April 8

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April 8 in recent years
  2021 (Thursday)
  2020 (Wednesday)
  2019 (Monday)
  2018 (Sunday)
  2017 (Saturday)
  2016 (Friday)
  2015 (Wednesday)
  2014 (Tuesday)
  2013 (Monday)
  2012 (Sunday)

April 8 is the 98th day of the year (99th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar; 267 days remain until the end of the year.

Events

Pre-1600

1601–1900

1901–present

Births

Pre-1600

  • 1320Peter I of Portugal (d. 1367)
  • 1408Jadwiga of Lithuania, Polish princess (d. 1431)
  • 1435John Clifford, 9th Baron de Clifford, English noble (d. 1461)[9]
  • 1533Claudio Merulo, Italian organist and composer (d. 1604)[10]
  • 1536Barbara of Hesse (d. 1597)
  • 1541Michele Mercati, Italian physician and archaeologist (d. 1593)
  • 1580William Herbert, 3rd Earl of Pembroke, English noble, courtier and patron of the arts (d. 1630)
  • 1596Juan van der Hamen, Spanish artist (d. 1631)

1601–1900

1901–present

  • 1902Andrew Irvine, English mountaineer and explorer (d. 1924)
  • 1902 – Maria Maksakova Sr., Russian soprano (d. 1974)
  • 1904John Hicks, English economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1989)
  • 1904 – Hirsch Jacobs, American horse trainer (d. 1970)
  • 1905Joachim Büchner, German sprinter and graphic designer (d. 1978)
  • 1905 – Helen Joseph, English-South African activist (d. 1992)
  • 1905 – Erwin Keller, German field hockey player (d. 1971)
  • 1906Raoul Jobin, Canadian tenor and educator (d. 1974)
  • 1908Hugo Fregonese, Argentinian director and screenwriter (d. 1987)[15]
  • 1909John Fante, American author and screenwriter (d. 1983)
  • 1910George Musso, American football player and police officer (d. 2000)
  • 1911Melvin Calvin, American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1997)
  • 1911 – Emil Cioran, Romanian-French philosopher and academic (d. 1995)
  • 1912Alois Brunner, Austrian-German SS officer (d. 2001 or 2010)
  • 1912 – Sonja Henie, Norwegian-American figure skater and actress (d. 1969)
  • 1914María Félix, Yaqui/Basque-Mexican actress (d. 2002)
  • 1915Ivan Supek, Croatian physicist, philosopher and writer (d. 2007)
  • 1917Winifred Asprey, American mathematician and computer scientist (d. 2007)
  • 1917 – Lloyd Bott, Australian public servant (d. 2004)
  • 1917 – Hubertus Ernst, Dutch bishop (d. 2017)
  • 1917 – Grigori Kuzmin, Russian-Estonian astronomer (d. 1988)
  • 1918Betty Ford, American wife of Gerald Ford, 40th First Lady of the United States (d. 2011)
  • 1918 – Glendon Swarthout, American author and academic (d. 1992)
  • 1919Ian Smith, Zimbabwean lieutenant and politician, 1st Prime Minister of Rhodesia (d. 2007)
  • 1921Franco Corelli, Italian tenor and actor (d. 2003)
  • 1920Carmen McRae, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and actress (d. 1994)
  • 1921 – Jan Novák, Czech composer (d. 1984)
  • 1921 – Herman van Raalte, Dutch footballer (d. 2013)
  • 1923George Fisher, American cartoonist (d. 2003)
  • 1923 – Edward Mulhare, Irish-American actor (d. 1997)
  • 1924Frédéric Back, German-Canadian animator, director, and screenwriter (d. 2013)
  • 1924 – Anthony Farrar-Hockley, English general and historian (d. 2006)
  • 1924 – Kumar Gandharva, Hindustani classical singer (d. 1992)
  • 1924 – Sara Northrup Hollister, American occultist (d. 1997)
  • 1926Henry N. Cobb, American architect and academic, co-founded Pei Cobb Freed & Partners (d. 2020)
  • 1926 – Shecky Greene, American comedian
  • 1926 – Jürgen Moltmann, German theologian and academic
  • 1927Tilly Armstrong, English author (d. 2010)
  • 1927 – Ollie Mitchell, American trumpet player and bandleader (d. 2013)
  • 1928Fred Ebb, American lyricist (d. 2004)
  • 1929Jacques Brel, Belgian singer-songwriter and actor (d. 1978)
  • 1929 – Renzo De Felice, Italian historian and author (d. 1996)
  • 1930Carlos Hugo, Duke of Parma (d. 2010)
  • 1931John Gavin, American actor and diplomat, United States Ambassador to Mexico (d. 2018)[16]
  • 1932Iskandar of Johor (d. 2010)
  • 1933 – James Lockhart, American scholar of colonial Latin America, especially Nahua peoples (d. 2014)
  • 1934Kisho Kurokawa, Japanese architect, designed the Nakagin Capsule Tower and Singapore Flyer (d. 2007)
  • 1935Oscar Zeta Acosta, American lawyer and politician (d. 1974)
  • 1935 – Albert Bustamante, American soldier, educator, and politician
  • 1937Tony Barton, English footballer and manager (d. 1993)[17]
  • 1937 – Seymour Hersh, American journalist and author
  • 1937 – Momo Kapor, Serbian author and painter (d. 2010)
  • 1938Kofi Annan, Ghanaian economist and diplomat, 7th Secretary-General of the United Nations (d. 2018)
  • 1938 – John Hamm, Canadian physician and politician, 25th Premier of Nova Scotia
  • 1938 – Mary W. Gray, American mathematician, statistician, and lawyer
  • 1939John Arbuthnott, Scottish microbiologist and academic
  • 1939 – Trina Schart Hyman, American author and illustrator (d. 2004)
  • 1940John Havlicek, American basketball player (d. 2019)
  • 1941Vivienne Westwood, English fashion designer
  • 1942Tony Banks, Baron Stratford, Northern Irish politician, Minister for Sport and the Olympics (d. 2006)
  • 1942 – Roger Chapman, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1942 – Douglas Trumbull, American director, producer, and special effects artist (d. 2022)
  • 1943Michael Bennett, American dancer, choreographer, and director (d. 1987)
  • 1943 – Miller Farr, American football player
  • 1943 – James Herbert, English author and illustrator (d. 2013)
  • 1943 – Chris Orr, English painter and illustrator
  • 1944Hywel Bennett, Welsh actor (d. 2017)
  • 1944 – Odd Nerdrum, Swedish-Norwegian painter and illustrator
  • 1945Derrick Walker, Scottish businessman
  • 1945 – Jang Yong, South Korean actor
  • 1946Catfish Hunter, American baseball player (d. 1999)
  • 1946 – Tim Thomerson, American actor and producer
  • 1947Tom DeLay, American lawyer and politician
  • 1947 – Steve Howe, English guitarist, songwriter, and producer
  • 1947 – Robert Kiyosaki, American businessman, co-founded Cashflow Technologies
  • 1947 – Pascal Lamy, French businessman and politician, European Commissioner for Trade
  • 1947 – Larry Norman, American singer-songwriter, and producer (d. 2008)
  • 1948Barbara Young, Baroness Young of Old Scone, Scottish academic and politician
  • 1949K. C. Kamalasabayson, Sri Lankan lawyer and politician, 39th Attorney General of Sri Lanka (d. 2007)
  • 1949 – John Madden, English director and producer
  • 1949 – Brenda Russell, African-American-Canadian singer-songwriter and keyboard player
  • 1949 – John Scott, English sociologist and academic
  • 1950Grzegorz Lato, Polish footballer and coach
  • 1951Gerd Andres, German politician
  • 1951 – Geir Haarde, Icelandic economist, journalist, and politician, 23rd Prime Minister of Iceland
  • 1951 – Mel Schacher, American bass player
  • 1951 – Joan Sebastian, Mexican singer-songwriter and actor (d. 2015)
  • 1951 – Phil Schaap, American jazz disc jockey and historian (d. 2021)[18][19]
  • 1952Ahmet Piriştina, Turkish politician (d. 2004)
  • 1954Gary Carter, American baseball player and coach (d. 2012)
  • 1954 – Princess Lalla Amina of Morocco (d. 2012)
  • 1954 – G.V. Loganathan, Indian-American engineer and academic (d. 2007)
  • 1955Ricky Bell, American football player (d. 1984)
  • 1955 – Gerrie Coetzee, South African boxer
  • 1955 – Ron Johnson, American businessman and politician
  • 1955 – Barbara Kingsolver, American novelist, essayist and poet
  • 1955 – David Wu, Taiwanese-American lawyer and politician
  • 1956Michael Benton, Scottish-English paleontologist and academic
  • 1956 – Christine Boisson, French actress
  • 1956 – Roman Dragoun, Czech singer-songwriter and keyboard player
  • 1956 – Jim Piddock, English actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1957Fred Smerlas, American football player and radio host
  • 1958Detlef Bruckhoff, German footballer
  • 1958 – Tom Petranoff, American javelin thrower and coach
  • 1959Alain Bondue, French cyclist
  • 1960John Schneider, American actor and country singer
  • 1961Richard Hatch, American reality contestant
  • 1961 – Brian McDermott, English footballer and manager
  • 1962Paddy Lowe, English engineer
  • 1962 – Izzy Stradlin, American guitarist and songwriter
  • 1963Tine Asmundsen, Norwegian bassist
  • 1963 – Julian Lennon, English singer-songwriter
  • 1963 – Terry Porter, American basketball player and coach
  • 1963 – Donita Sparks, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1963 – Alec Stewart, English cricketer
  • 1963 – Seth Tobias, American businessman (d. 2007)
  • 1964Biz Markie, American rapper, producer, and actor (d. 2021)
  • 1964 – John McGinlay, Scottish footballer and manager
  • 1965Steven Blaney, Canadian businessman and politician, 5th Canadian Minister of Public Safety
  • 1965 – Michael Jones, New Zealand rugby player and coach
  • 1966Iveta Bartošová, Czech singer and actress (d. 2014)
  • 1966 – Mark Blundell, English race car driver
  • 1966 – Andy Currier, English rugby league player
  • 1966 – Charlotte Dawson, New Zealand-Australian television host (d. 2014)
  • 1966 – Dalton Grant, English high jumper
  • 1966 – Mazinho, Brazilian footballer, coach, and manager
  • 1966 – Harri Rovanperä, Finnish race car driver
  • 1966 – Evripidis Stylianidis, Greek lawyer and politician, Greek Minister for the Interior
  • 1966 – Robin Wright, American actress, director, producer
  • 1967Kenny Benjamin, Antiguan cricketer
  • 1968Patricia Arquette, French-Canadian Russian/Polish Jewish-American actress and director
  • 1968 – Patricia Girard, French runner and hurdler
  • 1968 – Tracy Grammer, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1971Darren Jessee, American singer-songwriter and drummer
  • 1972Paul Gray, American bass player and songwriter (d. 2010)
  • 1972 – Sergei Magnitsky, Russian lawyer and accountant (d. 2009)
  • 1973Khaled Badra, Tunisian footballer
  • 1973 – Emma Caulfield, American actress
  • 1974Toutai Kefu, Tongan-Australian rugby player
  • 1974 – Nnedi Okorafor, Nigerian-American author and educator
  • 1975Anouk, Dutch singer
  • 1975 – Francesco Flachi, Italian footballer
  • 1975 – Timo Pérez, Dominican-American baseball player
  • 1975 – Funda Arar, Turkish singer
  • 1977Ana de la Reguera, Mexican actress
  • 1977 – Mehran Ghassemi, Iranian journalist and author (d. 2008)
  • 1977 – Mark Spencer, American computer programmer and engineer
  • 1978Daigo, Japanese singer-songwriter, actor, and voice actor
  • 1978 – Bernt Haas, Austrian-Swiss footballer
  • 1978 – Rachel Roberts, Canadian model and actress
  • 1978 – Jocelyn Robichaud, Canadian tennis player and coach
  • 1978 – Evans Rutto, Kenyan runner
  • 1979Alexi Laiho, Finnish singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2020)
  • 1979 – Amit Trivedi, Indian singer-songwriter
  • 1980Manuel Ortega, Austrian singer
  • 1980 – Katee Sackhoff, American actress
  • 1980 – Mariko Seyama, Japanese announcer, photographer, and model
  • 1981Frédérick Bousquet, French swimmer
  • 1981 – Ofer Shechter, Israeli model, actor, and screenwriter
  • 1982Gennady Golovkin, Kazakhstani boxer
  • 1982 – Brett White, Australian rugby league player
  • 1983Tatyana Petrova Arkhipova, Russian runner
  • 1984Michelle Donelan, British politician
  • 1984 – Ezra Koenig, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1984 – Pablo Portillo, Mexican singer and actor
  • 1984 – Taran Noah Smith, American actor
  • 1985Patrick Schliwa, German rugby player
  • 1985 – Yemane Tsegay, Ethiopian runner
  • 1986Igor Akinfeev, Russian footballer
  • 1986 – Félix Hernández, Venezuelan-American baseball player
  • 1987Royston Drenthe, Dutch footballer
  • 1987 – Jeremy Hellickson, American baseball player
  • 1987 – Elton John, Trinidadian footballer[20]
  • 1987 – Sam Rapira, New Zealand rugby league player
  • 1988Jenni Asserholt, Swedish ice hockey player
  • 1988 – Kim Myung-sung, South Korean baseball player
  • 1990Kim Jong-hyun, South Korean singer (d. 2017)
  • 1993Viktor Arvidsson, Swedish ice hockey player
  • 1993 – Zac Santo, Australian rugby league player
  • 1994Josh Chudleigh, Australian rugby league player
  • 1995Cedi Osman, Turkish professional basketball player
  • 1997Kim Woo-jin, South Korean singer[21]
  • 1997 – Saygrace, Australian singer and songwriter[22]
  • 1997 – Arno Verschueren, Belgian professional football player
  • 2002Skai Jackson, American actress

Deaths

Pre-1600

1601–1900

1901–present

  • 1906Auguste Deter, German woman, first person diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease (b. 1850)
  • 1919Loránd Eötvös, Hungarian physicist, academic, and politician, Hungarian Minister of Education (b. 1848)
  • 1920Charles Griffes, American pianist and composer (b. 1884)
  • 1931Erik Axel Karlfeldt, Swedish poet Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1864)
  • 1936Róbert Bárány, Austrian physician and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1876)
  • 1936 – Božena Benešová, Czech poet and novelist (b. 1873)
  • 1941Marcel Prévost, French novelist and playwright (b. 1862)
  • 1942Kostas Skarvelis, Greek guitarist and composer (b. 1880)
  • 1947Olaf Frydenlund, Norwegian target shooter (b. 1862)
  • 1950Vaslav Nijinsky, Polish dancer and choreographer (b. 1890)
  • 1959Marios Makrionitis, Roman Catholic Archbishop of Athens (b. 1913)
  • 1961Joseph Carrodus, Australian public servant (b. 1885)
  • 1962Juan Belmonte, Spanish bullfighter (b. 1892)
  • 1965Lars Hanson, Swedish actor (b. 1886)
  • 1969Zinaida Aksentyeva, Ukrainian astronomer (b. 1900)
  • 1973Pablo Picasso, Spanish painter and sculptor (b. 1881)
  • 1974James Charles McGuigan, Canadian cardinal (b. 1894)
  • 1979Breece D'J Pancake, American short story writer (b. 1952)
  • 1981Omar Bradley, American general (b. 1893)
  • 1983Isamu Kosugi, Japanese actor and director (b. 1904)
  • 1984Pyotr Kapitsa, Russian physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1894)
  • 1985John Frederick Coots, American pianist and composer (b. 1897)
  • 1990Ryan White, American activist, inspired the Ryan White Care Act (b. 1971)
  • 1991Per Ohlin, Swedish musician (b. 1969)
  • 1992Daniel Bovet, Swiss-Italian pharmacologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1907)
  • 1993Marian Anderson, American operatic singer (b. 1897)
  • 1994François Rozet, French-Canadian actor (b. 1899)
  • 1996Ben Johnson, American actor and stuntman (b. 1918)
  • 1996 – León Klimovsky, Argentinian-Spanish actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1906)
  • 1996 – Mick Young, Australian politician (b. 1936)
  • 1997Laura Nyro, American singer-songwriter and pianist (b. 1947)
  • 2000František Šťastný, Czech motorcycle racer (b. 1927)
  • 2000 – Claire Trevor, American actress (b. 1910)
  • 2002María Félix, Mexican actress (b. 1914)
  • 2002 – Harvey Quaytman, American painter (b. 1937)
  • 2004Werner Schumacher, German actor (b. 1921)
  • 2005Onna White, Canadian choreographer and dancer (b. 1922)
  • 2006Gerard Reve, Dutch author and poet (b. 1923)
  • 2007Sol LeWitt, American painter and sculptor (b. 1928)
  • 2008Kazuo Shiraga, Japanese painter (b. 1924)
  • 2009Richard de Mille, American Scientologist, author, investigative journalist, and psychologist (b. 1922)
  • 2009 – Piotr Morawski, Polish mountaineer (b. 1976)
  • 2010Malcolm McLaren, English singer-songwriter (b. 1946)
  • 2010 – Teddy Scholten, Dutch singer (b. 1926)
  • 2011Hedda Sterne, Romanian-American painter and photographer (b. 1910)
  • 2012Blair Kiel, American football player and coach (b. 1961)
  • 2012 – Jack Tramiel, Polish-American businessman, founded Commodore International (b. 1928)
  • 2012 – Janusz K. Zawodny, Polish-American soldier, historian, and political scientist (b. 1921)
  • 2013Mikhail Beketov, Russian journalist (b. 1958)
  • 2013 – Annette Funicello, American actress and singer (b. 1942)
  • 2013 – Sara Montiel, Spanish-Mexican actress and singer (b. 1928)
  • 2013 – José Luis Sampedro, Spanish economist and author (b. 1917)
  • 2013 – Margaret Thatcher, English politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1925)[26]
  • 2014Emmanuel III Delly, Iraqi patriarch (b. 1927)
  • 2014 – Karlheinz Deschner, German author and activist (b. 1924)
  • 2014 – Ivan Mercep, New Zealand architect, designed the Te Papa Tongarewa Museum (b. 1930)
  • 2015Jayakanthan, Indian journalist and author (b. 1934)
  • 2015 – Rayson Huang, Hong Kong chemist and academic (b. 1920)
  • 2015 – Sergei Lashchenko, Ukrainian kick-boxer (b. 1987)
  • 2015 – David Laventhol, American journalist and publisher (b. 1933)
  • 2015 – Jean-Claude Turcotte, Canadian cardinal (b. 1936)
  • 2019 – Josine Ianco-Starrels, Romanian-born American art curator (b. 1926)[27]
  • 2020Rick May, American-Canadian voice actor (b. 1940)[28]

Holidays and observances

  • Buddha's Birthday, also known as Hana Matsuri, "Flower Festival" (Japan)
  • Christian feast day:
    • Anne Ayres (Episcopal Church (USA))
    • Constantina
    • Julie Billiart of Namur
    • Perpetuus
    • Walter of Pontoise
    • William Augustus Muhlenberg (Episcopal Church (USA))
    • April 8 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Earliest day on which Fast and Prayer Day can fall, while April 14 is the latest; celebrated on the second Friday in April (Liberia)
  • International Romani Day

References

  1. ^ Ando, Clifford (2012). Imperial Rome AD 193 to 284: The Critical Century. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. pp. 62–63. ISBN 9780748620500.
  2. ^ Popović, Alexander (1999). The Revolt of African Slaves in Iraq in the 3rd/9th Century. Princeton, N.J.: Markus Wiener Publishers. p. 74. ISBN 9781558761629.
  3. ^ Norwich, John Julius (2011). Absolute Monarchs: A History of the Papacy. New York: Random House. pp. 135–136. ISBN 9781400067152.
  4. ^ Jaques, Tony; Showalter, Dennis E. (2007). Dictionary of Battles and Sieges: A Guide to 8,500 Battles From Antiquity Through the Twenty-First Century. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press. p. 502. ISBN 9780313335365.
  5. ^ "Venus de Milo | sculpture". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
  6. ^ "BBC - History : British History Timeline". www.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 8 October 2020.
  7. ^ "Barack Obama - Key Events | Miller Center". millercenter.org. 2016-10-07. Retrieved 2022-01-11.
  8. ^ "Bernie Sanders, who reshaped US politics, ends 2020 presidential run". the Guardian. 2020-04-08. Retrieved 2022-01-10.
  9. ^ William Harbutt Dawson (1882). History of Skipton: (W. R. Yorks.). Simpkin, Marshall. p. 32.
  10. ^ John Morehen (2000). Ricercari d'intavolatura d'organo: 1567. A-R Editions, Inc. p. 9. ISBN 978-0-89579-476-5.
  11. ^ The San Juan review. 1965. p. 4.
  12. ^ Taylor, Lloyd C. (1974). Margaret Ayer Barnes. Boston: Twayne Publishing. p. 17. ISBN 978-0-80570-037-4.
  13. ^ Magill, Frank Northen (1995). Great Lives from History. Pasadena: Salem Press. p. 1447. ISBN 978-0-89356-896-2.
  14. ^ Radi, Heather. Marie Byles. Canberra: Australian Dictionary of Biography.
  15. ^ Robert Murphy (11 September 2006). Directors in British and Irish Cinema: A Reference Companion. British Film Institute. p. 214. ISBN 978-1-84457-126-0.
  16. ^ Ronald Bergan (14 April 2018). "John Gavin obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved 5 February 2020.
  17. ^ "Tony Barton". footballdatabase.eu. Retrieved 29 March 2020.
  18. ^ Genzlinger, Neil (September 8, 2021). "Phil Schaap, Grammy-Winning Jazz D.J. and Historian, Dies at 70". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved September 9, 2021.
  19. ^ Page, Tim (8 September 2021). "Phil Schaap, jazz scholar, historian and broadcaster, dies at 70". The Washington Post. Retrieved 9 September 2021.
  20. ^ "Trinidad and Tobago - e. John - Profile with news, career statistics and history - Soccerway".
  21. ^ Baek, Ji-eun (October 31, 2017). [화요일 예능] JYP '스트레이 키즈' 3회, 첫 탈락자 누구? 방찬·김우진·이민호·서창빈·황현진·한지성·필릭스·김승민·양정인. Global Economic (in Korean). Retrieved October 12, 2021.
  22. ^ "Here's the Breakup Anthem You Should Jam Out to, Based on Your Zodiac Sign".
  23. ^ "Caracalla | Roman emperor". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 10 March 2021.
  24. ^ Gróf Széchenyi István írói és hírlapi vitája Kossuth Lajossal [Count Stephen Széchenyi's Literary and Publicistic Debate with Louis Kossuth], ed. Gyula Viszota, 2 vols. (Budapest: Magyar Történelmi Társulat, 1927–1930).
  25. ^ Almeida, Maria Antónia Pires de (2014). "Combatendo epidemias: Bernardino António Gomes, Sousa Martins, Ricardo Jorge, Câmara Pestana, Almeida Garrett, Fernando da Silva Correia". In Rollo, Maria Fernanda; Nunes, Maria de Fátima; Esperança Pina, Madalena; Queiroz, Maria Inês (eds.). Espaços e Actores da Ciência em Portugal (XVIII-XX) (in Portuguese). Lisboa: Caleidoscópio. pp. 309–326. hdl:10071/12242. ISBN 9789896582746.
  26. ^ "Margaret Thatcher | Biography & Facts". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 24 November 2020.
  27. ^ Muchnic, Suzanne (April 19, 2019). "Josine Ianco-Starrels, curator who helped shape L.A. art scene, dies at 92". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 20, 2019.
  28. ^ "Rick May – In Memoriam". Rekindle School. April 8, 2020. Archived from the original on April 14, 2020. Retrieved April 13, 2020.

External links