Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty

© Natural Resources Wales. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100019741 © Natural England copyright 2021. Contains Ordnance Survey data © Crown copyright and database right 2021, CC BY-SA 3.0
Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty in England, Wales, and Northern Ireland

An Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB; Welsh: Ardal o Harddwch Naturiol Eithriadol; AHNE) is an area of countryside in England, Wales, and Northern Ireland, that has been designated for conservation due to its significant landscape value. Areas are designated in recognition of their national importance by the relevant public body: Natural England, Natural Resources Wales, and the Northern Ireland Environment Agency respectively. In place of AONB, Scotland uses the similar national scenic area (NSA) designation. Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty enjoy levels of protection from development similar to those of UK national parks, but unlike national parks the responsible bodies do not have their own planning powers. They also differ from national parks in their more limited opportunities for extensive outdoor recreation.[1]

History

The idea for what would eventually become the AONB designation was first put forward by John Dower in his 1945 Report to the Government on National Parks in England and Wales. Dower suggested there was need for protection of certain naturally beautiful landscapes that were unsuitable as national parks owing to their small size and lack of wildness. Dower's recommendation for the designation of these "other amenity areas" was eventually embodied in the National Parks and Access to the Countryside Act 1949 as the AONB designation.[2]

Purpose

The purpose of an AONB designation is to conserve and enhance the natural beauty of the designated landscape.[1]

There are two secondary aims: meeting the need for quiet enjoyment of the countryside and having regard for the interests of those who live and work there. To achieve these aims, AONBs rely on planning controls and practical countryside management. As they have the same landscape quality, AONBs may be compared to the national parks of England and Wales. National parks are well known in the UK; by contrast, there is evidence to indicate many residents in AONBs may be unaware of the status. However, the National Association of AONBs is working to increase awareness of AONBs in local communities,[3] and, in 2014, successfully negotiated to have the boundaries of AONBs in England shown on Google Maps.[4]

Statistical overview

View over Three Cliffs Bay in Gower AONB, the first to be designated

There are 46 AONBs in Britain (33 wholly in England, four wholly in Wales, one that straddles the Anglo-Welsh border and eight in Northern Ireland). The first AONB was designated in 1956 in the Gower Peninsula, South Wales. The most recently confirmed is the Tamar Valley AONB in 1995,[5] although the existing Clwydian Range AONB, covering the Clwydian Range only, was extended in 2012 to form the Clwydian Range and Dee Valley AONB, and the Strangford Lough and Lecale Coast AONBs were merged and redesignated as a single AONB in 2010.[6]

AONBs vary greatly in terms of size, type and use of land, and whether they are partly or wholly open to the public. The smallest AONB is the Isles of Scilly, 16 km2 (6.2 sq mi), and the largest is the Cotswolds,[7] 2,038 km2 (787 sq mi). The AONBs of England and Wales together cover around 18% of the countryside in the two countries. The AONBs of Northern Ireland together cover about 70% of Northern Ireland's coastline.[2]

Legal status and organisation

AONBs in England and Wales were originally created under the same legislation as the national parks, the National Parks and Access to the Countryside Act 1949. Unlike AONBs, national parks have special legal powers to prevent unsympathetic development. AONBs in general remain the responsibility of their local authorities by means of special committees that include members appointed by the minister and by parishes, and only very limited statutory duties were imposed on local authorities within an AONB by the original 1949 Act. However, further regulation and protection of AONBs in England and Wales was added by the Countryside and Rights of Way (CRoW) Act 2000, under which new designations are now made,[8][9] and the government stated in the National Planning Policy Framework (March 2012) that AONBs and national parks have equal status when it comes to planning decisions on landscape issues. Two of the AONBs (the Cotswolds and the Chilterns), which extend into a large number of local authority areas, have their own statutory bodies, known as conservation boards. The Glover Report in 2019 made various recommendations regarding the future of AONB's but as at 1 November 2020 the government has yet to respond to those recommendations. However, the Cotswolds Conservation Board announced in September that they were re-styling the area name and it is now known as the Cotswolds National Landscape.[10]

All English and Welsh AONBs have a dedicated AONB officer and other staff. As required by the CRoW Act, each AONB has a management plan that sets out the characteristics and special qualities of the landscape and how they will be conserved and enhanced. The AONBs are collectively represented by the National Association for Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty (NAAONB), an independent registered charity acting on behalf of AONBs and their partners, which uses the slogan "Landscapes for Life".[11]

AONBs in Northern Ireland was designated originally under the Amenity Lands (NI) Act 1965; subsequently under the Nature Conservation and Amenity Lands (NI) Order 1985.[12]

Threats

Falmer Stadium under construction in 2010 in the former Sussex Downs AONB

There are growing concerns among environmental and countryside groups that AONB status is increasingly under threat from development. The Campaign to Protect Rural England said in July 2006 that many AONBs were under greater threat than ever before.[13] Three particular AONBs were cited: the Dorset AONB threatened by a road plan, the threat of a football stadium in the Sussex Downs AONB, and, larger than any other, a £1 billion plan by Imperial College London to build thousands of houses and offices on hundreds of acres of AONB land on the Kent Downs at Wye.[14] In September 2007 government approval was finally given for the development of a new football ground for Brighton and Hove Albion within the boundaries of the Sussex Downs AONB, after a fierce fight by conservationists. The subsequent development, known as Falmer Stadium, was officially opened in July 2011. The Weymouth Relief Road in Dorset was constructed between 2008 and 2011, after environmental groups lost a High Court challenge to prevent its construction.[15]

Writing in 2006, Professor Adrian Phillips listed threats facing AONBs. He wrote that the apparent big threats were uncertainty over future support for land management, increasing development pressures, the impacts of globalization, and climate change. More subtle threats include creeping sub-urbanization and "horsiculture".[2]

Celebration

Poet Laureate Simon Armitage wrote a poem "Fugitives", commissioned by the National Association of AONBs, which he read on Arnside Knott on 21 September 2019 to launch the celebration of the 70th anniversary of the National Parks and Access to the Countryside Act.[16][17][18]

List of Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty

England

AONBPhotoEstablishedAreaLocal authorities
Arnside and Silverdale
Arnside123.jpg
(c) GFDL, CC BY-SA 3.0
197275 km2 (29 sq mi)Cumbria (South Lakeland), Lancashire (Lancaster)
Blackdown HillsCulmstockBeacon.jpg1991370 km2 (140 sq mi)Devon (East Devon, Mid Devon), Somerset (South Somerset, Somerset West and Taunton)
Cannock ChaseCannock Chase Path.jpg195868 km2 (26 sq mi)Staffordshire (Cannock Chase, Lichfield)
Chichester Harbour196437 km2 (14 sq mi)Hampshire (Havant), West Sussex (Chichester)
Chiltern HillsIvinghoe Beacon seen from The Ridgeway.jpg1965833 km2 (322 sq mi)Buckinghamshire, Central Bedfordshire, Hertfordshire (Dacorum, North Hertfordshire, Three Rivers), Luton, Oxfordshire (South Oxfordshire)
CornwallCape Cornwall (Judithili) edit.jpg1959958 km2 (370 sq mi)Cornwall
CotswoldsBibury Cottages in the Cotswolds - June 2007.jpg19662,038 km2 (787 sq mi)Bath and North East Somerset, Gloucestershire (Cheltenham, Cotswold, Stroud, Tewkesbury), Oxfordshire (Cherwell, West Oxfordshire), South Gloucestershire, Warwickshire (Stratford-on-Avon), Wiltshire, Worcestershire (Wychavon)
Cranborne Chase and the West Wiltshire DownsDorset brings 01.jpg1981983 km2 (380 sq mi)Dorset, Hampshire (New Forest), Somerset (Mendip, South Somerset), Wiltshire
Dedham ValeCmglee Manningtree River Stour.jpg197090 km2 (35 sq mi)Essex (Colchester, Tendring), Suffolk (Babergh)
DorsetDurdle Door Overview.jpg19591,129 km2 (436 sq mi)Dorset
East Devon1963268 km2 (103 sq mi)Devon (East Devon)
Forest of Bowland
Langden Brook - geograph.org.uk - 342024.jpg
(c) Ian Hargreaves, CC BY-SA 2.0
1964803 km2 (310 sq mi)Lancashire (Lancaster, Pendle, Ribble Valley, Wyre), North Yorkshire (Craven)
High WealdHighwealdview.jpg19831,460 km2 (560 sq mi)East Sussex (Hastings, Rother, Wealden), Kent (Ashford, Sevenoaks, Tonbridge and Malling, Tunbridge Wells), Surrey (Tandridge), West Sussex (Crawley, Horsham, Mid Sussex)
Howardian Hills
Howardian Hills.jpg
(c) Phil Catterall, CC BY-SA 2.0
1987204 km2 (79 sq mi)North Yorkshire (Hambleton, Ryedale)
Isle of WightIsle of Wight coastline.jpg1963189 km2 (73 sq mi)Isle of Wight
Isles of ScillySt Martins Daymark.jpg197516 km2 (6.2 sq mi)Isles of Scilly
Kent DownsDownsRanscombeFieldToMway0734c.JPG1968878 km2 (339 sq mi)Greater London (Bromley), Kent (Ashford, Canterbury, Dover, Folkestone & Hythe, Gravesham, Maidstone, Sevenoaks, Swale, Tonbridge and Malling), Medway
Lincolnshire WoldsLincolnshire Wolds.jpg1973560 km2 (220 sq mi)Lincolnshire (East Lindsey, West Lindsey), North East Lincolnshire
Malvern Hills
View N from western peak of Ragged Stone Hill - geograph.org.uk - 35228.jpg
(c) Bob Embleton, CC BY-SA 2.0
1959105 km2 (41 sq mi)Gloucestershire (Forest of Dean), Herefordshire, Worcestershire (Malvern Hills)
Mendip HillsCheddar Gorge, Somerset, UK - Diliff.jpg1972200 km2 (77 sq mi)Bath and North East Somerset, North Somerset, Somerset (Mendip, Sedgemoor)
Nidderdale
Washburn Valley - geograph.org.uk - 1721355.jpg
(c) Matthew Hatton, CC BY-SA 2.0
1994603 km2 (233 sq mi)North Yorkshire (Hambleton, Harrogate, Richmondshire)
Norfolk CoastCromer beach summer UK.JPG1968453 km2 (175 sq mi)Norfolk (Great Yarmouth, King's Lynn and West Norfolk, North Norfolk)
North Devon Coast1959171 km2 (66 sq mi)Devon (North Devon, Torridge)
North PenninesCauldron Snout - July 2006.jpg19881,983 km2 (766 sq mi)County Durham, Cumbria (Carlisle, Eden), Northumberland, North Yorkshire (Richmondshire)
Northumberland CoastBamburgh2006.jpg1958138 km2 (53 sq mi)Northumberland
North Wessex Downs
Uffington White Horse and Dragon Hill - geograph.org.uk - 238471.jpg
(c) Phil Champion, CC BY-SA 2.0
19721,730 km2 (670 sq mi)Hampshire (Basingstoke and Deane, Test Valley), Oxfordshire (South Oxfordshire, Vale of White Horse), Swindon, West Berkshire, Wiltshire
Quantock Hills
Quantockheather.jpg
(c) Richard Baker, CC BY-SA 2.0
195698 km2 (38 sq mi)Somerset (Sedgemoor, Somerset West and Taunton)
Shropshire Hills1958802 km2 (310 sq mi)Shropshire, Telford and Wrekin
Solway CoastNear Mawbray Yard, Cumbria.JPG1964115 km2 (44 sq mi)Cumbria (Allerdale, Carlisle)
South DevonSlapton Sands 1.jpg1960337 km2 (130 sq mi)Devon (South Hams), Plymouth, Torbay
Suffolk Coast and Heaths
Cliffs at Easton Wood, near Covehithe, Suffolk - geograph.org.uk - 52726.jpg
(c) Pete Chapman, CC BY-SA 2.0
1970403 km2 (156 sq mi)Suffolk (Babergh, East Suffolk)
Surrey Hills1958422 km2 (163 sq mi)Surrey (Guildford, Mole Valley, Reigate and Banstead, Tandridge, Waverley)
Tamar Valley
River Tamar - geograph.org.uk - 326342.jpg
(c) Tony Atkin, CC BY-SA 2.0
1995190 km2 (73 sq mi)Cornwall, Devon (South Hams, West Devon)
Wye Valley (partly in Wales)1971326 km2 (126 sq mi)Gloucestershire (Forest of Dean), Herefordshire, Wales: Monmouthshire
Total19,035 km2 (7,349 sq mi)

Former Areas

The establishment of the New Forest National Park in 2005 meant the subsumption of South Hampshire Coast AONB into it. East Hampshire and Sussex Downs AONBs were replaced in 2010 by the South Downs National Park.

Wales

AONB / AHNEPhotoEstablishedAreaLocal authorities
Anglesey

(Ynys Môn)

Anglesey Coast - geograph.org.uk - 1367265.jpg
(c) Nigel Mykura, CC BY-SA 2.0
1967221 km2 (85 sq mi)Anglesey
Clwydian Range and Dee Valley

(Bryniau Clwyd a Dyffryn Dyfrdwy)

1985389 km2 (150 sq mi)Denbighshire, Flintshire, Wrexham
Gower

(Gŵyr)

1956188 km2 (73 sq mi)Swansea
LlŷnAberdaron - Porth Neigwl 2.JPG1956155 km2 (60 sq mi)Gwynedd
Wye Valley

(Dyffryn Gwy)

(partly in England)

Monmouth from Livox Wood - geograph.org.uk - 203771.jpg
(c) Roy Parkhouse, CC BY-SA 2.0
1971326 km2 (126 sq mi)Monmouthshire,

England: Gloucestershire, Herefordshire

Northern Ireland

AONBPhotoEstablishedAreaLocal authorities
Antrim Coast and GlensAntrim Coast near Ballycastle.JPG1989724 km2 (280 sq mi)Causeway Coast and Glens, Mid and East Antrim
BinevenaghCastle-rock-derry.jpg1966[a]138 km2 (53 sq mi)Causeway Coast and Glens
Causeway CoastGiant's Causeway (14).JPG198942 km2 (16 sq mi)Causeway Coast and Glens
Lagan ValleyDixon-Park-04.JPG196539 km2 (15 sq mi)Belfast, Lisburn and Castlereagh
Mourne MountainsMourne mountains.jpg1986570 km2 (220 sq mi)Armagh City, Banbridge and Craigavon, Newry, Mourne and Down
Ring of Gullion
Cam Lough - geograph.org.uk - 267458.jpg
(c) Ron Murray, CC BY-SA 2.0
1966[b]154 km2 (59 sq mi)Newry, Mourne and Down
SperrinsSawel mountain.jpg19681,181 km2 (456 sq mi)Causeway Coast and Glens, Derry and Strabane, Fermanagh and Omagh, Mid Ulster
Strangford and Lecale[6]Strangford Lough from Portaferry, looking towards the narrows.JPG1967[c]525 km2 (203 sq mi)Ards and North Down, Newry, Mourne and Down

Notes

  1. ^ as North Derry AONB, extended and redesignated as Binevenagh AONB in 2006
  2. ^ redesignated as Ring of Gullion in 1991
  3. ^ Lecale Coast AONB. Strangford Lough AONB designated 1972. Redesignated as a single AONB in 2010.

Proposed areas in England

The following are formal proposals for new AONBs submitted to Natural England:[19]

The 2019 Landscape Review Report additionally favourably mentions proposals not listed in Natural England's list: from Sandstone Ridge and the Vale of Belvoir.[20]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Areas of outstanding natural beauty (AONBs): designation and management - GOV.UK". www.naturalengland.org.uk. Retrieved 16 February 2018.
  2. ^ a b c "NAAONB". Archived from the original on 29 August 2017. Retrieved 16 February 2018.
  3. ^ "NAAONB". Archived from the original on 13 September 2014. Retrieved 16 February 2018.
  4. ^ "Suffolk Coast & Heaths AONB" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 September 2018. Retrieved 16 February 2018.
  5. ^ "Tamar Valley - What is the Tamar Valley AONB?". www.tamarvalley.org.uk. Retrieved 16 February 2018.
  6. ^ a b "Northern Ireland Environment Agency". Retrieved 16 February 2018.
  7. ^ "Cotswolds AONB". Archived from the original on 14 September 2014.
  8. ^ Staffordshire Moorlands District Council Archived 11 September 2014 at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ "High Weald AONB". Archived from the original on 28 September 2018. Retrieved 16 February 2018.
  10. ^ "Latest News: The Cotswolds AONB gets a new look and a new name". Cotswolds National Landscape. Cotswolds AONB. Retrieved 31 October 2020.
  11. ^ "Landscapes for Life". Association for AONBs. Retrieved 27 September 2019.
  12. ^ "Northern Ireland Environment Agency". Archived from the original on 2 September 2014.
  13. ^ "CPRE : News releases : Outstandingly beautiful, still seriously threatened". 26 September 2006. Archived from the original on 26 September 2006. Retrieved 16 February 2018.
  14. ^ "save-wye.org". save-wye.org. Archived from the original on 7 May 2009. Retrieved 30 June 2013.
  15. ^ "Relief road opens after 60 years". 17 March 2011. Retrieved 16 February 2018 – via www.bbc.co.uk.
  16. ^ "Celebrating our special landscapes". Arnside and Silverdale Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. 23 September 2019. Retrieved 27 September 2019.
  17. ^ "Poem commissioned to celebrate national parks". Ecologist. 25 September 2019. Retrieved 27 September 2019.
  18. ^ Armitage, Simon. "Fugitives" (PDF). Retrieved 27 September 2019.
  19. ^ Glover, Julian (September 2019). "Landscape Review - Final Report" (PDF). DEFRA. p. 153. Retrieved 23 January 2020.
  20. ^ Glover, Julian (September 2019). "Landscape Review - Final Report" (PDF). DEFRA. p. 121. Retrieved 23 January 2020.

External links


Media files used on this page

Durdle Door Overview.jpg
Author/Creator: Saffron Blaze, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Durdle Door is a natural limestone arch on the Jurassic Coast near Lulworth in Dorset, England.
Cmglee Manningtree River Stour.jpg
Author/Creator: Cmglee, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
River Stour near Manningtree in July 2013.
Antrim Coast near Ballycastle.JPG
Author/Creator: Marshall Henrie, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Antrim Coast near Ballycastle, Ireland, with Scotland in background
View N from western peak of Ragged Stone Hill - geograph.org.uk - 35228.jpg
(c) Bob Embleton, CC BY-SA 2.0
View N from western peak of Ragged Stone Hill. Supplemental. Looking towards Midsummer Hill Iron Age Hill Fort and Hollybush Quarry
St Martins Daymark.jpg
Author/Creator: Roantrum, Licence: CC BY 2.0
The Daymark is the nearest point to the mainland of Cornwall. St Martins, Isles of Scilly, England.
St Martin's
Cliffs at Easton Wood, near Covehithe, Suffolk - geograph.org.uk - 52726.jpg
(c) Pete Chapman, CC BY-SA 2.0
Cliffs at Easton Wood, near Covehithe, Suffolk. One of the fastest eroding parts of the coast. Easton Wood teeters on the top of the crumbling sand cliffs, whilst the North Sea prepares to attack once again. Several large trees have recently fallen down the cliff and wait to be washed away by the sea. Viewed looking S towards Southwold.
Isle of Wight coastline.jpg
Author/Creator: No machine-readable author provided. Ulayiti assumed (based on copyright claims)., Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0

The Needles chalk stacks (right) and Tennyson Down seen from Headon Warren, on the Isle of Wight, in England.

Source: Jaakko Sakari Reinikainen (ulayiti)
River Tamar - geograph.org.uk - 326342.jpg
(c) Tony Atkin, CC BY-SA 2.0
River Tamar Looking southwest along a stretch of the Tamar Valley. Everything beyond the end of the reed beds on the right is beyond the edge of this grid square.
Anglesey Coast - geograph.org.uk - 1367265.jpg
(c) Nigel Mykura, CC BY-SA 2.0
Anglesey Coast View north east along the north side of the Menai Straits near Bryn-mel
River Wye Lancat and Ban y Gore Nature Reserve.jpg
(c) Heinz-Josef Lücking, CC BY-SA 3.0 de
River Wye and Lancaut and Ban y Gor Nature Reserve, Gloucestershire, UK. At this point, the River Wye is the border between England and Wales.
Wales AONBs map.svg
© Natural Resources Wales. All rights reserved. © Natural England copyright 2021. © Crown copyright and database right 2021, CC BY-SA 3.0
Map showing all of the Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty in Wales.
Uffington White Horse and Dragon Hill - geograph.org.uk - 238471.jpg
(c) Phil Champion, CC BY-SA 2.0
Uffington White Horse and Dragon Hill. The head end of the white horse is closest to the camera. Dragon Hill can be seen to the left, with the Vale of White Horse beyond
Mourne mountains.jpg
Author/Creator: Marksie531, Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0
View of the mountains and mourne wall in Northern Ireland.
Cromer beach summer UK.JPG
Author/Creator: The original uploader was Bluemoose at English Wikipedia., Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0
Cromer beach, Norfolk, UK, East of town Taken in summer 2004 by me Martin Richards
Cape Cornwall (Judithili) edit.jpg
Author/Creator:

The original uploader was Judithili at German Wikipedia.

, Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0
Cape Cornwall located in the southwesternmost parts of England. Heinz Monument is visible in the centre. It commemorates the purchase of Cape Cornwall for the nation by H. J. Heinz Company. The ruins of St. Helens Oratory also can be seen in the left. The two offshore rocks called Brisons are located approximately one mile southwest of the cape.
Langden Brook - geograph.org.uk - 342024.jpg
(c) Ian Hargreaves, CC BY-SA 2.0
Langden Brook This is Langden Brook in the Vale of Hareden along the Trough of Bowland.
Cauldron Snout - July 2006.jpg
Author/Creator: Alan J. White, Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0
Cauldron Snout waterfall, Upper Teesdale, UK
Aberdaron - Porth Neigwl 2.JPG
Author/Creator: Skinsmoke, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Porth Neigwl, Gwynedd seen from Rhiw in Aberdaron
Slapton Sands 1.jpg
Author/Creator: unknown, Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0
Washburn Valley - geograph.org.uk - 1721355.jpg
(c) Matthew Hatton, CC BY-SA 2.0
Washburn Valley Wakefield Folly, a half ruined barn can be seen on the right of this photo. Askwith and Weston Moors are in the sun on the horizon.
Giant's Causeway (14).JPG
Author/Creator: Chmee2, Licence: CC BY 3.0
Giant’s Causeway, Northern Ireland. Hexagonal basalts.
Cheddar Gorge, Somerset, UK - Diliff.jpg
Author/Creator: Diliff, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
A panoramic view of Cheddar Gorge in Somerset, UK.
Quantockheather.jpg
(c) Richard Baker, CC BY-SA 2.0
The Northern Flank of Beacon Hill, Quantock Hills, Somerset. In late summer the northern Quantocks are ablaze with Heather and Gorse. Minehead can be seen in the distance
Bibury Cottages in the Cotswolds - June 2007.jpg
Author/Creator: Diliff, Licence: CC BY 3.0
A row of cottages in Bibury, Cotswolds, England.
Near Mawbray Yard, Cumbria.JPG
Author/Creator: Pitipaci, Licence: CC0
The track leading to the beach near Mawbray Yard, in the civil parish of Holme St. Cuthbert in Cumbria.
England AONBs map.svg
© Natural England copyright 2021. Contains Ordnance Survey data © Crown copyright and database right 2021, CC BY-SA 3.0
Map showing all of the Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty of England, in the United Kingdom.
Highwealdview.jpg
Author/Creator: unknown, Licence: PD
Northern Ireland AONBs map.svg
All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100019741 Contains Ordnance Survey data © Crown copyright and database right 2021, CC BY-SA 3.0
Map showing all of the Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty of Northern Ireland, in the United Kingdom.
Monmouth from Livox Wood - geograph.org.uk - 203771.jpg
(c) Roy Parkhouse, CC BY-SA 2.0
Monmouth from Livox Wood. The River Wye leads the eye, past the dismantled/disused railway bridges, to the spire of St Mary's Church, in Church Street.
Sawel mountain.jpg
Author/Creator: Kifster, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Sawel Mountain, County Londonderry, Northern Ireland.
Arnside123.jpg
(c) GFDL, CC BY-SA 3.0
Arnside, Westmorland, over the River Kent
River Dee In March.JPG
(c) Nabokov at the English-language Wikipedia, CC-BY-SA-3.0
The River Dee flowing downstream from the centre of Llangollen in Wales. Photo taken from road bridge on 17 March 2007.
Dixon-Park-04.JPG
Author/Creator: unknown, Licence: PD
Strangford Lough from Portaferry, looking towards the narrows.JPG
Author/Creator: Stubacca, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Strangford Lough from Portaferry, looking towards the narrows.
Castle-rock-derry.jpg
View from Eagle's Rock towards Binevenagh, Co. Derry, Northern Ireland. Photo taken July 1988.
England, Northern Ireland, and Wales AONBs map.svg
© Natural Resources Wales. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100019741 © Natural England copyright 2021. Contains Ordnance Survey data © Crown copyright and database right 2021, CC BY-SA 3.0
Map showing all of the Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty of England, Northern Ireland, and Wales, in the United Kingdom.
Cannock Chase Path.jpg
Author/Creator: Bs0u10e01, Licence: CC BY 3.0
A path in the Beaudesert Old Park area in the south east of Cannock Chase
DownsRanscombeFieldToMway0734c.JPG
Author/Creator: Clem Rutter, Rochester, Kent., Licence: CC BY 2.5
This is one of the fields in Ranscombe Farm, Cuxton, Kent, where the River Medway cuts through the North Downs. The soil varies from pure chalk, to the covering Wealden Clays, producing a habitat that has been visited by plant collectors since 1699. In the distance is the Medway Viaduct, and the rails of the Chatham Main Line can be seen at the field edge. The village is Cuxton. Opium poppy (Papaver somniferum) in the foreground.
Bosham.1.5.05.jpg
(c) Smb1001 at the English-language Wikipedia, CC-BY-SA-3.0
The village of Bosham, seen across Chichester Harbour. Sunday May 1, 2005.
Amexstadjuly10.jpg
Amex Stadium July 2010
Ivinghoe Beacon seen from The Ridgeway.jpg
Author/Creator: Pointillist, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Ivinghoe Beacon seen looking north from The Ridgeway. Photographed for Wikipedia by Pointillist and contributed under the cc-by-sa 3.0 license.
ThreeCliffsBay.jos.500pix.jpg
Three Cliffs Bay on the Gower peninsular of South Wales.
Photograph taken by Jamie O'Shaughnessy September 5, 2003, released to the public domain.
Shropshire Long Mynd.jpg
(c) Sean the Spook at the English Wikipedia, CC-BY-SA-3.0
Self made: A view of the en:Long Mynd in en:Shropshire, looking down Townsbrook Valley towards Burway Hill and Caer Caradoc. Taken by Sean Hattersley on 6th of April 2007.
Cam Lough - geograph.org.uk - 267458.jpg
(c) Ron Murray, CC BY-SA 2.0
Cam Lough Glacial ribbon lake. The Ring of Gullion ring dyke is offset at this point due to a fault line running through the lake.
Lincolnshire Wolds.jpg
Author/Creator: Shyamal, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Lincolnshire Wolds from Red Hill reserve, UK. (This is a stitched HDR with some smudging)
Worm's Head (Rhossili).jpg
(c) CharlesC at English Wikipedia, CC-BY-SA-3.0
Worm's Head, Gower. Taken while flying a paraglider over Rhossili Down
CulmstockBeacon.jpg
Author/Creator: Tony in Devon, Licence: CC BY 3.0
A stone building, a signal station, at Culmostock Beacon in Devon, UK, built in 1588 to enclose a wooden pole, which protruded through the roof to support one or more fire baskets. This is one of a chain of signal stations along England's southern counties - but the only remaining stone building - the purpose of which was to warn of the Spanish Armada being sighted. There is an adjacent Ordnance Survey (the UK's official mapping agency) trig point with the bench mark S.3745.
Howardian Hills.jpg
(c) Phil Catterall, CC BY-SA 2.0
View of Howardian Hills AONB from Sofwood Thorns