Armorial of the House of Plantagenet

Enamel portrait of Geoffrey Plantagenet, Count of Anjou (1113/17–1151), formerly on his tomb in Le Mans Cathedral, Anjou, France, now in the Museum of Archeology and History in Le Mans. Visible on half his shield of tincture azure are four lions rampant gules, arranged in a manner reminiscent of the full-shield of six lions rampant (3,2,1) borne by his grandson William Longespée, 3rd Earl of Salisbury

The House of Plantagenet was the first truly armigerous royal dynasty of England. Their predecessor, Henry I of England, had presented items decorated with a lion heraldic emblem to his son-in-law, Plantagenet founder Geoffrey, Count of Anjou, and his family experimented with different lion-bearing coats until these coalesced during the reign of his grandson, Richard I (1189–1199), into a coat of arms with three lions on a red field, formally Gules, three lions passant guardant or (armed and langued azure), that became the Royal Arms of England, and colloquially those of England itself. The various cadet branches descended from this family bore differenced versions of these arms, while later members of the House of Plantagenet would either quarter or impale these arms with others to reflect their political aspirations.

Overview of Plantagenet arms

Before Edward III

Arms of dynastic founder and kings
Arms of Geoffrey of Anjou.svgRoyal Arms of England (1154-1189).svgArms of William the Conqueror (1066-1087).svgRoyal Arms of England (1198-1340).svg
Geoffrey Plantagenet, Count of Anjou
William Longespée, 3rd Earl of Salisbury, illegitimate son of King Henry II
Henry II of England (possible)
William FitzEmpress (possible)
Richard I of England (1189–1198) (likely)
Henry II of England (possible)
John, prior to becoming king
Richard FitzRoy, John's illegitimate son
Kings of England 1198–1340, 1360–1369
Arms of the sons of kings and their issue
Arms of Edward, Prince of Wales (1301-1307).svgArms of Richard of Cornwall, Earl of Cornwall.svgArms of Edmund Crouchback, Earl of Leicester and Lancaster.svgArms of Henry, 3rd Earl of Leicester and Lancaster.svg
Prince of WalesRichard, 1st Earl of Cornwall, son of King JohnEdmund Crouchback, 1st Earl of Lancaster, son of Henry IIIHenry, 3rd Earl of Lancaster, son of Edmund Crouchback (1322–1326)
(later inherited his father's arms)
Arms of Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk.svgArms of Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent.svgArms of John of Eltham, Earl of Cornwall.svg
Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk, son of Edward IEdmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent, son of Edward IJohn of Eltham, Earl of Cornwall, son of Edward II

After Edward III

Arms of Kings
Royal Arms of England (1340-1367).svgRoyal Arms of England (1395-1399).svgRoyal Arms of England (1399-1603).svgRoyal Arms of England (1470-1471).svg
Kings of England 1340–1360, 1369–1395, 1399–1406Richard II of England, 1395–1399Kings of England 1406–1422, 1461–1470, 1471–1485Henry VI of England, 1422–1461, 1470–1471
Arms of the sons of Edward III
Arms of the Prince of Wales (Ancient).svgArms of Lionel of Antwerp, 1st Duke of Clarence.svgArms of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster.svgArms of Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York.svgArms of Thomas of Woodstock, 1st Duke of Gloucester.svg
Edward, the Black PrinceLionel of Antwerp, 1st Duke of ClarenceJohn of Gaunt, 1st Duke of LancasterEdmund of Langley, 1st Duke of YorkThomas of Woodstock, 1st Duke of Gloucester
Arms of the grandsons of Edward III
Arms of Richard of Bordeaux, Prince of Wales (later Richard II).svgSons of John of Gaunt:
Red Rose Badge of Lancaster.svg
House of Lancaster

Sons of Edmund of Langley:
White Rose Badge of York.svg
House of York
Arms of Thomas of Woodstock, 1st Duke of Gloucester.svg
Richard of Bordeaux,
son of the Black Prince, until 1376
Humphrey, 2nd Earl of Buckingham,
son of Thomas, Duke of Gloucester

House of Lancaster

Arms of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of LancasterArms of Henry of Bolingbroke, eldest son of John of Gaunt
Arms of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster.svgArms of John of Gaunt, King of Castile.svgArms of Henry Bolingbroke, Duke of Hereford.svgArms of Henry Bolingbroke, Duke of Hereford and Lancaster.svg
As Duke of LancasterAs claimant King of Castile (1371)As Duke of HerefordAs Duke of Hereford and Lancaster
House of Henry IV
Arms of the Prince of Wales (Modern).svgArms of Thomas of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Clarence alt.svgArms of John of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Bedford.svgArms of Humphrey of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Gloucester.svg
Princes of WalesThomas of Lancaster, 1st Duke of ClarenceJohn of Lancaster, 1st Duke of BedfordHumphrey, Duke of Gloucester
Arms of the House of Beaufort, legitimized sons of John of Gaunt
Arms of John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset (Bastard).svgArms of John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset.svgBeaufort Arms (France modern).svgArms of Thomas Beaufort, 1st Duke of Exeter.svgArms of Thomas Beaufort, 1st Duke of Exeter moderne.svg
John Beaufort, 1st Earl of SomersetThomas Beaufort, Duke of Exeter
Before 1396After legitimation, 1396France moderne adoptedAfter legitimation, 1396France moderne adopted

House of York

Arms of the sons of Edmund of Langley
Arms of Edward of Norwich.svgArms of Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York.svgArms of Richard of York, 3rd Duke of York.svgArms of Richard of Conisburgh, 3rd Earl of Cambridge.svg
Edward of Norwich, as Earl of RutlandEdward of Norwich, as Duke of YorkDuke of York since the adoption of France moderneRichard of Conisburgh, 3rd Earl of Cambridge
Arms of the sons of Richard, 3rd Duke of York
Arms of Elizabeth of York (Princess).svgArms of Edmund, Earl of Rutland.svgArms of George Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Clarence.svgArms of Thomas of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Clarence.svg
Edward, Earl of MarchEdmund, Earl of RutlandGeorge, Duke of ClarenceRichard, Duke of Gloucester
Arms of the grandsons of Richard, 3rd Duke of York
Arms of the Prince of Wales (Modern).svgArms of Richard of Shrewsbury, 1st Duke of York.svgArms of Edward Plantagenet, 17th Earl of Warwick.svgArms of the Prince of Wales (Modern).svg
Edward, Prince of Wales, son of Edward IVRichard of Shrewsbury, Duke of York, son of Edward IVEdward Plantagenet, 17th Earl of Warwick, son of George, Duke of ClarenceEdward of Middleham, Prince of Wales, son of Richard III

Non-Plantagenet families

The heiresses of Norfolk and Kent transmitted the Plantagenet arms to non-Plantagenet families:

Mowbrays and Hollands
Arms of Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk.svgArms of Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent.svgArms of John Holland, 1st Duke of Exeter.svgArms of John Holland, 2nd Duke of Exeter.svg
Mowbray Dukes of NorfolkHolland Earls of KentJohn Holland, 1st Duke of ExeterJohn Holland, 2nd Duke of Exeter

Henry VI of England granted differenced versions of the Plantagenet arms to his maternal half-brothers. This was an extraordinary grant, since they were not descended from the English royal family.

House of Tudor
Arms of Edmund Tudor, Earl of Richmond.svgArms of Jasper Tudor, Duke of Bedford.svg
Edmund Tudor, 1st Earl of RichmondJasper Tudor, Duke of Bedford

House of Plantagenet

Colour key
(Line of descent)
  Monarchs
  Paternal descent
  Maternal descent
  Consorts
  Illegitimate descent
  Collaterals

Descendants of Geoffrey Plantagenet, Count of Anjou

ArmsNameLifeBlazonNotes
Arms of Geoffrey of Anjou.svg
Geoffrey of Anjou1113–1151Azure, six lions rampant Or, three, two and one[1][2]Son of: Fulk, King of Jerusalem and Ermengarde, Countess of Maine.

Married to: Empress Matilda; 1128–1151.

Progenitor of the Plantagenet dynasty.

ArmsNameLifeBlazonNotes
Royal Arms of England (1154-1189).svg
Arms of William the Conqueror (1066-1087).svg
King Henry II1133–1189Possible: Gules, a lion rampant (? contourné)

Possible: Gules, two lions passant[1][3]

Son of: Geoffrey of Anjou and Empress Matilda.
No contemporary account provides him with arms, though attempts have been made to extrapolate what he may have used based on those of his sons and other kin.

In French blazoning, the lion rampant contourné was often termed a léopard. However, this usage was never widespread in England, and is long obsolete.[4]

Arms of Eleanor of Aquitaine.svg
Queen Eleanor1124?–1204Attributed:Gules, a lion passant guardant in pale Or[5]Daughter of: William X, Duke of Aquitaine, Duke of Aquitaine and Aenor de Châtellerault.

Married to: King Henry II; 1152–1189.
There is not surviving contemporary evidence of her using arms, but later historians would attribute these arms to her.

ArmsNameLifeBlazonNotes
Arms of England (1189-1198).svgWilliam FitzEmpress "Longespee"1136-1164Possible: Lion rampant (? contourné)[6]Son of: Geoffrey of Anjou and Empress Matilda.
ArmsNameLifeBlazonNotes
Arms of England (1189-1198).svg
Royal Arms of England (1154-1189).svg Royal Arms of England (1189-1198).svg
Arms of William the Conqueror (1066-1087).svg Royal Arms of England (1198-1340).svg
King Richard I, "The Lionheart"1157–1199Possible: Lion rampant (? contourné)[7][8]

Possible: Two lions combatant[8]

Possible: Two lions passant[8]

Gules, three lions passant guardant Or[1][9]

Son of: King Henry II and Queen Eleanor.

His arms are only known from two armorial seals, and hence the tinctures can not be determined. His First Great Seal showed one lion on half of the shield. It is debated whether this was meant to represent two lions combatant or a single lion, and if the latter, whether the direction in which the lion is facing is relevant or simply an artistic liberty. A simple lion rampant is most likely.[7]

At the end of his life, his second seal showed three lions, clearly the three-lion coat used by his successors.[1][7]

Arms of Berengaria of Navarre.svg
Queen Berengaria1170?–1230Azure, a cross pomettée Argent[10]Daughter of: Sancho VI of Navarre and Sancha of Castile, Queen of Navarre.

Married to: King Richard I; 1191–1199.

ArmsNameLifeBlazonNotes
Arms of Geoffrey of Anjou.svg
William Longespée, 3rd Earl of Salisbury1176–1226Azure, six lions guardant Or, three, two and one[3][11]Illegitimate son of: King Henry II and Ida de Tosny.

Descendants of John, King of England

ArmsNameLifeBlazonNotes
Royal Arms of England (1198-1340).svg
King John "Lackland"1166–1216Gules, three lions passant guardant Or[10]Son of: King Henry II and Queen Eleanor.
Arms of Isabella of Angoulême.svg
Queen Isabella1188–1246Lozengy, Or and Gules (Angoulême)[12]Daughter of: Aymer of Angoulême and Alice of Courtenay.

Married to: King John; 1200–1216.

ArmsNameLifeBlazonNotes
Arms of Richard of Cornwall, Earl of Cornwall.svg
Richard, 1st Earl of Cornwall1209–1272Argent, a red lion rampant Gules crowned Or, within a bordure Sable bezanty[13]Son of: King John and Queen Isabella.

Descendants of Henry III of England

ArmsNameLifeBlazonNotes
Royal Arms of England (1198-1340).svg
King Henry III1207–1272Gules, three lions passant guardant Or[14]Son of: King John and Queen Isabella.
Arms of Eleanor of Provence.svg
Queen Eleanor1223–1291Or, four pallets Gules[14]Daughter of: Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Provence and Beatrice of Savoy

Married to: King Henry III; 1236–1272.


ArmsNameLifeBlazonNotes
Arms of Edmund Crouchback, Earl of Leicester and Lancaster.svg
Edmund Crouchback, Earl of Leicester and Lancaster1245–1296Gules, three lions passant guardant Or, with a label of three points Azure each charged with three fleurs de lys Or[15]Son of: King Henry III and Queen Eleanor.
Arms of Edmund Crouchback, Earl of Leicester and Lancaster.svg
Thomas, 2nd Earl of Lancaster1278–1322Gules, three lions passant guardant Or, with a label of three points Azure each charged with three fleurs de lys Or[15]Son of: Edmund Crouchback, Earl of Leicester and Lancaster and Blanche of Artois.
Arms of Henry, 3rd Earl of Leicester and Lancaster.svg
Henry, 3rd Earl of Lancaster1281–1345Gules, three lions passant guardant Or, a baston Azure[16]Son of: Edmund Crouchback, Earl of Leicester and Lancaster and Blanche of Artois.
Arms of Edmund Crouchback, Earl of Leicester and Lancaster.svg
Henry of Grosmont, 1st Duke of Lancaster1310–1361Gules, three lions passant guardant Or, with a label of three points Azure each charged with three fleurs de lys Or[16]Son of: Henry, 3rd Earl of Lancaster and Maud Chaworth


Descendants of Edward I of England

ArmsNameLifeBlazonNotes
Royal Arms of England (1198-1340).svg
King Edward I1239–1307Gules, three lions passant guardant Or[17]Son of: King Henry III and Queen Eleanor.
Arms of Castille (English heraldry).svg
Queen Eleanor1241–1290Quarterly, 1st and 4th, Gules a castle Or (Castile), 2nd and 3rd, Argent a lion rampant (Leon)[18]Daughter of: King Ferdinand III of Castile and Joan of Ponthieu.

Married to: King Edward I; 1254–1290

Arms of Margaret of France.svg
Queen Margaret1279–1318Gules, three lions passant guardant Or (England), dimidiating, Azure, semée fleurs de lys Or (France)[19]Daughter of: King Philip III of France and Marie of Brabant.

Married to: King Edward I; 1299–1307

ArmsNameLifeBlazonNotes
Arms of Alphonso, Earl of Chester.svg
Alphonso Plantagenet, Earl of Chester1273–1284Gules, three lions passant guardant in pale Or, with a label of five points AzureSon of: King Edward I and Queen Eleanor.
Arms of Edward, Prince of Wales (1301-1307).svg
Edward of Caernarfon, Prince of Wales

(later King Edward II)

1284–1327Gules, three lions passant guardant in pale Or, with a label of three points Azure[20]Son of: King Edward I and Queen Eleanor.
Arms of Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk.svg
Thomas of Brotherton, Earl of Norfolk1300–1338Gules, three lions passant guardant in pale Or, with a label of three points Argent[21]Son of: King Edward I and Queen Margaret.
Arms of Alice de Hales.svg
Alice de Hales (or Halys)1304–1326Barry of ten Argent and Azure, a canton Gules, a lion passant guardant Or[22]Daughter of: Roger Hales (or Halys)

Married to: Thomas of Brotherton, Earl of Norfolk; (1316?–1320?)–1326

Arms of Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent.svg
Edmund of Woodstock, Earl of Kent1301–1330Gules, three lions passant guardant in pale Or, within a bordure Argent (Kent)[23]Son of: King Edward I and Queen Margaret.
Arms of Margaret Wake, Baroness Wake of Liddell.svg
Margaret Wake, Baroness Wake of Liddell1297?–1349Barry of six Or and Gules, in chief three torteaux[23]Daughter of: John Wake, Baron Wake of Liddell and Joan de Fiennes

Married to: Edmund of Woodstock, Earl of Kent; 1325

Arms of Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent.svg
Joan of Kent1328–1385Gules, three lions passant guardant Or, within a bordure Argent (Kent)[23]Daughter of: Edmund, Earl of Kent and Margaret Wake.

Married to: Thomas Holland, Earl of Kent; 1340–1360

Married to: Edward of Woodstock, Prince of Wales; 1361–1376.

The so-called Fair Maid of Kent.

Arms of Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent.svg
Thomas Holland, Earl of Kent1350?–1397Gules, three lions passant guardant in pale Or, within a bordure Argent (Kent)[24]Son of: Thomas Holland, Earl of Kent and Joan of Kent
Arms of John Holland, 1st Duke of Exeter.svg
John Holland, Duke of Exeter1352–1400Gules, three lions passant guardant in pale Or, within a bordure Argent charged with fleurs de lys Or[24]Son of: Thomas Holland, Earl of Kent and Joan of Kent
Arms of John Holland, 2nd Duke of Exeter.svg
John Holland, Duke of Exeter and Earl of Huntingdon1395–1447Gules, three lions passant guardant in pale Or, within a bordure Azure charged with eight fleurs de lys Or[24]Son of: John Holland, Duke of Exeter and Earl of Huntingdon and Elizabeth of Lancaster

Descendants of Edward II of England

ArmsNameLifeBlazonNotes
Royal Arms of England (1198-1340).svg
King Edward II1284–1327Gules, three lions passant guardant Or[20]Son of: King of Edward I and Queen Eleanor.
Arms of Margaret of France.svg Arms of Isabella of France.svgQueen Isabella1295–1358Gules, three lions passant guardant Or (England), dimidiating, Azure, semée fleurs de lys Or (France)[25]

Quarterly, 1st England, 2nd France ancien, 3rd, Gules, a cross saltire and an orle of chains linked together Or (Navarre), 4th, Azure, a bend Argent cotised potent-counter-potent Or (Champagne)[25]

Daughter of: King Philip IV of France and Joan I of Navarre.

Married to: King of Edward II; 1308–1327

ArmsNameLifeBlazonNotes
Arms of Edward, Prince of Wales (1301-1307).svg
Edward of Windsor, Prince of Wales

(later King Edward III)

1312–1377Gules, three lions passant guardant Or, with a label of three points Azure[26]Son of: King Edward II and Queen Isabella.
Arms of John of Eltham, Earl of Cornwall.svg
John of Eltham, Earl of Cornwall1316–1336Gules, three lions passant guardant Or, within a bordure of France[25]Son of: King Edward II and Queen Isabella.

Descendants of Edward III of England

ArmsNameLifeBlazonNotes
Royal Arms of England (1198-1340).svg Royal Arms of England (1340-1367).svgKing Edward III1312–1377Previously Edward bore: Gules, three lions passant guardant Or.[26]

Quarterly, 1st and 4th, Azure, semée of fleurs de lys Or (France), 2nd and 3rd, Gules, three lions passant guardant Or (England)[27]

Son of: King Edward II and Queen Isabella.

In 1340, Edward III claimed the throne of France as an inheritance from his mother, Isabella, daughter of King Philip IV of France, and adopted new arms, Quarterly France and England.[1] Such arms are termed "Arms of Pretension", where a sovereign adopts arms illustrative of a claim de jure (by right) to the throne of another kingdom.[28]

Arms of Philippa of Hainault (1330-1340).svg Arms of Philippa of Hainault (1340-1369).svgQueen Philippa1314–1369Quarterly, 1st and 4th, England; 2nd and 3rd, Or, four lions rampant in a quadrangle the first and fourth Sable (Flanders), the second and third Gules (Holland)[29]Daughter of: William I, Count of Hainaut and Joan of Valois.

Married to: King Edward III; 1328–1369.

Descendants of Edward, the Black Prince

ArmsNameLifeBlazonNotes
Arms of the Prince of Wales (Ancient).svg Arms of the Prince of Wales (Shield of Peace).svgEdward of Woodstock, Prince of Wales1330–1376Quarterly, 1st and 4th, France ancien, 2nd and 3rd England, with a label of three points Argent[30]Son of: King Edward III and Queen Philippa.
Arms of Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent.svg
Joan of Kent1328–1385Gules, three lions passant guardant Or, within a bordure Argent (Kent)[30]Daughter of: Edmund, Earl of Kent and Margaret Wake.

Married to: Thomas Holland, Earl of Kent; 1340–1360

Married to: Edward of Woodstock, Prince of Wales; 1361–1376.

ArmsNameLifeBlazonNotes
Arms of Sir Roger de Clarendon.svg
Sir Roger Clarendon1350–1402Or, on a bend Sable, three ostrich feathers Argent, the quills transfixing as many scrolls of the first[31]Illegitimate son of: Edward of Woodstock, the Prince of Wales and Edith Willesford.
ArmsNameLifeBlazonNotes
Arms of Richard of Bordeaux, Prince of Wales (later Richard II).svg Royal Arms of England (1395-1399).svgKing Richard II1367–1400Azure, a cross fleury between five martlets Or (St. Edward the Confessor), impaling, Quarterly, 1st and 4th, France ancien, 2nd and 3rd England[32]Son of: Edward of Woodstock, the Prince of Wales and Joan of Kent.

Childless, overthrown and succeeded by his cousin, Henry Bolingbroke or King Henry IV.

Arms of Anne of Bohemia.svg
Anne of Bohemia1366–1394Quarterly, 1st and 4th, Or, an eagle displayed sable (Imperial Arms), 2nd and 3rd, Gules, a lion rampant queue fourchée Argent crowned Or (Bohemia)[32]Daughter of: Emperor Charles IV of the Holy Roman Empire and Elizabeth of Pomerania.

Married to: King Richard II; 1382–1394.

Arms of Isabella of Valois.svg
Isabella of Valois1389–1409Azure, semée of fleurs de lys Or (France ancien)[33]Daughter of: King Charles VI of France and Isabeau of Bavaria.

Married to: King Richard II; 1396–1400.

Descendants of Lionel of Antwerp, 1st Duke of Clarence

ArmsNameLifeBlazonNotes
Arms of Lionel of Antwerp, 1st Duke of Clarence.svg
Lionel of Antwerp, Duke of Clarence1338–1368Quarterly, 1st and 4th, France ancien, 2nd and 3rd England, with a label of three points Argent each charged with a canton Gules[34]Son of: King Edward III and Queen Philippa.
Arms of the House of de Burgh.svg
Elizabeth de Burgh, Countess of Ulster1332–1363Or, a cross Gules (de Burgh)[34]Daughter of: William Donn de Burgh, Earl of Ulster and Matilda of Lancaster.

Married to: Lionel of Antwerp, Duke of Clarence; 1352–1363.

ArmsNameLifeBlazonNotes
Arms of Philippa of Clarence, 5th Countess of Ulster.svg
Philippa of Clarence, Countess of Ulster1355–1382Quarterly, 1st and 4th, France ancien, 2nd and 3rd England, with a label of three points Argent each charged with a canton Gules, impaling, Barry of six, Or and Azure, on a chief two pales, the corners gyronny, overall an escutcheon Argent[35]Daughter of: Lionel of Antwerp, Duke of Clarence and Elizabeth de Burgh, Countess of Ulster.

Married to: Edmund Mortimer, Earl of March; 1368–1381.

Arms of the House of Mortimer.svg
Edmund Mortimer, Earl of March1352–1381Barry of six, Or and Azure, on a chief two pales, the corners gyronny, overall an escutcheon Argent (Mortimer)[35]Son of: Roger Mortimer, Earl of March and Philippa Montacute.
Arms of the Earl of March.svg
Roger Mortimer, Earl of March1374–1398Quarterly, 1st and 4th, Barry of six, Or and Azure, on a chief two pales, the corners gyronny, overall an escutcheon Argent (Mortimer), 2nd and 3rd Or, a cross Gules (de Burgh)[35]Son of: Edmund Mortimer, Earl of March and Philippa of Clarence, Countess of Ulster.
Arms of Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent.svg
Alianore Holland, Countess of March1370–1405Gules, three lions passant guardant Or, within a bordure Argent (Kent)[35]Daughter of: Thomas Holland, Earl of Kent and Alice Holland.

Married to: Roger Mortimer, Earl of March; 1388–1398.

Arms of Anne de Mortimer, Countess of Cambridge.svg
Anne Mortimer, Countess of Cambridge1390–1411Quarterly, 1st and 4th, France moderne, 2nd and 3rd England, with a label of three points Argent each point charged with three torteaux Gules, within a bordure Argent charged with lions rampant purpure, impaling, Quarterly, 1st and 4th, Barry of six, Or and Azure, on a chief two pales, the corners gyronny, overall an escutcheon Argent (Mortimer), 2nd and 3rd Or, a cross Gules (de Burgh)[35]Daughter of: Roger Mortimer, Earl of March and Alianore Holland, Countess of March.

Married to: Richard of Conisburgh, Earl of Cambridge; 1408–1411.


John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster

ArmsNameLifeBlazonNotes
Arms of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster.svg Arms of John of Gaunt, King of Castile.svgJohn of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster1340–1399Quarterly, 1st and 4th, France ancien, 2nd and 3rd England, with a label of three points ermine[36]

Quarterly, Castile and Leon, impaling, quarterly, France and England, a label of three points ermine[37]

Son of: King Edward III and Queen Philippa.

See: House of Lancaster

Arms of Edmund Crouchback, Earl of Leicester and Lancaster.svg
Blanche of Lancaster1345–1369England a label of France (Old Lancaster)[36]Daughter of: Henry of Grosmont, Duke of Lancaster and Isabel of Beaumont.

Married to: John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster; 1359–1369.

Arms of Castille (English heraldry).svg
Constance of Castile1354–1394Quarterly, Castile and Leon (Kingdom of Castile)[37]Daughter of: King Peter of Castile and María de Padilla.

Married to: John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster; 1371–1394.

Arms of Katherine Swynford (de Roet).svg
Katherine Swynford1350–1403Gules, three Catherine wheels Or (Roet)[37]Daughter of: Payne de Roet.

Married to: John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster; 1396–1399.


Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York

ArmsNameLifeBlazonNotes
Arms of Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York.svg
Edmund of Langley, Duke of York1341–1402Quarterly, 1st and 4th, France ancien, 2nd and 3rd England, with a label of three points Argent each point charged with three torteaux Gules[38]Son of: King Edward III and Queen Philippa.

See: House of York

Arms of Castille (English heraldry).svg
Isabella of Castille1355–1392Quarterly, Castille and Leon (Kingdom of Castille)[38]Daughter of: King Peter of Castile and María de Padilla.

Married to: Edmund of Langley, Duke of York; 1372–1392.

Arms of Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent.svg
Joan Holland1380–1434Gules, three lions passant guardant Or, within a bordure Argent (Kent)[38]Daughter of: Thomas Holland, Earl of Kent and Alice Holland.

Married to: Edmund of Langley, Duke of York; 1393–1402.


Descendants of Thomas of Woodstock, 1st Duke of Gloucester

ArmsNameLifeBlazonNotes
Arms of Thomas of Woodstock, 1st Duke of Gloucester.svg
Thomas of Woodstock, Duke of Gloucester1355–1397Quarterly, 1st and 4th, France ancien, 2nd and 3rd England, within a bordure Argent[39]Son of: King Edward III and Queen Philippa.
Arms of the House of de Bohun.svg
Eleanor de Bohun1366–1399Azure, a bend Argent between two cotise and six lions rampant Or (de Bohun)[39]Daughter of: Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford and Joan de Bohun.

Married to: Thomas of Woodstock, Duke of Gloucester; 1374–1397.

ArmsNameLifeBlazonNotes
Arms of Thomas of Woodstock, 1st Duke of Gloucester.svg
Humphrey, Earl of Buckingham1381–1399Quarterly, 1st and 4th, France, 2nd and 3rd England, within a bordure Argent[40]Son of: Thomas of Woodstock, Duke of Gloucester and Eleanor de Bohun.
Arms of Anne of Gloucester, Countess of Stafford.svg
Anne of Gloucester, Countess of Stafford1383–1438Or, a chevron Gules (Stafford), impaling, Quarterly, 1st and 4th, France moderne, 2nd and 3rd England, within a bordure Argent[40]Daughter of: Thomas of Woodstock, Duke of Gloucester and Eleanor de Bohun.

Married to: Edmund Stafford, Earl of Stafford.

House of Lancaster

Colour key
(Line of descent)
  Monarchs
  Paternal descent
  Maternal descent
  Consorts
  Illegitimate descent
  Collaterals

Descendants of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster

ArmsNameLifeBlazonNotes
Arms of Henry Bolingbroke, Duke of Hereford.svg Arms of Henry Bolingbroke, Duke of Hereford and Lancaster.svgHenry Bolingbroke, Duke of Hereford and Lancaster
(later King Henry IV)
1366–1413As Duke of Hereford:

Quarterly, 1st and 4th, France ancien, 2nd and 3rd England, with a label of five points ermine (Richmond)[41]


As Duke of Lancaster and Hereford:

Quarterly, 1st and 4th, France ancien, 2nd and 3rd England, with a label of five points two of ermine (Richmond) and three Azure flory Or (Lancaster)[41]

Son of: John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster and Blanche of Lancaster.
Arms of John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset (Bastard).svg Arms of John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset.svgJohn Beaufort, Earl of Somerset1373–1410Per pale, Argent and Azure, over all on a bend Gules three lions passant guardant Or with a label of three points Azure each charges with three fleur de lys Or[42]

Quarterly, 1st and 4th, France ancien, 2nd and 3rd England, within a bordure componée Argent and Azure[42]

Illegitimate Son (legitimated in 1396) of: John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster and Katherine Swynford.

See: House of Beaufort

Arms of John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset.svg
Henry Beaufort, Cardinal of St. Eusebius and Bishop of Winchester1374–1447Quarterly, 1st and 4th, France ancien, 2nd and 3rd England, within a bordure componée Argent and Azure[43]Illegitimate Son (legitimated in 1396) of: John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster and Katherine Swynford.
Arms of Thomas Beaufort, 1st Duke of Exeter.svg Arms of Thomas Beaufort, 1st Duke of Exeter moderne.svgThomas Beaufort, Duke of Exeter1377–1426Quarterly, 1st and 4th, France ancien, 2nd and 3rd England, within a bordure componée Azure and Ermine[44]Illegitimate Son (legitimated in 1396) of: John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster and Katherine Swynford.


Descendants of Henry IV of England

ArmsNameLifeBlazonNotes
Royal Arms of England (1340-1367).svg Royal Arms of England (1399-1603).svgKing Henry IV1366–1413Quarterly, 1st and 4th, France ancien, 2nd and 3rd England[45]

Changed to France moderne in line with changes made in that kingdom: Quarterly, 1st and 4th, France moderne, 2nd and 3rd England[45]

Son of: John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster and Blanche of Lancaster.

In 1376, the kings of France altered the royal coat of arms, replacing the field semée fleurs de lys with three fleurs de lys, alluding to the Trinity. This new design is referred to as France Moderne, the previous one being France Ancien. From about 1400 the kings of England imitated this change. As modified, the monarchs of England continued to bear arms in this form until the crown union with Scotland in 1603.[1]

First king of the House of Lancaster.

Arms of the House of de Bohun.svg
Mary de Bohun1370–1394Azure, a bend Argent between two cotise and six lions rampant Or (de Bohun)[41]Daughter of: Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford and Joan FitzAlan.

Married to: Henry Bolingbroke (later King Henry IV); 1380–1394.

Arms of Joan of Navarre.svg
Joan of Navarre1370–1437Quarterly, 1st and 4th, France ancien and a baston gobony Argent and Gules (Evreux), 2nd and 3rd, Gules, a cross, a saltire and an orle of chain linked together Or (Navarre)[46]Daughter of: King Charles II of Navarre and Joan of Valois.

Married to: King Henry IV; 1399–1413.

ArmsNameLifeBlazonNotes
Arms of the Prince of Wales (Modern).svg
Henry of Monmouth, Prince of Wales
(later King Henry V)
1386–1422Quarterly, 1st and 4th, France moderne, 2nd and 3rd England, with a label of three points Argent[47]Son of: King Henry IV and Mary de Bohun.
Arms of Thomas of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Clarence.svg
Thomas of Lancaster, Duke of Clarence1387–1421Quarterly, 1st and 4th, France moderne, 2nd and 3rd England, with a label of three points ermine, each with a canton Gules[48]Son of: King Henry IV and Mary de Bohun.
Arms of John of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Bedford.svg
John of Lancaster, Duke of Bedford1389–1435Quarterly, 1st and 4th, France moderne, 2nd and 3rd England, with a label of five points, the two on the dexter side ermine and each of the other three charged with three fleurs de lys[49]Son of: King Henry IV and Mary de Bohun.
Arms of Humphrey of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Gloucester.svg
Humphrey of Lancaster, Duke of Gloucester1390–1447Quarterly, 1st and 4th, France moderne, 2nd and 3rd England, within a bordure Argent[49]Son of: King Henry IV and Mary de Bohun.
Descendants of Henry V of England
ArmsNameLifeBlazonNotes
Royal Arms of England (1399-1603).svg
King Henry V1386–1422Quarterly, 1st and 4th, France moderne, 2nd and 3rd England[50]Son of: King Henry IV and Mary de Bohun.
Arms of Catherine of Valois.svg
Catherine of Valois1401–1437Azure, three fleur de lys Or (France moderne)[50]Daughter of: King Charles VI of France and Isabeau of Bavaria.

Married to: King Henry V; 1420–1422.

Later married to: Owen Tudor; 1428?–1437, progenitor of the House of Tudor.

ArmsNameLifeBlazonNotes
Royal Arms of England (1470-1471).svg
King Henry VI1421–1471France moderne, impaling, quarterly, 1st and 4th, France moderne, 2nd and 3rd England[51]Son of: King Henry V and Catherine of Valois.

Throne usurped by Edward, Earl of March, who became King Edward IV in 1461.

Arms of Margaret of Anjou.svg
Margaret of Anjou1430–1482Quarterly of six, 1st, barry of eight Argent and Gules (Hungary), 2nd, Azure, semée of fleur de lys Or, a label of three points Gules (Naples), 3rd, Argent, a cross potent between four crosses Or (Jerusalem), 4th, Azure, semée of fleur de lys Or, a bordure Gules (Anjou), 5th Azure, semée of crosses crosslet fitchée, two barbels addorsée Or (Bar), 6th, Or, on a bend Gules three allerions Argent (Lorraine)[52]Daughter of: King René of Naples, Duke of Anjou and Isabella of Lorraine.

Married to: King Henry VI; 1445–1471.

ArmsNameLifeBlazonNotes
Arms of the Prince of Wales (Modern).svg
Edward of Westminster, Prince of Wales1453–1471Quarterly, 1st and 4th, France moderne, 2nd and 3rd England, with a label of three points Argent[53]Son of: King Henry VI and Margaret of Anjou.

Killed at the Battle of Tewkesbury 1471.


House of York

Colour key
(Line of descent)
  Monarchs
  Paternal descent
  Maternal descent
  Consorts
  Illegitimate descent
  Collaterals

Descendants of Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York

ArmsNameLifeBlazonNotes
Arms of Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York.svg
Edward of Norwich, Duke of York1373–1415Quarterly, 1st and 4th, France ancien, 2nd and 3rd England, with a label of three points Gules each charged with three castles Or[54]

Quarterly, 1st and 4th, France ancien, 2nd and 3rd England, with a label of three points Argent each point charged with three torteaux Gules[54]

Son of: Edmund of Langley, Duke of York and Isabella of Castille.
Arms of Richard of Conisburgh, 3rd Earl of Cambridge.svg
Richard of Conisburgh, Earl of Cambridge1385–1415Quarterly, 1st and 4th, France moderne, 2nd and 3rd England, with a label of three points Argent each point charged with three torteaux Gules, within a bordure Argent charged with lions rampant purpure[55]Son of: Edmund of Langley, Duke of York and Isabella of Castille.

Executed in 1415 at the orders of King Henry V, for Treason.

Arms of Anne de Mortimer, Countess of Cambridge.svg
Anne Mortimer, Countess of Cambridge1390–1411Quarterly, 1st and 4th, France moderne, 2nd and 3rd England, with a label of three points Argent each point charged with three torteaux Gules, within a bordure Argent charged with lions rampant purpure, impaling, Quarterly, 1st and 4th, Barry of six, Or and Azure, on a chief two pales, the corners gyronny, overall an escutcheon Argent (Mortimer), 2nd and 3rd Or, a cross Gules (de Burgh)[35]Daughter of: Roger Mortimer, Earl of March and Alianore Holland, Countess of March.

Married to: Richard of Conisburgh, Earl of Cambridge; 1408–1411.

Heiress of the House of Clarence.

Richard of York, 3rd Duke of York (Variant).svg Arms of Richard of York, 3rd Duke of York.svgRichard of York, Duke of York1411–1460Quarterly, 1st and 4th, quarterly, France moderne, and England, overall a label of three points each charged with three torteaux Gules, 2nd, quarterly, Castile and Leon, 3rd, quarterly, Mortimer and de Burgh, and overall and inescutcheon Gules, three passant guardant Or, a bordure Argent[56]

Quarterly, 1st and 4th, France moderne, 2nd and 3rd England, with a label of three points Argent each point charged with three torteaux Gules[56]

Son of: Richard of Conisburgh, Earl of Cambridge, Duke of York and Anne Mortimer.

Originator of the claim of the House of York to the throne, by combining the claims of Clarence (from his mother) and York (from his father).

Descendants of Richard of York, 3rd Duke of York

ArmsNameLifeBlazonNotes
Arms of Richard of York, 3rd Duke of York.svg
Richard of York, Duke of York1411–1460Quarterly, 1st and 4th, France modern, 2nd and 3rd England, with a label of three points Argent each point charged with three torteaux Gules[56]Son of: Richard of Conisburgh, Earl of Cambridge, Duke of York and Anne Mortimer.

Originator of the claim of the House of York to the throne.

Defeated and killed at the Battle of Wakefield in 1460.

Arms of Cecily Neville, Duchess of York.svg
Cecily Neville, Duchess of York1415–1495Gules a saltire Argent (Neville)[56]Daughter of: Ralph de Neville, Earl of Westmorland and Joan Beaufort (daughter of John of Gaunt).

Married to: Richard of York, Duke of York; 1429–1460.

ArmsNameLifeBlazonNotes
Arms of Elizabeth of York (Princess).svg
Edward, Earl of March
(later King Edward IV)
1442–1483Quarterly, 1st, quarterly, 1st and 4th, France moderne, 2nd and 3rd England, 2nd and 3rd Or, a cross Gules (de Burgh), 4th Barry of six, Or and Azure, on a chief two pales, the corners gyronny, overall an escutcheon Argent (Mortimer)[57]Son of: Richard of York, Duke of York and Cecily Neville.
Arms of Edmund, Earl of Rutland.svg
Edmund, Earl of Rutland1443–1460Quarterly, 1st, quarterly, 1st and 4th, France moderne, 2nd and 3rd England, with a label of five points Argent the two dexter points charged with lions rampant purpure and three sinister points each with three torteaux, 2nd and 3rd de Burgh, 4th Mortimer[58]Son of: Richard of York, Duke of York and Cecily Neville.

Killed after the Battle of Wakefield.

Arms of George Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Clarence.svg
George, Duke of Clarence1449–1478Quarterly, 1st and 4th, France moderne, 2nd and 3rd England, with a label of three points Argent each point charged with a canton Gules[59]Son of: Richard of York, Duke of York and Cecily Neville.
Arms of Thomas of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Clarence.svg
Richard, Duke of Gloucester
(later King Richard III)
1452–1485Quarterly, 1st and 4th, France moderne, 2nd and 3rd England, with a label of three points ermine each charged with a canton Gules (same as Thomas of Lancaster)[60]Son of: Richard of York, Duke of York and Cecily Neville.
Descendants of Edward IV of England
ArmsNameLifeBlazonNotes
Royal Arms of England (1399-1603).svg
King Edward IV1442–1483Quarterly, 1st and 4th, France moderne, 2nd and 3rd England[61]Son of: Richard of York, Duke of York and Cecily Neville.

Declared king in 1461, usurping the crown from the weak King Henry VI.

First king of the House of York.

Arms of Elizabeth Woodville.svg
Elizabeth Woodville1437–1492Quarterly of six, 1st, Agent, a lion rampant double queued gules, crowned Or (Luxembourg), 2nd, quarterly 1st and 4th, Gules, a star of eight points Argent, 2nd and 3rd, Azure semée of fleurs de lys Or (de Baux d' Andrée), 3rd, Barry Argent and Azure, overall a lion rampant Gules (Lusignan of Cyprus), 4th, Gules, three bendlets Argent, on a chief of the first, charged with a fillet in base Or, a rose of the second (Ursins), 5th, Gules, three pallets vairy, on a chief Or a label five points Azure (St. Pol), 6th, Argent, a fess and a canton conjoined Gules (Woodville)[62]Daughter of: Richard Woodville, Earl Rivers and Jacquetta of Luxembourg.

Married to: Sir John Grey; 1452–1461.

Married to: King Edward IV; 1464–1483.

ArmsNameLifeBlazonNotes
Arms of Elizabeth of York (Princess).svg
Elizabeth of York1466–1503Quarterly, 1st, quarterly, 1st and 4th, France moderne, 2nd and 3rd England, 2nd and 3rd de Burgh, 4th Mortimer[63]Daughter of: King Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville.

Married to: King Henry VII; 1486–1503.

Arms of the Prince of Wales (Modern).svg
Edward, Prince of Wales
(later King Edward V)
1470–1483?Quarterly, 1st and 4th, France moderne, 2nd and 3rd England, with a label of three points Argent[64]Son of: King Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville.

One of the two: Princes in the Tower.

Arms of Richard of Shrewsbury, 1st Duke of York.svg
Richard of Shrewsbury, Duke of York1473–1483?Quarterly, 1st and 4th, France moderne, 2nd and 3rd England, with a label of three points Argent on the first point a canton Gules[65]Son of: King Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville.

One of the two: Princes in the Tower.

Arms of Arthur Plantagenet, 1st Viscount Lisle.svg
Arthur Plantagenet, Viscount Lisle?–1542Quarterly, 1st, quarterly, 1st and 4th, France moderne, 2nd and 3rd England, 2nd and 3rd de Burgh, 4th Mortimer, overall a baston sinister Azure[66]Illegitimate son of: King Edward IV.

Imprisoned in 1540 at the orders of King Henry VIII for treason. Died two days after receiving the news he was to be released.

Descendants of George Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Clarence
ArmsNameLifeBlazonNotes
Arms of George Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Clarence.svg
George, Duke of Clarence1449–1478Quarterly, 1st and 4th, France moderne, 2nd and 3rd England, with a label of three points Argent each point charged with a canton Gules[59]Son of: Richard of York, Duke of York and Cecily Neville.

Executed in 1478 at the orders of King Edward IV (his own brother), for having designs on the throne.

Arms of Isabel Neville, Duchess of Clarence.svg
Isabel Neville, Duchess of Clarence1451–1476Gules a saltire Argent, a label of three points gobony, Argent and Azure (Neville)[59]Daughter of: Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick and Anne de Beauchamp.

Married to: George Plantagenet, Duke of Clarence; 1469–1476.

ArmsNameLifeBlazonNotes
Arms Margaret Pole, Countess of Salisbury.svg
Margaret Pole, Countess of Salisbury1473–1541Quarterly, 1st, Quarterly, France modern and England, a label of three points Argent each charged with a canton Gules (Clarence), 2nd, Gules a saltire Argent, a label of three points gobony Argent and Azure (Neville), impaling Gules, a fess between six crosses crosslet Or (Beauchamp), 3rd, Chequy Or and Azure, a chevron ermine (Newburgh), impaling Argent, three lozenges conjoined in fess Gules (Montacute), 4th, Or, an eagle displayed Vert (Monthermer), impaling Quarterly 1st and 4th, Or, three chevrons Gules (Clare), 2nd and 3rd, Quarterly, Argent and Gules, a fret Or, overall a bendlett Sable (Despencer)[59]Daughter of: George, Duke of Clarence and Isabel Neville.

Married to: Sir Richard Pole; 1487–1505?.

Matriarch of the Pole family; mother of Cardinal Reginald Pole, later Archbishop of Canterbury.

Executed in 1541 at the orders of King Henry VIII for treason.

Later beatified by the Catholic Church as Blessed.

Arms of Edward Plantagenet, 17th Earl of Warwick.svg
Edward Plantagenet, Earl of Warwick1475–1499Quarterly, 1st and 4th, France moderne, 2nd and 3rd England, with a label of three points gobony, Argent and Azure (Neville)[67]Son of: George, Duke of Clarence and Isabel Neville.

Nominated heir of King Richard III in 1484.

Executed in 1499 at the orders of King Henry VII for treason.

Last legitimate male-line member of the House of Plantagenet.

Descendants of Richard III of England
ArmsNameLifeBlazonNotes
Royal Arms of England (1399-1603).svg
King Richard III1452–1485Quarterly, 1st and 4th, France moderne, 2nd and 3rd England[60]Son of: Richard of York, Duke of York and Cecily Neville.

Defeated and killed at the Battle of Bosworth Field in 1485, fighting against Henry Tudor, later King Henry VII.

Last legitimate male-line Plantagenet king.

Arms of Anne Neville.svg Arms of Anne Neville (Variant).svgAnne Neville1456–1485Quarterly of seven, 1st, Gules, a fess between six crosses crosslet Or (Beauchamp), 2nd, Chequy Or and Azure, a chevron ermine (Newburgh), 3rd, Argent, three lozenges conjoined in fess Gules (Montacute), 4th, Or, an eagle displayed Vert (Monthermer), 5th, Gules a saltire Argent, a label of three points gobony Argent and Azure (Neville), 6th, Or, three chevrons Gules (Clare), 7th, Quarterly, Argent and Gules, a fret Or, overall a bendlett Sable (Despencer)[68]

Gules, a saltire Argent[60]

Daughter of: Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick and Anne de Beauchamp.

Married to: Edward of Westminster, Prince of Wales; 1470–1471.

Married to: King Richard III; 1472–1485.

Anne sometimes bore her father, Warwick the Kingmaker's, full achievement, however at other times she also bore the arms of Neville without difference.

ArmsNameLifeBlazonNotes
Arms of the Prince of Wales (Modern).svg
Edward of Middleham, Prince of Wales1473–1484Quarterly, 1st and 4th, France moderne, 2nd and 3rd England, with a label of three points Argent[69]Son of: King Richard III and Anne Neville,

Died at age 10 in 1484, Edward Plantagenet, Earl of Warwick nominated heir in his place.


House of Beaufort

Colour key
(Line of descent)
  Monarchs
  Paternal descent
  Maternal descent
  Consorts
  Illegitimate descent
  Collaterals

Descendants of John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset

ArmsNameLifeBlazonNotes
Arms of John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset (Bastard).svg Arms of John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset.svgJohn Beaufort, Earl of Somerset1373–1410Per pale, Argent and Azure, over all on a bend Gules three lions passant guardant Or with a label of three points Azure each charges with three fleur de lys Or[42]

Quarterly, 1st and 4th, France ancien, 2nd and 3rd England, within a bordure componée Argent and Azure[42]

Illegitimate Son (legitimated in 1396) of: John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster and Katherine Swynford.
Arms of Margaret Holland, Countess of Somerset.svgMargaret Holland, Countess of Somerset1385–1439Quarterly, 1st and 4th, France ancien, 2nd and 3rd England, within a bordure componée Argent and Azure, impaling, Gules, three lions passant guardant Or, within a bordure Argent[42]Daughter of: Thomas Holland, Earl of Kent and Alice Holland, Countess of Kent

Married to: John Beaufort, Earl of Somerset; 1399–1410

Married to: Thomas of Lancaster, Duke of Clarence; 1411–1421

ArmsNameLifeBlazonNotes
Beaufort Arms (France modern).svgJohn Beaufort, Duke of Somerset1403–1444Quarterly, 1st and 4th, France moderne, 2nd and 3rd England, within a bordure componée Argent and Azure[70]Son of: John Beaufort, Earl of Somerset and Margaret Holland.
Arms of Margaret Beauchamp.svgMargaret Beauchamp1406–1482Quarterly, 1st and 4th, France moderne, 2nd and 3rd England, within a bordure componée Argent and Azure, impaling, Gules, on a fess Or a mullet Sable, between six martlets, three, two and one, of the second (Beauchamp)[70]Daughter of: John Beauchamp of Bletso and Edith Stourton.

Married to: Sir Oliver St John, of Bletsoe; 1425–1437.

Married to: John Beaufort, Duke of Somerset; 1439–1444.

Married to: Lionel de Welles, Baron Welles; 1447–1461.

ArmsNameLifeBlazonNotes
Beaufort Arms (France modern).svg Arms of Lady Margaret Beaufort, Countess of Richmond.svgLady Margaret Beaufort1443–1509Quarterly, 1st and 4th, France moderne, 2nd and 3rd England, within a bordure componée Argent and Azure[71]

Quarterly, France moderne and England, a bordure Azure charged alternatively with fleurs de lys and martlets Or, impaling, Quarterly, 1st and 4th, France moderne, 2nd and 3rd England, within a bordure componée Argent and Azure[71]

Daughter of: John Beaufort, Duke of Somerset and Margaret Beauchamp.

Married to: Edmund Tudor, 1st Earl of Richmond; 1455–1456.

Married to: Sir Henry Stafford; 1462–1471.

Married to: Thomas Stanley, Earl of Derby; 1472–1504.

Arms of Edmund Tudor, Earl of Richmond.svgEdmund Tudor, Earl of Richmond1430–1456Quarterly, France moderne and England, a bordure Azure charged alternatively with fleurs de lys and martlets Or[71]Son of: Sir Owen Tudor and Catherine of Valois.

Half brother to King Henry VI, legitimated by Parliament in 1453.

ArmsNameLifeBlazonNotes
Arms of Edmund Tudor, Earl of Richmond.svg Royal Arms of England (1399-1603).svgHenry Tudor, Earl of Richmond
(later King Henry VII)
1457–1509Quarterly, France moderne and England, a bordure Azure charged alternatively with fleurs de lys and martlets Or[72]

Quarterly, 1st and 4th, France moderne, 2nd and 3rd England[73]

Son of: Edmund Tudor, Earl of Richmond and Lady Margaret Beaufort.

Defeats King Richard III at the Battle of Bosworth Field in 1485, claims the throne as King Henry VII.

See: House of Tudor

Arms of Elizabeth of York (Princess).svg Arms of Elizabeth of York.svgElizabeth of York1466–1503Quarterly, 1st, quarterly, 1st and 4th, France moderne, 2nd and 3rd England, 2nd and 3rd de Burgh, 4th Mortimer[74]Daughter of: King Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville.

Married to: King Henry VII; 1486–1503.

Heiress of the House of York.


Descendants of Henry Beaufort, 3rd Duke of Somerset

ArmsNameLifeBlazonNotes
Coat of arms of Sir Charles Somerset, 1st Earl of Worcester, KG.pngCharles Somerset, 1st Earl of Worcester, K.G.1460–1526Quarterly, 1st and 4th, France ancien, 2nd and 3rd England, within a bordure componée Argent and Azure[42] (Beaufort)with argent baton sinister, with escutcheon of pretence of per pale azure and gules, three lions rampant argent, 2 and 1 Herbert.An illegitimate son of Henry Beaufort, 3rd Duke of Somerset[75] by his mistress Joan Hill.[76] He was invested as a Knight of the Garter in about 1496. On 1 February 1514 he was created Earl of Worcester and was at some time appointed Lord Chamberlain of the Household to King Henry VIII. As Lord Chamberlain, Somerset was largely responsible for the preparations for the Field of Cloth of Gold in 1520. He was a favourite of Henry VII and Henry VIII
ArmsNameLifeBlazonNotes
Quartered arms of Sir William Somerset, 3rd Earl of Worcester, KG.pngWilliam Somerset, 3rd Earl of Worcester, K.G.1526/7–1589Quarterly, 1st and 4th, or a fess on which is France moderne, 2nd and 3rd England, within a bordure componée Argent and Azure[70] (Beaufort), 2nd, per pale azure and gules, three lions rampant argent, 2 and 1 Herbert, argent a fess gules, with a canton gueules.[77]Eldest son of Henry Somerset, 2nd Earl of Worcester and his second wife Elizabeth Browne.[78]
ArmsNameLifeBlazonNotes
Quartered arms of Sir Edward Somerset, 4th Ear of Worcester, KG.pngEdward Somerset, 4th Earl of Worcester, K.G.1550–1628Grand quarters, 1st and 4th, quarterly, 1st and 4th, France moderne, 2nd and 3rd England, within a bordure componée Argent and Azure[70] (Beaufort), 2nd, per pale azure and gules, three lions rampant argent, 2 and 1 Herbert, argent a fess gules, with a canton gueules.Eldest son of William Somerset, 3rd Earl of Worcester. He was an important advisor to King James I (James VI of Scots), serving as Lord Privy Seal.[78]
ArmsNameLifeBlazonNotes
Beaufort Arms (France modern).svgHenry Somerset, 1st Duke of Beaufort, K.G., PC1629–1700Quarterly, 1st and 4th, France moderne, 2nd and 3rd England, within a bordure componée Argent and Azure[70] (Beaufort).Eldest son of Edward Somerset, 2nd Marquess of Worcester. He was a Welsh politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1654 and 1667, when he succeeded his father as 3rd Marquess of Worcester. He was styled Lord Herbert from 1644 until 3 April 1667. The Dukedom of Beaufort was bestowed upon him by King Charles II in 1682. He is the ancestor of the current Somersets, and so the Dukes of Beaufort and the Barons Raglan. The current head of the house is Henry Somerset, 12th Duke of Beaufort.


See also

References

Citations

  1. ^ a b c d e f Brooke-Little 1978, pp. 205–222.
  2. ^ Pinches & Pinches 1974, p. 14.
  3. ^ a b Pinches & Pinches 1974, p. 20.
  4. ^ Fox-Davies 1978, pp. 173.
  5. ^ Pinches & Pinches 1974, p. 21.
  6. ^ Holroyd, Graham (2000). "The Earliest Known Depiction of the Royal Arms of England?". Coat of Arms. 192..
  7. ^ a b c Ailes 1982, pp. 52–53, 64–74.
  8. ^ a b c Pinches & Pinches 1974, p. 24.
  9. ^ Pinches & Pinches 1974, p. 25.
  10. ^ a b Pinches & Pinches 1974, p. 26.
  11. ^ Ailes 1982, pp. 52–53.
  12. ^ Pinches & Pinches 1974, p. 27.
  13. ^ Pinches & Pinches 1974, p. 28.
  14. ^ a b Pinches & Pinches 1974, p. 30.
  15. ^ a b Pinches & Pinches 1974, p. 32.
  16. ^ a b Pinches & Pinches 1974, p. 33.
  17. ^ Pinches & Pinches 1974, p. 34.
  18. ^ Pinches & Pinches 1974, p. 35.
  19. ^ Pinches & Pinches 1974, p. 38.
  20. ^ a b Pinches & Pinches 1974, p. 48.
  21. ^ Pinches & Pinches 1974, p. 40.
  22. ^ Louda & Maclagan 1981, p. 19
  23. ^ a b c Pinches & Pinches 1974, p. 45.
  24. ^ a b c Pinches & Pinches 1974, p. 46.
  25. ^ a b c Pinches & Pinches 1974, p. 49.
  26. ^ a b Pinches & Pinches 1974, p. 50.
  27. ^ Pinches & Pinches 1974, p. 52.
  28. ^ Baynes & Smith 1880, p. 689.
  29. ^ Pinches & Pinches 1974, p. 55.
  30. ^ a b Pinches & Pinches 1974, p. 59.
  31. ^ Pinches & Pinches 1974, p. 60.
  32. ^ a b Pinches & Pinches 1974, p. 62.
  33. ^ Pinches & Pinches 1974, p. 63.
  34. ^ a b Pinches & Pinches 1974, p. 65.
  35. ^ a b c d e f Pinches & Pinches 1974, p. 66.
  36. ^ a b Pinches & Pinches 1974, p. 77.
  37. ^ a b c Pinches & Pinches 1974, p. 78.
  38. ^ a b c Pinches & Pinches 1974, p. 103.
  39. ^ a b Pinches & Pinches 1974, p. 69.
  40. ^ a b Pinches & Pinches 1974, p. 70.
  41. ^ a b c Pinches & Pinches 1974, p. 86.
  42. ^ a b c d e f Pinches & Pinches 1974, p. 81.
  43. ^ Pinches & Pinches 1974, p. 84.
  44. ^ Pinches & Pinches 1974, p. 85.
  45. ^ a b Pinches & Pinches 1974, p. 87.
  46. ^ Pinches & Pinches 1974, p. 89.
  47. ^ Pinches & Pinches 1974, p. 94.
  48. ^ Pinches & Pinches 1974, p. 91.
  49. ^ a b Pinches & Pinches 1974, p. 92.
  50. ^ a b Pinches & Pinches 1974, p. 95.
  51. ^ Pinches & Pinches 1974, p. 97.
  52. ^ Pinches & Pinches 1974, p. 99.
  53. ^ Pinches & Pinches 1974, p. 100.
  54. ^ a b Pinches & Pinches 1974, p. 104.
  55. ^ Pinches & Pinches 1974, p. 105.
  56. ^ a b c d Pinches & Pinches 1974, p. 106.
  57. ^ Pinches & Pinches 1974, p. 113.
  58. ^ Pinches & Pinches 1974, p. 108.
  59. ^ a b c d Pinches & Pinches 1974, p. 110.
  60. ^ a b c Pinches & Pinches 1974, p. 122.
  61. ^ Pinches & Pinches 1974, p. 114.
  62. ^ Pinches & Pinches 1974, p. 117.
  63. ^ Pinches & Pinches 1974, p. 134.
  64. ^ Pinches & Pinches 1974, p. 121.
  65. ^ Pinches & Pinches 1974, p. 119.
  66. ^ Pinches & Pinches 1974, p. 120.
  67. ^ Pinches & Pinches 1974, p. 111.
  68. ^ Pinches & Pinches 1974, p. 116.
  69. ^ Pinches & Pinches 1974, p. 124.
  70. ^ a b c d e Pinches & Pinches 1974, p. 82.
  71. ^ a b c Pinches & Pinches 1974, p. 127.
  72. ^ Pinches & Pinches 1974, p. 132.
  73. ^ Pinches & Pinches 1974, p. 133.
  74. ^ Pinches & Pinches 1974, p. 134.
  75. ^ Burke 1914, p. 207.
  76. ^ Gurney 1890, p. 55.
  77. ^ Quartering based on the arms in the 16th century portrait of Worcester (Portrait of William Somerset, 3rd Earl of Worcester 2018)
  78. ^ a b Robinson 2004.

Bibliography

  • Ailes, Adrian (1982), The Origins of The Royal Arms of England, Reading: Graduate Center for Medieval Studies, University of Reading, ISBN 0704907763
  • public domain Baynes, T. S.; Smith, W.R., eds. (1880), "Heraldry", Encyclopædia Britannica, vol. 11 (9th ed.), New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, p. 689
  • Brooke-Little, J.P., FSA (1978) [1950], Boutell's Heraldry (Revised ed.), London: Frederick Warne LTD, ISBN 0-7232-2096-4
  • Burke, John (1914), Burke's genealogical and heraldic history of peerage, baronetage and knightage, New York: G.P.Putnam's Sons, p. 207.
  • "Portrait of William Somerset, 3rd Earl of Worcester", Wikimedia Commons, 13 July 2018
  • Fox-Davies, Arthur (1978) [1909], Complete Guide to Heraldry (Revised ed.), New York: Bonanza Books, ISBN 1602390010
  • Gurney, E. Henry (1890), Reference handbook for readers, students, and teachers of English history, Boston: Ginn & Company, p. 55
  • Louda, Jiří; Maclagan, Michael (1981), Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe, United States of America: Clarkson N. Potter, Inc., ISBN 0517545586
  • Pinches, John Harvey; Pinches, Rosemary (1974), The Royal Heraldry of England, Heraldry Today, Slough, Buckinghamshire: Hollen Street Press, ISBN 0-900455-25-X
  • Robinson, W.R.B. (2004), "Somerset, William, third earl of Worcester", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.), Oxford University Press, doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/26015 (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)

Media files used on this page

Arms of John of Eltham, Earl of Cornwall.svg
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Arms of John of Eltham, Earl of Cornwall
Arms of Elizabeth Woodville.svg
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Arms of Queen Elizabeth Woodville. The arms of her husband King Edward IV impaling her own, grand quarterly of 6. Text from: David Broomfield BA (Hons), The Heraldry of Queens’ College, Cambridge [1]:

Elizabeth used a coat of arms of six quarters that of her father being relegated to the most junior position. Instead her noble and quasi-royal connections on her mother’s side were given prominence.

  • 1:LUXEMBURG: Argent, a lion rampant double queued gules ducally crowned or (Limburg). Jacquetta’s father was a descendant of the Counts and Dukes of Limburg whose arms these are. The cadet branch of Luxemburg placed the red lion on a field of silver and blue bars. With the extinction of the senior line Count Peter’s branch assumed the original Limburg arms. At Queens’ College the lion is sometimes shown with only one tail and sometimes without the crown.
  • 2: BAUX: Quarterly of 4:
    • 1&4: Gules, a star of eight points argent (should be a star of sixteen points ?)
    • 2&3: Azure semy de lis. Jacquetta’s mother was Margaret daughter of Francis of Baux Duke of Andria. The star is usually shown with straight arms, Queens’ sometimes shows it as an estoile (with wavy arms).
  • 3: LUSIGNAN/CYPRUS: Barry of eight argent and azure, a lion rampant gules. The claim to the Kingdom of Cyprus is the most tenuous of all the Woodville quarterings. With the extinction of the legitimate line of the Kings of Cyprus the Republic of Venice had a plan to purchase the claims of Charlotte de Lusignan, Queen of Cyprus (1444-1487) (the eldest and only surviving daughter of King John II of Cyprus and Helena Palaiologina) and Catarina Cornaro, former Queens of Cyprus, and cede them to Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers the brother of Elizabeth. The plan came to nothing when Anthony died. These arms are very similar to those of the Counts of Luxemburg. The key differences being the lion has only one tail and (usually) no crown. The arms of Lusignan were originally Barry argent and gules (de Valence whose arms appear in those of Pembroke was a cadet branch) to this was added a lion rampant. According to Gelre’s Wapenboeck (1334-72) the lion was crowned.
  • 4: URSINS / ORSINI: Bendy argent and gules, on a chief argent fimbriated in base or a rose gules barbed and seeded proper. Margaret of Baux (see above) was the daughter of Francis Duke of Andria and Sueva daughter of Nicolo Orsini Count of Nola. The Orsini (Ursins is a corruption of the name) were a powerful Roman family. The arms of Orsini are sometimes shown as gules three bends argent. In addition a green snake sometimes appears on the gold fillet under the rose.
  • 5: ST POL: Gules, three pallets vair on a chief or a label of five points azure. Jacquetta’s great grandfather Guy I Count of Ligny married Mahaut de Chatillon daughter and heiress of John Count of St Pol. Guy became Count of St Pol jure uxoris. Marie daughter of Guy IV of Chatillon Count of St Pol d.1317 married Aymer of Valence Earl of Pembroke and founded Pembroke College, Cambridge, she was the aunt of John Count of St Pol. The versions of these arms in Queens’ are many and varied. Guy III of Chatillon was a younger son, his elder brother took the County of Blois whilst he became Count of St Pol, as such he differenced his arms by adding a label. The label is sometimes shown with 3 or 4 “points”.
  • 6: WOODVILLE: Argent, a fess and canton conjoined gules. Sir Richard Wydeville (or Woodville) 1385-1441 was the Steward to the Duke of Bedford, Constable of the Tower of London and Captain of Calais. His son Sir Richard 1st Earl Rivers married Jacquetta of Luxemburg and was the father of Elizabeth the co-foundress of Queens’. The family were thought to be of lowly birth, far too lowly for a daughter to espouse a King. For this reason both the 1st Earl’s and Elizabeth’s coats of arms were aggrandised to make them appear nobler if not actually royal
Arms of Isabella of Angoulême.svg
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Arms of Isabella of Angoulême
Arms of Alice de Hales.svg
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Arms of Alice de Hales, daughter of Sir Roger de Hales of Hales Hall in Loddon in Roughton, Norfolk, a coroner, wife of Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk (1 June 1300 – 4 August 1338), the fifth son of King Edward I of England (1272–1307), and the eldest child by his second wife, Margaret of France, the daughter of King Philip III of France.
Arms of Lady Margaret Beaufort, Countess of Richmond.svg
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Arms of Lady Margaret Beaufort, Countess of Richmond
Arms of John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset (Bastard).svg
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Arms of John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset (as a bastard, before legitimization)
Arms of Elizabeth of York.svg
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Arms of Elizabeth of York
Arms of the Prince of Wales (Modern).svg
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'’’Coat of Arms of the Princes of Wales’’’ with France Modern
Arms of Anne of Gloucester, Countess of Stafford.svg
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Arms of Anne of Gloucester, Countess of Stafford
Arms of Castille (English heraldry).svg
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Arms of Castille (English heraldry)
Arms of Arthur Plantagenet, 1st Viscount Lisle.svg
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Arms of Arthur Plantagenet, 1st Viscount Lisle
Arms of Edward, Prince of Wales (1301-1307).svg
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Arms of Edward Prince of Wales, later King Edward II
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Arms of Richard of Bordeaux, Prince of Wales (later Richard II)
Arms of Anne of Bohemia.svg
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Arms of Anne of Bohemia
Royal Arms of England (1395-1399).svg
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Royal Arms of England and France (1395-1399), the Coat of arms of Richard II. The Arms of England of 1340 Royal Arms of England (1340-1367).svg impaled with the attributed arms Royal Arms of Edward the Confessor.svg of Edward the Confessor. Blazon: Per pale, I: Azure a cross flory and five martlets Or; II: Quarterly, 1 and 4: Azure semy-de-lis Or; 2 and 3: Gules three lions passant guardant in pale Or armed and langued Azure.
Royal Arms of England.svg
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Arms of Alphonso, Earl of Chester.svg
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Arms of Alphonso, Earl of Chester. Alphonso, Earl of Chester (24 November 1273 – 19 August 1284) was the 3rd son of King Edward I (1272-1307) of England and Eleanor of Castile. He predeceased his father, but during his lifetime, he was first in line to his father's throne of England and to his mother's county of Ponthieu in France.
Arms of Margaret of France.svg
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Arms of Margaret of France, second wife of King Edward I of England
Arms of Margaret of Anjou.svg
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Arms of Margaret of Anjou. Blason: Parti per pale. Dexter: grand parti per pale, grand dexter: France moderne (for Henry VI as claimant to the throne of France); grand sinister: quarterly 1 and 4 - France moderne, 2 and 3 - England (for Henry VI of England). Sinister: grand parti of six (three over three), i. Barry of eight Argent and Gules (for the Kingdom of Hungary); ii. Azure seme-de-lys Or a label of three points Gules (France ancient a label of three points Gules) (for the Angevin Kingdom of Naples); iii. Argent a cross potent Or cantoned by four crosslets Or (for the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem); iv. Azure seme-de-lys Or a bordure Gules (France ancient a bordure Gules) (for the County of Anjou); v. Azure crusily fitchy two barbels addorsed Or (for the Duchy of Bar) note: the barbels should be addorsed (dorsal fins toward center); vi. Or a bend Gules three alerions Argent (for the Duchy of Lorraine).

Text from: The Heraldry of Queens’ College, Cambridge By David Broomfield BA (Hons)[1]

The curious agglomeration of quarterings in Margaret’s arms can be traced back to the first House of Anjou. Charles Count of Anjou and Maine (d.1285) was the youngest son of Louis VIII King of France. He conquered the Hohenstaufens and made himself King of Naples and Sicily, he also purchased a claim to the, by then fictional, Kingdom of Jerusalem. King Charles’s arms were those of Anjou (Ancient), France differenced by a red label, and Jerusalem. Charles’s son, Charles II King of Naples married Mary daughter of Stephen V and sister of Ladislaus IV Kings of Hungary. Their eldest son, Charles “Martel”, founded his own line of Kings of Hungary that died out in 1382. Charles and Mary’s daughter Margaret married Charles Count of Valois the son of Philip III King of France. Charles of Naples granted to Charles of Valois the Counties of Anjou and Maine. When Joanna Queen of Naples died she bequeathed the kingdom of Naples to Louis Duke of Anjou. Louis was the great grandson of Margaret of Anjou and Charles of Valois. This the second House of Anjou used the arms of France differenced by a red border, giving us Anjou (Modern). Rene, grandson of Louis I, was Duke of Anjou and Titular King of Naples and Jerusalem and by virtue of his marriage to Isabel of Lorraine he was also Duke of Lorraine and Bar. Queen Margaret was Rene’s daughter. Her arms can be delineated thus: HUNGARY: Barry of eight gules and argent. Though contrary to English heraldry this is how the arms of Hungary were and are shown, the four white bars symbolising the rivers of Hungary. Margaret was descended from Mary sister and heiress of Ladislaus the last King of Hungary of the House of Arpad. Margaret’s father Rene of Anjou, Kings of Naples, always used Barry of eight argent and gules as can be seen from many sources. However, I doubt he ever visited Hungary and his connection with that country was remote but his daughter no doubt took her lead from him when it came to the display of her personal heraldry and passed this on to her College. ANJOU (ANCIENT): Azure semy of fleur de lis or a label of three points gules. These were the arms of the first House of Anjou and borne by Charles d.1285, Count of Anjou, conqueror of Naples and claimant to the throne of Jerusalem. Unfortunately in the painting of the arms in the grant the label is wrongly shown as silver a mistake much repeated about the College. These arms became synonymous with the kingdom of Naples. JERUSALEM: Argent a cross potent between four crosses humetty or. The unique nature of Jerusalem was signified by breaking the cardinal rule of heraldry by placing one metal (gold) on another metal (silver). The cross potent (having flat bars at the ends of the arms) was said to symbolise the letters H and I from “Hierusalem”. Again Cooke’s grant depicts the small crosses between the arms as “potent” while not technically wrong and indeed depicted this way in some Medieval books of arms small plain crosses fit the space better. ANJOU (MODERN): Azure semy of fleur de lis or a border gules. The arms as borne by the second House of Anjou begun by Charles of Valois, Count of Anjou the progenitor of the House of Valois and Naples. BAR: Azure semy of cross crosslets fitchy two barbels hauriant and addorsed. The barbels are clearly punning (or canting) references to Bar. The fish have their heads pointing upwards (as opposed to urinant when their heads are at the bottom of the shield) and addorsed means back to back. The crosses should have a point for the lower arms, some versions at Queens’ have it the same as the other arms. The other usual error is to have a specific number of crosses. “Semy” means that the field is spread with charges and they overlap the edges. Cooke also blazons them as “luces”. In the quarterings used by Rene of Anjou the barbels always grip a cross crosslet fitchy in their mouths. This is well attested in contemporary versions of his arms. In Queens’ they appear thus only once, in the stained glass shield of Queen Margaret’s arms in the Old Senior Combination Room making it likely that these date from the 15th Century. LORRAINE: Or on a bend gules three alerions displayed argent. Alerions are eagles that have neither beaks nor claws. They are best shown with a hole in the middle of the head. It was said that Godfrey of Bouillon (or another) fired an arrow that brought down three birds simultaneously. It is also said that “Alerion” is an anagram of “Lor(r)aine”. In mythology it was said that only two birds existed at any time, they laid a pair of eggs every sixty years and they drowned themselves after hatching. To add to the confusion Cooke describes them as “eagles” and they appear as eagles many times in the

College.
Beaufort Arms (France modern).svg
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Arms of Beaufort
Arms of England (1189-1198).svg
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Arms of Richard Lionheart as depicted on his seal
Arms of the House of de Burgh.svg
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Arms of the House of de Burgh
Arms of Philippa of Clarence, 5th Countess of Ulster.svg
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Arms of Philippa of Clarence, 5th Countess of Ulster
Coat of arms of Sir Charles Somerset, 1st Earl of Worcester, KG.png
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Coat of arms of Sir Charles Somerset, 1st Earl of Worcester, KG
Richard of York, 3rd Duke of York (Variant).svg
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Richard of York, 3rd Duke of York (Variant). The inescutcheon of pretence showing the arms of the House of Holland, Earls of Kent, represents his claim to represent that family, derived from his maternal grandmother Eleanor Holland (1373-1405), one of the six daughters and eventual co-heiresses to their father Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent (1350/4-1397)
Arms of Edmund, Earl of Rutland.svg
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Arms of Edmund, Earl of Rutland. Edmund, Earl of Rutland (17 May 1443 – 30 December 1460) was the fifth child and second surviving son of Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York, and Cecily Neville.
Red Rose Badge of Lancaster.svg
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Red Rose of Lancaster.
Arms of Joan of Navarre.svg
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Arms of Joan of Navarre (arms of King Henry IV of England impaling Navarre)
Arms of Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk.svg
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Arms of Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk
Quartered arms of Sir Edward Somerset, 4th Ear of Worcester, KG.png
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Quartered arms of Sir Edward Somerset, 4th Ear of Worcester, KG. 1&4: Somerset (Legitimised Beaufort); 2: Herbert; 3: Woodville
Arms of Philippa of Hainault (1340-1369).svg
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Arms of Philippa of Hainault (1340-1369)
Arms of Thomas Beaufort, 1st Duke of Exeter.svg
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Arms of Thomas Beaufort, 1st Duke of Exeter
Arms of the Earl of March.svg
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Arms of the Earl of March
Royal Arms of England (1340-1367).svg
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Royal arms of England and France (1340–1367)
Arms of Edmund Crouchback, Earl of Leicester and Lancaster.svg
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Arms of Henry of Grosmont, 1st Duke of Lancaster, and of his successors, namely his two sons: Thomas, 2nd Earl of Lancaster and Henry, 3rd Earl of Lancaster, and the latter's son Henry of Grosmont, 1st Duke of Lancaster. As shown in the Heralds Roll of Arms, Page 1, row 2, no 5. Blazon: Royal arms of King Henry III with a label of three points of France
Arms of William the Conqueror (1066-1087).svg
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Gules, two lions passant guardant in pale or armed and langued azure, used as the inofficial "coat of arms of Normandy".

Coat of arms attributed to "Arms of William the Conqueror (William I of England)"
Arms of John Holland, 1st Duke of Exeter.svg
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Arms of John Holland, 1st Duke of Exeter
Arms of Geoffrey of Anjou.svg
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Arms of Geoffrey of Anjou. Azure, six lions rampant Or armed and langued Gules, three, two and one.
Arms of Richard of Conisburgh, 3rd Earl of Cambridge.svg
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Arms of Richard of Conisburgh, 3rd Earl of Cambridge
Arms of Anne Neville.svg
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Arms of Anne Neville
Royal Arms of England (1399-1603).svg
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Royal Arms of England and France used intermittently (1399-1603)
Arms of Thomas Beaufort, 1st Duke of Exeter moderne.svg
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alternate version, france moderne
Arms of Edmund Tudor, Earl of Richmond.svg
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Arms of Edmund Tudor, Earl of Richmond. Coat of arms of Edmund Tudor, 1st Earl of Richmond. Although a half brother of Henry VI of England, he had no right to the arms other than as a grant as he and the king shared a mother.
Arms of Richard of York, 3rd Duke of York.svg
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Arms of Richard of York, 3rd Duke of York
Arms of Margaret Beauchamp.svg
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Arms of Margaret Beauchamp
Arms of the House of Mortimer.svg
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Arms of the House of Mortimer
Arms of Elizabeth of York (Princess).svg
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Arms of Edward, 4th Duke of York, before he became King Edward IV. Used by his daughters as their paternal arms, including Princess Elizabeth of York, and bastard son Arthur Plantagenet, 1st Viscount Lisle. Quarterly 1st: Arms of King Edward III; 2nd & 3rd: Or a cross gules (de Burgh), 4th: Barry or and azure, on a chief of the first two pallets between two base esquires of the second over all an inescutcheon argent (Mortimer) ([1])

The arms of Edward, 4th Duke of York (later King Edward IV), emphasise his descent from Lionel of Antwerp, 1st Duke of Clarence (1338–1368), third son of King Edward III (on which basis the House of York claimed the throne), who married Elizabeth de Burgh, 4th Countess of Ulster (1332–1363). Their daughter Philippa de Burgh married Edmund Mortimer, 3rd Earl of March, whose son Roger de Mortimer, 4th Earl of March, was the great-grandfather of Edward, 4th Duke of York (later King Edward IV)
Arms of John of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Bedford.svg
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Arms of John of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Bedford
Arms of Henry, 3rd Earl of Leicester and Lancaster.svg
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Arms of Henry, 3rd Earl of Leicester, 3rd Earl of Lancaster (c. 1281 – 22 September 1345). He was the younger son of Edmund Crouchback, 1st Earl of Lancaster, Earl of Leicester, who was a son of King Henry III by his wife Eleanor of Provence. Henry's mother was Blanche of Artois, Queen Dowager of Navarre. Henry's elder brother Thomas, 2nd Earl of Lancaster, succeeded their father in 1296, but Henry was summoned to Parliament on 6 February 1298/99 by writ directed to Henrico de Lancastre nepoti Regis ("Henry of Lancaster, nephew of the king", Edward I), by which he is held to have become Baron Lancaster.
Arms of John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset.svg
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Arms of John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset. Blazon of the Arms of Beaufort family, Earls and Dukes of Somerset:[1]Quarterly, 1st & 4th: Azure, semé fleurs de lis or (France); 2nd & 3rd: Gules, three lions passant guardant in pale or (England); all within a bordure compony argent and azure.
Arms of Katherine Swynford (de Roet).svg
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Canting arms of de Roet: Gules, three Catherine wheels or (Burke, Sir Bernard, The General Armory, London, 1884, p.866). Katherine de Roet became Lady Swynford on her marriage to Sir Hugh Swynford, then became Duchess of Lancaster on marriage to John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster. (Canting arms French: Roue = wheel; Rouet = little wheel)
Arms of Anne de Mortimer, Countess of Cambridge.svg
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Arms of Anne de Mortimer, Countess of Cambridge
Arms of Isabel Neville, Duchess of Clarence.svg
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Arms of Isabel Neville, Duchess of Clarence
Arms of Berengaria of Navarre.svg
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Arms of Berengaria of Navarre
Arms of Eleanor of Aquitaine.svg
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Arms of Eleanor of Aquitaine
Arms of Isabella of Valois.svg
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Arms of Isabella of Valois
Arms of the House of de Bohun.svg
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Arms of the House of de Bohun. Azure a bend argent cotised Or between six lions rampant Or armed and langued Gules.
Arms of Catherine of Valois.svg
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Arms of Catherine of Valois
Royal Arms of England (1154-1189).svg
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Arms of England from 1154-1189
Arms of Anne Neville (Variant).svg
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Arms of Anne Neville
Geoffrey of Anjou Monument.jpg
Enamel effigy of Geoffrey Plantagenet, Count of Anjou on his tomb, formerly at Le Mans Cathedral, now in the Museum of Archeology and History in Le Mans.
Arms of Thomas of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Clarence.svg
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Arms of Thomas of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Clarence, second son of King Henry IV. Blason: Arms of King Henry IV a label of three points argent each charged with three ermine spots and a canton gules. Later borne by Richard, Duke of Gloucester (later King Richard III).
Royal Arms of England (1189-1198).svg
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Arms of England from 1189 - 1198

Blazon: Gules two lions combatant Or, armed and langued Azure.
Arms Margaret Pole, Countess of Salisbury.svg
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Arms Margaret Pole, Countess of Salisbury
Arms of the Prince of Wales (Ancient).svg
Author/Creator: , Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
'’’Coat of Arms of the Princes of Wales’’’ with France Ancient
Arms of Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York.svg
Author/Creator: Sodacan, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Arms of Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York
Arms of Jasper Tudor, Duke of Bedford.svg
Author/Creator: Sodacan, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Arms of Jasper Tudor, Duke of Bedford
White Rose Badge of York.svg
Author/Creator: Sodacan, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
White Rose of York
Arms of Philippa of Hainault (1330-1340).svg
Author/Creator: Sodacan, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Arms of Philippa of Hainault (1330-1340), wife of King Edward III of England
Arms of Margaret Wake, Baroness Wake of Liddell.svg
Author/Creator: Sodacan, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Arms of Margaret Wake, Baroness Wake of Liddell
Arms of Richard of Shrewsbury, 1st Duke of York.svg
Author/Creator: Sodacan, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Arms of Richard of Shrewsbury, 1st Duke of York
Arms of Lionel of Antwerp, 1st Duke of Clarence.svg
Author/Creator: Sodacan, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Arms of Lionel of Antwerp, 1st Duke of Clarence
Royal Arms of England (1470-1471).svg
Author/Creator: Sodacan, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Royal Arms of England (1470-1471). Henry VI of England held claims on the French throne through both his parents but had lost the Hundred Years' War in 1453.
Arms of John of Gaunt, King of Castile.svg
Author/Creator: Sodacan, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Arms of John of Gaunt, King of Castile
Arms of Edward Plantagenet, 17th Earl of Warwick.svg
Author/Creator: Sodacan, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Arms of Edward Plantagenet, 17th Earl of Warwick
Quartered arms of Sir William Somerset, 3rd Earl of Worcester, KG.png
Author/Creator: Rs-nourse, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Quartered arms of Sir William Somerset, 3rd Earl of Worcester, KG

Quartering based on the arms in the 16th century portrait of Worcester.

William Somerset, 3rd Earl of Worcester
Arms of Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent.svg
Author/Creator: Sodacan, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Arms of Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent. NB: the shape of this shield is anachronistic, containing a Tudor arch
Arms of Eleanor of Provence.svg
Author/Creator: Sodacan, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Arms of Eleanor of Provence
Arms of Henry Bolingbroke, Duke of Hereford and Lancaster.svg
Author/Creator: Sodacan, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Arms of Henry Bolingbroke, Duke of Hereford and Lancaster
Arms of Margaret Holland, Countess of Somerset.svg
Author/Creator: Sodacan, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Arms of Margaret Holland (1385 – 30 December 1439) a daughter of Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent, who was the son of Joan "the Fair Maid of Kent" (granddaughter of Edward I of England, wife of Edward the Black Prince and mother of Richard II of England). Margaret's mother was Alice FitzAlan, daughter of Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Eleanor of Lancaster. Margaret married John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset, son of John of Gaunt and his mistress Katherine Swynford.
Arms of Humphrey of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Gloucester.svg
Author/Creator: Sodacan, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Arms of Humphrey of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Gloucester, youngest son of King Henry IV. Blason: Arms of King Henry IV a bordure argent
Arms of Edward of Norwich.svg
Author/Creator: Reigen, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
elements from Sodacan. Emblazoned arms: quarterly france and england, a label 3-point per pale Castile and Leon
Arms of Sir Roger de Clarendon.svg
Author/Creator: Sodacan, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
"Arms of John Holland, 2nd Duke of Exeter"?? Arms of Sir Roger Clarendon (1345/60 - executed 1402), an illegitimate son of Edward, the Black Prince by his mistress Edith de Willesford
Arms of Cecily Neville, Duchess of York.svg
Author/Creator: Sodacan, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Arms of Cecily Neville, Duchess of York
Arms of John Holland, 2nd Duke of Exeter.svg
Author/Creator: Sodacan, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Arms of John Holland, 2nd Duke of Exeter
Arms of Isabella of France.svg
Author/Creator: Sodacan, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Arms of Isabella of France
En-wikipedia arms 9.svg
Author/Creator: S. Solberg J., Kimbar, Nikodemos and Ipankonin, Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0

Candidate Coat of arms of WikiProject Heraldry and vexillology

Blazon: Or a puzzle piece Gules charged with a flag waving Or on a flagstaff bendwise Argent.
Arms of the Prince of Wales (Shield of Peace).svg
Author/Creator: Sodacan, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Heraldic badge of Edward the Black Prince, Prince of Wales
Arms of Richard of Cornwall, Earl of Cornwall.svg
Author/Creator: Sodacan, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Arms of Richard of Cornwall, Earl of Cornwall
Arms of Thomas of Woodstock, 1st Duke of Gloucester.svg
Author/Creator: Sodacan, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Arms of Thomas of Woodstock, 1st Duke of Gloucester: the arms of his father King Edward III with difference of a bordure argent
Arms of George Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Clarence.svg
Author/Creator: Sodacan, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Arms of George Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Clarence
Arms of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster.svg
Author/Creator: Sodacan, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Arms of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster