1601–1900

1901–present

  • 1903Eduard Magnus Jakobson, Estonian missionary and engraver (b. 1847)
  • 1903 – Edmond Nocard, French veterinarian and microbiologist (b. 1850)
  • 1913Ferenc Pfaff, Hungarian architect and academic, designed Zagreb Central Station (b. 1851)
  • 1915John Downer, Australian politician, 16th premier of South Australia (b. 1843)
  • 1917Jaan Mahlapuu, Estonian military pilot (b. 1894)
  • 1921Enrico Caruso, Italian tenor and actor (b. 1873)
  • 1922Alexander Graham Bell, Scottish-Canadian engineer, invented the telephone (b. 1847)
  • 1923Warren G. Harding, American journalist and politician, 29th president of the United States (b. 1865)
  • 1923Joseph Whitty, Irish Hunger Striker (b. 1904)[29]
  • 1934Paul von Hindenburg, German field marshal and politician, 2nd president of Germany (b. 1847)
  • 1937Artur Sirk, Estonian soldier, lawyer, and politician (b. 1900)
  • 1939Harvey Spencer Lewis, American mystic and author (b. 1883)
  • 1945Pietro Mascagni, Italian composer and educator (b. 1863)
  • 1955Alfred Lépine, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1901)
  • 1955 – Wallace Stevens, American poet and educator (b. 1879)
  • 1963Oliver La Farge, American anthropologist and author (b. 1901)
  • 1967Walter Terence Stace, English-American epistemologist, philosopher, and academic (b. 1886)
  • 1970Angus MacFarlane-Grieve, English academic, mathematician, rower, and soldier (b. 1891)
  • 1972Brian Cole, American bass player (b. 1942)
  • 1972 – Paul Goodman, American psychotherapist and author (b. 1911)
  • 1972 – Helen Hoyt, American poet and author (b. 1887)
  • 1973Ismail Abdul Rahman, Former Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia (b.1915)[30]
  • 1973Jean-Pierre Melville, French actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1917)
  • 1974Douglas Hawkes, English race car driver and businessman (b. 1893)
  • 1976László Kalmár, Hungarian mathematician and academic (b. 1905)
  • 1976 – Fritz Lang, Austrian-American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1890)
  • 1978Carlos Chávez, Mexican composer and conductor (b. 1899)
  • 1978 – Antony Noghès, French businessman, founded the Monaco Grand Prix (b. 1890)
  • 1979Thurman Munson, American baseball player (b. 1947)[31]
  • 1981Kieran Doherty, Irish hunger striker and politician (b. 1955)[32]
  • 1981Stefanie Clausen, Danish diver (b. 1900)
  • 1983James Jamerson, American bass player[33] (b. 1936)
  • 1986Roy Cohn, American lawyer and politician (b. 1927)
  • 1988Joe Carcione, American activist and author (b. 1914)
  • 1988 – Raymond Carver, American short story writer and poet (b. 1938)
  • 1990Norman Maclean, American short story writer and essayist (b. 1902)
  • 1990 – Edwin Richfield, English actor and screenwriter (b. 1921)
  • 1992Michel Berger, French singer-songwriter and producer (b. 1947)
  • 1996Michel Debré, French lawyer and politician, 150th prime minister of France (b. 1912)
  • 1996 – Obdulio Varela, Uruguayan footballer and manager (b. 1917)
  • 1996 – Mohamed Farrah Aidid, Somalian general and politician, 5th president of Somalia (b. 1934)[34]
  • 1997William S. Burroughs, American novelist, short story writer, and essayist (b. 1914)
  • 1997 – Fela Kuti, Nigerian singer-songwriter and activist (b. 1938)
  • 1998Shari Lewis, American television host and puppeteer (b. 1933)
  • 1999Willie Morris, American writer (b. 1934)
  • 2003Peter Safar, Austrian-American physician and academic (b. 1924)
  • 2004Ferenc Berényi, Hungarian painter and academic (b. 1929)
  • 2004 – François Craenhals, Belgian illustrator (b. 1926)
  • 2004 – Heinrich Mark, Estonian lawyer and politician, 5th prime minister of Estonia in exile (b. 1911)
  • 2005Steven Vincent, American journalist and author (b. 1955)
  • 2007Chauncey Bailey, American journalist (b. 1950)
  • 2008Fujio Akatsuka, Japanese illustrator (b. 1935)
  • 2011José Sanchis Grau, Spanish author and illustrator (b. 1932)
  • 2012Gabriel Horn, English biologist and academic (b. 1927)
  • 2012 – Magnus Isacsson, Canadian director and producer (b. 1948)
  • 2012 – Jimmy Jones, American singer-songwriter (b. 1930)
  • 2012 – John Keegan, English historian and journalist (b. 1934)
  • 2012 – Bernd Meier, German footballer (b. 1972)
  • 2012 – Marguerite Piazza, American soprano (b. 1920)
  • 2013Julius L. Chambers, American lawyer and activist (b. 1936)
  • 2013 – Richard E. Dauch, American businessman, co-founded American Axle (b. 1942)
  • 2013 – Alla Kushnir, Russian–Israeli chess player (b. 1941)
  • 2014Ed Joyce, American journalist (b. 1932)
  • 2014 – Billie Letts, American author and educator (b. 1938)
  • 2014 – Barbara Prammer, Austrian social worker and politician (b. 1954)
  • 2014 – James Thompson, American-Finnish author (b. 1964)
  • 2015Forrest Bird, American pilot and engineer (b. 1921)
  • 2015 – Giovanni Conso, Italian jurist and politician, Italian Minister of Justice (b. 1922)
  • 2015 – Piet Fransen, Dutch footballer (b. 1936)
  • 2015 – Jack Spring, American baseball player (b. 1933)
  • 2016Terence Bayler, New Zealand actor (b. 1930)
  • 2016 – David Huddleston, American actor (b. 1930)
  • 2016 – Franciszek Macharski, Polish cardinal (b. 1927)
  • 2016 – Ahmed Zewail, Egyptian-American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1946)
  • 2017Judith Jones, American literary and cookbook editor (b. 1924)[35]
  • 2020Suzanne Perlman, Hungarian-Dutch visual artist (b. 1922)[36]

Holidays and observances

References

  1. ^ Legrand, Jacques (1989). Chronicle of the World. Eca, Publication. p. 192. ISBN 0-13-133463-8.
  2. ^ "Abderramán III, el primer califa andalusí". 26 June 2019.
  3. ^ Tolmunen, Tapio (2002). Mutkatonta matkaa vuodesta 1982. Raka spår från år 1982 (in Finnish). Helsinki: Helsingin kaupungin liikennelaitos. pp. 43–44. ISBN 951-8926-84-0.
  4. ^ "Helsinki City Transport - About HKL - History - A brief history of the metro". Helsinki City Transport. 19 March 2012. Archived from the original on 12 May 2015. Retrieved 21 September 2013.
  5. ^ Lengermann, Patricia M.; Niebrugge-Brantley, Jill (1998). "Marianne Weber (1870- 1954): A Woman-Centered Sociology". The Women Founders: Sociology and Social Theory, 1830-1930 : a Text/reader. Boston: McGraw-Hill. p. 194. ISBN 978-1-57766-509-0.
  6. ^ Fox, Phyllis (1987). "Mina Rees". In Grinstein, Louise S.; Campbell, Paul J. (eds.). Women of Mathematics: a Biobibliographic Sourcebook. New York: Greenwood Press. p. 175. ISBN 978-0-3132-4849-8.
  7. ^ Lentz, Harris M. (2004). Obituaries in the Performing Arts 2003: Film, Television, Radio, Theatre, Dance, Music, Cartoons and Pop Culture. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland and Company. p. 74. ISBN 9780786417568.
  8. ^ "Obituary: Shimon Peres, Israeli founding father". BBC News. 28 September 2016. Retrieved 28 July 2020.
  9. ^ "Anthony Payne obituary". The Guardian. 4 May 2021. Retrieved 1 August 2021.
  10. ^ "Miscelanea". El Siglo de Torreón. 20 May 1965. Retrieved 27 June 2014.
  11. ^ "Profile". lop.parl.ca. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  12. ^ Hua, Y.; Sarkar, T.K. (1989). "Generalized pencil-of-function method for extracting poles of an EM system from its transient response". IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation. 37 (2): 229–234. Bibcode:1989ITAP...37..229H. doi:10.1109/8.18710.
  13. ^ Lyons, Gregory (13 March 2021). "In Memoriam: Prof. Tapan Sarkar". mtt.org. IEEE Microwave Theory and Techniques Society. Retrieved March 15, 2021.
  14. ^ "FIFA Player Statistics: Alain GIRESSE". FIFA.com. Archived from the original on April 2, 2008. Retrieved 2 January 2017.
  15. ^ "Today's birthdays". Youngstown Vindicator. August 2, 2008. Archived from the original on February 25, 2014. Retrieved August 2, 2018.
  16. ^ "ROSEN, Jacklyn Sheryl (1957-)". Retrieved August 3, 2020.
  17. ^ a b c Rose, Mike (August 2, 2018). "Today's top celebrity birthdays list for August 2, 2018". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved August 2, 2018.
  18. ^ "Kevin Smith Biography (1970–)". FilmReference.com. Retrieved March 30, 2015. Note: At least one source, Yahoo! Movies, gives birthplace as Highlands, New Jersey.
  19. ^ "Muriel Bowser". Archives of Women's Political Communication. Retrieved 1 October 2021.
  20. ^ "Skylar Diggins-Smith". WNBA.com - Official Site of the WNBA. Retrieved August 19, 2021.
  21. ^ "Charli XCX". thevogue.com. Retrieved 1 October 2021.
  22. ^ "Le Phare : " Validation des mandats : Assemblée nationale, les enfants d'abord ! "". Radio Okapi (in French). 2019-08-29. Retrieved 2021-07-03.
  23. ^ "Keston Hiura". MLB.com. Major League Baseball. Retrieved 7 August 2020.
  24. ^ "Simone Manuel". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 25 April 2020.
  25. ^ "Mark (NCT) Profile and Facts; Mark's Ideal Type (Updated!)". Kpop Profiles. 2018-07-27. Retrieved 2020-07-12.
  26. ^ Brock, Sebastian P. (2011). "Aḥudemmeh of Balad". In Brock, Sebastian P.; Aaron M. Butts; George A. Kiraz; Lucas Van Rompay (eds.). Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage: Electronic Edition. Beth Mardutho. p. 13. Retrieved 18 February 2021.
  27. ^ Hollister, C. Warren (1 October 1973). "The Strange Death of William Rufus". Speculum. 48 (4): 637–653. doi:10.2307/2856221. ISSN 0038-7134. JSTOR 2856221. S2CID 162819807. Retrieved 29 July 2020.
  28. ^ "Yolande de Dreux: Biography on Undiscovered Scotland". www.undiscoveredscotland.co.uk. Retrieved 17 January 2020.
  29. ^ The Civil War". rootsireland.ie. roots ireland. Retrieved 29 August 2021. Joe Whitty aged 19 who died on hunger-strike
  30. ^ "Tun Ismail bin Datoʿ Abdul Rahman | Malay politician". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2021-09-09.
  31. ^ "Yankees' star Munson is killed in plane crash". Toledo Blade. Associated Press. August 3, 1979. Retrieved 29 July 2020.
  32. ^ "Roll of Honor/Hunger Strikers". 6 May 2014.
  33. ^ "James Jamerson Dies at 45; Bassist Backed Detroit Stars". The New York Times. 6 August 1983.
  34. ^ Serrill, Michael (12 August 1996), "Dead by the Sword", Time, retrieved 2011-03-19
  35. ^ "Remembered: Judith Jones, editor who rescued Anne Frank's diary". The Independent. 10 August 2017. Retrieved 1 July 2020.
  36. ^ "Suzanne Perlman obituary | Philip Vann". The Guardian. 23 October 2020. Retrieved 25 October 2020.
  37. ^ Fiey, Jean Maurice (2004). Lawrence Conrad (ed.). Saints Syriaques (in French). The Darwin Press. p. 32.
  38. ^ "St. Francis of Assisi National Shrine: Indulgences". www.shrinesf.org. Retrieved August 19, 2021.

External links