Atlantic Canada

Atlantic Canada
Provinces de l'Atlantique  (French)
Atlantic Canada (red) within the rest of Canada
Atlantic Canada (red) within the rest of Canada
Composition
Most populous municipalityHalifax
Area
 • Total487,924.76 km2 (188,388.80 sq mi)
Population
 (2021)
 • Total2,409,874
 • Density4/km2 (10/sq mi)

Atlantic Canada, also called the Atlantic provinces, is the region of Eastern Canada comprising the provinces located on the Atlantic coast, excluding Quebec. The four provinces are New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island. As of 2021, the landmass of the four Atlantic provinces was approximately 488,000 km2, and had a population of over 2.4 million people. The provinces combined had an approximate GDP of $121.888 billion[1] in 2011. The term Atlantic Canada was popularized following the admission of Newfoundland as a Canadian province in 1949.

History

French map of New France and Atlantic Canada, published around 1799
Historical map showing parts of the Atlantic Canada

The first premier of Newfoundland, Joey Smallwood, coined the term "Atlantic Canada" when Newfoundland joined Canada in 1949. He believed that it would have been presumptuous for Newfoundland to assume that it could include itself within the existing term "Maritime Provinces," used to describe the cultural similarities shared by New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, and Nova Scotia. The three Maritime provinces entered Confederation during the 19th century (New Brunswick and Nova Scotia were founding members of the Dominion of Canada in 1867, and Prince Edward Island joined in 1873).

Geography

Although Quebec has a physical Atlantic coast on the Gulf of St. Lawrence, it is generally not considered an Atlantic Province, instead being classified as part of Central Canada along with Ontario. Atlantic and Central Canada together are also known as Eastern Canada. The following tables use Statistics Canada's 2021 Census Data.

Municipal Geography

MunicipalityProvinceMetropolitan (CMA/CA) land area (km2)Municipal land area (km2)Urban (population centre) land area (km2)References
HalifaxNova Scotia7,276.225,475.57238.29[2] [3] [4]
St. John'sNewfoundland and Labrador931.56446.02178[5] [6] [7]
MonctonNew Brunswick2,562.47140.67110.73[8] [9] [10]
Saint JohnNew Brunswick3,505.66315.5970.05[11] [12] [13]
FrederictonNew Brunswick6,014.66133.9389.60[14] [15] [16]
Cape BretonNova Scotia2,457.212,419.7030.91[17] [18] [19]
CharlottetownPrince Edward Island1,112.4344.2757.56[20] [21] [22]
TruroNova Scotia2,732.5337.5231.52[23] [24] [25]
New GlasgowNova Scotia2,066.479.9629.82[26] [27] [28]
BathurstNew Brunswick2,100.0591.6227.92[29] [30] [31]
Corner BrookNewfoundland and Labrador1,122.58147.8821.60[32] [33] [34]
MiramichiNew Brunswick7,564.06178.9827.78[35] [36] [37]
KentvilleNova Scotia607.0517.0827.98[38] [39] [40]
EdmundstonNew Brunswick1,582.36106.8419.06[41] [42] [43]
SummersidePrince Edward Island125.1228.2116.97[44] [45] [46]
Grand Falls-WindsorNewfoundland and Labrador54.8454.8412.34[47] [48] [49]

Provincial Geography

ProvinceLand area (km2)References
New Brunswick71,248.50[50]
Newfoundland and Labrador358,170.37[51]
Nova Scotia52,824.71[52]
Prince Edward Island5,681.18[53]
Flag of New Brunswick
Flag of Prince Edward Island
Flag of Nova Scotia
Flag of Newfoundland and Labrador

Demographics

The following tables provide 2021 census figures for "Metropolitan Areas" (built from entire municipalities) and "Population Centres" (limited to actual continuously-built-up areas) in Atlantic Canada. The list includes communities above 15,000, by Metropolitan Area population, or 10,000 by Population Centre population.

Municipal populations

MunicipalityProvinceType of MunicipalityPopulation of Metropolitan Area (CA/CMA)Population of MunicipalityPopulation of Urban AreaReferences
HalifaxNova ScotiaMunicipality465,703439,819348,634[54] [55] [56]
St. John'sNewfoundland and LabradorCity212,579110,525185,565[57] [58] [59]
MonctonNew BrunswickCity157,71779,470119,785[60] [61] [62]
Saint JohnNew BrunswickCity130,61369,89563,447[63] [64] [65]
FrederictonNew BrunswickCity108,61063,11664,614[66] [67] [68]
Cape BretonNova ScotiaMunicipality98,31893,69430,960[69] [70] [71]
CharlottetownPrince Edward IslandCity78,85838,80952,390[72] [73] [74]
TruroNova ScotiaTown46,15712,95423,583[75] [76] [77]
New GlasgowNova ScotiaTown34,3979,47119,316[78] [79] [80]
BathurstNew BrunswickCity31,38712,15715,985[81] [82] [83]
Corner BrookNewfoundland and LabradorCity29,76219,33319,129[84] [85] [86]
MiramichiNew BrunswickCity27,59317,69211,594[87] [88] [89]
KentvilleNova ScotiaTown26,9296,63014,905[90] [91] [92]
EdmundstonNew BrunswickCity22,14416,43713,125[93] [94] [95]
SummersidePrince Edward IslandCity18,15716,00114,952[96] [97] [98]
Grand Falls-WindsorNewfoundland and LabradorTown13,85313,85311,986[99] [100] [101]

Provincial populations

ProvincePopulationPopulation density (people per km2)Reference
New Brunswick775,61010[102]
Newfoundland and Labrador510,5501[103]
Nova Scotia969,38318[104]
Prince Edward Island154,33127[105]

See also

References

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Further reading

External links

Coordinates:47°N 62°W / 47°N 62°W / 47; -62

Media files used on this page

Flag of New Brunswick.svg
Author/Creator: Dbenbenn (original)
E Pluribus Anthony (current), Licence: CC0
Flag of New Brunswick.
Flag of Newfoundland and Labrador.svg
Flag of Newfoundland and Labrador
Flag of Nova Scotia.svg
Flag of Nova Scotia.
Flag of Prince Edward Island.svg
Flag of Prince Edward Island.
Maple Leaf (from roundel).svg
Author/Creator: , Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0
roundel adopted by Royal Canadian Air Force, from 1946 to 1965.
Wiktionary-logo-en-v2.svg
Author/Creator: Dan Polansky based on work currently attributed to Wikimedia Foundation but originally created by Smurrayinchester, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
A logo derived from File:WiktionaryEn.svg, a logo showing a 3 x 3 matrix of variously rotated tiles with a letter or character on each tile. The derivation consisted in removing the tiles that form the background of each of the shown characters. File:WiktionaryEn.svg is under Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike, created by Smurrayinchester, and attributed to Wikimedia Foundation. This is the version without the wordmark.
North America (orthographic projection).svg
Author/Creator: Heraldry, Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0
North America (orthographic projection)
Waves in pacifica 1.jpg
Author/Creator: Brocken Inaglory, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Sea Storm in Pacifica, w:California
The Earth seen from Apollo 17.jpg
"The Blue Marble" is a famous photograph of the Earth taken on December 7, 1972, by the crew of the Apollo 17 spacecraft en route to the Moon at a distance of about 29,000 kilometres (18,000 mi). It shows Africa, Antarctica, and the Arabian Peninsula.
Canada, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia by Sidney Hall CTASC.jpg
British map from 1830 showing Canada, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. Cities, towns and bodies of water are labelled. Regional districts are outlined. The province of Lower Canada is outlined in green, while other provinces and territories are coloured red. Northeastern and midwestern parts of the United States can be seen, but with much less detail. Published as part of A new general atlas.
Atlantic provinces in Canada.svg
Author/Creator: Allice Hunter, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Map of Atlantic provinces in Canada
Partie de l'Amérique septent? qui comprend la Nouvelle France ou le Canada CTASC.jpg
French map of New France and Atlantic Canada, published around 1799. Some of Ontario (including Lake Ontario) is visible, as is some of New England. Cities, towns, provinces, territories, regions, and bodies of water are named. An inset map in the lower left shows the Great Lakes. The locations of Indigenous communities are noted throughout the map, including the Iroquois, Inuit, Wyandot, Oneida, Algonquin, and Montagnais peoples (may be listed on the map by sub-group names or incorrect names). Relief shown pictorially.