April 4

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April 4 in recent years
  2021 (Sunday)
  2020 (Saturday)
  2019 (Thursday)
  2018 (Wednesday)
  2017 (Tuesday)
  2016 (Monday)
  2015 (Saturday)
  2014 (Friday)
  2013 (Thursday)
  2012 (Wednesday)

April 4 is the 94th day of the year (95th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar; 271 days remain until the end of the year.

On the Roman calendar, this was known as the day before the nones of April (Latin: Prid. Non. Apr.).

Events

Pre-1600

1601–1900

1901–present

Births

Pre-1600

1601–1900

  • 1640Gaspar Sanz, Spanish guitarist, composer, and priest (d. 1710)
  • 1646Antoine Galland, French orientalist and archaeologist (d. 1715)[11]
  • 1648Grinling Gibbons, Dutch-English sculptor (d. 1721)
  • 1676Giuseppe Maria Orlandini, Italian composer (d. 1760)
  • 1688Joseph-Nicolas Delisle, French astronomer and cartographer (d. 1768)
  • 1718Benjamin Kennicott, English theologian and scholar (d. 1783)
  • 1752Niccolò Antonio Zingarelli, Italian composer (d. 1837)
  • 1760Juan Manuel Olivares, Venezuelan organist and composer (d. 1797)
  • 1762Stephen Storace, English actor and composer (d. 1796)
  • 1772Nachman of Breslov, Ukrainian founder of the Breslov Hasidic movement (d. 1810)
  • 1780Edward Hicks, American minister and painter (d. 1849)
  • 1785Bettina von Arnim, German author, illustrator, and composer (d. 1859)[12]
  • 1792Thaddeus Stevens, American lawyer and politician (d. 1868)
  • 1802Dorothea Dix, American nurse and activist (d. 1887)[13]
  • 1818Thomas Mayne Reid, Irish-American author and poet (d. 1883)
  • 1819Maria II of Portugal (d. 1853)
  • 1821Linus Yale, Jr., American engineer and businessman (d. 1868)
  • 1826Zénobe Gramme, Belgian engineer, invented the Gramme machine (d. 1901)
  • 1829Owen Suffolk, Australian bushranger, poet, confidence-man and author (d. ?)
  • 1835John Hughlings Jackson, English physician and neurologist (d. 1911)
  • 1842Édouard Lucas, French mathematician and theorist (d. 1891)
  • 1843William Henry Jackson, American painter and photographer (d. 1942)
  • 1846Comte de Lautréamont, Uruguayan-French poet and educator (d. 1870)
  • 1851James Campbell, 1st Baron Glenavy, Irish lawyer and politician (d. 1931)
  • 1853Remy de Gourmont, French poet, novelist, and critic (d. 1915)
  • 1868Philippa Fawcett, English mathematician and educator (d. 1948)
  • 1869Mary Colter, American architect, designed the Desert View Watchtower (d. 1958)
  • 1875Pierre Monteux, Sephardic Jewish French-American viola player and conductor (d. 1964)
  • 1876Maurice de Vlaminck, French painter and poet (d. 1958)
  • 1878Stylianos Lykoudis, Greek admiral and historian (d. 1958)
  • 1879Gustav Goßler, German rower (d. 1940)
  • 1884James Alberione, Italian priest, founded the Society of St. Paul (d. 1971)
  • 1884 – Isoroku Yamamoto, Japanese admiral (d. 1943)
  • 1886Frank Luther Mott, American historian and journalist (d. 1964)
  • 1888Tris Speaker, American baseball player and manager (d. 1958)
  • 1888 – Zdzisław Żygulski, Sr., Polish historian and academic (d. 1975)
  • 1889Makhanlal Chaturvedi, Indian journalist, poet, and playwright (d. 1968)
  • 1892Italo Mus, Italian painter (d. 1967)
  • 1895Arthur Murray, American dancer and educator (d. 1991)
  • 1896Robert E. Sherwood, American playwright and screenwriter (d. 1955)
  • 1897Pierre Fresnay, French actor and screenwriter (d. 1975)
  • 1898Agnes Ayres, American actress (d. 1940)
  • 1899Hillel Oppenheimer, German-Israeli botanist and academic (d. 1971)

1901–present

  • 1902Louise Lévêque de Vilmorin, French journalist and author (d. 1969)
  • 1902 – Stanley G. Weinbaum, American author and poet (d. 1935)
  • 1905Eugène Bozza, French composer and conductor (d. 1991)
  • 1905 – Erika Nõva, Estonian architect and engineer (d. 1987)
  • 1906Bea Benaderet, Turkish-Irish-American television, radio, and voice actress (d. 1968)
  • 1906 – John Cameron Swayze, American journalist (d. 1995)
  • 1907Robert Askin, Australian sergeant and politician, 32nd Premier of New South Wales (d. 1981)
  • 1910Đặng Văn Ngữ, Vietnamese physician and academic (d. 1967)
  • 1913Dave Brown, Australian rugby league player (d. 1974)
  • 1913 – Rosemary Lane, American actress and singer (d. 1974)
  • 1913 – Frances Langford, American actress and singer (d. 2005)
  • 1913 – Jules Léger, Canadian lawyer and politician, 21st Governor General of Canada (d. 1980)
  • 1913 – Muddy Waters, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1983)
  • 1914Richard Coogan, American actor (d. 2014)
  • 1914 – Marguerite Duras, French novelist, screenwriter, and director (d. 1996)
  • 1914 – David W. Goodall, Australian ecologist and botanist (d. 2018)
  • 1915Louis Archambault, Canadian sculptor (d. 2003)
  • 1916Nikola Ljubičić, Serbian general and politician, 10th President of Serbia (d. 2005)
  • 1916 – Mickey Owen, American baseball player and coach (d. 2005)
  • 1916 – David White, American actor (d. 1990)
  • 1918George Jellicoe, 2nd Earl Jellicoe, English soldier and politician, Leader of the House of Lords (d. 2007)
  • 1920Ignatius IV of Antioch, Greek patriarch (d. 2012)
  • 1921Orunamamu, American-Canadian author and educator (d. 2014)
  • 1921 – Elizabeth Wilson, American actress (d. 2015)
  • 1922Elmer Bernstein, American composer and conductor (d. 2004)
  • 1923Peter Vaughan, English actor (d. 2016)
  • 1923 – Gene Reynolds, American actor, director, producer and screenwriter (d. 2020)
  • 1924Bob Christie, American race car driver (d. 2009)
  • 1924 – Gil Hodges, American baseball player and manager (d. 1972)
  • 1925Dettmar Cramer, German footballer and manager (d. 2015)
  • 1925 – Frank Truitt, American basketball player and coach (d. 2014)
  • 1925 – Claude Wagner, Canadian lawyer, judge, and politician (d. 1979)
  • 1925 – Emmett Williams, American poet and author (d. 2007)
  • 1926 – Ronnie Masterson, Irish actress (d. 2014)
  • 1927Joe Orlando, Italian-American author and illustrator (d. 1998)
  • 1928Maya Angelou, American memoirist and poet (d. 2014)
  • 1928 – Estelle Harris, American actress and comedian
  • 1928 – Jimmy Logan, Scottish actor, director, and producer (d. 2001)
  • 1928 – Monty Norman, English singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1929Humbert Allen Astredo, American actor (d. 2016)
  • 1930Netty Herawaty, Indonesian actress (d. 1989)
  • 1931James Dickens, English politician (d. 2013)
  • 1931 – Bobby Ray Inman, American admiral and intelligence officer
  • 1931 – Catherine Tizard, New Zealand politician, 16th Governor-General of New Zealand (d. 2021)
  • 1932Clive Davis, American record producer, founded Arista Records and J Records
  • 1932 – Richard Lugar, American lieutenant and politician, 44th Mayor of Indianapolis (d. 2019)
  • 1932 – Anthony Perkins, American actor (d. 1992)
  • 1932 – Johanna Reiss, Dutch-American author
  • 1932 – Andrei Tarkovsky, Russian director and producer (d. 1986)
  • 1933Bill France, Jr., American businessman (d. 2007)
  • 1933 – Brian Hewson, English runner
  • 1933 – Bapu Nadkarni, Indian cricketer (d. 2020)
  • 1934Helen Hanft, American actress (d. 2013)
  • 1934 – Kronid Lyubarsky, Russian journalist and activist (d. 1996)
  • 1935Geoff Braybrooke, English-New Zealand soldier and politician (d. 2013)
  • 1935 – Kenneth Mars, American actor and comedian (d. 2011)
  • 1935 – Trevor Griffiths, English playwright and educator
  • 1938A. Bartlett Giamatti, American businessman and academic (d. 1989)
  • 1939JoAnne Carner, American golfer
  • 1939 – Darlene Hooley, American educator and politician
  • 1939 – Hugh Masekela, South African trumpeter, flugelhornist, cornetist, composer, and singer (d. 2018)
  • 1940Richard Attwood, English race car driver
  • 1940 – Sharon Sheeley, American singer-songwriter (d. 2002)
  • 1942Jim Fregosi, American baseball player and manager (d. 2014)
  • 1942 – Kitty Kelley, American journalist and biographer
  • 1942 – Elizabeth Levy, American author
  • 1944Magda Aelvoet, Belgian politician
  • 1944 – Mary Kenny, Irish journalist, author, and playwright
  • 1944 – Bob McDill, American country music songwriter
  • 1944 – Craig T. Nelson, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1944 – Nelson Prudêncio, Brazilian triple jumper and educator (d. 2012)
  • 1944 – Toktamış Ateş, Turkish academician, political commentator, columnist and writer (d. 2013)
  • 1945Daniel Cohn-Bendit, French-German educator and politician
  • 1945 – Caroline McWilliams, American actress (d. 2010)
  • 1946Colin Coates, Australian speed skater
  • 1946 – Dave Hill, English guitarist
  • 1946 – Katsuaki Satō, Japanese martial artist and coach
  • 1946 – György Spiró, Hungarian author and playwright
  • 1946 – Bubba Wyche, American football player and coach
  • 1947Wiranto, Indonesian general and politician
  • 1947 – Ray Fosse, American baseball player and sportscaster (d. 2021)
  • 1947 – Eliseo Soriano, Filipino minister and television host (d. 2021)
  • 1948Abdullah Öcalan, Turkish activist
  • 1948 – Berry Oakley, American bass player (d. 1972)
  • 1948 – Richard Parsons, American lawyer and businessman
  • 1948 – Dan Simmons, American author
  • 1948 – Derek Thompson, Northern Irish actor
  • 1948 – Pick Withers, English drummer
  • 1949Junior Braithwaite, Jamaican-American singer (d. 1999)
  • 1949 – Shing-Tung Yau, Chinese-American mathematician and academic
  • 1950Christine Lahti, American actress and director
  • 1951John Hannah, American football player and coach
  • 1952Rosemarie Ackermann, German high jumper
  • 1952 – Pat Burns, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (d. 2010)
  • 1952 – Gregg Hansford, Australian race car driver and motorcycle racer (d. 1995)
  • 1952 – Cherie Lunghi, English actress and dancer
  • 1952 – Karen Magnussen, Canadian figure skater and coach
  • 1952 – Gary Moore, Northern Irish singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (d. 2011)
  • 1952 – Villy Søvndal, Danish educator and politician, Danish Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • 1953Robert Bertrand, Canadian politician
  • 1953 – Henry Fotheringham, South African cricketer
  • 1953 – Simcha Jacobovici, Canadian director, producer, journalist, and author
  • 1953 – Sammy Wilson, Northern Irish politician, 31st Lord Mayor of Belfast
  • 1953 – Chen Yi, Chinese violinist and composer
  • 1956Evelyn Hart, Canadian ballerina
  • 1956 – Tom Herr, American baseball player and manager
  • 1956 – David E. Kelley, American screenwriter and producer
  • 1957Paul Downton, English cricketer
  • 1957 – Aki Kaurismäki, Finnish director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1957 – Graeme Kelling, Scottish guitarist (d. 2004)
  • 1957 – Nobuyoshi Kuwano, Japanese singer and trumpet player
  • 1958Peter Baltes, German bass player
  • 1958 – Cazuza, Brazilian singer-songwriter (d. 1990)
  • 1958 – Rodney Eade, Australian footballer and coach
  • 1959Phil Morris, American actor and screenwriter
  • 1960Jonathan Agnew, English cricketer and sportscaster
  • 1960 – Jane Eaglen, English soprano
  • 1960 – Godknows Igali, Nigerian diplomat, civil servant and technocrat
  • 1960 – Hugo Weaving, Nigerian-Australian actor and producer
  • 1961Hildi Santo-Tomas, American interior decorator
  • 1962Craig Adams, English bass player and songwriter
  • 1962 – Kailasho Devi, Indian social worker and politician
  • 1963A. Michael Baldwin, American actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1963 – Jack Del Rio, American football player and coach
  • 1963 – Dale Hawerchuk, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (d. 2020)
  • 1963 – Jane McDonald, English singer and broadcaster
  • 1963 – Graham Norton, Irish actor and talk show host
  • 1964Branco, Brazilian footballer and coach
  • 1964 – Dr. Chud, American drummer and singer
  • 1964 – Anthony Clark, American actor
  • 1964 – David Cross, American actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1964 – Paul Parker, England international footballer and TV pundit[14]
  • 1964 – Đặng Thân, Vietnamese writer and poet
  • 1965Vinny Burns, English guitarist and producer
  • 1965 – Robert Downey Jr., American actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1966Nancy McKeon, American actress
  • 1966 – Mike Starr, American bass player (d. 2011)
  • 1966 – Christos Tsekos, Greek basketball player
  • 1967Edith Masai, Kenyan-German runner
  • 1967 – George Mavrotas, Greek water polo player and politician
  • 1968Jesús Rollán, Spanish water polo player (d. 2006)
  • 1969Piotr Anderszewski, Polish pianist and composer
  • 1969 – Karren Brady, English journalist and businesswoman
  • 1970Georgios Amanatidis, Greek footballer and manager
  • 1970 – Greg Garcia, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1970 – Barry Pepper, Canadian actor and producer
  • 1970 – Jason Stoltenberg, Australian tennis player
  • 1970 – Josh Todd, American singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1970 – Yelena Yelesina, Russian high jumper
  • 1971Yanic Perreault, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1971 – Malik Yusef, American actor, producer, and poet
  • 1971 – John Zandig, American wrestler and promoter
  • 1972Jim Dymock, Australian rugby league player and coach
  • 1972 – Jill Scott, American singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1972 – Magnus Sveningsson, Swedish bass player
  • 1973Chris Banks, American football player (d. 2014)
  • 1973 – David Blaine, American magician and producer
  • 1973 – Loris Capirossi, Italian motorcycle racer
  • 1973 – Peter Hoekstra, Dutch footballer and coach
  • 1973 – Chris McCormack, Australian triathlete and coach
  • 1973 – Kelly Price, American singer-songwriter
  • 1975Delphine Arnault, French businesswoman
  • 1975 – Thobias Fredriksson, Swedish skier
  • 1975 – Joyce Giraud, Puerto Rican-American model, television actress and producer, Miss Puerto Rico 1994
  • 1975 – Pamela Ribon, American actress, screenwriter, and author
  • 1975 – Miranda Lee Richards, American singer-songwriter
  • 1975 – Scott Rolen, American baseball player
  • 1975 – Kevin Weekes, Canadian ice hockey player and sportscaster
  • 1976Nathan Blacklock, Australian rugby player
  • 1976 – Sébastien Enjolras, French race car driver (d. 1997)
  • 1976 – Emerson Ferreira da Rosa, Brazilian footballer
  • 1976 – James Roday, American actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1977Stephan Bonnar, American mixed martial artist
  • 1977 – Keith Bulluck, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1977 – Adam Dutkiewicz, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer
  • 1977 – Stephen Mulhern, English magician and television host
  • 1977 – Omarr Smith, American football player and coach
  • 1978Jason Ellison, American baseball player and scout
  • 1978 – Alan Mahon, Irish footballer
  • 1979Heath Ledger, Australian actor (d. 2008)
  • 1979 – Roberto Luongo, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1979 – Natasha Lyonne, American actress
  • 1979 – Andy McKee, American guitarist
  • 1979 – Maksim Opalev, Russian canoeist[15]
  • 1980Johnny Borrell, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1980 – Trevor Moore, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2021)
  • 1980 – Eric Steinbach, American football player
  • 1980 – Björn Wirdheim, Swedish race car driver
  • 1981Currensy, American rapper
  • 1981 – Eduardo Luís Carloto, Brazilian footballer
  • 1981 – Casey Daigle, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Anna Pyatykh, Russian triple jumper[16]
  • 1981 – Ned Vizzini, American author and screenwriter (d. 2013)
  • 1982Justin Cook, American voice actor and producer
  • 1982 – Magnus Lindgren, Swedish chef (d. 2012)
  • 1983Evgeny Artyukhin, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1983 – Eric Andre, American comedian[17]
  • 1983 – Ben Gordon, American basketball player
  • 1983 – Doug Lynch, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1983 – Natalie Pike, Scottish-English model and actress
  • 1983 – Amanda Righetti, American actress
  • 1984Sean May, American basketball player
  • 1984 – Arkady Vyatchanin, Russian swimmer
  • 1985Rudy Fernández, Spanish basketball player
  • 1985 – Dudi Sela, Israeli tennis player
  • 1985 – Ricardo Vilar, Brazilian footballer
  • 1986Eunhyuk, South Korean singer-songwriter and dancer
  • 1986 – Cameron Barker, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1986 – Maurice Manificat, French skier
  • 1986 – Aiden McGeady, Scottish-born Irish footballer
  • 1986 – Alexander Tettey, Norwegian footballer
  • 1987Sami Khedira, German footballer
  • 1987 – McDonald Mariga, Kenyan footballer
  • 1987 – Cameron Maybin, American baseball player
  • 1987 – Marcos Vellidis, Greek footballer
  • 1987 – Sarah Gadon, Canadian actress
  • 1988Frank Fielding, English footballer
  • 1989Vurnon Anita, Dutch footballer
  • 1989 – Steven Finn, English cricketer[18]
  • 1989 – Chris Herd, Australian footballer[19]
  • 1991Yui Koike, Japanese singer and actress
  • 1991 – Justin O'Neill, Australian rugby league player
  • 1991 – Jamie Lynn Spears, American actress and singer
  • 1991 – Marlon Stöckinger, Filipino race car driver[20]
  • 1992Lucy May Barker, English actress and singer
  • 1992 – Christina Metaxa, Cypriot singer-songwriter
  • 1992 – Ricky Dillon, American youtuber and singer
  • 1993Samir Carruthers, English footballer
  • 1993 – Frank Kaminsky, American basketball player
  • 1994Shunsuke Nishikawa, Japanese actor
  • 1994 – Risako Sugaya, Japanese singer and actress
  • 1996Austin Mahone, American singer-songwriter and actor

Deaths

Pre-1600

  • 397Ambrose, Roman archbishop and saint (b. 338)
  • 636Isidore of Seville, Spanish archbishop and saint (b. 560)
  • 814Plato of Sakkoudion, Byzantine monk and saint (b. 735)
  • 896Formosus, pope of the Catholic Church (b. 816)
  • 911Liu Yin, Chinese warlord and governor (b. 874)
  • 931Kong Xun, Chinese official and governor (b. 884)
  • 968Abu Firas al-Hamdani, Arab prince and poet (b. 932)
  • 991Reginold, bishop of Eichstätt[21]
  • 1284Alfonso X, king of Castile and León (b. 1221)
  • 1292Nicholas IV, pope of the Catholic Church (b. 1227)
  • 1406Robert III, king of Scotland (b.1337)[22]
  • 1483Henry Bourchier, 1st Earl of Essex (b. c. 1405)
  • 1536Frederick I, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach (b. 1460)
  • 1538Elena Glinskaya, Grand Princess and regent of Russia
  • 1588Frederick II, king of Denmark and Norway (b. 1534)
  • 1596Philip II, Duke of Brunswick-Grubenhagen (b. 1533)

1601–1900

1901–present

  • 1912Charles Brantley Aycock, American lawyer and politician, 50th Governor of North Carolina (b. 1859)
  • 1912 – Isaac K. Funk, American minister, lexicographer, and publisher, co-founded Funk & Wagnalls (b. 1839)
  • 1919William Crookes, English chemist and physicist (b. 1832)
  • 1919 – Francisco Marto, Portuguese saint (b. 1908)
  • 1923John Venn, English mathematician and philosopher, created the Venn diagram (b. 1834)
  • 1929Karl Benz, German engineer and businessman, founded Mercedes-Benz (b. 1844)
  • 1931André Michelin, French businessman, co-founded the Michelin Tyre Company (b. 1853)
  • 1932Wilhelm Ostwald, Latvian-German chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1853)
  • 1933Elizabeth Bacon Custer, American author and educator (b. 1842)
  • 1941Emine Nazikedâ Kadınefendi, the first wife and chief consort of Sultan Mehmed VI (b. 1866)
  • 1944 – Morris H. Whitehouse, American architect (b. 1878)[23]
  • 1951George Albert Smith, American religious leader, 8th President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (b. 1870)
  • 1953Carol II of Romania (b. 1893)
  • 1957E. Herbert Norman, Canadian historian and diplomat (b. 1909)
  • 1958Johnny Stompanato, American soldier and bodyguard (b. 1925)
  • 1961Harald Riipalu, Estonian military commander (b. 1912)
  • 1961 – Simion Stoilow, Romanian mathematician and academic (b. 1873)
  • 1963Oskari Tokoi, Finnish socialist and the Chairman of the Senate of Finland (b. 1873)[24]
  • 1967Al Lewis, American songwriter (b. 1901)
  • 1967 – Héctor Scarone, Uruguayan footballer and manager (b. 1898)
  • 1968Martin Luther King Jr., American minister and activist, Nobel Prize laureate (assassinated)(b. 1929)
  • 1972Adam Clayton Powell, Jr., American pastor and politician (b. 1908)
  • 1972 – Stefan Wolpe, German-American composer and academic (b. 1902)
  • 1976Harry Nyquist, Swedish engineer and theorist (b. 1889)
  • 1977Andrey Dikiy, Ukrainian-American journalist, historian, and politician (b. 1893)
  • 1979Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, Pakistani lawyer and politician, 4th President of Pakistan (b. 1928)
  • 1979 – Edgar Buchanan, American actor (b. 1903)
  • 1980Red Sovine, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1917)
  • 1983Gloria Swanson, American actress (b. 1899)
  • 1983 – Bernard Vukas, Croatian football player, played for 1953 FIFA's "Rest of the World" team against England at Wembley (b. 1927)
  • 1984Oleg Antonov, Russian-Ukrainian engineer and businessman, founded Antonov (b. 1906)[25]
  • 1985Kate Roberts, Welsh author and activist (b. 1891)
  • 1987C. L. Moore, American author and academic (b. 1911)
  • 1987 – Chögyam Trungpa, Tibetan guru, poet, and scholar (b. 1939)
  • 1987 – Sachchidananda Vatsyayan, Indian journalist and author (b. 1911)
  • 1991Edmund Adamkiewicz, German footballer (b. 1920)
  • 1991 – Max Frisch, Swiss playwright and novelist (b. 1911)
  • 1991 – H. John Heinz III, American soldier and politician (b. 1938)
  • 1991 – Graham Ingels, American illustrator (b. 1915)
  • 1992Yvette Brind'Amour, Canadian actress and director (b. 1918)
  • 1992 – Jack Hamilton, Australian footballer (b. 1928)
  • 1992 – Arthur Russell, American singer-songwriter and cellist (b. 1951)
  • 1993Alfred Mosher Butts, American game designer, invented Scrabble (b. 1899)
  • 1993 – Douglas Leopold, Canadian radio and television host (b. 1947)
  • 1995Kenny Everett, English radio and television host (b. 1944)
  • 1995 – Priscilla Lane, American actress (b. 1915)
  • 1996Barney Ewell, American runner and long jumper (b. 1918)
  • 1996 – Boone Guyton, American lieutenant and pilot (b. 1913)
  • 1997Leo Picard, German-Israeli geologist and academic (b. 1900)
  • 1997 – Alparslan Türkeş, Turkish colonel and politician, 39th Deputy Prime Minister of Turkey (b. 1917)
  • 1999Lucille Lortel, American actress, artistic director and producer (b. 1900)
  • 1999 – Early Wynn, American baseball player and sportscaster (b. 1920)
  • 2001Liisi Oterma, Finnish astronomer (b. 1915)
  • 2001 – Ed Roth, American illustrator and engineer (b. 1932)
  • 2001 – Maury Van Vliet, American-Canadian academic (b. 1913)
  • 2003Anthony Caruso, American actor (b. 1916)
  • 2004Briek Schotte, Belgian cyclist and coach (b. 1919)
  • 2005Edward Bronfman, Canadian businessman and philanthropist (b. 1924)
  • 2007Bob Clark, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1941)
  • 2007 – Karen Spärck Jones, English computer scientist and academic (b. 1935)
  • 2008Francis Tucker, South African race car driver (b. 1923)
  • 2009Maxine Cooper, American actress, activist and photographer (b. 1924)
  • 2011Scott Columbus, American drummer (b. 1956)
  • 2011 – Juliano Mer-Khamis, Israeli actor, director, and activist (b. 1958)
  • 2012A. Dean Byrd, American psychologist and academic (b. 1948)
  • 2012 – Anne Karin Elstad, Norwegian author and educator (b. 1938)
  • 2012 – Claude Miller, French director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1942)
  • 2012 – Dubravko Pavličić, Croatian footballer (b. 1967)
  • 2012 – Roberto Rexach Benítez, American-Puerto Rican academic and politician, 10th President of the Senate of Puerto Rico (b. 1929)
  • 2013Bengt Blomgren, Swedish actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1923)
  • 2013 – Roger Ebert, American journalist, critic, and screenwriter (b. 1942)
  • 2013 – Carmine Infantino, American illustrator (b. 1925)
  • 2013 – Tommy Tycho, Hungarian-Australian pianist, composer, and conductor (b. 1928)
  • 2013 – Ian Walsh, Australian rugby player and coach (b. 1933)
  • 2013 – Noboru Yamaguchi, Japanese author (b. 1972)
  • 2014İsmet Atlı, Turkish wrestler and trainer (b. 1931)
  • 2014 – Wayne Henderson, American trombonist and producer (b. 1939)
  • 2014 – Kumba Ialá, Bissau-Guinean soldier and politician, President of Guinea-Bissau (b. 1953)
  • 2014 – Margo MacDonald, Scottish journalist and politician (b. 1943)[26]
  • 2014 – Curtis Bill Pepper, American journalist and author (b. 1917)
  • 2014 – Muhammad Qutb, Egyptian author and academic (b. 1919)
  • 2015Jamaluddin Jarjis, Malaysian engineer and politician (b. 1951)
  • 2015 – Elmer Lach, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1918)
  • 2015 – Donald N. Levine, American sociologist and academic (b. 1931)
  • 2015 – Klaus Rifbjerg, Danish author and poet (b. 1931)
  • 2016Chus Lampreave, Spanish actress (b. 1930)

Holidays and observances

References

  1. ^ Calendar: Thirty Years of the Soviet State, 1917-1947. Foreign Languages Publishing House. 1947.
  2. ^ George Ostrogorsky (1957). History of the Byzantine State. p. 404.
  3. ^ Fabris, Antonio (1992). "From Adrianople to Constantinople: Venetian–Ottoman diplomatic missions, 1360–1453". Mediterranean Historical Review. 7 (2): 154–200. doi:10.1080/09518969208569639.
  4. ^ Pastoor, Charles; Johnson, Galen K. (2007). "Historical Dictionary of the Puritans". Lanham, Md.: Scarecrow Press. p. 100. ISBN 9780810850859.
  5. ^ "Decision of the National People's Congress on the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administration Region of the People's Republic of China". Government of Hong Kong. 4 April 1990. Archived from the original on 2 December 2013. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  6. ^ Gross, Jane (6 April 1991). "6 Are Killed as 8-Hour Siege By Gang Ends in California". The New York Times. Retrieved 12 June 2021.
  7. ^ "M 7.2 - 12km SW of Delta, B.C., MX". United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2022-03-22.
  8. ^ Research, CNN Editorial (27 August 2013). "Sarin Fast Facts". CNN. Retrieved 2022-01-12.
  9. ^ "Caracalla | Roman emperor". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 25 May 2020.
  10. ^ Wood, Betty (2004). "Strachey, William (1572–1621), historian of Virginia". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/26623. Retrieved 3 February 2021. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  11. ^ Christian-Muslim Relations. A Bibliographical History Volume 13 Western Europe (1700-1800). BRILL. 2019. p. 529. ISBN 978-90-04-40283-6.
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