Amikwa people

Amkiwa signature of a beaver on the Great Peace of Montreal.

The Amikwa (Ojibwe: Amikwaa, "Beaver People"; from amik, "beaver"), also as Amicouës, Amikouet, etc., were a Native American clan, one of the first recognized by Europeans in the 17th century.[1] The Amikwa were Anishinaabeg peoples, and spoke an Ojibwe language. In the Jesuit Relations, the Amikwa were referred to as the Nez Perce (not to be confused with the Pacific Northwest Nez Perce people).[2][3] They inhabited the north shore of Lake Huron, opposite the island of Manitoulin, along the shores between Missisagi and French Rivers, and along Spanish River. In September 1753, Bacqueville de la Potherie claimed that they inhabited the shores of Lake Nipissing.[4] They were a large, powerful group allied with the Nipissings and related to the Outchougai, Mandua, and Atchiligouan peoples.[5] The Amikwa were nearly wiped out by disease and wars with the Iroquois and the last of the tribe appear to have merged with the Nipissings or the Ojibwe.[5]


  1. ^ "Emerging History". Henvey Inlet First Nation. Retrieved 22 August 2012.
  2. ^ Clark, Patricia Roberts (2009-10-21). Tribal Names of the Americas: Spelling Variants and Alternative Forms, Cross-Referenced. ISBN 9780786451692.
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-12-28. Retrieved 2014-11-30.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ "Amikwa Indian Tribe History". Access Genealogy. Retrieved 22 August 2012.
  5. ^ a b Bellfy, Phil. "Three Fires Unity: The Anishnaabeg of the Lake Huron Borderlands" (PDF). Nebraska Press. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-01-03. Retrieved 22 August 2012.

Media files used on this page

Grande Paix de Montréal 14 Signature des AMIKOUÉS.svg
Marque : le castor. Les Amikoués ou « Nez percés » habitent la rive nord du lac Huron (île Manitoulin).