Allendale County, South Carolina

Allendale County
Allendale County Courthouse in July 2012
Allendale County Courthouse in July 2012
Map of South Carolina highlighting Allendale County
Location within the U.S. state of South Carolina
Map of the United States highlighting South Carolina
South Carolina's location within the U.S.
Coordinates:32°59′N 81°21′W / 32.99°N 81.35°W / 32.99; -81.35
Country United States
State South Carolina
Founded1919
Named forPaul H. Allen, early postmaster of Allendale[1]
SeatAllendale
Largest townAllendale
Area
 • Total412 sq mi (1,070 km2)
 • Land408 sq mi (1,060 km2)
 • Water4.3 sq mi (11 km2)  1.0%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total10,419
 • Estimate 
(2020)
8,452
 • Density25/sq mi (9.8/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district6th
Websitewww.allendalecounty.com

Allendale County is a county in the U.S. state of South Carolina. As of the 2018 census estimates, the population was 8,903 [2] making it the least populous county in South Carolina. Its county seat is Allendale.[3]

History

Allendale County was formed in 1919 from southwestern portions of Barnwell County, along the Savannah River. It is the location of the Topper Site, an archeological excavation providing possible evidence of a pre-Clovis culture dating back 50,000 years. The site is near a source of chert on private land in Martin owned by Clariant Corporation, a Swiss chemical company with a plant there. The site, named after John Topper, a local resident who discovered it, has been under excavation by archeologists from the University of South Carolina for about one month a year since 1999, after an initial exploratory dig in the mid-1980s.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 412 square miles (1,070 km2), of which 408 square miles (1,060 km2) is land and 4.3 square miles (11 km2) (1.0%) is water.[4] The Savannah River forms the county's western border with Georgia.

Allendale is 62 miles from Augusta, Georgia; 73 miles from Savannah, Georgia; 87 miles from Columbia; and 90 miles from Charleston. Before interstate highways were built, Allendale had several motels, primarily serving travelers going between Northeastern states and Florida. Traffic that formerly traveled U.S. 301 through Allendale now uses Interstate-95.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

  • US 278
  • US 301
  • US 321

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
192016,098
193013,294−17.4%
194013,040−1.9%
195011,773−9.7%
196011,362−3.5%
19709,692−14.7%
198010,70010.4%
199011,7229.6%
200011,211−4.4%
201010,419−7.1%
2020 (est.)8,452[5]−18.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2013[2]

2000 census

At the 2000 census there were 11,211 people, 3,915 households and 2,615 families living in the county. The population density was 28 people per square mile (11/km2). There were 4,568 housing units at an average density of 11 per square mile (4/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 71.0 percent Black or African American, 27.37 percent White, 0.12 percent Asian, 0.09 percent Native American, 0.06 percent Pacific Islander, 0.85 percent from other races, and 0.51 percent from two or more races. 1.61 percent of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.[10] Of the 3,915 households 30.3 percent had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.8 percent were married couples living together, 25.8 percent had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.2 percent were non-families. 30.0 percent of all households were one person and 12.3 percent had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.21.

The age distribution was 26.6 percent under the age of 18, 9.8 percent from 18 to 24, 28.2 percent from 25 to 44, 22.8 percent from 45 to 64, and 12.7 percent who were 65 or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 108.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 107.5 males.

The median household income was $20,898 and the median family income was $27,348. Males had a median income of $25,930 versus $20,318 for females. The per capita income for the county was $11,293. About 28.4 percent of families and 34.5 percent of the population were below the poverty line, including 48.1 percent of those under age 18 and 26.00 percent of those age 65 or over.[11]

2010 census

At the 2010 census, there were 10,419 people, 3,706 households, and 2,333 families living in the county.[12] The population density was 25.5 inhabitants per square mile (9.8/km2). There were 4,486 housing units at an average density of 11.0 per square mile (4.2/km2).[13] The racial makeup of the county was 73.6% black or African American, 23.7% white, 0.4% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 1.3% from other races, and 0.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.3% of the population.[12] In terms of ancestry, and 5.6% were American.[14]

Of the 3,706 households, 32.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 31.5% were married couples living together, 26.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 37.0% were non-families, and 33.7% of households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.14. The median age was 38.8 years.[12]

The median household income was $20,081 and the median family income was $25,146. Males had a median income of $30,440 versus $28,889 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,190. About 35.7% of families and 42.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 53.8% of those under age 18 and 27.4% of those age 65 or over.[15]

Politics

Due to its predominantly African-American population, Allendale County has been consistently Democratic in Presidential voting since 1976 and was among the few counties to be carried by Walter Mondale in 1984.[16] In the 2008 U.S. presidential election Barack Obama received 75.1 percent of the county's vote.[17] In the 2012 U.S. presidential election Barack Obama received 78.3 percent of the county's vote. In the 2020 U.S presidentional election Joe Biden received 75.6% of the vote.[18]

Presidential election results
Presidential election results[19]
YearRepublicanDemocraticThird parties
202023.2% 83575.7% 2,7181.1% 40
201622.0% 78976.1% 2,7351.9% 68
201220.1% 83879.2% 3,2970.7% 28
200823.5% 94775.3% 3,0291.2% 48
200427.4% 98571.4% 2,5651.1% 41
200029.0% 96770.0% 2,3381.1% 35
199628.8% 94167.9% 2,2223.4% 110
199230.4% 1,04962.5% 2,1597.2% 247
198841.6% 1,29557.7% 1,7960.7% 23
198441.7% 1,57057.6% 2,1700.8% 29
198029.6% 1,18269.6% 2,7780.8% 30
197628.7% 1,06471.0% 2,6340.3% 11
197255.3% 1,74144.1% 1,3860.6% 19
196829.7% 99745.8% 1,53824.4% 820
196469.3% 1,74030.7% 772
196060.4% 88839.6% 583
195619.9% 26228.9% 38051.3% 675
195263.1% 75136.9% 440
19481.3% 145.0% 5593.8% 1,041
19441.1% 894.4% 6784.5% 32
19403.2% 3096.8% 905
19360.2% 399.8% 1,236
19320.9% 1099.1% 1,108
19282.9% 2497.1% 816
19243.0% 1497.0% 450
19202.4% 1197.6% 440

Economy

Allendale is primarily an agricultural rural county. Its primary products are cotton, soybeans, watermelon and cantaloupe. Timbering is also important, primarily for paper pulp.

Education

Robert McNair, Democratic Governor of South Carolina from 1965 to 1971, moved to Allendale County as an adult because his wife was from there. Because of McNair's influence, USC-Salkahatchie (a two-year campus) was located in the town of Allendale. The county is also the site of WEBA, Channel 14, a broadcast outlet of the South Carolina Educational Television Network. Ranking 45th in population among the state's 46 counties, it is the smallest county to have either a state-supported college or an ETV station. Allendale County School District includes one high school: Allendale-Fairfax High School. The former C. V. Bing High School served African-American students during the time of segregation. Denmark Tech, part of the state Technical College System, serves the county from its location in Bamberg County, 25 miles from Allendale.

Communities

Towns

  • Allendale
  • Fairfax
  • Sycamore
  • Ulmer

Unincorporated communities

  • Appleton
  • Martin

See also

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Allendale County, South Carolina
  • SC High Schools

References

  1. ^ Federal Writers' Project (1941). Palmetto Place Names. Sloane Printing Co. p. 11.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved November 22, 2013.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved March 15, 2015.
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved July 30, 2019.
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 15, 2015.
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved March 15, 2015.
  8. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 15, 2015.
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved March 15, 2015.
  10. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
  11. ^ US Census Bureau Demographics Data
  12. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2020-02-13. Retrieved 2016-03-09.
  13. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2020-02-13. Retrieved 2016-03-09.
  14. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2020-02-13. Retrieved 2016-03-09.
  15. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2020-02-13. Retrieved 2016-03-09.
  16. ^ David Leip Presidential Atlas
  17. ^ The New York Times Electoral Map
  18. ^ "2020 presidential election results".
  19. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-03-13.

External links

Coordinates:32°59′N 81°21′W / 32.99°N 81.35°W / 32.99; -81.35

Media files used on this page

US 278.svg
750 mm × 600 mm (30 in × 24 in) U.S. Highway shield, made to the specifications of the 2004 edition of Standard Highway Signs. (Note that there is a missing "J" label on the left side of the diagram.) Uses the Roadgeek 2005 fonts. (United States law does not permit the copyrighting of typeface designs, and the fonts are meant to be copies of a U.S. Government-produced work anyway.)
US 321.svg
750 mm × 600 mm (30 in × 24 in) U.S. Highway shield, made to the specifications of the 2004 edition of Standard Highway Signs. (Note that there is a missing "J" label on the left side of the diagram.) Uses the Roadgeek 2005 fonts. (United States law does not permit the copyrighting of typeface designs, and the fonts are meant to be copies of a U.S. Government-produced work anyway.)
Flag of the United States.svg
Author/Creator: unknown, Licence: PD
US 301.svg
750 mm × 600 mm (30 in × 24 in) U.S. Highway shield, made to the specifications of the 2004 edition of Standard Highway Signs. (Note that there is a missing "J" label on the left side of the diagram.) Uses the Roadgeek 2005 fonts. (United States law does not permit the copyrighting of typeface designs, and the fonts are meant to be copies of a U.S. Government-produced work anyway.)
Map of South Carolina highlighting Allendale County.svg
This is a locator map showing Allendale County in South Carolina. For more information, see Commons:United States county locator maps.
South Carolina in United States.svg
Author/Creator: TUBSEmail Silk.svg Gallery, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Location of state of South Carolina in United States in the United States